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Hydrology & the hydrosphere

See below for a selection of the latest books from Hydrology & the hydrosphere category. Presented with a red border are the Hydrology & the hydrosphere books that have been lovingly read and reviewed by the experts at Lovereading. With expert reading recommendations made by people with a passion for books and some unique features Lovereading will help you find great Hydrology & the hydrosphere books and those from many more genres to read that will keep you inspired and entertained. And it's all free!

Integrated Water Environment Treatment

Integrated Water Environment Treatment

With the rapid development of Chinese urbanization in the 21st century, urban diseases become more serious, mainly manifested in water environmental pollution, urban flooding, water shortage, and deterioration of water ecology. It is necessary to establish a modern rainwater management system, scientifically solve the problem of excess urban rainwater and to improve water environment quality. Improvement of water environment quality is conducive to the ecological function of a sponge city. Sponge city construction has contributed to control non-point source pollution. Sponge systems cause the stagnation and purification of rainwater runoff, which is an important guarantee for water environment quality. This monograph summarizes theories and practices of the integrated water environment treatment in Chongqing, a typical representative mountainous city in the Three Gorges Reservoir Region. Based on the mountainous terrain and unique water environment characteristics in the Three Gorges Reservoir Region, the monograph analyzes measures and difficulties in the basin water environment integrated treatment. Moreover, the monograph makes suggestions for risk management amid drainage systems during the COVID-19 epidemic.

Toxic Cyanobacteria in Water

Toxic Cyanobacteria in Water

Author: Ingrid Chorus Format: Hardback Release Date: 04/01/2021

Cyanobacterial toxins are among the hazardous substances most widely found in water. They occur naturally, but concentrations hazardous to human health are usually due to human activity. Therefore, managing lakes, reservoirs and rivers to prevent cyanobacterial blooms is critical to protect human health. This second edition of Toxic Cyanobacteria in Water presents the current state of knowledge on the occurrence of cyanobacteria and cyanotoxins, as well as their impacts on health through water-related exposure pathways, chiefly drinking-water and recreational activity. It provides scientific and technical background information to support hazard identification, assessment and prioritisation of the risks posed by cyanotoxins, and it outlines approaches for their management at each step of the water-use system. It sets out key practical considerations for developing management strategies, implementing efficient measures and designing monitoring programmes. This enables stakeholders to evaluate whether there is a health risk from toxic cyanobacteria and to mitigate it with appropriate measures. The book is intended for those working on toxic cyanobacteria with a specific focus on public health protection. It intends to empower professionals from different disciplines to communicate and cooperate for sustainable management of toxic cyanobacteria, including public health workers, ecologists, academics, and catchment and waterbody managers.

Renewable Energy for Desalination and Advanced Water Treatment

Renewable Energy for Desalination and Advanced Water Treatment

Water treatment and desalination facilities use a tremendous amount of energy, and often release associated pollution when using conventional fossil-fuel power. This book will present the various types of technologies that could power treatment and desalination plants, such as solar, wind, geothermal, and wave power. It will describe the current status and future trends of each method, as well as membrane and thermal technologies. It will address the economic considerations of renewable energy used for desalination, and the related infrastructure capitalization, and will also offer the best potential power generation options for different regions, including islands and remote locations.

Hydro-Geo-Engineering

Hydro-Geo-Engineering

Hydro-Geo-Engineering: Calculations and Simulations explains how to develop effective quantitative solutions for applications in hydrogeology and Geological Engineering. The book's author provides a systematic, hands-on approach to illustrate how hydrogeological/geological Engineering concepts are translated into quantitative engineering solutions. Topics explored include problems relating to contaminant migration, landfill, groundwater-surface water interactions, land use, hydrology, waste treatment plant design, resources, infrastructure, energy and mining with illustrations from real-life projects using a variety of simulation methods that are easy-to-understand and have step-by-step quantitative analysis that is supported by illustrations and tables.

Groundwater Modeling

Groundwater Modeling

This book covers the theoretical aspects of mathematical groundwater models. It is aimed at advanced (under)graduate university students, as well as practicing hydrogeologists. The focus is on the fundamentals of the quantitative methods used to simulate, understand, and investigate groundwater systems. Uniquely, it provides hands-on exercises based on the popular open-source programming language Python. The book's structure is such that the theoretical treatments of the modeling methods are exemplified by short pieces of computer code that demonstrate the implementation of the theory, making the book highly suitable for university courses on the fundamental aspects of groundwater modeling.

Groundwater Modeling

Groundwater Modeling

This book covers the theoretical aspects of mathematical groundwater models. It is aimed at advanced (under)graduate university students, as well as practicing hydrogeologists. The focus is on the fundamentals of the quantitative methods used to simulate, understand, and investigate groundwater systems. Uniquely, it provides hands-on exercises based on the popular open-source programming language Python. The book's structure is such that the theoretical treatments of the modeling methods are exemplified by short pieces of computer code that demonstrate the implementation of the theory, making the book highly suitable for university courses on the fundamental aspects of groundwater modeling.

