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Mark Chang - Author

About the Author

Books by Mark Chang

Introductory Adaptive Trial Designs A Practical Guide with R

Introductory Adaptive Trial Designs A Practical Guide with R

Author: Mark Chang Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 19/06/2019

All the Essentials to Start Using Adaptive Designs in No Time Compared to traditional clinical trial designs, adaptive designs often lead to increased success rates in drug development at reduced costs and time. Introductory Adaptive Trial Designs: A Practical Guide with R motivates newcomers to quickly and easily grasp the essence of adaptive designs as well as the foundations of adaptive design methods. The book reduces the mathematics to a minimum and makes the material as practical as possible. Instead of providing general, black-box commercial software packages, the author includes open-source R functions that enable readers to better understand the algorithms and customize the designs to meet their needs. Readers can run the simulations for all the examples and change the input parameters to see how each input parameter affects the simulation outcomes or design operating characteristics. Taking a learning-by-doing approach, this tutorial-style book guides readers on planning and executing various types of adaptive designs. It helps them develop the skills to begin using the designs immediately.

Artificial Intelligence for Drug Development, Precision Medicine, and Healthcare

Artificial Intelligence for Drug Development, Precision Medicine, and Healthcare

Author: Mark Chang Format: Hardback Release Date: 11/03/2019

Artificial Intelligence for Drug Development, Precision Medicine, and Healthcare covers exciting developments at the intersection of computer science and statistics. While much of machine-learning is statistics-based, achievements in deep learning for image and language processing rely on computer science's use of big data. Aimed at those with a statistical background who want to use their strengths in pursuing AI research, the book: * Covers broad AI topics in drug development, precision medicine, and healthcare. * Elaborates on supervised, unsupervised, reinforcement, and evolutionary learning methods. * Introduces the similarity principle and related AI methods for both big and small data problems. * Offers a balance of statistical and algorithm-based approaches to AI. * Provides examples and real-world applications with hands-on R code. * Suggests the path forward for AI in medicine and artificial general intelligence. As well as covering the history of AI and the innovative ideas, methodologies and software implementation of the field, the book offers a comprehensive review of AI applications in medical sciences. In addition, readers will benefit from hands on exercises, with included R code.

Monte Carlo Simulation for the Pharmaceutical Industry Concepts, Algorithms, and Case Studies

Monte Carlo Simulation for the Pharmaceutical Industry Concepts, Algorithms, and Case Studies

Author: Mark Chang Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 25/10/2018

Helping you become a creative, logical thinker and skillful simulator, Monte Carlo Simulation for the Pharmaceutical Industry: Concepts, Algorithms, and Case Studies provides broad coverage of the entire drug development process, from drug discovery to preclinical and clinical trial aspects to commercialization. It presents the theories and methods needed to carry out computer simulations efficiently, covers both descriptive and pseudocode algorithms that provide the basis for implementation of the simulation methods, and illustrates real-world problems through case studies. The text first emphasizes the importance of analogy and simulation using examples from a variety of areas, before introducing general sampling methods and the different stages of drug development. It then focuses on simulation approaches based on game theory and the Markov decision process, simulations in classical and adaptive trials, and various challenges in clinical trial management and execution. The author goes on to cover prescription drug marketing strategies and brand planning, molecular design and simulation, computational systems biology and biological pathway simulation with Petri nets, and physiologically based pharmacokinetic modeling and pharmacodynamic models. The final chapter explores Monte Carlo computing techniques for statistical inference. This book offers a systematic treatment of computer simulation in drug development. It not only deals with the principles and methods of Monte Carlo simulation, but also the applications in drug development, such as statistical trial monitoring, prescription drug marketing, and molecular docking.

Principles of Scientific Methods

Principles of Scientific Methods

Author: Mark Chang Format: Hardback Release Date: 18/12/2017

Principles of Scientific Methods focuses on the fundamental principles behind scientific methods. The book refers to science in a broad sense, including natural science, physics, mathematics, statistics, social science, political science, and engineering science. A principle is often abstract and has broad applicability while a method is usually concrete and specific. The author uses many concrete examples to explain principles and presents analogies to connect different methods or problems to arrive at a general principle or a common notion. He mainly discusses a particular method to address the great idea behind the method, not the method itself. The book shows how the principles are not only applicable to scientific research but also to our daily lives. The author explains how scientific methods are used for understanding how and why things happen, making predictions, and learning how to prevent mistakes and solve problems. Studying the principles of scientific methods is to think about thinking and to enlighten our understanding of scientific research. Scientific principles are the foundation of scientific methods. In this book, you`ll see how the principles reveal the big ideas behind our scientific discoveries and reflect the fundamental beliefs and wisdoms of scientists. The principles make the scientific methods coherent and constitute the source of creativity.

