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Ethical & social aspects of IT

See below for a selection of the latest books from Ethical & social aspects of IT category. Presented with a red border are the Ethical & social aspects of IT books that have been lovingly read and reviewed by the experts at Lovereading. With expert reading recommendations made by people with a passion for books and some unique features Lovereading will help you find great Ethical & social aspects of IT books and those from many more genres to read that will keep you inspired and entertained. And it's all free!

Blown to Bits Your Life, Liberty, and Happiness After the Digital Explosion

Blown to Bits Your Life, Liberty, and Happiness After the Digital Explosion

Author: Hal Abelson, Ken Ledeen, Harry Lewis, Wendy Seltzer Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 28/08/2019

Blown to Bits, Second Edition is the brilliant, plain-English guide to digital technology, how it's changing the world, and what you need to know to survive in tomorrow's digital world. A best-seller when it was first published in 2010, the issues it addresses are more crucial than ever. Now, its expert authors have thoroughly updated Blown to Bits to demystify the social, political, and personal issues everyone is talking about: from social media and big data to fake news, cyberattacks, and privacy. Both authoritative and accessible, this guide doesn't just reveal the workings of the technologies that are central to your life: it also illuminates the policy decisions citizens need to make about these technologies... because you can try to ignore them, but they won't ignore you! Blown to Bits, Second Edition answers questions like: Who owns all that data about you? What (if anything) do they owe you? How private is your medical information? Is it possible to send a truly secure message? How close can you come? How do you figure out who to trust for accurate news these days? What should you know about free speech on the Internet? Who's watching you, what do they know about you, and what can they do with that knowledge? Do you have to say goodbye forever to privacy -- and even to your personal identity? How can you protect yourself against out-of-control technologies -- and the powerful organizations that wield them?

Jim Dator: A Noticer in Time Selected work, 1967-2018

Jim Dator: A Noticer in Time Selected work, 1967-2018

Author: Jim Dator Format: Hardback Release Date: 17/07/2019

This book features a selection of the published writings and public presentations of Jim Dator. Most of the chapters are directly concerned with futures studies and ideas about the futures. The topic covers many disciplines and subjects. It is also concerned with many different parts of the world, even Mars. In addition, a few of the earlier papers contained here are about more conventional topics in politics and religion. The collection spans a more than 50 year period of thought, reflection, and instruction. In particular, the papers examine six main topics. These include meditations on the very nature of future studies, visions of preferred futures, ideas about alternative futures, and details on future theories and methods. Coverage also considers such specific topics as AI and robots, the environment, food, culture, energy, families, future generations, and more. Overall, these papers help readers gain insight into what it takes to weave together alternative images of the future in useful ways. They also reveal cross-disciplinary patterns in key fields of human endeavor that will help readers better understand trends and emerging issues.

ICT Unbounded, Social Impact of Bright ICT Adoption IFIP WG 8.6 International Working Conference on Transfer and Diffusion of IT, TDIT 2019, Accra, Ghana, June 21-22, 2019, Proceedings

ICT Unbounded, Social Impact of Bright ICT Adoption IFIP WG 8.6 International Working Conference on Transfer and Diffusion of IT, TDIT 2019, Accra, Ghana, June 21-22, 2019, Proceedings

Author: Yogesh Dwivedi Format: Hardback Release Date: 15/07/2019

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the IFIP WG 8.6 International Working Conference ICT Unbounded, Social Impact of Bright ICT Adoption on Transfer and Diffusion of IT, TDIT 2019, held in Accra, Ghana, in June 2019. The 30 revised full papers and 4 short papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 72 submissions. The papers focus on Bright Information and Communication Technology, a concept that entails the development of relevant technologies, business models, public policies, social norms, international agreements, metrics of measuring national progress and preventing undesirable activities on the Internet. They are organized in the following topical sections: technology adoption, diffusion and ubiquitous computing; big data and business intellligence; smart cities; and security, privacy, ethics and misinformation.

Automating the News How Algorithms Are Rewriting the Media

Automating the News How Algorithms Are Rewriting the Media

Author: Nicholas Diakopoulos Format: Hardback Release Date: 28/06/2019

From hidden connections in big data to bots spreading fake news, journalism is increasingly computer-generated. An expert in computer science and media explains the present and future of a world in which news is created by algorithm. Amid the push for self-driving cars and the roboticization of industrial economies, automation has proven one of the biggest news stories of our time. Yet the wide-scale automation of the news itself has largely escaped attention. In this lively expose of that rapidly shifting terrain, Nicholas Diakopoulos focuses on the people who tell the stories-increasingly with the help of computer algorithms that are fundamentally changing the creation, dissemination, and reception of the news. Diakopoulos reveals how machine learning and data mining have transformed investigative journalism. Newsbots converse with social media audiences, distributing stories and receiving feedback. Online media has become a platform for A/B testing of content, helping journalists to better understand what moves audiences. Algorithms can even draft certain kinds of stories. These techniques enable media organizations to take advantage of experiments and economies of scale, enhancing the sustainability of the fourth estate. But they also place pressure on editorial decision-making, because they allow journalists to produce more stories, sometimes better ones, but rarely both. Automating the News responds to hype and fears surrounding journalistic algorithms by exploring the human influence embedded in automation. Though the effects of automation are deep, Diakopoulos shows that journalists are at little risk of being displaced. With algorithms at their fingertips, they may work differently and tell different stories than they otherwise would, but their values remain the driving force behind the news. The human-algorithm hybrid thus emerges as the latest embodiment of an age-old tension between commercial imperatives and journalistic principles.

