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Technology: general issues

See below for a selection of the latest books from Technology: general issues category. Presented with a red border are the Technology: general issues books that have been lovingly read and reviewed by the experts at Lovereading. With expert reading recommendations made by people with a passion for books and some unique features Lovereading will help you find great Technology: general issues books and those from many more genres to read that will keep you inspired and entertained. And it's all free!

Advances in Engineering Research. Volume 34 Volume 34

Advances in Engineering Research. Volume 34 Volume 34

Author: Victoria M. Petrova Format: Hardback Release Date: 20/06/2020

In the opening study of Advances in Engineering Research. Volume 34, five probability distributions which are currently used by researchers, including Normal, Log-Normal II, Gumbel, Pearson type III and Log-Pearson type III, are fitted to the values of ET0 and precipitation related to 30 synoptic stations of Iran with different climates. The authors discuss an energy efficient envelope tracking solution in a power amplifier system for demanding wireless standards. In a wireless transmitter, a huge portion of power is consumed by the power amplifier, and this generates the need for a power-efficient amplifier for longer battery run-time. The authors discuss the ways that may change the way air traffic controllers and others learn and work in air navigation, as well as how they can improve their workload thanks to the implementation of holographic radars. The various methods for the detection of accidental island formation are discussed, as well as the differences between the detection methodologies. Some of the main anti-islanding algorithms are evaluated by means of a MatLab/Simulink (R) platform employing a single-phase voltage source inverter designed for active power injection into the low-voltage distribution network, using solar photovoltaic as an energy source. The authors survey cryptographic keys management issues related to cloud computing deployment. This provides a critical analysis of cryptographic keys management in the cloud, and explores the most valuable solutions and recommendations used in real-world applications. This compilation also explores the design, preparation, testing and applications of thin-film thermocouples, particularly the tungsten-rhenium thin-film thermocouples proposed by Xi'an Jiaotong University. Later, the best probability distribution function is combined with a suitable plotting position formula in estimating the annual reference evapotranspiration. For this purpose, using meteorological data reported in 30 synoptic stations (1960-2014), the values of reference evapotranspiration were calculated by the FAO56 Penman-Monteith method based on reference conditions. The penultimate chapter studies how to realize double station navigation under the condition that we only know the path difference and the length of baseline between two stations. A one-dimensional equidistant double-base array is directly constructed, and the azimuth angle of the target is solved using the redundant calculation. The final study proposes a technique called Data as a Service using Data Hibernation and Service Oriented Architecture that plays a key role in the improvement of the cloud network by enforcing a pay-as-you-go concept.

A Closer Look at Fault-Tolerant Control

A Closer Look at Fault-Tolerant Control

Author: Jeremy M. Hutton Format: Hardback Release Date: 06/06/2020

A Closer Look at Fault-Tolerant Control first presents the application of a fault tolerant control system on distillation processes, with automatic actuator faults containment capabilities and an atmospheric crude distillation unit. Following this, model-based fault-tolerant control and fault accommodation algorithms are presented for two challenging classes of distributed systems: a spatially distributed system that can be decomposed into interconnected subsystems, and a distributed parameter system where the system state is distributed over a continuous range of space. The authors present recent research on fault-tolerant control systems for unmanned aerial systems, particularly for multirotor-type vehicles commonly known as drones. An overview of tools for the analysis of the fundamental properties of an automated system is provided, allowing for any inherent redundancy in the controlled process to be utilised to maintain availability. Additionally, a reconfigurable fault-tolerant flight control system is proposed to combat sensor/actuator faults for autonomous underwater vehicles. The reconfigurable design and operation of complex systems is addressed, with emphasis on autonomous systems, building upon concepts of autonomy, incipient failure diagnosis and prognosis algorithms. The authors present a fault detection filter for induction motors speed as a class of nonlinear system in networked control systems subject to induced time delays. The multi-model approach for the modeling of induction motors is described using a set of linear models. In the concluding study, the construction of an induction motor is presented, and a review of induction motor failures is discussed.

Thing Explainer Complicated Stuff in Simple Words

Thing Explainer Complicated Stuff in Simple Words

Author: Randall Munroe Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 05/06/2020

From the No. 1 bestselling author of What If? - the man who created xkcd and explained the laws of science with cartoons - comes a series of brilliantly simple diagrams ('blueprints' if you want to be complicated about it) that show how important things work: from the nuclear bomb to the biro. It's good to know what the parts of a thing are called, but it's much more interesting to know what they do. Richard Feynman once said that if you can't explain something to a first-year student, you don't really get it. In Thing Explainer, Randall Munroe takes a quantum leap past this: he explains things using only drawings and a vocabulary of just our 1,000 (or the ten hundred) most common words. Many of the things we use every day - like our food-heating radio boxes ('microwaves'), our very tall roads ('bridges'), and our computer rooms ('datacentres') - are strange to us. So are the other worlds around our sun (the solar system), the big flat rocks we live on (tectonic plates), and even the stuff inside us (cells). Where do these things come from? How do they work? What do they look like if you open them up? And what would happen if we heated them up, cooled them down, pointed them in a different direction, or pressed this button? In Thing Explainer, Munroe gives us the answers to these questions and many, many more. Funny, interesting, and always understandable, this book is for anyone -- age 5 to 105 -- who has ever wondered how things work, and why.

