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Silicon Biology explains in detail the role of silicon in plants and animals. It discusses the importance of silicon in biology and medicine, and how the compounds play a significant role in different types of physiological, immunological and pathological processes. Subsequent chapters throw light on the concept of microelectronics and neurons, with a detailed explanation of Computational Micromodel for Epigenetic Mechanisms and Parallel Biological Computing Model.
Quantum Biology discusses the applications of mechanics and theoretical chemistry to biological objects and the related problems. It introduces the concept of migratory patterns, followed by a detailed discussion of quantum phenomenon in biomolecules, and a formal language for molecular biology. Physical properties of biological entities are further explained to ensure a comprehensive coverage of the topic.
Mitochondrial DNA: The Works takes into account the overview of mitochondria along with its dna and inheritance. It also comprises the interest aspects and glimpses of research related to the mitochondrial dna. It provides the reader with the insights of mitochondrial dna and its interesting aspects so as to understand the advances in methods for reducing mitochondrial dna disease by replacing or manipulating the mitochondrial genome, reaction of human cells in the absence of mitochondrial dna and variants of mitochondrial dna in case of obesity. This book also discusses about regulation of mitochondrial genome inheritance by autophagy and ubiquitin-proteasome system: implications for health, fitness, and fertility, advances in methods for reducing mitochondrial dna disease by replacing or manipulating the mitochondrial genome, mitochondrial dna variants in obesity and research on plants for the understanding of diseases of nuclear and mitochondrial origin.
Biofabrication discusses about the basic concept of regenerating tissues, the approaches to the concept of Biofabrication. This book provides information about the construction of tissues and includes more examples as well as case studies in the fabricating tissues. The introduction of the three-dimensional bioprinting has been mentioned in this book which includes possibilities, challenges and future aspects of bioprinting. This book discusses functional skin grafts and the biodegradable scaffold for bone tissue engineering including the design, materials and mechanobiology. There is a strategy for tissue engineering and medical devices which refers to the fabrication of the polymeric biomaterials which have been mentioned in the book. This book provides readers with the insights on bioprinting of vascularized tissue scaffolds and the complex particulate biomaterials which are immunostimulant-delivery platforms.
Stem Cells: The Beginning of Regenerative Medicine deals with the significance of stem cells for the manufacture of regenerative medicines along with the techniques and approaches involved. It comprises future perspective of stem cells and tissue engineering together with the opportunities and challenges associated with it. It provides the reader with fundamental knowledge of stem cell technology in order to better understand its application in the production of regenerative medicines, the use of these regenerative medicines for kidney and to deal with the challenges associated with the application of stem cells. This book also discusses engineered stem cell niche matrices for rotator cuff tendon regenerative engineering, application of nanomaterials in stem cell regenerative medicine of orthopedic surgery, regenerative therapeutic potential of adipose stromal cells in early stage diabetic retinopathy and cryopreserved dental pulp tissues of exfoliated deciduous teeth is a feasible stem cell resource for regenerative medicine.
Cloning in Plants: New Developments takes into account the process of cloning and plant transformation. It comprises the tools required for cloning and the basic requirement of cloning, cloning and transformation of medicinal plants has also been described. It provides the reader with the fundamental concept of cloning and plant transformation so as to understand the techniques involved in the process of cloning and to learn the concept, features and development of energy cane. This book also discusses about techniques used for vitro cloning of small RNAs, a versatile and simple enzyme-free cloning approach of aqua cloning, virus-induced gene silencing, concept, development and characteristics of energy cane and the concept of IRDL cloning.
Chromatography: An Invaluable Tool in Research and the Industry deals with the technique of chromatography and its major applications in the field of research. It consists of recycle HPLC technique used for the purification of natural products and basic principles involved in MLC. It provides the reader with the fundamental concept of chromatography so as to understand its application in the extraction of natural products, analyze posttranslational modifications and compare an electronic nose based on ultrafast gas chromatography. This book also discusses about reminder of systems of production and chromatography-based recovery of recombinant protein biopharmaceuticals, strong cation exchange chromatography in analysis of posttranslational modifications, chromatographic removal of endotoxins, dissolution testing of single- and dual-component thyroid hormone supplements, recombinant passenger proteins can be conveniently purified by one-step affinity chromatography and surfactant modified/mediated thin-layer chromatographic systems for the analysis of amino acids.
Gels in Life Sciences discusses in detail the use of gels in food, and its significance in research and medicine. Gels as supramolecular hydrocolloids are discussed in detail, followed by their use in fish industry. A chapter is dedicated to micromechanics in a fibrin gel, and subsequent chapters throw light on the different types of gel and getting a detailed understanding of Gel Electrophoresis Separation. The book also presents an enlightening perspective on staining of gels.
