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Materials science

See below for a selection of the latest books from Materials science category. Presented with a red border are the Materials science books that have been lovingly read and reviewed by the experts at Lovereading. With expert reading recommendations made by people with a passion for books and some unique features Lovereading will help you find great Materials science books and those from many more genres to read that will keep you inspired and entertained. And it's all free!

Genetically Engineered Protein Nanomaterials

Genetically Engineered Protein Nanomaterials

Author: Urartu Ozgur Safak Seker Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 06/09/2019

This book highlights the latest advances in nanosized polymerized protein structures that are involved in cellular events. These structures have inspired the creation of innovative protein nanomaterials using genetic and protein engineering strategies, some of which are addressed in this book. These structures can be classified into three major groups: Cage proteins, viral capsid proteins and amyloid proteins.

Interfacial Physical Chemistry of High-Temperature Melts

Interfacial Physical Chemistry of High-Temperature Melts

This English translation of a well-known Japanese book covers interfacial physicochemistry in materials science, especially for iron- and steelmaking processes. Interfacial Physical Chemistry of High-Temperature Melts bridges the gap between the basics and applications of physicochemistry. The book begins with an overview of the fundamentals of interfacial physical chemistry and discusses surface tension, describing the derivation of important equations to guide readers to a deep understanding of the phenomenon. The book then goes on to introduce interfacial properties of high-temperature melts, especially the Marangoni effect, and discusses applications to materials processing at high temperature focusing on recent research results by the author and the co-workers. This book is aimed at researchers, graduate students, and professionals in materials processing. Video clips of in-situ observation including experiments under microgravity condition and x-ray observation are available for download on the publisher's website to allow for a deeper understanding.

High Performance Silicon Imaging Fundamentals and Applications of CMOS and CCD Sensors

High Performance Silicon Imaging Fundamentals and Applications of CMOS and CCD Sensors

High Performance Silicon Imaging: Fundamentals and Applications of CMOS and CCD Sensors, Second Edition, covers the fundamentals of silicon image sensors, addressing existing performance issues and current and emerging solutions. Silicon imaging is a fast growing area of the semiconductor industry. Its use in cell phone cameras is already well established, with emerging applications including web, security, automotive and digital cinema cameras. The book has been revised to reflect the latest state-of-the art developments in the field, including 3D imaging, advances in achieving lower signal noise, and new applications for consumer markets. The fundamentals section has also been expanded to include a chapter on the characterization and testing of CMOS and CCD sensors that is crucial to the success of new applications. This book is an excellent resource for both academics and engineers working in the optics, photonics, semiconductor and electronics industries.

Nano Design for Smart Gels

Nano Design for Smart Gels

Author: Rebeca (Engineering Chemistry department at Universidade de Sao Paulo, Lorena/SP) Bacani Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 01/09/2019

Nano Design for Smart Gels addresses the formation and application of technological gels and how nanostructural prospects are fundamental to gelling. Topics focus on the classification of gels based on small molecules and polymer gellers, biogels, stimulation conditions, topological, thermodynamic and kinetic aspects and characterization techniques. The book outlines structure and characterization concepts in order to provide pragmatic tools for the design and tailoring of new functional gel architectures. It provides an important source for readers and researchers who are currently or may soon be in research with gels, presenting an overview of fundamental topics.

