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Materials science

See below for a selection of the latest books from Materials science category. Presented with a red border are the Materials science books that have been lovingly read and reviewed by the experts at Lovereading. With expert reading recommendations made by people with a passion for books and some unique features Lovereading will help you find great Materials science books and those from many more genres to read that will keep you inspired and entertained. And it's all free!

Polymer Nanocomposite Membranes for Pervaporation

Polymer Nanocomposite Membranes for Pervaporation

Polymer Nanocomposite Membranes for Pervaporation assesses recent applications in the pervaporation performance of polymer nanocomposites of different length scales. The book discusses the effects of a range of nanofillers, their dispersion, the effect of different polymers, and organic and inorganic nanomaterials in the pervaporation process. In addition, the book explores how the different properties of a variety of nanocomposite materials make them better for use in different types of liquids, while also discussing the challenges of using different nanocomposites for this purpose effectively and safely. In particular, polymer nanocomposites for g nanoscale dispersion, filler/polymer interactions, and morphology are addressed. This is an important reference source for materials scientists, chemical engineers and environmental engineers who want to learn more about how polymer nanocomposites are being used to make the pervaporation separation process more effective.

Memristive Devices for Brain-Inspired Computing From Materials, Devices, and Circuits to Applications Computational Memory, Deep Learning, and Spiking Neural Networks

Memristive Devices for Brain-Inspired Computing From Materials, Devices, and Circuits to Applications Computational Memory, Deep Learning, and Spiking Neural Networks

Author: Sabina (Research Staff Member, CNR-IMM-Unit of Agrate Brianza, Italy) Spiga Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 01/05/2020

Memristive Devices in Brain-Inspired Computing: From Materials, Devices and Circuits to Applications - Computational Memory, Deep Learning, and Spiking Neural Networks reviews the latest in material and devices engineering for optimizing resistive memory devices beyond storage applications and towards brain-inspired computing. The book provides readers with an understanding of four key concepts, including materials and device aspects with a view of current materials systems and their remaining barriers, algorithmic aspects comprising basic concepts of neuroscience as well as various computing concepts, the circuits and architectures implementing those algorithms based on memristive technologies, and target applications, including brain-inspired computing, computational memory, and deep learning. This comprehensive book is suitable for an interdisciplinary audience, including materials scientists, physicists, electrical engineers and computer scientists.

Hydrothermal Behavior of Fiber- and Nanomaterial-Reinforced Polymer Composites

Hydrothermal Behavior of Fiber- and Nanomaterial-Reinforced Polymer Composites

This book provides critical information regarding the in-service environmental damage and degradation studies of nano/fiber reinforced polymer (FRP) composites focussing on hydrothermal degradation. Covering hydrothermal properties of a wide range of polymer composites, the book is aimed at graduate students, researchers, and professionals in material engineering, composite materials, nanomaterials, and so forth.

Fundamentals of Smart Materials

Fundamentals of Smart Materials

Author: Mohsen (University of Maine, USA) Shahinpoor Format: Hardback Release Date: 21/04/2020

Smart materials are of significant interest and this is the first textbook to provide a comprehensive graduate level view of topics that relate to this field. Fundamentals of Smart Materials consists of a workbook and solutions manual covering the basics of different functional material systems aimed at advanced undergraduate and postgraduate students. Topics include piezoelectric materials, magnetostrictive materials, shape memory alloys, mechanochromic materials, thermochromic materials, chemomechanical polymers and self-healing materials. Each chapter provides an introduction to the material, its applications and uses with example problems, fabrication and manufacturing techniques, conclusions, homework problems and a bibliography. Edited by a leading researcher in smart materials, the textbook can be adopted by teachers in materials science and engineering, chemistry, physics and chemical engineering.