Paradoxes in Scientific Inference

Paradoxes in Scientific Inference

Author: Mark Chang Format: Hardback Release Date: 29/06/2017

Paradoxes are poems of science and philosophy that collectively allow us to address broad multidisciplinary issues within a microcosm. A true paradox is a source of creativity and a concise expression that delivers a profound idea and provokes a wild and endless imagination. The study of paradoxes leads to ultimate clarity and, at the same time, indisputably challenges your mind. Paradoxes in Scientific Inference analyzes paradoxes from many different perspectives: statistics, mathematics, philosophy, science, artificial intelligence, and more. The book elaborates on findings and reaches new and exciting conclusions. It challenges your knowledge, intuition, and conventional wisdom, compelling you to adjust your way of thinking. Ultimately, you will learn effective scientific inference through studying the paradoxes.

Adaptive Design Theory and Implementation Using SAS and R

Adaptive Design Theory and Implementation Using SAS and R

Author: Mark Chang Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 14/10/2016

Get Up to Speed on Many Types of Adaptive Designs Since the publication of the first edition, there have been remarkable advances in the methodology and application of adaptive trials. Incorporating many of these new developments, Adaptive Design Theory and Implementation Using SAS and R, Second Edition offers a detailed framework to understand the use of various adaptive design methods in clinical trials. New to the Second Edition Twelve new chapters covering blinded and semi-blinded sample size reestimation design, pick-the-winners design, biomarker-informed adaptive design, Bayesian designs, adaptive multiregional trial design, SAS and R for group sequential design, and much more More analytical methods for K-stage adaptive designs, multiple-endpoint adaptive design, survival modeling, and adaptive treatment switching New material on sequential parallel designs with rerandomization and the skeleton approach in adaptive dose-escalation trials Twenty new SAS macros and R functions Enhanced end-of-chapter problems that give readers hands-on practice addressing issues encountered in designing real-life adaptive trials Covering even more adaptive designs, this book provides biostatisticians, clinical scientists, and regulatory reviewers with up-to-date details on this innovative area in pharmaceutical research and development. Practitioners will be able to improve the efficiency of their trial design, thereby reducing the time and cost of drug development.

Introductory Adaptive Trial Designs A Practical Guide with R

Introductory Adaptive Trial Designs A Practical Guide with R

Author: Mark Chang Format: Hardback Release Date: 08/06/2015

All the Essentials to Start Using Adaptive Designs in No Time Compared to traditional clinical trial designs, adaptive designs often lead to increased success rates in drug development at reduced costs and time. Introductory Adaptive Trial Designs: A Practical Guide with R motivates newcomers to quickly and easily grasp the essence of adaptive designs as well as the foundations of adaptive design methods. The book reduces the mathematics to a minimum and makes the material as practical as possible. Instead of providing general, black-box commercial software packages, the author includes open-source R functions that enable readers to better understand the algorithms and customize the designs to meet their needs. Readers can run the simulations for all the examples and change the input parameters to see how each input parameter affects the simulation outcomes or design operating characteristics. Taking a learning-by-doing approach, this tutorial-style book guides readers on planning and executing various types of adaptive designs. It helps them develop the skills to begin using the designs immediately.

Adaptive Design Theory and Implementation Using SAS and R

Adaptive Design Theory and Implementation Using SAS and R

Author: Mark Chang Format: Hardback Release Date: 01/12/2014

Get Up to Speed on Many Types of Adaptive Designs Since the publication of the first edition, there have been remarkable advances in the methodology and application of adaptive trials. Incorporating many of these new developments, Adaptive Design Theory and Implementation Using SAS and R, Second Edition offers a detailed framework to understand the use of various adaptive design methods in clinical trials. New to the Second Edition Twelve new chapters covering blinded and semi-blinded sample size reestimation design, pick-the-winners design, biomarker-informed adaptive design, Bayesian designs, adaptive multiregional trial design, SAS and R for group sequential design, and much more More analytical methods for K-stage adaptive designs, multiple-endpoint adaptive design, survival modeling, and adaptive treatment switching New material on sequential parallel designs with rerandomization and the skeleton approach in adaptive dose-escalation trials Twenty new SAS macros and R functions Enhanced end-of-chapter problems that give readers hands-on practice addressing issues encountered in designing real-life adaptive trials Covering even more adaptive designs, this book provides biostatisticians, clinical scientists, and regulatory reviewers with up-to-date details on this innovative area in pharmaceutical research and development. Practitioners will be able to improve the efficiency of their trial design, thereby reducing the time and cost of drug development.

