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Michael Allaby: 'I write books trying to explain weather and climate. Most of them are aimed at students, but writing a book is like talking inside your head to people you canâ€™t actually see, and I like to think Iâ€™m talking to anyone whoâ€™ll listen, no matter what their age. After all, youâ€™re as young or old as you think you are. Arenâ€™t you? The atmosphere is a marvellous, beautiful, fascinating, exciting place, where amazing things happen. Itâ€™s a lot more fun than all those doomy tales of global warming and greenhouses make it sound and I enjoy telling stories about it. You could buy a book, just to test the water. Find out what happened to the naval task force that turned the wrong way and sailed into a typhoon by mistake. Find out what makes a typhoon. Read about what itâ€™s like to be lost in the whiteout of a blizzard. And about the tornado that dropped a school bus on to the school stage. If you like the book, it proves you are young at heart. Honest.'
Life in the desert holds a range of biological adaptations. From camels to desert scorpions to snakes, the biodiversity of these areas is fascinating. Deserts presents the intricacies of this seemingly barren and harsh ecosystem, explaining how and why deserts form, where they are found on Earth, and their basic characteristics. Chapter-by-chapter coverage describes the fauna of the desert, the history of these habitats, the relationship of humanity to the deserts, the climate of desert areas, subtropical and polar deserts, and more. Deserts concludes with chapters on desert industries and threats to this ecosystem, including climate change, the spreading of deserts, overgrazing, and water depletion. New developments for managing the deserts are also discussed.
This new seven-volume Discovering the Earth set examines the efforts made by scientists in the fields of environment, environmental protection, and environmental science. Covering a broad range of topics - including the Earth sciences, atmosphere, oceans, ecology, animals, plants, and exploration - the books in this comprehensive set provide a panorama of brief accounts of particular discoveries and the people who made them. These stories explain the problems that were solved, the ways they were approached, and, in some cases, the dead ends that scientists sometimes reached. Ideal for high school and college students and particularly valuable to students of environmental studies, ecology, biology, geography, geology, and the humanities, the books in the Discovering the Earth set shed light on the way the scientific aspect of Western culture has developed. Written in clear language and requiring no mathematical knowledge, these helpful books feature sidebars where necessary to explain a particular concept as well as full-color photographs, tables, charts, and further resources.
People have been at the mercy of weather since they first learned to cultivate plants and raise domesticated animals. A single hailstorm can destroy a crop. Alternatively, enough rain at the right time mixed with sun will ripen plants and create an abundant harvest. Because it is a matter of life and death, people have tried to understand weather patterns throughout history. Interesting theories of weather phenomena have since evolved from the notion that supernatural beings were attributed to atmospheric conditions and could bring suffering and death. The scientific study of the atmosphere was born more than 2,000 years ago in Greece, as philosophers realized that weather patterns had more to do with natural processes than with the intervention of gods. Atmosphere tells the story of the atmospheric sciences, beginning with the recognition that air is a material substance - a mixture of gases - and describes the unraveling of its chemical composition. This new resource examines the invention of the barometer and thermometer, which are the most basic of meteorological instruments, and how they came to be calibrated by Daniel Fahrenheit and Anders Celsius. Complete with full-color photographs, sidebars, and further reading, Atmosphere is an essential book for students interested in the atmospheric sciences.
For tens of thousands of years, northern Europe, Canada, and most of the northern United States lay buried beneath vast ice sheets, thousands of feet thick. As the world warmed and the ice began to melt along its southernmost edge, plants began to appear and a forest was born. This forest of the temperate regions became known as the temperate forest. Forests are biologically diverse, meaning they support a wide variety of species of plants, fungi, animals, and single-celled organisms. Temperate Forests, Revised Edition explores biodiversity and why preserving it is so important. This book surveys the distribution of certain trees, how soil forms and is classified scientifically, how water flows through it, and what forests soils are like. It also contrasts the efforts to conserve forests with the way forests were portrayed in folklore and literature, often as dark and dangerous.All of the facts and figures have been revised for this new edition, most of the text has been rewritten, and diagrams and full-color photographs and illustrations enhance the text. More than 30 sidebars provide brief biographical details about individuals who have made important contributions to our knowledge of the Earth and ecology, including Alfred Wegener, the German meteorologist who first proposed the idea of continental drift; Vasily Dokuchayev, the Russian scientist who was the first to classify soils; and the ecologists Frederic Clements, Arthur Tansley, Charles Elton, and Henry Gleason.
