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See below for a selection of the latest books from Testing of materials category. Presented with a red border are the Testing of materials books that have been lovingly read and reviewed by the experts at Lovereading. With expert reading recommendations made by people with a passion for books and some unique features Lovereading will help you find great Testing of materials books and those from many more genres to read that will keep you inspired and entertained. And it's all free!
The theme for the 2019 ISTFA conference was Novel Computing Architectures. Papers include discussions on the advent of Artificial Intelligence and the promise of quantum computing that are driving disruptive computing architectures; Neuromorphic chip designs on one hand, and Quantum Bits on the other, still in R&D, will introduce new computing circuitry and memory elements, novel materials, and different test methodologies. These novel computing architectures will require further innovation which is best achieved through a collaborative Failure Analysis community composed of chip manufacturers, tool vendors, and universities.
Containing over 1,200 representative micrographs and the information and explanatory text that makes them really useful, including composition, condition, etchant, magnification, and more than 100 graphs and tables, this 'how to' book not only gives everyday working examples, but also discusses the relationship between the constitution, metallurgy, and microstructure of various carbon steel products. Contents: Nomenclature of Phases and Constituents; Phase Transformations; Low-Carbon Irons and Steels; Annealing and Normalizing; Spheroidization and Graphitization; Austenitization; Transformation of Austenite; Tempering of Martensite; Welding; Surface Oxidation, Decarburation and Oxidation Scaling; Glossary of Terms; EtchingMethods; ConversionTables; Index.
This exhaustive work in several volumes and over 2500 pages provides a thorough treatment of ultra-high temperature materials (with melting points around or over 2500 DegreesC). The first volume focuses on carbon (graphene/graphite) and refractory metals (W, Re, Os, Ta, Mo, Nb and Ir), whilst the second and third are dedicated to refractory transition metal 4-5 groups carbides. Topics included are physical (structural, thermal, electro-magnetic, optical, mechanical, nuclear) and chemical (more than 3000 binary, ternary and multi-component systems, including those used for materials design, data on solid-state diffusion, wettability, interaction with various elements and compounds in solid and liquid states, gases and chemicals in aqueous solutions) properties of these materials. It will be of interest to researchers, engineers, postgraduate, graduate and undergraduate students alike. The readers/users are provided with the full qualitative and quantitative assessment, which is based on the latest updates in the field of fundamental physics and chemistry, nanotechnology, materials science, design and engineering.
This book is a comprehensive overview of methods of characterizing the mechanical properties of engineering materials using specimen sizes in the micro-scale regime (0.3-5.0 mm). A range of issues associated with miniature specimen testing like correlation methodologies for data transferability between different specimen sizes, use of numerical simulation/analysis for data inversion, application to actual structures using scooped out samples or by in-situ testing, and more importantly developing a common code of practice are discussed and presented in a concise manner.
Introducing computational wave propagation methods developed over 40 years of research, this comprehensive book offers a computational approach to NDE of isotropic, anisotropic, and functionally graded materials. It discusses recent methods to enable enhanced computational efficiency for anisotropic materials. It offers an overview of the need for and uses of NDE simulation. The content provides a basic understanding of ultrasonic wave propagation through continuum mechanics and detailed discussions on the mathematical techniques of six computational methods to simulate NDE experiments. In this book, the pros and cons of each individual method are discussed and guidelines for selecting specific simulation methods for specific NDE scenarios are offered. Covers ultrasonic CNDE fundamentals to provide understanding of NDE simulation methods Offers a catalog of effective CNDE methods to evaluate and compare Provides exercises on real-life NDE problems with mathematical steps Discusses CNDE for common material types, including isotropic, anisotropic, and functionally graded materials Presents readers with practical knowledge on ultrasonic CNDE methods This work is an invaluable resource for researchers, advanced students, and industry professionals across materials, mechanical, civil, and aerospace engineering, and anyone seeking to enhance their understanding of computational approaches for advanced material evaluation methods.
This book focuses on structural characterisation techniques for porous materials. Covering a range of techniques, including gas sorption, mercury porosimetry, thermoporometry, NMR and imaging methods, this practical guide presents the basic theory behind each characterisation technique, and discusses the practicalities of the experimental and data analysis approaches needed for complex industrial samples. The book shows readers how to approach characterising a particular sort of material for the first time and then how to develop a strategy for more in-depth analysis. It also demonstrates how to determine the best techniques for solving particular problems, and describes methods of obtaining the required information, as well as the limitations of various methods. It particularly highlights a scientific approach involving parameter validation and simple acquisition. Featuring examples taken from case studies of real-world industrial materials, this book is intended for industrial practitioners and researchers. It provides a manual of potential techniques and answers questions concerning porous materials that arise in areas such as the catalyst industry, the oil and gas sector, batteries, fuel cells, tissue engineering scaffolds and drug delivery devices.
