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See below for a selection of the latest books from Sanitary & municipal engineering category. Presented with a red border are the Sanitary & municipal engineering books that have been lovingly read and reviewed by the experts at Lovereading. With expert reading recommendations made by people with a passion for books and some unique features Lovereading will help you find great Sanitary & municipal engineering books and those from many more genres to read that will keep you inspired and entertained. And it's all free!
Throughout the world, and even in the United States, engineers are tackling the challenges of sustainable development and public health - challenges that engineers are uniquely qualified to address. Yet engineers working abroad on development projects often lack the knowledge and information to design, plan, construct, operate, and maintain technology that is culturally, economically, and geographically appropriate - technology that takes into account gender, does not use significant amounts of fossil fuels, accounts for environmental conditions like water scarcity, and uses local construction materials. This readable and fully illustrated guide is a complete handbook for international engineering service projects that involve water supply and treatment, watersheds, sanitation systems, and indoor air quality. It provides the tools necessary to implement the right technology in developing regions around the world. The authors introduce sustainable engineering and explain how environmental engineering fosters public health, with an emphasis on the relationship between community participation and the success of an engineering project. In addition, this book covers topographical surveying, project planning, watershed management, and construction materials and techniques. Specific technical guidance is offered for the design and construction of multiple systems for water supply, water and wastewater treatment, and flood storage and drainage, as well as solid waste management and indoor air quality improvement. This book is a valuable resource for engineering students, faculty, and practitioners involved with programs like Engineers without Borders, Water for People, and Engineers for a Sustainable World, as well as those affiliated with government groups, international agencies, and charitable organizations.
The seismic evaluation and retrofit of water transmission infrastructure is an area of growing concern to utilities that own large water conveyance systems. Many water and power utilities today rely heavily on water transmission structures built in the 1930s or earlier without regard to seismic design. Today, utilities are finding that these facilities are threatened by many seismic hazards including liquefaction, landslides, surface faulting and ground shaking. If these facilities are not seismically strengthened, they pose a significant threat to the utility's ability to provide water for customer service, for fire fighting purposes after major earthquakes, or to supply hydroelectric facilities. This book provides guidelines for the seismic evaluation and retrofit of water transmission infrastructure, including aqueducts, tunnels, canals, buried pipelines, elevated pipelines and their appurtenances. The current state of the practice in seismically strengthening these key facilities is covered, as well as past performance during earthquakes, performance criteria, risk analysis, and analysis methods. Case studies address seismic designs and retrofits for the Mokelumne Aqueduct, the Contra Costa Canal, the Borel Canal, buried pipes at fault crossings, and auxiliary water fighting systems. These case studies examine the technical, geotechnical and structural disciplines, as well as post-earthquake operations, financial issues and benefits of seismic retrofits.
Current freshwater availability is reducing because of climate change, rapid urbanization, and an increase in population. Due to these situations, the identification of alternative water resources has become a main focus of research world-wide. Among all alternatives, stormwater has been found as most promising for reuse and recycling. The rapid development of urban and suburban areas has limited the natural infiltration of storm water because of increased impermeable areas, which in turn, increase the risk of urban and suburban flooding. Urban and suburban stormwater runoff carries a significant amount of pollutants, such as heavy metals, hydrocarbons, pesticides, and bacteria. The sources of pollutants and their contribution to urban stormwater runoff are highly dependent on the land use pattern. These pollutants are harmful to the environment and a threat to human health at higher concentrations. In order to maintain healthy waterways, it is necessary to develop sustainable management of stormwater. Stormwater management practices involve many challenges for its reuse and recycling, which are the main focus areas of this book. Available management practices consist of collecting and discharging the stormwater into rivers, ponds, or nearby retention basins. The best management practices (BMPs) may include oil and grit separators, grassed swales, vegetated filter strips, biofiltration/bioretention ponds, constructed wetlands, gross pollutant traps, and catch basin inserts. This book has eleven chapters that describe the practices and challenges of different BMPs for stormwater management. These include combined sewer networks, different rainwater harvesting techniques, constructed wetlands, MUSIC modelling of bioretention systems, catch basin inserts, permeable pavements, the use of adsorbents for cleaning stormwater, low impact developments, and membrane-based technologies for stormwater treatment.
This book proposes Regenerative Sanitation as the next era of sanitation management and attempts to provide a foundation for the study of sanitation on the premise that sanitation is a complex and dynamic system that comprises of social-ecological, technological and resource systems. The preconception is that sanitation will deliver maximal benefits to society only when there exists a cyclical integration of the three subsystems to enable appropriate linkages between `technological design' and the `delivery platform' so as to achieve optimal and sustained sani-solutions. It also calls for the rethinking of sanitation to change the narrative towards more progressive trajectories such as resource recovery and reuse rather than just amelioration. It explores the contributions to food security, livelihood support, urban regeneration, rural development and even local economies. A new paradigm, theory and ten principles for ensuring practical and effective sanitation solutions and management is presented. In addition is a unique conceptual framework applicable to both developed and developing countries, and to all stages, processes and cycles of delivering sanitation solutions that could critically evaluate, analyse and provide credible, adequate and appropriate sanitation solutions. All of which culminates in a strategic and practical application platform called `Sanitation 4.0' that advocates for total rejuvenation and comprehensive overhaul with eight key strategic considerations for the implementation. Regenerative Sanitation: A New Paradigm For Sanitation 4.0 is inter and trans- disciplinary and encourages collaboration between engineers, scientists, technologists, social scientists and others to provide effective and practical user-centred solutions. It includes relevant case studies, examples, exercise and future research recommendations. It is written as both a textbook for researchers and students as well as a practitioners' guide for policymakers and professionals.