The Cult of Information The Folklore of Computers and the True Art of Thinking

The Cult of Information The Folklore of Computers and the True Art of Thinking

Author: Theodore Roszak Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 27/06/2019

When the word 'computer' entered the general vocabulary in the 1950s, the most advanced example filled a reasonable sized room. Three decades of rapid technological revolution have resulted in the acceptance of computers in nearly every office, school and home. A corresponding dramatic rise in the status of 'information' has promoted the people who manipulate it from the status of office clerks to information scientists. Despite the wonderful claims for the abilities of the computer and the hallowed tones of 'computerese', Theodore Roszak dares to suggest that perhaps, like the unfortunate emperor, the computer has been overdressed with false claims made by those with something to gain by it - elements in our society that are making some of the most morally questionable uses of computer power. Roszak challenges the reader to ask: Is our capacity to think creatively being undermined by the very 'information' that is supposed to help us? Is information processing being confused with science or even beginning to replace thought? And are we in danger of blurring the distinction between what machines do when they process information and what minds do when they think? He explains why humankind's primary beliefs, in equality, justice and in God are not computable; why great scientific theories and fundamental 'master ideas' cannot be developed by computers; and why bad ideas cannot even be refuted by them. Roszak is no contemporary Luddite - this book was written on a word processor - but he is deeply concerned that we have all been sold a misleading and potentially harmful vision of the computerised society.

Information and Communication Technologies for Development. Strengthening Southern-Driven Cooperation as a Catalyst for ICT4D 15th IFIP WG 9.4 International Conference on Social Implications of Comput

Information and Communication Technologies for Development. Strengthening Southern-Driven Cooperation as a Catalyst for ICT4D 15th IFIP WG 9.4 International Conference on Social Implications of Comput

Author: Petter Nielsen Format: Hardback Release Date: 20/06/2019

The two volumes IFIP AICT 551 and 552 constitute the refereed proceedings of the 15th IFIP WG 9.4 International Conference on Social Implications of Computers in Developing Countries, ICT4D 2019, held in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, in May 2019. The 97 revised full papers and 2 short papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 185 submissions. The papers present a wide range of perspectives and disciplines including (but not limited to) public administration, entrepreneurship, business administration, information technology for development, information management systems, organization studies, philosophy, and management. They are organized in the following topical sections: communities, ICT-enabled networks, and development; digital platforms for development; ICT for displaced population and refugees. How it helps? How it hurts?; ICT4D for the indigenous, by the indigenous and of the indigenous; local technical papers; pushing the boundaries - new research methods, theory and philosophy in ICT4D; southern-driven human-computer interaction; sustainable ICT, informatics, education and learning in a turbulent world - doing the safari way .

Bored, Lonely, Angry, Stupid Changing Feelings about Technology, from the Telegraph to Twitter

Bored, Lonely, Angry, Stupid Changing Feelings about Technology, from the Telegraph to Twitter

Author: Luke Fernandez, Susan J. Matt Format: Hardback Release Date: 31/05/2019

This wide-ranging account of our emotional responses to technologies, from the telegram to Instagram, shows that technology changes not only how we feel, but what our feelings mean. Facebook makes us lonely. Selfies breed narcissism. On Twitter and comment boards, hostility reigns. Pundits and psychologists warn us that digital technologies substantially alter our emotional states. But in this lively and surprising account, we learn that technology doesn't just affect how we feel from moment to moment-it changes profoundly the underlying emotions themselves. Bored, Lonely, Angry, Stupid examines nineteenth- and twentieth-century letters, diaries, and memoirs and draws on contemporary research and interviews with Americans of different ages and backgrounds to document how our emotions have been transformed by technological change. Where we now strive to escape boredom, earlier generations saw unstructured time as an opportunity for productivity and creativity. Where loneliness is now pathologized, we once thought of solitude as virtuous. Even as we ask whether technology is making us lonelier, it is altering the meaning of loneliness. In this timely book, Luke Fernandez and Susan Matt contend that current technology has removed many of the limits on our emotional landscape. Thus we seek to be constantly stimulated, engaged, and validated, while our anger and antisocial impulses are not only unconstrained but affirmed by the digital company we keep.