Handbook of Graphene

Handbook of Graphene

Author: Edvige Celasco Format: Hardback Release Date: 30/08/2019

Handbook of Graphene, Volume 1, essentially focuses on graphene growth, synthesis, and functionalization in order to realize optimized graphene-based nanostructures which can be utilized for various applications. This handbook provides detailed and up-to-date overviews of the synthesis and functionalization of graphene on various substrates (metallic and semiconducting), their properties and possible application methods. In particular, the chapters cover: - Optimization of graphene growth and challenges for synthesis of high-quality graphene and graphite in metallic materials; - Exfoliation of graphene sheets obtained by sonication, ball milling and use of polymers and surfactants; - Structure, electronic properties, functionalization methods, and prospects of epitaxial graphene grown on hexagonal and cubic silicon carbide substrates; - Growth of graphene on Si(111) wafers via direct deposition of solid-state carbon atom and characterization of graphene-on-silicon films; - Chemical reactivity and modification of electronical properties of graphene grown on Ni(111); - Enhancement of the cell wall strength and stability of foam structure utilizing graphene; - Influence of applied strain and magnetic field on the electronic and transport properties of graphene with different kinds of defects; - Application of hydrogen functionalized graphene in spintronic nanodevices; - Electrochemistry and catalytic properties of graphene-based materials; - Functionalization of graphene with molecules and/or nanoparticles for advanced applications such as flexible electronics, biological systems, ink-jet applications and coatings; - Graphene-based composite materials devoted to electrochemical applications such as supercapacitors, lithium ion batteries and electrode material; - Three-dimensional graphene-based structures which preserve the intrinsic properties of 2D graphene and provide advanced functionalities with desired characteristics in a wide range of applications such as sensors, batteries, supercapacitors, fuel cells, etc.; - Carbon allotropes between diamond and graphite, which allow creating semiconductor properties in graphene and related structures. The 18 chapters of this handbook represent deep and very stimulating contributions to the processes of growth, synthesis and functionalization of graphene for several potential applications. This book is intended for students and active researchers in the field of graphene who are currently investigating the fundamental properties of this amazing low-dimensional material and its applications in micro- and nanotechnologies. It is also necessary reading for entrepreneurs and industrialists because it discusses a variety of possible applications of graphene and different ways of improving the quality of synthesized graphene.

Mechanical Behavior of Materials, Global Edition

Mechanical Behavior of Materials, Global Edition

Author: Norman E. Dowling, Stephen L. Kampe, Milo V. Kral Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 28/08/2019

For upper-level undergraduate and graduate level engineering courses in Mechanical Behavior of Materials. Predicting the mechanical behavior of materials Mechanical Behavior of Materials, 5th Edition introduces the spectrum of mechanical behavior of materials and covers the topics of deformation, fracture, and fatigue. The text emphasizes practical engineering methods for testing structural materials to obtain their properties, predicting their strength and life, and avoiding structural failure when used for machines, vehicles, and structures. With its logical treatment and ready-to-use format, the text is ideal for upper-level undergraduate students who have completed an elementary mechanics of materials course. The 5th Edition features many improvements and updates throughout including new or revised problems and questions, and a new chapter on Environmentally Assisted Cracking.

Handbook of Graphene

Handbook of Graphene

Author: Sulaiman Wadi Harun Format: Hardback Release Date: 26/08/2019

Providing an overview of state-of-the-art graphene technology and innovations, the Handbook of Graphene, Volume 8 is essential reading for materials scientists, chemists and physicists. Chapter 1 describes a novel use of graphene sheets on repairing defective soldering joints in densely packed printed circuit boards and multi-chip modules. Chapter 2 demonstrates the use of the highly conductive and ultra-flexible printed graphene to fabricate flexible Radio-frequency identification (RFID) antennas and sensors. It is envisaged that the printed graphene technology will significantly advance low-cost, flexible and wearable electronics for healthcare, wellbeing monitoring, and IoT applications. A comprehensive study for the graphene-metal contact and its modeling technique are presented in Chapter 3. Chapter 4 provides a review of modeling methods that have been used in graphene research in various levels, from atomic level approaches like ab initio and empirical tight-binding in studying its basic material properties such as the energy dispersion relations, to semi-classical, continuum-based drift-diffusion approach in calculating its electrical transport properties, down the line to compact model description used in circuit simulation. Theoretical principles, fabrication processes, and applications of graphene-on-silicon photonic integrated circuits are comprehensively introduced in Chapter 5. The unique properties of graphene have enabled it to be a focus of international attention in the materials fraternity. Chapter 6 discuses about the sustainability, research and development of graphene for present and future engineering applications especially in the complex web of soft and hard challenging engineering infrastructure. Graphene oxide, as the derivative of graphene, inherits its feature of structure and properties and has been applied in various fields nowadays. Chapter 7 describes the new synthesis method, basic properties, and future electronic applications for graphene oxide multilayers obtained from bamboo. Laser reduction of graphene oxide is a highly simple yet versatile method for the rapid prototyping and fabrication of graphene-based devices. Chapter 8 reviews the state-of-the-art in laser reduction of graphene oxide, using a variety of laser sources (pulsed and continuous wave), as well as non-laser light. Chapter 9 describes wave propagation responses of double-layered graphene sheets under hygrothermal environment. In this era of increasing need of miniaturization, the isolation of graphene has also caused breakthrough in a multitude of interdisciplinary fields especially in Terahertz (THz) technology. Chapter 10 describes on graphene THz leaky-wave antennas. Chapter 11 presents in detail the potential THz applications using graphene in future communication, electronics, and other fields. Modelling of graphene nanoribbons antenna to enhance nano-communications in THz range is discussed in Chapter 12. In the THz range, graphene shows interesting properties, because its surface conductivity becomes mostly reactive and hence can support plasmonic propagation. Chapter 13 presents graphene-based planar plasmonic components for THz applications. Research on graphene has prompted tremendous interest, for numerous emerging technical applications, owing to superior electrical, optical, mechanical, thermal, and chemical performances. Chapter 14 introduces graphene oxide fibers. They have diverse applications such as multifunctional textiles, wearable electronics and fuel cells, batteries, sensors, and filters. In this Chapter 15, the humid thermomechanical buckling behavior of bilayer graphene sheets resting on elastic medium is examined based on newly developed nonlocal strain gradient theory. Chapter 16 outlines the momentous progression from graphene--to polymer/graphene nanocomposite--to advance application in this field. Chapter 17 describes on graphene-based advanced nanostructures.

