John Jackson was born in 1929 in rural Devon, England, close to where he lives today. He is an established author, lawyer, businessman and political and constitutional campaigner, but he is probably still best known as one of the founders, and former chairman, of the Countryside Alliance.
First published in 1979, a welcome reissue of John Jackson’s description of life on a Kent small-holding. With his wife and three children (all more or less enthusiastic about the move), they buy a house high in the North Kent Weald. Almost immediately the animals started arriving revealing the family’s genius for naming them. They didn’t need to do the self-sufficiency thing, they wanted to and this account is all the more believable as we read of just as many successes as failures. The family manages to balance the financial side of farming with care and good management; they don’t always manage to keep the animals under control, their decision to breed animals like Jacobs sheep that are able to jump and evade fencing don’t make things easy. Why do we still not use odd corners of the land for crops and grazing as the Jacksons did, why not run sheep with a lone horse at pasture, a mutually beneficial practice, small ways that make the most of the land, this is an enjoyable read that we can still learn from. A 'Piece of Passion' from the author... 'This book tells a tale of how a family - my family - living in a sliver of countryside in Kent in London's commuter belt, came over some ten years, to make itself, in its 'spare time' self sufficient in its requirements for milk, meat, eggs, vegetables and some fruit.My then wife Ann and I had each grown up in the countryside and we had missed the connection with the land we had known then. As child, I had lived in a former fisherman's cottage in Dorset when self sufficiency was a matter of necessity. My father was on the dole, of which there was not much in the 1930's, and my mother was in poor health. We lived on what we could grow or forage and if the tide was right what we could get out of the sea. I remember how a conger eel caught by my father would provide us with fish cakes for a week! But the book is also about more than the activities of a family and their animals. It is an attempt to make a small statement about people's relationship with the land they live on and the importance of that relationship. I have long believed that the 'health' of a nation is better and its communities and their cultures stronger, the more it cleaves and values the land it lives on.' Like for Like Reading Spotted Pigs & Green Tomatoes: A Year in the Life of Our Farm, Rosie Boycott Tales of the Country, Brian Viner
Dr Beeching's infamous 1963 report recommending cuts to a number of Britain's railways has long been etched into the conscience of the British public, but a look at the rail map of Britain today reveals some survivors. These survivors avoided the chop for various reasons - and their future today is probably as secure as could ever have been hoped for. The original plans included the closure of lines that many today would find surprising - Leicester to Peterborough; Derbyshire's Hope Valley and Buxton lines; and the world-famous Settle to Carlisle line. Towns as contrasting as Ilkley and Skegness would have been removed from the rail map altogether. Lines such as Kettering to Corby, Nuneaton to Coventry and Nottinghamshire's Robin Hood line linking Nottingham to Mansfield and Worksop were closed and subsequently re-opened. Indeed, at one time Mansfield had the dubious distinction of being the largest town in England with no rail connection. But not so today. This publication takes a look at some of these survivors. From the Island Line on the Isle of Wight to the branches of Devon and Cornwall, the Far North line in the Scottish Highlands and many more in between.
DB Cargo emerged from the government's sell-off of the railfreight sector in the mid-1990s. It has gone through many changes of name and branding since those early post privatisation days. Like other companies. It has suffered from the dramatic downturn in coal movement by rail and there are undoubtedly uncertain times ahead. It still claims, however, to be the UK's largest provider of rail freight services in the UK despite increasing competition from both road and other railfreight operators. Diesel and electric locos of classes 18.104.22.168 and, occasionally, 92 all see regular service today. Twenty years on, John Jackson looks at both the large loco fleet at its disposal today and the variety of traffic they continue to handle. As well as being a major player in the railfreight sector, DB Cargo also provide locos for passenger duties such as Scottish sleeper services, charters and as hauliers for the Royal Family. The full range of DB Cargo locos is covered in this book.
How many times have we heard the phrase `they don't make them like they used to'? Whatever the merits or otherwise of applying such a comment to UK railway locomotives, the fact remains that there are many longstanding survivors from our railway past. Of course, we all know of the role played by preserved railways in the UK; they have secured a place in history for heritage diesel and electric locos as well as many steam examples. But a number of ageing locomotive classes still remain on rail operators' books. Many are over half a century old. A quick tally suggests at least fourteen classes and, more importantly, between 100 and 200 individual examples remain on the network. They continue to attract more than their fair share of interest, particularly among the nostalgia enthusiast market. Yes, some are sidelined but many still see day-to-day service in the hands of mainstream operators. These locos are `50 not out', and the level of variety is perhaps surprising. This book celebrates some of those that have passed their half century and continue to work passenger or freight services.