Corrosion Preventive Materials and Corrosion Testing

Corrosion Preventive Materials and Corrosion Testing

Author: Sundeep Kuman Dhawan Format: Hardback Release Date: 15/04/2020

This book is a condensed summary of conjugated polymer-based corrosion resistant composite systems. It includes introduction of corrosion, their classification and measurement, theory of conjugated polymers and their composites, synthesis/designing of polymer composites, investigation and assessment of their corrosion resistance and elaborate discussion on the various corrosion testing techniques. It also covers the preparation of smart coatings of conjugated polymers which can be used for preventing iron corrosion in hostile environmental conditions.

Advances in Materials Science Research. Volume 40

Advances in Materials Science Research. Volume 40

Author: Maryann C. Wythers Format: Hardback Release Date: 11/04/2020

Advances in Materials Science Research. Volume 40 first summarizes the recently published literature regarding modern applications of lignocellulosic materials. Lignocellulosic materials were conventionally treated as wastes for disposal, but are gaining recognition for their role in the supply of renewable resources. The authors discuss in detail the material attributes of pullulan and their correlation with the quality attributes of finished formulation, including: assay, dissolution, related substances and content uniformity. Additionally, this compilation presents the development of a dip-coating instrument and its applications in the thin film deposition of colloidal nanocrystals. The instrument was based on an Arduino microcontroller, a stepper motor and a mechanical structure using a belt and pulley connection from motor to substrate holder. Silicone oil emulsions stabilized by various emulsifiers, such as surfactants, polymers, and solid particles (with and without pre-adsorbed surfactants or polymers) are also reviewed. Emulsion stability, interfacial properties, and rheological properties as a function of the emulsifier concentration in the complete emulsification of silicone oil are discussed. Next, the wet-chemical method was used to prepare various ZnO coated carbon nanotube nanocomposites, ZnO coated carbon black, ZnO coated graphene oxide, and ZnO nanoparticles in higher pH mediums. This approach was used to detect and quantify the xanthine in real samples. The concluding chapter highlights the results of studies on structure transformations in amorphous Fe-based alloys induced by laser irradiation, the kinetics and mechanisms of structure phase transitions, and the irradiation influence on magnetic and mechanical properties of the alloy.

Boron Carbide Structure, Processing, Properties and Applications

Boron Carbide Structure, Processing, Properties and Applications

Author: Kolan Madhav Reddy Format: Hardback Release Date: 04/04/2020

Boron carbide is a superhard and lightweight ceramic material. As a result of these characteristics, it used as a protective component in bulletproof vests, tank armour and also has many other industrial applications (eg: tooling, abrasives). Research on boron carbide remains active given a long-standing challenge to understand its complex failure behavior in extreme environments owing to its unique microstructure and mechanical properties, where many current efforts are underway to improve its behavior through microstructure alteration via additives that form secondary phases, chemical doping, and altering the chemical composition of the boron-to-carbon ratio in the crystal structure. This book covers some of the key challenges involving boron carbide that are currently being studied by many materials scientists and ceramists. The authors who are active in this research field have prepared the chapters for this book and specific topics covered highlight the state-of-the art research in structure, processing, properties and applications. The organization of the book is designed to provide an easy understanding for students and professionals interested in advanced material for novel applications.

Layer-By-Layer Deposition: Development and Applications Development and Applications

Layer-By-Layer Deposition: Development and Applications Development and Applications