Principles of Scientific Methods

Principles of Scientific Methods

Author: Mark Chang Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 08/07/2014

Principles of Scientific Methods focuses on the fundamental principles behind scientific methods. The book refers to science in a broad sense, including natural science, physics, mathematics, statistics, social science, political science, and engineering science. A principle is often abstract and has broad applicability while a method is usually concrete and specific. The author uses many concrete examples to explain principles and presents analogies to connect different methods or problems to arrive at a general principle or a common notion. He mainly discusses a particular method to address the great idea behind the method, not the method itself. The book shows how the principles are not only applicable to scientific research but also to our daily lives. The author explains how scientific methods are used for understanding how and why things happen, making predictions, and learning how to prevent mistakes and solve problems. Studying the principles of scientific methods is to think about thinking and to enlighten our understanding of scientific research. Scientific principles are the foundation of scientific methods. In this book, you'll see how the principles reveal the big ideas behind our scientific discoveries and reflect the fundamental beliefs and wisdoms of scientists. The principles make the scientific methods coherent and constitute the source of creativity.

Modern Issues and Methods in Biostatistics

Modern Issues and Methods in Biostatistics

Author: Mark Chang Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 15/08/2013

Classic biostatistics, a branch of statistical science, has as its main focus the applications of statistics in public health, the life sciences, and the pharmaceutical industry. Modern biostatistics, beyond just a simple application of statistics, is a confluence of statistics and knowledge of multiple intertwined fields. The application demands, the advancements in computer technology, and the rapid growth of life science data (e.g., genomics data) have promoted the formation of modern biostatistics. There are at least three characteristics of modern biostatistics: (1) in-depth engagement in the application fields that require penetration of knowledge across several fields, (2) high-level complexity of data because they are longitudinal, incomplete, or latent because they are heterogeneous due to a mixture of data or experiment types, because of high-dimensionality, which may make meaningful reduction impossible, or because of extremely small or large size; and (3) dynamics, the speed of development in methodology and analyses, has to match the fast growth of data with a constantly changing face. This book is written for researchers, biostatisticians/statisticians, and scientists who are interested in quantitative analyses. The goal is to introduce modern methods in biostatistics and help researchers and students quickly grasp key concepts and methods. Many methods can solve the same problem and many problems can be solved by the same method, which becomes apparent when those topics are discussed in this single volume.

Paradoxes in Scientific Inference

Paradoxes in Scientific Inference

Author: Mark Chang Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 15/10/2012

Paradoxes are poems of science and philosophy that collectively allow us to address broad multidisciplinary issues within a microcosm. A true paradox is a source of creativity and a concise expression that delivers a profound idea and provokes a wild and endless imagination. The study of paradoxes leads to ultimate clarity and, at the same time, indisputably challenges your mind. Paradoxes in Scientific Inference analyzes paradoxes from many different perspectives: statistics, mathematics, philosophy, science, artificial intelligence, and more. The book elaborates on findings and reaches new and exciting conclusions. It challenges your knowledge, intuition, and conventional wisdom, compelling you to adjust your way of thinking. Ultimately, you will learn effective scientific inference through studying the paradoxes.

Modern Issues and Methods in Biostatistics

Modern Issues and Methods in Biostatistics

Author: Mark Chang Format: Hardback Release Date: 10/07/2011

Classic biostatistics, a branch of statistical science, has as its main focus the applications of statistics in public health, the life sciences, and the pharmaceutical industry. Modern biostatistics, beyond just a simple application of statistics, is a confluence of statistics and knowledge of multiple intertwined fields. The application demands, the advancements in computer technology, and the rapid growth of life science data (e.g., genomics data) have promoted the formation of modern biostatistics. There are at least three characteristics of modern biostatistics: (1) in-depth engagement in the application fields that require penetration of knowledge across several fields, (2) high-level complexity of data because they are longitudinal, incomplete, or latent because they are heterogeneous due to a mixture of data or experiment types, because of high-dimensionality, which may make meaningful reduction impossible, or because of extremely small or large size; and (3) dynamics, the speed of development in methodology and analyses, has to match the fast growth of data with a constantly changing face. This book is written for researchers, biostatisticians/statisticians, and scientists who are interested in quantitative analyses. The goal is to introduce modern methods in biostatistics and help researchers and students quickly grasp key concepts and methods. Many methods can solve the same problem and many problems can be solved by the same method, which becomes apparent when those topics are discussed in this single volume.