Handbook of Graphene

Handbook of Graphene

Author: Cengiz Ozkan Format: Hardback Release Date: 26/08/2019

Despite being just a one-atom-thick sheet of carbon, graphene is one of the most valuable nanomaterials. Initially discovered through scotch-tape-based mechanical exfoliation, graphene can now be synthesized in bulk using various chemical techniques. Counted among the contrasting properties of this remarkable material are its lightweight, thinness, flexibility, transparency, strength and resistance, along with superior electrical, thermal, mechanical and optical properties. Due to these novel traits, graphene has attracted attention for use in cutting-edge applications in almost every area of technology, which are projected to change the world. This 5th volume of the Handbook is solely focused on Graphene in Energy, Healthcare, and Environmental Applications. Some of the important topics include but not limited to graphene nanomaterials in energy and environment applications; graphene as nanolubricant for machining, three-dimensional graphene foams for energy storage applications; three-dimensional graphene materials: synthesis and applications in electrocatalysts and electrochemical sensors; graphene and graphene-based hybrid composites for advanced rechargeable battery electrodes; graphene-based materials for advanced lithium-ion batteries; graphene-based materials for supercapacitors and conductive additives of lithium ion batteries; graphene-based flexible actuators, sensors, and supercapacitors; graphene as catalyst support for the reactions in fuel cells; nitrogen-doped carbon nanostructures as oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) and oxygen evolution reaction (OER) electrocatalysts in acidic media; graphene-based materials for photocatalytic H2 evolution; graphene thermal functional device and its property characterization; self- and directed-assembly of metallic and nonmetallic fluorophors: considerations into graphene and graphene oxides for sensing; stimuli-responsive graphene-based matrices for smart therapeutics; application of graphene materials in molecular diagnostics; graphene oxide membranes for liquid separation.

Handbook of Graphene

Handbook of Graphene

Author: Cengiz Ozkan Format: Hardback Release Date: 26/08/2019

Despite being just a one-atom-thick sheet of carbon, graphene is one of the most valuable nanomaterials. Due to novel traits, graphene has attracted attention for use in cutting-edge applications in almost every area of technology, which are projected to change the world. This 4th volume of the Handbook is solely focused on Graphene Composite Materials. Some of the important topics include but not limited to graphene composites; graphene-reinforced advanced composite materials; interfacial mechanical properties of graphene/substrate System: measurement methods and experimental analysis; graphene-based ceramic composites; Ab Initio design of 2D and 3D graphene-based nanostructure; graphene-based composite nanostructures; graphene-based composites with shape memory effect; graphene-based scroll structures: optical characterization and its application in resistive switching memory devices; fabrication and properties of copper-graphene composites; graphene-metal oxide composite as anode material in li-ion batteries; graphene/TiO2 nanocomposites: synthesis routes, characterization, and solar cell applications; role of reduced graphene oxide nanosheet composition with ZnO nanostructures in gas sensing properties; functional graphene oxide/epoxy nanocomposite coatings with enhanced protection properties; supramolecular graphene-based systems for drug delivery; polymeric nanocomposites including graphene nanoplatelets; graphene oxide-polyacrylamide composites: optical and mechanical characterizations; synthesis, characterization, and applications of polymer/graphene oxide composite materials.