Most people, rail enthusiasts or not, have heard of steam locomotive names such as Flying Scotsmanand Mallard. A multitude of loco names were inspired by the Royal Family and other famous people; famous buildings such as castles, halls and manors; countries of the British Empire and so on. The list and variety of names applied seemed endless. Today the railway is a very different place. The variety of train operators, both past and present, means there is no universal code of practice as to whether names are carried. Nevertheless, a glance through a list of today's locos and units reveals a considerable number and variety of names applied. This book takes a look at around 100 of those names and digs a little deeper to come up with the stories behind them, accompanied by a close-up of the nameplate and a shot of the loco or unit in action.
Take a look at East Anglia's rail map and it's obvious that one line dominates. The Great Eastern Main Line (GEML) from Norwich to London's Liverpool Street runs broadly north to south through the region with Ipswich an important junction on its route through Suffolk and on to Essex and the capital. Passenger services on this `core' London route remain in the control of Class 90 locomotives. So, East Anglia is one of the last bastions for UK loco-hauled passenger trains. Additionally, some London-bound stopping services starting at Ipswich are handled by electric multiple units (EMUs). Several lines survive around the coast serving towns such as Great Yarmouth, Lowestoft and Sheringham. Both Ipswich and Norwich are also served by lines that run inland to destinations such as Cambridge and Peterborough. These secondary lines are chiefly worked by diesel multiple units. An ongoing shortage has resulted in some services to Great Yarmouth and Lowestoft seeing regular usage of `short sets' of coaching stock, hauled by the popular Class 37s and 68s. In the west of the region, EMUs are seen on the services operating between Ely and King's Lynn. The area's freight is centred on the UK's busiest container port, Felixstowe. This non-electrified branch often means a change of traction at Ipswich and is the main reason Freightliner has a major loco stabling point there. This important traffic is augmented by a handful of other freight services in the region. East Anglia is a region of rail contrasts and that fascinating mix of freight and passenger workings is shown in this profusely illustrated book.
In late 2007 Freightliner placed its order for twenty Class 70 locomotives. General Electric (GE) commenced building these locomotives at its plant in Pennsylvania, USA, culminating in the delivery of the first two locos in late 2009. Further deliveries followed in order to create an initial pool of twenty for Freightliner. One example of the class, No. 70012, was damaged during unloading at Newport Docks and did not enter traffic. The remaining members of Freightliner's pool operated freight traffic for both the Intermodal and Heavy Haul sectors. The `Turkish Demonstrator' ultimately arrived in the UK as a `replacement' for No. 70012 (carrying the temporary number 70099). Towards the end of 2013, another of the UK's freight operators, Colas, committed to using this class of locomotive. It took delivery of the Turkish Demonstrator and picked up the balance of Freightliner's original option of a total of thirty GE locomotives. Several Freightliner examples were placed into store at Midland Road towards the end of 2016 and their future roll remained uncertain. The Heavy Haul sector has been affected by the recent downturn in coal traffic. As we pass the tenth anniversary of placement of the original order, this book reflects the activity of both the Freightliner and Colas examples of the class in recent years.
Anyone who has tried to watch freight moving on UK rails in the last few years will realise these are challenging times for the rail freight industry. Stand by any railway line and you may have to wait a while to see a freight train of any sort pass by. Indeed, many large areas of our rail network see no regular freight traffic at all. Against a backdrop of declining volumes, the competition between the various freight companies has never been so acute. The `big five' freight haulage companies, DB Cargo, Freightliner, GB Railfreight, Direct Rail Services and Colas Rail, dominate the market. It is no surprise that all five companies include the ubiquitous Class 66 within their fleets, with over 300 examples of the class operating across the country. The observer could be forgiven for thinking that these are the only traction in use today. Of course they dominate the current UK freight scene but that is by no means the whole story. Numerous other classes of both diesel and electric locomotives contribute to the mix of rail freight traction on display in the UK today. Class 37 diesels and a reducing number of AC electric locomotives have notched up half a century of freight haulage. They can be seen today working alongside newer examples such as the Class 68 and 70 locomotives. With an array of rare and unpublished images, John Jackson offers a fascinating overview of the freight scene today.