Biogeochemistry of Wetlands

Biogeochemistry of Wetlands

This book offers an in-depth look at the chemical and biological cycling of nutrients, trace elements, and toxic organic compounds in wetland soils and water columns as related to water quality, carbon sequestration, and greenhouse gases. It details the electrochemistry, biochemical processes, and transformation mechanisms for the elemental cycling of carbon, oxygen, nitrogen, phosphorus, and sulfur. Also, it examines the fate and chemistry of heavy metals and toxic organic compounds in wetland environments. This new edition is updated throughout and adds three new chapters: Rice Production Systems, Constructed Wetlands, and Stream Sediments.

Membrane Transport

Membrane Transport

Author: Reza (New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, USA) Foudazi Format: Hardback Release Date: 01/01/2021

Synthetic membranes are widely used for water purification and wastewater treatment. Development of membranes for water treatment has provided a method to produce potable water with much lower energy than thermal distillation. This book will describe the basic principles that govern transport across both natural and synthetic membranes in water treatment. The mass and fluid transport equations will be discussed and utilized to predict the passive transport in biological membranes and performance of dialysis, reverse/forward osmosis, microfiltration, ultrafiltration, and nanofiltration membranes. Membrane reactors and biorectors will also be examined.

Land Degradation in the Dinder and Rahad Basins

Land Degradation in the Dinder and Rahad Basins

Author: Khalid Elnoor Ali (Ihe Institute for Water Education Delft the Netherlands) Hassaballah Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 28/12/2020

The spatial and temporal variability of the hydro-climate as well as land use and land cover (LULC) changes are among the most challenging problems facing water resources management. Understanding the interaction between climate variability, land use and land cover changes and their links to hydrology, river morphology and ecohydrology in the Dinder and Rahad basins in Sudan is confronted by the lack of climatic, hydrological and ecological data. This book investigated the impacts of land degradation on the Dinder and Rahad hydrology and morphology, and interlinkage to the ecohydrological system of the Dinder National Park (DNP) in Sudan. It used an ensemble of techniques to improve our understanding of the hydrological processes and LULC changes in these basins. This included long-term trend analysis of hydroclimatic variables, LULC changes analysis, field measurements, rainfall-runoff modelling, hydrodynamic and morphological modelling of the Dinder river and its floodplain, with special focus on the Mayas wetlands. Moreover, this research is the first study to investigate the eco-hydrology of the DNP. It is expected that the results of the study will be beneficial to all stakeholders concerned and support decision-making processes for better management of water resources and ecosystem conservation in the area and possibly beyond.

Climate Change and Development Impacts on Groundwater Resources in the Nile Delta Aquifer, Egypt

Climate Change and Development Impacts on Groundwater Resources in the Nile Delta Aquifer, Egypt

Author: Marmar Badr Mohamed (Ihe Institute for Water Education Delft the Netherlands) Ahmed Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 25/12/2020

Climate change is likely to continue to have severe impacts, including sea level rise. At the same time, population increase and development imperatives create additional pressure on available water resources. These changes are problematic for the Mediterranean coastal areas and especially the Nile Delta coast. Particular focus of this study is on salinization of groundwater resources in the Nile Delta Aquifer (NDA) due to saltwater intrusion. To assess current conditions and develop future adaptation strategies for the NDA, a 3D model simulating regional variable-density groundwater flow and coupled salt transport was constructed based on available data set, using the SEAWAT code. A method for identification of the most representative model has been developed, based on testing different simulation periods during which the NDA has 'evolved' from completely fresh groundwater conditions to conditions representative for the year 2010.This model was then applied to analyze possible future NDA conditions under several predefined scenarios of sea level rise and groundwater extraction. This analysis indicated that the impacts from further extractions of groundwater on availability of fresh groundwater in the aquifer are more significant compared to those from sea level rise. Furthermore, three different adaptation measures and their impacts in the Sharkeya Nile Delta governorate were tested. It was shown that that changing crop types and irrigation practices towards water saving options seem to be more promising than artificial recharge with injection wells or extraction and usage of brackish groundwater after desalination. The developed model is useful for further Water-Food Nexus studies.

Satellite Monitoring of Inland and Coastal Water Quality

Satellite Monitoring of Inland and Coastal Water Quality

Author: Robert P. Bukata Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 18/12/2020

Satellite Monitoring of Inland and Coastal Water Quality: Retrospection, Introspection, Future Directions reviews how aquatic optics models can convert remote determinations of water color into accurate assessments of water quality. This book illustrates how this conversion can generate products of value for the environmental monitoring of optically complex inland and coastal waters. The author emphasizes how terrestrial, aquatic, and wetland remote sensing are underutilized tools due to a lack of influential end-usership. He takes a realistic look at this disinterest and examines why it exists, how it can be abated, and the synergies that need to be activated among technologists, scientists, entrepreneurs, policy-makers, and water quality professionals. Offering a guide to possible linkages between scientific products of remote sensing and their application to mandates and priorities of environmental stewards and policy-makers, this book uses the research and science agenda of Environment Canada as a template for generic environmental interests and concerns. It is hoped that this guide presents a compelling case for incorporation of aquatic remote sensing into protocols of ground-based environmental monitoring networks.

Ground Water Pollution Control

Ground Water Pollution Control

Author: Canter Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 18/12/2020

Covers thoroughly technologies for ground water pollution control in part one and deals in depth with aquifer restoration decision-making in part two. Part three gives an extensive range of case studies and detailed references.