Most Wonderful Machine Mechanization and Social Change in Berkshire Paper Making, 1801-1885

Most Wonderful Machine Mechanization and Social Change in Berkshire Paper Making, 1801-1885

Author: Judith A. McGaw Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 28/04/2020

On a visit to a Berkshire paper mill, the narrator of Herman Melville's The Tartarus of Maids views the wonderful papermaking machine with awe and calls it a miracle of inscrutable intricacy. Manifesting in their factories and towns such nineteenth-century fascination with machinery, paper mill owners and workers made an industrial revolution in Berkshrie County, Massachusetts. This book examines their experiences from the era of craft production through several generations of sustained technological change to answer two major questions: What accounts for the widespread and rapid adoption of machines in nineteenth-century America? And how did the new technology help to transform America socially and culturally? Rejecting technological determinism, Judith McGaw effectively integrates labor, business, social, and women's history with technological history to bring to life the human decisions that made mechanization possible. In compelling detail the author offers new explanations of how change in the craft era paved the way for industrialization and how paternalism worked in small-scale industry. She also provides a thoughtful discussion of the interaction between evangelical culture and the emerging industrial order, and a close analysis of how nineteenth-century gender distinctions fostered mechanization. Judith A. McGaw is Assistant Professor of History of Technology at the University of Pennsylvania. Originally published in 1987. The Princeton Legacy Library uses the latest print-on-demand technology to again make available previously out-of-print books from the distinguished backlist of Princeton University Press. These editions preserve the original texts of these important books while presenting them in durable paperback and hardcover editions. The goal of the Princeton Legacy Library is to vastly increase access to the rich scholarly heritage found in the thousands of books published by Princeton University Press since its founding in 1905.

Guide to the Engineering Management Body of Knowledge

Guide to the Engineering Management Body of Knowledge

Author: ASME Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 11/04/2020

An authoritative guide to key engineering management principles and practices, this book is divided into eight concise domains of engineering management knowledge, which are further broken down into 46 knowledge areas and 210 sub-knowledge areas. This guide covers a wide range of management topics and practices, including market research, product development, organizational leadership and the management of engineering projects and processes. A diverse panel of practicing engineers and subject matter experts from across industry, government and academia, formed a committee of professionals to develop a readable, comprehensive, user-friendly body of knowledge guide. Whether you're a practicing engineer, an engineering manager, or a trainer of engineers, you'll find this easy-to-use guide an indispensable resource.

Event Data Recorders A Decade of Innovation

Event Data Recorders A Decade of Innovation

Author: H.Clay Gabler, John A. Hinch, John Steiner Format: Hardback Release Date: 09/04/2020

This book contains 28 landmark papers, providing a comprehensive look at event data recorder (EDR) technology for cars, light trucks, and heavy vehicles. By collecting EDR data, vehicle safety trends can be established, providing car companies, researchers, and regulators with science-based methods to better understand vehicle crashes. In addition to classic and cutting-edge papers, the book features insightful materials on the new National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) Final Rule on Event Data Recorders (49 CFR, Part 563), including the rule itself, a summary, and the response to petitions for reconsideration. Event Data Recorders: A Decade of Innovation is an essential reference guide for EDR engineers, accident reconstruction specialists, EDR suppliers, occupant restraint suppliers, impact biomechanics researchers, human factors specialists, and law enforcement personnel.

Computational Fluid Mechanics and Dynamics for Scientists

Computational Fluid Mechanics and Dynamics for Scientists

Author: Euan Russano, Elaine Ferreira Avelino Format: Hardback Release Date: 09/04/2020

Computational Fluid Mechanics and Dynamics for Scientists examines various aspects of fluid mechanics and dynamics including an extensive historical overview of fluid mechanics, dynamics and related issues. It includes Fluid Statics, Basic Equations of Fluid Mechanics - Principles and Continuity Equation, Basic Equations of Fluid Mechanics - Momentum, Fluid Momentum and Pressure Drop, Introduction to Computational Fluid Dynamics and Simulation. Provides the reader with insights into the development of its history, so as to understand the computational fluid mechanics and dynamics for scientists.

