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George Orwell Book and Novel

George Orwell - Author


Eric Arthur Blair (George Orwell) was born in 1903 in India, where his father worked for the Civil Service. The family moved to England in 1907 and in 1917 Orwell entered Eton, where he contributed regularly to the various college magazines. From 1922 to 1927 he served with the Indian Imperial Police in Burma, an experience that inspired his first novel, Burmese Days (1934). Several years of poverty followed. He lived in Paris for two years before returning to England, where he worked successively as a private tutor, schoolteacher and bookshop assistant, and contributed reviews and articles to a number of periodicals. Down and Out in Paris and London was published in 1933. In 1936 he was commissioned by Victor Gollancz to visit areas of mass unemployment in Lancashire and Yorkshire, and The Road to Wigan Pier (1937) is a powerful description of the poverty he saw there. At the end of 1936 Orwell went to Spain to fight for the Republicans and was wounded. Homage to Catalonia is his account of the civil war. He was admitted to a sanatorium in 1938 and from then on was never fully fit. He spent six months in Morocco and there wrote Coming Up for Air. During the Second World War he served in the Home Guard and worked for the BBC Eastern Service from 1941 to 1943. As literary editor of the Tribune he contributed a regular page of political and literary commentary, and he also wrote for the Observer and later for the Manchester Evening News. His unique political allegory, Animal Farm was published in 1945, and it was this novel, together with Nineteen Eighty-Four (1949), which brought him world-wide fame.

George Orwell died in London in January 1950. A few days before, Desmond MacCarthy had sent him a message of greeting in which he wrote: ‘You have made an indelible mark on English literature . . . you are among the few memorable writers of your generation.’

If you like George Orwell you might also like to read books by Anthony Burgess.

Featured Books, with extracts, by George Orwell

Animal Farm by George Orwell
Animal Farm
George Orwell
2015 is the 70th anniversary of Animal Farm. To commemorate this important anniversary, Penguin Classics is republishing the classic illustrated Animal Farm by Joy Batchelor and John Halas. Orwell's chilling 'fairy story' is a timeless and devastating satire of idealism betrayed...
Format: Paperback - Released: 27/08/2015
Nineteen Eighty-Four by George Orwell
Nineteen Eighty-Four
George Orwell
September 2013 Guest Editor Daisy Waugh on Nineteen Eighty-Four... It’s the most depressing book I have ever read, and the hardest to shake off. Unlike the novel Gentlemen Prefer Blondes, this is one I’m happy not to have...
Format: Paperback - Released: 03/07/2008
Nineteen Eighty-Four by George Orwell
Nineteen Eighty-Four
George Orwell
January 2012 Guest Editor Simon Lelic selects Nineteen Eighty-Four... Not exactly an original pick, I realise, and some (irrationally, in my mind) would dispute its literary merits. On the other hand, it has proved almost Shakespearean in its...
Format: Paperback (b Format) - Released: 29/01/2004

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Author Info

Author's Website

www.george-orwell.org/

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