This new edition includes 10,000 entries which cover all areas of geoscience, including planetary science, oceanography, palaeontology, mineralogy and volcanology. In this edition, 675 new entries have been added, and include expanded coverage of planetary geology and earth-observing-satellites. Other new entries terms such as Ianammox, Boomerangian, earth rheological layering, and metamorphic rock classification. The entries are also complemented by more than 130 diagrams and numerous web links that are listed on a regularly updated dedicated companion website. Appendices supplement the A-Z and have been extended to include three new tables on the Torino Impact Hazard Scale, Avalanche Classes, and the Volcanic Explosivity Index. The list of satellite missions has also been revised and updated to include recent developments. A Dictionary of Geology and Earth Sciences is an authoritative, and jargon-free resource for students of geology, geography, geosciences, physical science, and those in related disciplines.
Originally published in 1988, Conservation at Home looks at practical methods of conservation that can be carried out within the home. Still as relevant today, as it was at the time of publication, this book gives practical and authoritative advice on a wide range of activities and products that can materially affect our environment. From the fabric and fuel, we use to keep warm, to the utensils and chemicals we clean with and the food we eat this book provides detailed information on how our domestic lives are affecting not only the natural world, but also ourselves as humans. Complete with detailed illustrations, this concise and useful book provides an ecologically conscious guide to living at home. This volume will be of interest to those researching and working in the field of ecology and conservation as well as for more general readerships.
This new fourth edition has been completely revised and updated, covering all aspects in the field of plant sciences including biochemistry, plant physiology, cytology, ecology, genetics, evolution, biogeography, earth history, and earth sciences. Over 500 new entries, including Rosales, physical dormancy, menthol, and codeine, enhance the dictionary's coverage of botanical terms, key drugs and medicines derived from plants, and plant orders, families, and genera. It also explains many ecological terms, and expands beyond plants to describe fungi and bacteria and how they affect plants. Numerous appendices include Plant Classification and SI Units, with new timelines showing important moments in plant evolution. For ease of use, vernacular plant names have been transferred to an appendix, fully cross-referenced to the A to Z entries. The dictionary's dedicated companion website points to recommended web links and additional resources. The most up-to-date dictionary available on its subject, this is an essential resource for students of plant sciences and amateur botanists, as well as an entertaining and valuable guide for the plant enthusiast.
Fruhling. Ein Sonntagsspaziergang im Park. Es bluht und duftet uberall. Aber haben Sie sich schon einmal uberlegt, warum die Pflanzen sich so auffallig prasentieren?Genau genommen ist die Pracht einer bunten Blumenwiese nichts anderes als die Einladung zu wildem, hemmungslosem Gruppensex. Und weil die Pflanzen nun mal nicht selbst auf Partnersuche gehen konnen, brauchen sie Kuppler - je mehr, je besser. Dabei ist's bei den Blumen wie bei den Menschen: Es gibt die Schuchternen und die Selbstverliebten, die Vordrangler, die Betruger und die, die in aller Offentlichkeit um Freier buhlen. Wer ins Unterholz schaut, wird Zeuge der Unzuchtigkeit von Waldpflanzen. In den Hecken hingegen finden die raffinierteren Verabredungen statt. Und in der Wuste geht's naturgema hei her. Hier greift die Devise: Laut und schnell.Tiefsinnig und mit feinem Gespur fur Zusammenhange und Vergleiche zeigt Michael Allaby, was Blumen wirklich antreibt beim Liebesspiel...
Get ready for the shocking truth about botanical sex. Who knew that bee orchids trick insects into having sex with them, avocado flowers are female one day and male the next, and some flowers are the insect equivalent of nightclubs where males and females meet and mate? Bestselling popular science author Mike Allaby reveals over 200 of nature's most unseemly creations in this sensational expose. The sexual antics of plants are far more varied than those of people and plants have preferences and techniques for which we have no equivalent. Being rooted to the spot, many rely on pollinators for assistance and forget birds and bees, we're talking kangaroos, giraffes, and vampire bats. Botanical illustrations throw light on the gallery of pimps, hookers and gigolos who may be lurking in your back garden and spice up this compendium of scurrilous botany which - be warned - may shock the worldliest of gardeners.
Thoroughly revised and updated to include the latest research in the field, A Dictionary of Environment and Conservation provides over 9,000 A to Z entries on scientific and social aspects of the environment-its key thinkers, treaties, movements, organizations, concepts, and theories. Covering subjects such as sustainable development, biodiversity, and environmental ethics, it is at the cutting edge of environmental and conservation studies. This is the ideal reference for students studying these subjects and anyone with an interest in environment and conservation.