Trends and Advances in Veterinary Genetics

Trends and Advances in Veterinary Genetics

Author: Cheryl Natividad Format: Hardback Release Date: 09/04/2020

Trends and Advances in Veterinary Genetics will explain the meaning of genetics and diseases and their presence amongst animals. The relationship between genetics and immunity will also draw readers attention to have a closer view upon the advances in veterinary genetics. To control diseases amongst animals it has become important to have a regular check over the trends and advances in veterinary genetics. Provides the reader with insights into the real world of veterinary genetics and methodologies used to perform various functions to help animals get rid of various diseases.

Composite Materials Handbook Volume 5 Ceramic Matrix Composites

Composite Materials Handbook Volume 5 Ceramic Matrix Composites

Author: SAE Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 08/04/2020

The fifth volume of this six-volume compendium publishes technical guidance and properties on ceramic matrix composite material systems. The selected guidance on technical topics related to this class of composites includes material selection, processing, characterization, testing, data reduction, design, analysis, quality control, application, case histories, and lessons learned of typical ceramic matrix composite materials. Volume 5, which covers ceramic matrix composites, supersedes MIL-HDBK-17-5 of June 17, 2002.The Composite Materials Handbook, referred to by industry groups as CMH-17, is an engineering reference tool that contains over 1,000 records of the latest test data for polymer matrix, metal matrix, ceramic matrix, and structural sandwich composites. CMH-17 provides information and guidance necessary to design and fabricate end items from composite materials. It includes properties of composite materials that meet specific data requirements as well as guidelines for design, analysis, material selection, manufacturing, quality control, and repair. The primary purpose of the handbook is to standardize engineering methodologies related to testing, data reduction, and reporting of property data for current and emerging composite materials. It is used by engineers worldwide in designing and fabricating products made from composite materials.

Aspectos de seguridad de la gestion del nucleo y de la manipulacion del combustible en las centrales nucleares

Aspectos de seguridad de la gestion del nucleo y de la manipulacion del combustible en las centrales nucleares

Author: IAEA Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 08/04/2020

This guide addresses the safety objectives of core management, the tasks which have to be accomplished to meet these objectives and the activities undertaken to perform these tasks. These include the preparation of specifications for procurement, loading, utilizing, unloading and testing of fuel and core components. Maintenance and surveillance requirements, the prediction and monitoring of core conditions to evaluate the nuclear and thermal performance, and further safety aspects are covered.

Globalization and Technology Absorption in Europe and Central Asia The Role of Trade, FDI, and Cross-border Knowledge Flows

Globalization and Technology Absorption in Europe and Central Asia The Role of Trade, FDI, and Cross-border Knowledge Flows

Author: Itzhak Goldberg, Lee Branstetter, John Gabriel Goddard, Smita Kuriakose Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 08/04/2020

Innovation and cross-border absorption of knowledge are central forces behind economic convergence and sustained growth. Absorption of technology is considered a necessary step to promote the development of human capital and the productive base, paving the way for innovations at the global knowledge frontier. Research and development, patents, trade, and foreign direct investment are major channels of technological absorption, allowing diffusion of new ideas and manufacturing best practices among countries and firms. These channels constitute the central focus of this study. This study uses patent databases, surveys of enterprises, and case studies to investigate how the presence of specific channels of absorption molds decision making about technology. Trade and FDI flows show considerable promise as catalysts for the region to upgrade its technology and near the global technology frontier. Econometric analysis using enterprise surveys from all Europe and Central Asia countries helps us understand the conditions and policies that induce firms to incorporate external knowledge and technology into their overall growth strategies. We find evidence of learning by exporting, underscoring the importance of trade as a driver of absorption. A case study of several manufacturing firms in Serbia complements this perspective, providing a detailed picture of the positive dynamics that are produced by FDI, particularly in terms of investment and risk-taking incentives that are critical for technology absorption. Examination of patent citations shows that cross-border knowledge flows remain weak. Consequently, science and innovation policies should foster greater integration of the region's substantial science and engineering resources with those of the rest of the world. These policies should encourage international collaboration and closer connection between the region's public sector R&D and global private sector efforts.

Defence in Depth in Nuclear Safety A Report by the International Nuclear Safety Group

Defence in Depth in Nuclear Safety A Report by the International Nuclear Safety Group

Author: IAEA Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 08/04/2020

The present report deals with the concept of defence in depth in nuclear and radiation safety, discussing its objectives, strategy, implementation and future development. The report is intended for use by governmental authorities and by the nuclear industry and its supporting organizations. It is designed to stimulate discussion and to promote practical action at all levels to enhance safety.