Anyone who has tried to watch freight moving on UK rails in the last few years will realise these are challenging times for the rail freight industry. Stand by any railway line and you may have to wait a while to see a freight train of any sort pass by. Indeed, many large areas of our rail network see no regular freight traffic at all. Against a backdrop of declining volumes, the competition between the various freight companies has never been so acute. The 'big five' freight haulage companies, DB Cargo, Freightliner, GB Railfreight, Direct Rail Services and Colas Rail, dominate the market. It is no surprise that all five companies include the ubiquitous Class 66 within their fleets, with over 300 examples of the class operating across the country. The observer could be forgiven for thinking that these are the only traction in use today. Of course they dominate the current UK freight scene but that is by no means the whole story. Numerous other classes of both diesel and electric locomotives contribute to the mix of rail freight traction on display in the UK today. Class 37 diesels and a reducing number of AC electric locomotives have notched up half a century of freight haulage. They can be seen today working alongside newer examples such as the Class 68 and 70 locomotives. With an array of rare and unpublished images, John Jackson offers a fascinating overview of the freight scene today.
This book focuses on the rules-based multilateral trading system established by the World Trade Organization, with particular emphasis given to the rich and detailed jurisprudence developed by the WTO's Appellate Body. After introductory chapters on international economics, international law, and US and EU constitutional and institutional issues relating to international trade regulation, the book explores the WTO's structure and takes a detailed look at its dispute settlement system. The heart of the book then treats the basic GATT rules on (i) trade liberalization (tariffs and quotas), (ii) non-discrimination (MFN and national treatment and the exceptions for FTAs, health and conservation), (iii) standards and (iv) trade remedies (safeguards, dumping and subsidies). Additional chapters cover trade in services, intellectual property issues, investment issues and several other trade-related issues. The new 6th edition offers a basic understanding of the international economic syste
When the top secret codebreaking activities at Bletchley Park were revealed in the 1970s, much of the history of the Second World War had to be rewritten. Code Wars examines the role of ULTRA (the intelligence derived from breaking secret enemy signals) on major events of the Second World War. It examines how it influenced the outcome of key battles such as D-Day, El Alamein, Crete, key naval battles, the controversy surrounding Churchill and Coventry, the shadowing of Hitler's V1 pilotless aircraft and the V2 rocket.The book also examines the pioneering work in breaking Enigma by the Polish cryptographers, and the building of Colossus, the world's first digital, programmable computer, which helped unravel the secret orders of Hitler and the German High Command. It also tells the story of the American successes in breaking Japanese signals, known as Magic.It also stresses the vital role of the intercept stations which took down the enemy messages, providing the raw material for the cryptographers to break.The book shows how the codebreakers were able to shorten the war by as much as two years and bring Signals Intelligence, in the post-war years, into a new era of military intelligence gathering.
A Treatise on Wood Engraving, Historical and Practical (1839), combines the practical knowledge of an engraver with the critical inquiry of an historian. Compiled and edited by William Andrew Chatto, an established author with an interest in woodcuts, the book was originally conceived by the wood-engraver John Jackson, who provided the book's more than three hundred engravings. Roughly three quarters of the Treatise is concerned with the historical evolution of engraving, from the Egyptian hieroglyph stamps held at the British Museum through the masterful works of Albrecht Durer to the decline and reinvigoration of the art in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. Practical analysis permeates the text as a whole, with the final section explaining more fully how a block is chosen, cut, and even repaired. The book is therefore of interest to art historians, historians of the book, and even artist practitioners interested in nineteenth-century methods.
This book aims to honour the work of Professor Mirjan Damaska, Sterling Professor of Law at Yale Law School and a prominent authority for many years in the fields of comparative law, procedural law, evidence, international criminal law and Continental legal history. Professor Damaska 's work is renowned for providing new frameworks for understanding different legal traditions. To celebrate the depth and richness of his work and discuss its implications for the future, the editors have brought together an impressive range of leading scholars from different jurisdictions in the fields of comparative and international law, evidence and criminal law and procedure. Using Professor Damaska's work as a backdrop, the essays make a substantial contribution to the development of comparative law, procedure and evidence. After an introduction by the editors and a tribute by Harold Koh, Dean of Yale Law School, the book is divided into four parts. The first part considers contemporary trends in national criminal procedure, examining cross-fertilisation and the extent to which these trends are resulting in converging practices across national jurisdictions. The second part explores the epistemological environment of rules of evidence and procedure. The third part analyses human rights standards and the phenomenon of hybridisation in transnational and international criminal law. The final part of the book assesses Professor Damaska 's contribution to comparative law and the challenges faced by comparative law in the twenty first century.