Monte Carlo Simulation for the Pharmaceutical Industry Concepts, Algorithms, and Case Studies

Monte Carlo Simulation for the Pharmaceutical Industry Concepts, Algorithms, and Case Studies

Author: Mark Chang Format: Hardback Release Date: 15/09/2010

Helping you become a creative, logical thinker and skillful simulator, Monte Carlo Simulation for the Pharmaceutical Industry: Concepts, Algorithms, and Case Studies provides broad coverage of the entire drug development process, from drug discovery to preclinical and clinical trial aspects to commercialization. It presents the theories and methods needed to carry out computer simulations efficiently, covers both descriptive and pseudocode algorithms that provide the basis for implementation of the simulation methods, and illustrates real-world problems through case studies. The text first emphasizes the importance of analogy and simulation using examples from a variety of areas, before introducing general sampling methods and the different stages of drug development. It then focuses on simulation approaches based on game theory and the Markov decision process, simulations in classical and adaptive trials, and various challenges in clinical trial management and execution. The author goes on to cover prescription drug marketing strategies and brand planning, molecular design and simulation, computational systems biology and biological pathway simulation with Petri nets, and physiologically based pharmacokinetic modeling and pharmacodynamic models. The final chapter explores Monte Carlo computing techniques for statistical inference. This book offers a systematic treatment of computer simulation in drug development. It not only deals with the principles and methods of Monte Carlo simulation, but also the applications in drug development, such as statistical trial monitoring, prescription drug marketing, and molecular docking.

Classical and Adaptive Clinical Trial Designs Using ExpDesign Studio

Classical and Adaptive Clinical Trial Designs Using ExpDesign Studio

Author: Mark Chang Format: Hardback Release Date: 26/06/2008

ExpDesign Studio facilitates more efficient clinical trial design This book introduces pharmaceutical statisticians, scientists, researchers, and others to ExpDesign Studio software for classical and adaptive designs of clinical trials. It includes the Professional Version 5.0 of ExpDesign Studio software that frees pharmaceutical professionals to focus on drug development and related challenges while the software handles the essential calculations and computations. After a hands-on introduction to the software and an overview of clinical trial designs encompassing numerous variations, Classical and Adaptive Clinical Trial Designs Using ExpDesign Studio:* Covers both classical and adaptive clinical trial designs, monitoring, and analyses* Explains various classical and adaptive designs including groupsequential, sample-size reestimation, dropping-loser, biomarker-adaptive, and response-adaptive randomization designs* Includes instructions for over 100 design methods that have been implemented in ExpDesign Studio and step-by-step demos as well as real-world examples* Emphasizes applications, yet covers key mathematical formulations* Introduces readers to additional toolkits in ExpDesign Studio that help in designing, monitoring, and analyzing trials, such as the adaptive monitor, graphical calculator, the probability calculator, the confidence interval calculator, and more* Presents comprehensive technique notes for sample-size calculation methods, grouped by the number of arms, the trial endpoint, and the analysis basis Written with practitioners in mind, this is an ideal self-study guide for not only statisticians, but also scientists, researchers, and professionals in the pharmaceutical industry, contract research organizations (CROs), and regulatory bodies. It's also a go-to reference for biostatisticians, pharmacokinetic specialists, and principal investigators involved in clinical trials. ERRATUM Classical and Adaptive Clinical Trial Designs Using ExpDesign Studio By Mark Chang The license for the ExpDesign Studio software on the CD included with this book is good for one-year after installation of the software. Prior to the expiration of this period, the software will generate a reminder about renewal for the license. The user should contact CTriSoft International (the owners of ExpDesign Studio) at www.CTriSoft.net or by email at license@ctrisoft.net, about renewal for the license. This should have been made clear in the first printing of this book. We apologize for this error.