The Humanized Internet Dignity, Digital Identity and Democracy

The Humanized Internet Dignity, Digital Identity and Democracy

In reading this book, there are key themes that are constant such as the notion of identity and identity sets; e-sovereignty and privacy and most importantly the function of an Internet that is inclusive, not controlled by a few organizations for their own profitability. Certainly, enterprising the Internet has been a process over these past years and there is no intent to set judgement here but rather pause for a moment and reflect on the impact of these technologies to individuals. Yes, this is The Humanized Internet. These tenets may sound libertarian but in fact we are speaking about core principles to guide the development and perhaps the return of the Internet to the people especially those who are underserved . Do No Evil should not be a company motto but rather foundational to the development of any technologies that do impact us as individual consumers of these technologies and corresponding products. Indeed there is a polarity between an Internet that is used for mass empowerment and one that can be used for mass destruction. Privacy, security and the management of your digital footprint should be done by you. With the progression of Human and Machine interaction due to advances in Biotech and Brain/Computer interface Cloud, Virtual and Mixed Reality, we need to understand the impact of these technologies to identity overall. Do we require a new definition of identity? What is e-Sovereignty and it application moving forward if we posit that the institutions that exist today may indeed no longer be relevant in their current structure. We have read about the abuses when your data falls into the hands of other entities, intentionally or not. The Humanized Internet is therefore a call to action, your action.

Future Histories What Ada Lovelace, Tom Paine, and the Paris Commune Can Teach Us About Digital Technology

Future Histories What Ada Lovelace, Tom Paine, and the Paris Commune Can Teach Us About Digital Technology

Author: Lizzie O'Shea Format: Hardback Release Date: 14/05/2019

A highly engaging tour through progressive history in the service of emancipating our digital tomorrow. When we talk about technology we always talk about tomorrow and the future -- which makes it hard to figure out how to even get there. In Future Histories, public interest lawyer and digital specialist Lizzie O'Shea argues that we need to stop looking forward and start looking backwards. Weaving together histories of computing and progressive social movements with modern theories of the mind, society, and self, O'Shea constructs a usable past that can help us determine our digital future. What, she asks, can the Paris Commune tell us about earlier experiments in sharing resources--like the Internet--in common? How can Frantz Fanon's theories of anti colonial self-determination help us build digital world in which everyone can participate equally? Can debates over equal digital access be helped by American revolutionary Tom Paine's theories of democratic, economic redistribution? What can indigenous land struggles teach us about stewarding our digital climate? And, how is Elon Musk not a future visionary but a steampunk throwback to Victorian-era technological utopians? In engaging, sparkling prose, O'Shea shows us how very human our understanding of technology is, and how when we draw on the resources of the past, we can see the potential for struggle, for liberation, for art and poetry in our technological present. Future Histories is for all of us--makers, coders, hacktivists, Facebook-users, self-styled Luddites--who find ourselves in a brave new world.

War and Peace in the Global Village

War and Peace in the Global Village

Author: Marshall McLuhan, Quentin Fiore, Jerome Agel Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 10/05/2019

Social Capital and Information Technology

Social Capital and Information Technology

Author: Marleen (Vrije University Amsterdam) Huysman Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 08/05/2019

A multidisciplinary examination of the interplay between social capital-the value derived from social ties-and information technology. The concept of social capital, or the value that can be derived from social ties created by goodwill, mutual support, shared language, common beliefs, and a sense of mutual obligation, has been applied to a number of fields, from sociology to management. It is only lately, however, that researchers in information technology and knowledge management have begun to explore the idea of social capital in relation to their fields. This collection of thirteen essays by computer scientists, sociologists, communication specialists, economists, and others presents a multidisciplinary look at this particular intersection of information technology and social science and the need to adopt a sociotechnical perspective.For the most part the contributors take a positive view of the interplay of social capital, knowledge sharing, and community building. Some essays look at specific instances, including the on-line and face-to-face relationships of a community of athletes, the building of social capital among Iranian NGOs, and the Internet-based communities created by the open-source movement, while others discuss more general ideas of civic and personal communities. The last four essays examine computer applications that augment social capital, including topic- and member-centered communications spaces such as the Expert Finder and the Loops system and virtual repositories of knowledge such as the Answer Garden and Pearls of Wisdom.

Big Digital Humanities Imagining a Meeting Place for the Humanities and the Digital

Big Digital Humanities Imagining a Meeting Place for the Humanities and the Digital

Author: Patrik Svensson Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 03/05/2019

Big Digital Humanities has its origins in a series of seminal articles Patrik Svensson published in the Digital Humanities Quarterly between 2009 and 2012. As these articles were coming out, enthusiasm around Digital Humanities was acquiring a great deal of momentum and significant disagreement about what did or didn't count as Digital Humanities work. Svensson's articles provided a widely sought after omnibus of Digital Humanities history, practice, and theory. They were informative and knowledgeable and tended to foreground reportage and explanation rather than utopianism or territorial contentiousness. In revising his original work for book publication, Svensson has responded to both subsequent feedback and new developments. Svensson's own unique perspective and special stake in the Digital Humanities conversation come from his role as Director of the HUMlab at Umea University. HUMlab is a unique collaborative space and Digital Humanities center, which officially opened its doors in 2000. According to its own official description, the HUMlab is an open, creative studio environment where students, researchers, artists, entrepreneurs and international guests come together to engage in dialogue, experiment with technology, take on challenges and move scholarship forward. It is this last element moving scholarship forward that Svensson argues is the real opportunity in what he terms the big digital humanities, or digital humanities as practiced in collaborative spaces like the HUMlab, and he is uniquely positioned to take an account of this evolving dimension of Digital Humanities practice.