Oceans cover almost 71 percent of the Earth's surface. Travelers on land can find their way by recognizing landmarks and navigating with the help of maps, but there are no landmarks at sea and mariners must find other signposts to guide them. Many centuries ago, navigators learned to steer by the sun and stars and by compasses that align themselves with the Earth's magnetic field. Equipped with simple instruments, surveyors defined the boundaries of the ocean while scientists mapped the ocean currents. Oceans explores some of the mapmakers, scientists, and adventurers who dedicated their lives to improving our understanding of the oceans. This new resource begins with the long process of mapping the oceans and the many problems that had to be solved before this could be achieved satisfactorily. This full-color book details some of the greatest surveyors and mapmakers, including Captain James Cook and Robert FitzRoy, as well as some of the explorations that made a huge impact on ocean research. Ocean basins are also examined in this comprehensive resource. The chapters include: Mapping the Oceans, The Origin of the Oceans, Studying the Ocean Floor, Measuring the Depth and Flow, Journeys to the Bottom of the Sea, Life in the Abyss, Monsters, and Modern Explorers.
Amidst all of the news stories of threats and damage to the natural environment, there are scientists working to understand more about the world and to protect it from avoidable harm. Botanists, zoologists, ecologists, geologists, volcanologists, seismologists, geomorphologists, meteorologists, climatologists, oceanographers, and many more are all environmental scientists in their own different ways, and their work has contributed greatly to the study of Earth science. Exploring such topics as the size of the Earth and how its lands and seas are distributed, Earth Science discusses the history of this planet, from the study of fossils to the development of the theory of plate tectonics. This exciting new book examines the Earth's history and how it came to be divided into the episodes making up the geologic time scale and includes the present version of that time scale. Full-color photographs, sidebars, and further reading complete this accessible resource.
In the years since the first edition of the award-winning Encyclopedia of Weather and Climate was published, research in the atmospheric sciences has been intense and much has happened - making this revised edition an essential one. This new two-volume set has also been restructured - featuring a mix of new, expanded, updated, and rewritten entries along with new photographs and updated, redesigned line illustrations - to take into account recent discoveries about the atmosphere and the way it works. The main body of the encyclopedia consists of authoritative entries describing processes such as cloud formation, atmospheric phenomena such as rainbows, and some of the techniques and instruments used to study the atmosphere, as well as the units of measurement that scientists use. The extensive coverage also includes the classification systems that are used for climate types, winds, and clouds. Ten appendixes contain invaluable supplementary material - such as biographical notes on scientists and lists of the most severe tropical cyclones and tropical storms, weather disasters, and milestones in atmospheric research. These accessible appendixes also include chronologies, the geologic time scale, SI units and conversions, and more. New and updated entries include: Antarctic oscillation; Climatological station; Frost heave; Geostationary Earth Radiation Budget (GERB); Microwave sounding unit (MSU); Pollution Standards Index (PSI); Scatterometer; Tendency; Urban canyon; Water balance; and more.
Grasses are the most common plants in grasslands, but there are many types, and grasslands are not all the same. The grasslands include prairies, steppes, pampas, savanna, tropical grasslands of South America, Australian grasslands, and upland grasslands. Presenting the geography, geology, climates, and history of grasslands, this volume offers a basic introduction to their development and function. Offering a balanced account of the history and future of these areas, Grasslands provides a thorough exploration of a habitat found across the globe in many different forms. Uses for grasslands include cereal farming, livestock farming, cattle ranching, forestry, and biofuel production, some of which threaten the balance of grassland ecosystems. Offering completely current information, Grasslands concludes by emphasizing the necessity of conservation and preservation for these threatened areas.
There are many different types of tropical forests - lowland wet forests, seasonal forests, cloud forests, bamboo forests, mangrove forests, and monsoon forests. The biodiversity in these areas is incredibly diverse. Tropical Forests examines the wealth of resources found in this biome, introducing the ecosystems of the forests and explaining the importance of forest layers, food chains, and much more. An essential introduction to tropical forests, this book discusses everything about this ecosystem - from geology to animal life to conservation. This volume concludes by examining threats to these environments, including clearing the areas for farmland, logging, slash-and-burn farming, soil erosion, and soil exhaustion. Ways to manage these threats and promote conservation of tropical rainforests are also clearly presented.
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