Lipids in Health: Their Source, Composition and Uses discusses the origin, source, composition and use of lipids in day-to-day life. It includes the role of lipids in food, mental and physical health along with the significance of lipids in treatment of certain diseases. This book also discusses about algal and vegetable oils as sustainable fish oil substitutes in rainbow trout diets, association of lipid profile with bone mineral density and bone formation in subjects with spinal cord injury, lipid droplets and mycobacterium leprae infection, herbal medicine for the treatment of obesity and ectopic fat and insulin resistance.
Genomics in Precision Medicine makes the people aware about the field of genomics and that of precision medicine, by taking the readers through all the details related to genomics and precision medicine. It also updates the readers about the various innovations that have taken place in the field of precision medicine and discusses the path that is to be followed further. Also discussed in the book is a review on the relation between the precision medicine and the mutations that drive it, delving on the various computational methods and conformational principles for the detection of the factors that drive cancer. It also discusses the various genetic mutations and epigenetic modifications and goes on to explore the various benefits and harms in the research on precision medicine.
Enzymes Used in Food and Textile Technologies takes into account different types of enzymes used in the food industries and textile industries. It also consists of enzymes from extreme environments, production and function of industrial lipases in food and agro-industries. It provides the reader with basic knowledge of enzymes so as to signify the role of certain enzymes in food and textile industries and to analyze the functions and applications of industrial lipases and fungal laccases. This book also discusses about production, function, and applications of fungal laccases in food processing, the role of microbial aspartic protease enzyme in food and beverage industries, the enzymatic decolorization of textile dyes by the immobilized polyphenol oxidase from quince leaves and microbial biotreatment of actual textile wastewater in a continuous sequential rice husk biofilter and the microbial community involved.
Established Codes of Stem Cell Biology deals with the concept of stem cells and the codes of stem cell biology. Further, it consists of the description of molecules involved in stem cell biology and certain issues and concerns in the field of stem cell biology. It provides the reader with the fundamental notion of stem cells and the field of stem cell biology so as to understand about the development of modern techniques involved in the stem cell biology and therapeutic use of stem cell differentiation. This book also discusses about testing stem cell therapy in a rat model of inflammatory bowel disease, role of bone marrow stem cells and stem cell factor in mucosal regeneration, differentiation of human breast-milk stem cells to neural stem cells and neurons, development of new technologies for stem cell research and stem cell differentiation and therapeutic use.
Molecular Diagnostics introduces the concept as a collection of techniques used to analyze biological markers in the genome and proteome. The book discusses in detail the various techniques of Nucleic acid-based methods, Gel based techniques and techniques related to Solid state systems. It further throws light on the applications in treating various diseases and in the food industry. Towards the end, a holistic overview of current market scenario and research is given.
Animal Venoms Their Source, Composition, and Uses explains to the readers about the various sources of venom and informs them about the ways in which animal venom is extracted. The readers are also informed about the various uses of animal venom and the various application related to it. It provides the readers with the required insights on the several applications of venom and explain the importance of venom in treatment of some serious diseases and uses in medicines. This book also discusses about the background on animal toxins and venoms, some new aspects of venom, the latest finding in animal venom, discussion on snake venom, peptide therapy that is based on venom, the various trends in pharmacology and biochemistry, peptides obtained from scorpions and the anticancer effects of the jellyfish venom.
The use of bacteria or enzymes or biological agents in the removal of color is termed as biobleaching. The employment of various chemicals in manufacturing processes of paper, clothes, coir, jute pose several harsh effects on the environment. In today's world of increasing awareness on environmental safety, the use of nature's selected agents can serve as a safe alternative promising a better world for the future generations. Research in the field of biobleaching has examined the use of several enzymes produced by bacteria or fungi or biotechnology or microbes themselves or even a cocktail of nature's harvest as microbes and their enzymes to remove color. This book serves to address various aspects of this field including the history, research conducted, various agents used for biobleaching and also present a merit-demerit analysis and scope of the subject. The authors seek to do their part to environmental safety as this book offers a comprehensive account of the use of nature's agents in decolorization, thereby, leaving a world with color for generations ahead.
The discovery of antibiotics ushered in an era of activity aimed at eradicating and curing diseases. Now, the field of nanotechnology has opened up avenues of research promising cures for several morbid conditions. The term nanotechnology deals with the use of particles the size of 10-9 m, that seek to alter cellular expression thereby curing diseases like cancer. The use of nanotechnology also offers several drug delivery systems to target diseased tissue over healthy cells. The field also has seen the employment of nanoparticles in the field of diagnostics offering advantages over traditional diagnosis of diseases. Nanotechnology also offers visualization of cells or specific molecules. This book seeks to encompass the various principles and techniques used in the field of nanotechnology, their employment in the treatment, diagnosis of diseases and various challenges that need to be addressed. The authors hope to reach across to the readers to assuage their interest in this `nano' field, presented concisely in this single book.