This book comprises fifteen specially commissioned contributions from the Editorial Board of the Oxford Journal of International Economic Law in celebration of the Journal's tenth anniversary. The contributions examine various issues confronting the international economic regime today, and cover a wide range of international economic institutions such as the IMF, the World Bank, and the WTO. It pays particular attention to examining the WTO and its regulatory scope, its systemic and structural deficiencies, its role in development and in liberalising trade in services, its tense relationship to regionalism and to trade-related issues such as environment, competition and dispute settlement in the field of investment. The contributions are authored by leading academics in the field, including lawyers, economists, and political scientists who come from a range of developed and developing country backgrounds. This book constitutes a reflection by important individuals on almost all the major contemporary issues facing the WTO today, and therefore represents a snapshot of the key lines of thinking among many of the leading legal scholars of the WTO and international economic regime which are likely to guide the field in the years to come. This is a book edition of the special 10th anniversary third issue of vol. 10 of the Oxford Journal of International Economic Law September 2007
A newly discovered and unique memoir from a soldier who fought in the First World War which challenges our perception of how British troops viewed the First World War.
A newly discovered account of life in the trenches that challenges our perception of how British troops viewed the First World War. There is no shortage of personal accounts from the First World War. So why publish another memoir? The principal reason is the tone of enthusiasm, pride and excitement conveyed by its author, Private John Jackson. Jackson served on the Western Front from 1915 until the war's end; he was present at Loos in 1917, on the Somme in 1916, in Flanders in 1917; he was on the receiving end of the German offensive in April 1918; and he took part in the breaking of the Hindenburg Line at the end of September 1918. Conditioned by Wilfred Owen's poetry and dulled by the notions of waste and futility, British readers have become used to the idea that this was a war without purpose fought by 'lions led by donkeys'. This narrative captures another perspective, written by somebody with no obvious agenda but possessed of deep traditional loyalties - to his country, his regiment and his pals.
Harlem is one of the most famous neighbourhoods in the world - an historic symbol of both black cultural achievement and of the rigid boundaries separating the rich from the poor. But as this book shows, Harlem is far more culturally and economically diverse than its caricature suggests: through extensive fieldwork and interviews, John L. Jackson reveals a variety of social networks and class stratifications, and explores how African Americans interpret and perform different class identities in their everyday behaviour.
Harlem is the historical centre of black culture and one of the most famous neighbourhoods in the world. Just the mention of its name brings to mind images of Langston Hughes, Billie Holiday, Duke Ellington and W.E.B. Du Bois. As a contemporary black enclave in northern Manhattan, it is also a common symbolic marker for the hard and fast boundaries separating the rich from the poor in our cities. Harlem is thought of as the quintessential black slum. But, as John L. Jackson, Jr. points out in this new book, Harlem is far more culturally and economically diverse than its caricature suggests. Many experts believe that black America consists of two geographically distinct populations: a neglected underclass living in hopeless urban poverty, and a more successful suburban middle class of college graduates and thriving professionals. Through extensive fieldwork and interviews with denizens of Harlem, Jackson explodes these presumptions. Harlemworld probes the everyday interactions of African Americans with their black coworkers, acquaintances, friends, neighbours and relatives. Jackson shows how their social networks are often more class stratified and varied than many social analysts believe. He proves that a socially and geographically bifurcated class model no longer works as the only guide to understanding black America. Ultimately, Harlemworld demonstrates how African Americans embody and interpret different class identities through their own behaviours and their assessments of each other. For the men and women of Harlem, racial identities are not simply inhabited, but enacted. At any given time, the way Harlemites speak, dress, walk or even stand can be linked to particular class positions within a hierarchy of socioeconomic possibilities. In Harlem, intraracial differences, be they embodied through dialect or fashion, striding gaits or slouching postures, are largely defined in folk theories that link social identities to everyday activities. Jackson argues that race in black America is something that African Americans practice - sometimes purposefully, sometimes inadvertently - as they navigate the class-variegated landscapes of their worlds.
Cases connected with the troubles in Northern Ireland have been tried by a judge sitting without a jury in `Diplock Courts'. Given the symbolic importance of the jury within the common law tradition, this study offers the first systematic comparison of the process of trial by judge alone with that of trial by jury. The authors determine the impact of the replacement of jury trial with trial by a professional judge on the adversarial character of the criminal trial process.