‘The End of the World and the Last God’ by Pierre-Henri d'Argenson is an idea-based book that explores the reasons why space exploration seems to have captured the human imagination once again. Looking at a range of difficult and philosophical questions about evolution and modern life, this book questions whether our aims to reach for the stars come from our innate desire to explore or a boredom with life on Earth. I found the arguments in this book to be well written, and well translated by James Christie. Taking us through human history, our complete exploration of the world and development from hunters to more sedentary work, to consumerism and the part that religion could possibly play in any future interstellar life. Within these pages you will find intelligent arguments and plenty of food for thought as to what a life among the stars would look like. With journeys into space coming in to the forefront of our minds and the media in recent years, ‘The End of the World and the Last God’ looks into what could be driving us as a species to head to space and what some of the realities of space living may be. I found the section looking at religion to be particularly interesting, as an atheist I’d never thought of the contradiction of space travel and a God who we usually depict as living among the stars and how our aims for space travels and looking for other hospitable planets is potentially a “rejection” of what a God has provided us.