This book provides beginning graduate or senior-level undergraduate students in materials disciplines with a primer of the fundamental and quantitative ideas on kinetic processes in solid materials. Kinetics is concerned with the rate of change of the state of existence of a material system under thermodynamic driving forces. Kinetic processes in materials typically involve chemical reactions and solid state diffusion in parallel or in tandem. Thus, mathematics of diffusion in continuum is first dealt with in some depth, followed by the atomic theory of diffusion and a brief review of chemical reaction kinetics. Chemical diffusion in metals and ionic solids, diffusion-controlled kinetics of phase transformations, and kinetics of gas-solid reactions are examined. Through this course of learning, a student will become able to predict quantitatively how fast a kinetic process takes place, to understand the inner workings of the process, and to design the optimal process of material state change. Provides students with the tools to predict quantitatively how fast a kinetic process takes place and solve other diffusion related problems; Learns fundamental and quantitative ideas on kinetic processes in solid materials; Examines chemical diffusion in metals and ionic solids, diffusion-controlled kinetics of phase transformations, and kinetics of gas-solid reactions, among others; Contains end-of chapter exercise problems to help reinforce students' grasp of the concepts presented within each chapter.
David Degenhardt develops an elasto-viscoplastic material model in order to predict the temperature and strain rate-dependent deformation and fracture behavior of thermoplastic polymers. The model bases on three supporting ambient temperatures, where a thermoplastic polymer has been characterized profoundly at the stress states 1) uni-axial tension and compression, 2) bi-axial tension and 3) shear. The core of the material model builds a pressure-dependent yield function with a non-associated flow rule. Further, it contains an analytical hardening law and a strain rate-dependent fracture criterion. The model is validated with components subjected to impact loading at different ambient temperatures. The comparison of the simulation and the experiments shows that stiffness, hardening, fractures strain as well as thicknesses can be well captured. About the Author: David Degenhardt is a calculation engineer in the chassis development department of a German automobile manufacturer and earned his doctorate while working at the Technische Universitat Carolo-Wilhelmina zu Braunschweig, Germany.
This textbook presents all the mathematical and physical concepts needed to visualize and understand representation surfaces, providing readers with a reliable and intuitive understanding of the behavior and properties of anisotropic materials, and a sound grasp of the directionality of material properties. They will learn how to extract quantitative information from representation surfaces, which encode tremendous amounts of information in a very concise way, making them especially useful in understanding higher order tensorial material properties (piezoelectric moduli, elastic compliance and rigidity, etc.) and in the design of applications based on these materials. Readers will also learn from scratch concepts on crystallography, symmetry and Cartesian tensors, which are essential for understanding anisotropic materials, their design and application. The book describes how to apply representation surfaces to a diverse range of material properties, making it a valuable resource for material scientists, mechanical engineers, and solid state physicists, as well as advanced undergraduates in Materials Science, Solid State Physics, Electronics, Optics, Mechanical Engineering, Composites and Polymer Science. Moreover, the book includes a wealth of worked-out examples, problems and exercises to help further understanding.
Machine learning methods are changing the way we design and discover new materials. This book provides an overview of approaches successfully used in addressing materials problems (alloys, ferroelectrics, dielectrics) with a focus on probabilistic methods, such as Gaussian processes, to accurately estimate density functions. The authors, who have extensive experience in this interdisciplinary field, discuss generalizations where more than one competing material property is involved or data with differing degrees of precision/costs or fidelity/expense needs to be considered.
This book focuses on 3d transition metal centered phthalocyanine molecules and their deposition on different substrates. Phthalocyanines are an ideal prototype since they can be grown flat on many surfaces. It highlights the molecule-substrate interaction and its influence on the magnetic and spectroscopic properties of the molecules as well as the influence of ligands - reviewing both experiential and theoretical data. Since experimental setups differ and approximations in theory vary and can influence the result, a substantial part is dedicated to a thorough discussion of the different experimental and computational methods from the point of view of reliability and predictive power.
This book introduces research advances in Integrated Computational Materials Engineering (ICME) that have taken place under the aegis of the AFOSR/AFRL sponsored Center of Excellence on Integrated Materials Modeling (CEIMM) at Johns Hopkins University. Its author team consists of leading researchers in ICME from prominent academic institutions and the Air Force Research Laboratory. The book examines state-of-the-art advances in physics-based, multi-scale, computational-experimental methods and models for structural materials like polymer-matrix composites and metallic alloys. The book emphasizes Ni-based superalloys and epoxy matrix carbon-fiber composites and encompasses atomistic scales, meso-scales of coarse-grained models and discrete dislocations, and micro-scales of poly-phase and polycrystalline microstructures. Other critical phenomena investigated include the relationship between microstructural morphology, crystallography, and mechanisms to the material response at different scales; methods of identifying representative volume elements using microstructure and material characterization, and robust deterministic and probabilistic modeling of deformation and damage. Encompassing a slate of topics that enable readers to comprehend and approach ICME-related issues involved in predicting material performance and failure, the book is ideal for mechanical, civil, and aerospace engineers, and materials scientists, in in academic, government, and industrial laboratories.