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Materials science

See below for a selection of the latest books from Materials science category. Presented with a red border are the Materials science books that have been lovingly read and reviewed by the experts at Lovereading. With expert reading recommendations made by people with a passion for books and some unique features Lovereading will help you find great Materials science books and those from many more genres to read that will keep you inspired and entertained. And it's all free!

Composites in Biomedical Applications

Composites in Biomedical Applications

Composites in Biomedical Applications presents a comprehensive review on recent developments in composites and their use in biomedical applications. It features cutting-edge developments to encourage further advances in the field of composite research. Highlights a completely new research theme in polymer-based composite materials Outlines a broad range of different research fields, including polymer and natural fiber reinforcement used in the development of composites for biomedical applications Discusses advanced techniques for the development of composites and biopolymer-based composites Covers fatigue behavior, conceptual design in ergonomics design application, tissue regeneration or replacement, and skeletal bone repair of polymer composites Details the latest developments in synthesis, preparation, characterization, material evaluation, and future challenges of composites applications in the biomedical field This book is a comprehensive resource for advanced students and scientists pursuing research in the broad fields of composite materials, polymers, organic or inorganic hybrid materials, and nano-assembly.

Microbial Technology in Mineral Processing and Metal Extraction

Microbial Technology in Mineral Processing and Metal Extraction

Microbial Technology in Mineral Processing & Metal Extraction is a critical analysis of microbial technologies and presents comprehensive information on microbial mineral processing techniques. The book explains vital phenomena such as bioleaching, bio-beneficiation, bio-flotation, bio-oxidation, bio-film and bio-corrosion caused by microbes. It provides important information on the genomics, proteomics and biogeochemistry of microbial processes involved in metal extraction and mineral beneficiation.

CO2-switchable Materials

CO2-switchable Materials

Author: Philip G Jessop, Michael F Cunningham Format: Hardback Release Date: 15/09/2020

CO2-responsive materials are a relatively recent innovation. In general, stimuli-responsive materials exhibit reversible changes in their physical or chemical properties in response to external triggers such as temperature, pH, light, or voltage. However, there are often limitations in applying these triggers including economic and environmental costs, and product contamination. The realization that CO2 can be used as an effective trigger for stimulating changes in material properties has prompted a surge in interest in this area within the past few years, with numerous new studies currently underway in several countries. CO2 is an ideal trigger for switchable or stimuli-responsive materials because it is benign, inexpensive, green, abundant, and does not accumulate in the system. Many different CO2-responsive materials including polymers, latexes, solvents, solutes, gels, surfactants, and catalysts have been prepared. Summarizing recent progress in the preparation, self-assembly, and functional applications of CO2-responsive materials, this book explores the physical chemistry of CO2-switching, including constraints on structural design and process conditions, together with applications. With emphasis on the environmental, health, and safety advantages and disadvantages compared to conventional materials, it is ideal for researchers and industrialists working in green chemistry, chemical engineering, and polymer chemistry.

Ambipolar Materials and Devices

Ambipolar Materials and Devices

Author: Su-Ting Han, Tsuyoshi Michinobu, Yan Yan, Feng Li Format: Hardback Release Date: 15/09/2020

Ambipolar materials represent a class of materials where positive and negative charge carriers can both transport concurrently. In recent years, a diverse range of materials have been synthesized and utilized for implementing ambipolar charge transport, with applications in high-density data storage, field effect transistors, nanotransitors, photonic memory, biomaterial-based memories and artificial synapses. This book highlights recent development of ambipolar materials involving materials design, fundamental principles, interface modifications, device structures, ambipolar characteristics and promising applications. Challenges and prospects for investigating ambipolar materials in electronics and optoelectronics are also discussed. With contributions from global leaders in the field, this title will appeal to graduate students and researchers who want to understand the design, materials characteristics, device operation principles, specialized device application and mechanisms of the latest ambipolar materials.

Materials Issues in Art and Archaeology X: Volume 1656

Materials Issues in Art and Archaeology X: Volume 1656

Author: Pamela B. (University of Arizona) Vandiver Format: Hardback Release Date: 31/08/2020

This book presents cutting-edge multidisciplinary work on the characterization of ancient materials; the technologies of selection, production and usage by which materials are transformed into objects and artifacts; the science underlying their deterioration, preservation and conservation; and sociocultural interpretation derived from an empirical methodology of observation, measurement and experimentation. Of particular interest are contributions which explore the interface and overlap among traditional materials science, the history of technology and the archaeological and conservation sciences, or that investigate new methods and applications of materials science in art and archaeology. Topics include: analytical chemistry and spectroscopy; ancient and historical metallurgy; natural and artificial glass; characterization, sources and production of ceramics; organic materials technologies; architectural conservation and materials characterization; conservation of archaeological and historical materials; and other studies of ceramics and metals.