This book systematically investigates the nitrogen removal characteristics of two screened aerobic denitrifying bacteria and their applications in nitrogen oxides emissions reduction. It reveals that Pseudomonas stutzeri PCN-1 possesses excellent capacity for aerobic nitrogen removal, regardless of whether nitrate, nitrite or N2O were taken as denitrification substrates. It also demonstrates that the rapid N2O reduction is due to the coordinate expression of denitrification genes. Further, the book discusses the bioaugmentation experiments conducted in denitrifying SBR and a pilot-scale Carrousel oxidation ditch, which confirmed that the strain could significantly enhance denitrification performance, reduce N2O emission and improve system stability. The second strain, P.aeruginosa PCN-2 accumulated negligible NO during aerobic nitrate and nitrite removal and efficiently removed NO from flue gas. This study is of great significance for potential applications of aerobic denitrification in mitigating nitrogen oxides emissions from biological nitrogen removal systems.
Flooding in urbanized areas has become a very important issue around the world. The level of service (or performance) of urban drainage systems (UDS) degrades in time for a number of reasons. In order to maintain an acceptable performance of UDS, early rehabilitation plans must be developed and implemented. In developing countries the situation is serious, little investment is done and there are smaller funds each year for rehabilitation. The allocation of such funds must be optimal in providing value for money. However this task is not easy to achieve due to the multicriteria nature of the rehabilitation process, taking into account technical, environmental and social interests. Most of the time these are conflicting, which make it a highly demanding task. This book introduces a framework to deal with multicriteria decision making for the rehabilitation of urban drainage systems, and focuses on several aspects such as the improvement of the performance of the multicriteria optimization through the inclusion of new features in the algorithms and the proper selection of performance criteria. The use of Genetic Algorithms, parallelization and application in countries like Brazil, Colombia and Venezuela are treated in this book.
This book presents of all aspects of storm water management: the hydrologic cycle, sources of contaminants, standards applicable to discharges, regulatory issues, atmospheric deposition, best management practices, and health/environmental impacts. It includes technical details of the modern treatment of stormwater, the emerging issues of atmospheric deposition, run-on, and snow melt, the Epidemiologic Model, and field data on discharge concentrations of a variety of contaminants. The principles explained in this book will enable students, contractors, developers, and engineers to grasp the most important field elements which must be included for construction projects impacting stormwater.
Prediction of microbial transport distances are usually based on the sticking efficiency, a parameter in the classical colloid filtration theory. This parameter represents the interaction between colloid and collector surfaces resulting in deposition. According to the theory, the sticking efficiency is invariable when physico-chemical characteristics of aquifer media are homogeneous. However, many research results have indicated variations within bacterial strains. In this research, the transport of Escherichia Coli in saturated quartz columns were conducted in the laboratory. The objectives were to characterise the distribution of sticking efficiency, measure low sticking efficiency values of cells, and to develop a methodology to measure minimum values of sticking efficiencies within bacterial sub-populations. Also, the work assesses the contribution of phenotypic and genotypic characteristics of Escherichia coli on their attachment to quartz grains.
Focuses On an Emerging Field in Water Engineering A broad treatment of the Tsallis entropy theory presented from a water resources engineering point of view, Introduction to Tsallis Entropy Theory in Water Engineering fills a growing need for material on this theory and its relevant applications in the area of water engineering. This self-contained text includes several solved examples, and requires only a basic knowledge of mathematics and probability theory. Divided into four parts, the book begins with a detailed discussion of Tsallis entropy, moves on to hydraulics, expounds on the subject of hydrology, and ends with broad coverage on a wide variety of areas in water engineering. The author addresses: The Tsallis entropy theory for both discrete and continuous variables The procedure for deriving probability distributions One-dimensional velocity distributions Two-dimensional velocity distributions Methods for determining sediment concentration Sediment discharge Stage-discharge rating curve Precipitation variability Infiltration and the derivation of infiltration equations An introduction to soil moisture, soil moisture profiles, and their estimation Flow duration curves The eco-index and indicators of hydrologic alteration (IHA) Measures of redundancy for water distribution networks, and more Introduction to Tsallis Entropy Theory in Water Engineering examines the basic concepts of the Tsallis entropy theory, and considers its current applications and potential for future use. This book advances further research on water engineering, hydrologic sciences, environmental sciences, and water resources engineering as they relate to the Tsallis entropy theory.