Handbook of Graphene

Handbook of Graphene

Author: Tobias Stauber Format: Hardback Release Date: 26/08/2019

After more than 10 years of worldwide research activity, the Handbook of Graphene, Volume 2, which is dedicated to selected topics in Physics, Chemistry, and Biology, is attempting to give an overview on the multitude of different research directions that are currently performed on the international level. Pristine graphene is nominally a semimetal, but in practice its electronic properties and structure are often modified as analyzed in Chapters 2, 3, and 11. These changes can be due to topological defects (see Chapter 1), chemical adsorption (see Chapter 7), isolated vacancies (see Chapter 12), strain (see Chapter 8), or by confined geometries/nanoribbons (see Chapter 5). Electron-electron interaction can also modify graphene's properties as outlined in Chapters 4 and 14, focusing on the Fermi velocity renormalization and optical response as well as on the magnetotransport in the extreme quantum limit, respectively. Furthermore, graphene or other two-dimensional structures often need to be described as membrane as described in Chapters 6, 9, 17, and 18. Among possible applications, arguably optoelectronic devices are among the most likely ones as reviewed and analyzed in Chapters 19 and 13, respectively. Graphene can also host highly confined surface plasmon-polaritons with low losses and their properties are discussed in Chapters 15 and 16. Finally, graphene's use for the detection of biomolecules as well as tissue engineering and regenerative medicine are described in Chapters 10 and 20, respectively.

Handbook of Graphene

Handbook of Graphene

Author: Mei Zhang Format: Hardback Release Date: 26/08/2019

Despite being just a one-atom-thick sheet of carbon, graphene is one of the most valuable nanomaterials. Due to novel traits, graphene has attracted attention for use in cutting-edge applications in almost every area of technology, which are projected to change the world. This 3rd volume of the Handbook is solely focused on Graphene-Like 2D Materials. Some of the important topics include but not limited to proximity-induced topological transition and strain-induced charge transfer in graphene/MoS2 bilayer heterostructures; planar graphene superlattices; magnetic and optical properties of graphene materials with porous defects; graphynes: advanced carbon materials with layered structure; nanoelectronic application of graphyne and its structural derivatives; twisted bilayer graphene: low-energy physics, electronic and optical properties; effects of charged coulomb impurities on low-lying energy spectra in graphene magnetic dot and ring; graphene in bioelectronics; graphene metamaterial electron optics: excitation processes and electro-optical modulation; linear carbon: from 1D carbyne to 2D hybrid sp-sp2 nanostructures beyond graphene; band structure modifications in beyond graphene materials; chemically modified 2D materials: production and applications; black phosphorus saturable absorber for passive mode-locking pulses generation; search for fundamental physics on table top experiments with Dirac-Weyl materials.

Handbook of Graphene

Handbook of Graphene

Author: Barbara Palys Format: Hardback Release Date: 26/08/2019

Despite being just a one-atom-thick sheet of carbon, graphene is one of the most valuable nanomaterials. Due to novel traits, graphene has attracted attention for use in cutting-edge applications in almost every area of technology, which are projected to change the world. Sensing and biosensing are amongst the most benefitted sectors since the discovery of graphene. Rapid fine-tuning of physical and chemical properties of graphene, simplistic covalent and non-covalent functionalization without the loss of its intrinsic properties, and biocompatibility has led to numerous varieties of graphene-based sensors. When designing a sensor, graphene plays a multifaceted role such as an electrode for enhancing the electrocatalysis, substrate for providing high surface area for the immobilization of molecules and transducer that takes part in the generation of signal. The detection performances of the graphene-based sensors have reached up to femto-levels with higher selectivity, sensitivity, and stability.