Composites And Metamaterials

Composites And Metamaterials

Author: Roderic (Univ Of Wisconsin-madison, Usa) Lakes Format: Hardback Release Date: 12/08/2020

This book is an excellent primer for students to learn about physical properties, particularly mechanical properties of heterogeneous and multiphase materials and the cultivation of physical insight. Written by a prominent author who pioneered many of the concepts, this book provides a comprehensive coverage of current topics in new heterogenous materials.Topics covered include:

Copper Catalysis in Organic Synthesis

Copper Catalysis in Organic Synthesis

Author: Gopinathan Anilkumar Format: Hardback Release Date: 12/08/2020

The book covers all important copper-catalyzed reactions applied in organic synthesis, including cross-coupling reactions, C-H activation, and total synthesis of natural products.

Durability of Composite Systems

Durability of Composite Systems

Durability of Composite Systems meets the challenge of defining these precepts and requirements, from first principles, to applications in a diverse selection of technical fields selected to form a corpus of concepts and methodologies that define the field of durability in composite material systems as a modern discipline. That discipline includes not only the classical rigor of mechanics, physics and chemistry, but also the critical elements of thermodynamics, data analytics, and statistical uncertainty quantification as well as other requirements of the modern subject. This book provides a comprehensive summary of the field, suited to both reference and instructional use. It will be essential reading for academic and industrial researchers, materials scientists and engineers and all those working in the design, analysis and manufacture of composite material systems.

Nanotechnology in Textiles

Nanotechnology in Textiles

Author: Mangala Joshi Format: Hardback Release Date: 03/08/2020

In recent times, polymer nanocomposites have attracted a great deal of scientific interest due to their unique advantages over conventional plastic materials, such as superior strength, modulus, thermal stability, thermal and electrical conductivity, and gas barrier. They are finding real and fast-growing applications in wide-ranging fields such as automotive, aerospace, electronics, packaging, and sports. This book focuses on the development of polymer nanocomposites as an advanced material for textile applications, such as fibers, coatings, and nanofibers. It compiles and details cutting-edge research in the science and nanotechnology of textiles with special reference to polymer nanocomposites in the form of invited chapters from scientists and subject experts from various institutes from all over the world. They include authors who are actively involved in the research and development of polymer nanocomposites with a wide range of functions-including antimicrobial, flame-retardant, gas barrier, shape memory, sensor, and energy-scavenging-as well as medical applications, such as tissue engineering and wound dressings, to create a new range of smart and intelligent textiles. Edited by Mangala Joshi, a prominent nanotechnology researcher at the premier Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, India, this book will appeal to anyone involved in nanotechnology, nanocomposites, advanced materials, polymers, fibers and textiles, and technical textiles.

Nanotechnology and Photocatalysis for Environmental Applications

Nanotechnology and Photocatalysis for Environmental Applications

Nanotechnology and Photocatalysis for Environmental Applications focuses on nanostructured control, synthesis methods, activity enhancement strategies, environmental applications, and perspectives of semiconductor-based nanostructures. The book offers future guidelines for designing new semiconductor-based photocatalysts, with low cost and high efficiency, for a range of products aimed at environmental protection. The book covers the fundamentals of nanotechnology, the synthesis of nanotechnology, and the use of metal oxide, metal sulfide, and carbon-based nanomaterials in photocatalysis. The book also discusses the major challenges of using photocatalytic nanomaterials on a broad scale. The book then explores how photocatalytic nanomaterials and nanocomposites are being used for sustainable development applications, including environmental protection, pharmaceuticals, and air purification. The final chapter considers the recent advances in the field and outlines future perspectives on the technology. This is an important reference for materials scientists, chemical engineers, energy scientists, and anyone looking to understand more about the photocatalytic potential of nanomaterials, and their possible environmental applications.

Nanomaterials for Theranostics and Tissue Engineering

Nanomaterials for Theranostics and Tissue Engineering

Nanomaterials for Theranostics and Tissue Engineering: Techniques, Trends and Applications provides information on the major methodologies for the application of nanomaterials in the medical field. In recent years, nanotechnology for medicine, commonly known as bionanotechnology, or nanomedicine, has revolutionized various types of medical treatment. This book is intended for practicing engineers and scientists, and includes detailed, readily applicable protocols. It focuses on 4 major themes, including the synthesis of nanosystems for controlled drug delivery, nanotechnology-enhanced sensing systems, the application of nanotechnologies to the synthesis of novel biomaterials, and safety issues related to the application of medicinal nanotechnology.

High-Tc Superconductivity

High-Tc Superconductivity

Author: Nie Luo Format: Hardback Release Date: 31/07/2020

The exciton mechanism of high critical temperature superconductivity in copper oxides was initially proposed by Prof. J. Bardeen. His insight is largely shared by another luminary in superconductivity, Prof. V. L. Ginzburg. The Chief Editor of the book, was motivated by their insights to give a geometrical explanation to the excitonic Coulomb interaction and has developed a unique formalism to understand and predict physical properties of high Tc superconductors. This work is supported by increasingly strong evidences for electron-hole interactions in p-type cuprates. The presence of electrons in hole-doped cuprates are revealed by the works of the Editors and many others, including the late Prof. L. P. Gor'kov. The book also tries to understand the interlayer Coulomb (ILC) pairing model by the excitonic Coulomb interaction.