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Blues Empress in Black Chattanooga Bessie Smith and the Emerging Urban South by Michelle R. Scott

Blues Empress in Black Chattanooga Bessie Smith and the Emerging Urban South


Blues Empress in Black Chattanooga Bessie Smith and the Emerging Urban South by Michelle R. Scott

As one of the first African American vocalists to be recorded, Bessie Smith is a prominent figure in American popular culture and African American history. Michelle R. Scott uses Smith's life as a lens to investigate broad issues in history, including industrialization, Southern rural to urban migration, black community development in the post-emancipation era, and black working-class gender conventions. Arguing that the rise of blues culture and the success of female blues artists like Bessie Smith are connected to the rapid migration and industrialization in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, Scott focuses her analysis on Chattanooga, Tennessee, the large industrial and transportation center where Smith was born. This study explores how the expansion of the Southern railroads and the development of iron foundries, steel mills, and sawmills created vast employment opportunities in the postbellum era. Chronicling the growth and development of the African American Chattanooga community, Scott examines the Smith family's migration to Chattanooga and the popular music of black Chattanooga during the first decade of the twentieth century, and culminates by delving into Smith's early years on the vaudeville circuit.


A richly researched, painstakingly documented glimpse of southern urban life around the turn of the twentieth century. --Journal of American Ethnic History In this interesting, highly readable, and meticulously documented account, Scott ... crafts a fascinating social history by discussing the post-Civil War growth of the African American community in Chattanooga. --History: Reviews of New Books An interesting, solidly researched, well-organized, well-told contribution to the social history of the blues. . . . Recommended. --Choice

About the Author

Michelle R. Scott is an assistant professor of history at the University of Maryland, Baltimore County.

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Book Info

Publication date

4th August 2008


Michelle R. Scott

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University of Illinois Press


216 pages


History of the Americas
Regional studies



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