Author: Eve A. Milne Format: Hardback Release Date: 04/04/2020

Layer-by-layer self-assembly is the most widely used strategy for the production of functional surfaces with tailored structures and chemical, biological, optical and electrical properties. Layer-by-layer approaches allow for the loading of bioactive molecules for tissue scaffolds, cardiovascular devices, implants, wound healing dressing, bone grafts, biosensors, drug delivery, and release systems. Layer-By-Layer Deposition: Development and Applications also examines the physico-chemical bases underlying the fabrication of materials by the layer-by-layer method. Understanding the forces involved in the control of the assembly process is essential for the fabrication of materials with controlled properties, and structures. Following this, the main principles and latest strategies of functionalized films, diamond core-shell structures, and graphene/graphene oxide nanocomposites by layer-by-layer self-assembly technology are extensively reviewed in detail, and these composites have been applied in the fields of biology, catalysis, and dye degradation. The authors study the layer-by-layer growth of quasiperiodic structures that are mathematical models of quasicrystals. This study is based on the concept of model sets proposed by Moody and generalizing the well-known cut-and-project method. This compilation also reviews the current state of the art uses of the layer-by-layer strategy for providing natural and synthetic textile materials with flame retardant properties, reviewing and discussing the current advances. The penultimate study focuses on how nisin peptides can be entrapped and released, creating an antibacterial food-contacting textile membrane. Biocatalytic membranes can be fabricated using entrapped enzymes. Lastly, the different issues of multilayer emulsions with flaxseed and chia seed oil as omega-3 sources will be discussed, including their formation, composition, stability, characterization, and application.

Delaware Composites Design Encyclopedia Index

Delaware Composites Design Encyclopedia Index

Author: University of Delawa Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 31/03/2020

This book presents a list of six volumes of the Delaware Composite Design Encyclopedia dealing with mechanical behaviour and properties of composite materials, microchemical material modeling, processing and fabrication technology, failure analysis, design studies, and test methods.

CRC Handbook of Materials Science Material Composites and Refractory Materials

CRC Handbook of Materials Science Material Composites and Refractory Materials

Author: Charles T. Lynch Format: Hardback Release Date: 31/03/2020

Published in 1974: The CRC Handbook of Materials Science provides a current and readily accessible guide to the physical properties of solid state and structural materials.

Nanostructured Thin Films and Coatings Mechanical Properties

Nanostructured Thin Films and Coatings Mechanical Properties

Author: Sam Zhang Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 31/03/2020

Authored by leading experts from around the world, the three-volume Handbook of Nanostructured Thin Films and Coatings gives scientific researchers and product engineers a resource as dynamic and flexible as the field itself. The first two volumes cover the latest research and application of the mechanical and functional properties of thin films and coatings, while the third volume explores the cutting-edge organic nanostructured devices used to produce clean energy. This first volume, Nanostructured Thin Films and Coatings: Mechanical Properties, concentrates on essential properties such as hardness, toughness, and adhesion. It looks at process and performance and offers a detailed analysis of theories and size effect. It also covers: Fundamentals of hard and superhard nanocomposites and heterostructures Determination of hardness and modulus of thin films Fracture toughness and interfacial adhesion strength of thin films: Indentation and scratch experiments and analysis Toughness and toughening of hard nanocomposite coatings Processing and mechanical properties of hybrid sol-gel-derived nanocomposite coatings Use of nanomechanics to optimize coatings for cutting tools Electrolytic deposition of nanocomposite coatings: Processing, properties, and applications This book presents an industrial perspective on diamond and metal-containing amorphous carbon nanostructured coatings and transition metal nitride-based nanolayered and nanocomposite coatings. It also covers polymer films, from nanoscale synthesis to macroscale functionality. A complete resource, this handbook provides the detailed explanations that newcomers need, as well as the latest cutting-edge research and data for experts. Covering a wide

Clinical Applications of Magnetic Nanoparticles From Fabrication to Clinical Applications

Clinical Applications of Magnetic Nanoparticles From Fabrication to Clinical Applications

Author: Nguyen TK (University College London, UK) Thanh Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 31/03/2020

Offering the latest information in magnetic nanoparticle (MNP) research, this book builds upon the success of the first volume and provides an updated and comprehensive review, from synthesis, characterization, and biofunctionalization to clinical applications of MNPs, including the diagnosis and treatment of cancers. The book captures some of emerging research area which was not available in the first volume. Good Manufacturing Practices and Commercialization of MNPs are also included. This volume, also written by some of the most qualified experts in the field, incorporates new developments in the literature, and continues to bridge the gaps between the different areas in this field.