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See below for a selection of the latest books from Botany & plant sciences category. Presented with a red border are the Botany & plant sciences books that have been lovingly read and reviewed by the experts at Lovereading. With expert reading recommendations made by people with a passion for books and some unique features Lovereading will help you find great Botany & plant sciences books and those from many more genres to read that will keep you inspired and entertained. And it's all free!
In Asteraceae: Characteristics, Distribution and Ecology, the authors first review different factors that affect the chemical composition of essential oils such as chemotype, ecotype, phenology, organ type and extraction method. Cichorium sp., Cynara sp., Helianthus sp., Taraxacum sp. and Lactuca sp are widely used by the general population in the forms of teas and infusions, as well as in direct contact with wounds. In order to potentiate the action of these plants and direct these compounds to their place of action, this collection reviews some strategies that have been developed to direct these compounds to their place of action. Next, the authors present information established from available scientific literature discussing the ethnopharmacological, biologicaland phytochemical activities of some important endemic medicinal species from Asteraceae family growing in Algerian Sahara namely: Anvillea radiata Coss, Brocchia cinerea, Bubonium graveolens, Launaea arborescens and Warionia saharae. The concluding chapter focuses on the endemic and rare species of the Asteraceae family in the southern Iberian Peninsula. Its global floristic contingent includes a large number of genera and species that are distributed throughout a wide range of environments from sea level to Mediterranean high mountains on all substrate types.
This seventh volume of the Flora of Florida collection continues the definitive and comprehensive identification manual to the Sunshine State's 4,400 kinds of native and non-native ferns and fern allies, nonflowering seed plants, and flowering seed plants. Volume VII concludes the taxonomic treatments of Florida's dicotyledons. Florida has the third most diverse vascular plant flora of any state in the United States, and the Flora of Florida volumes include all indigenous and naturalized taxa currently known to occur within its borders. With keys to family, genus, and species, and with genera and species within each family arranged alphabetically for easy reference, these volumes are the standard reference for botanists, researchers, consultants, and students alike.
This new volume, Morphoanatomical Atlas of Grass Leaves, Culms, and Caryopses, features the studied anatomical details of different parts of 100 wild grass species and provides a comprehensive overview of existing knowledge. Each of the three sections of the volume (leaf grass, culm, and caryopses) discusses and illustrates the diagnostic histological features, along with statistical analyses on the quantitative and qualitative data. The descriptions of these grasses, particularly those growing in the grasslands of the Panchmahal and Dahod districts of India, are supplemented with microphotographs and keys for the taxa concentrate upon diagnostic characters above the rank of genus, which will be helpful for the easy identification of the grasses, even in their vegetative stages before flowering. The cluster analysis provides uses the statistical analysis program Minitab for each part on the basis of the diagnostic features. Due to the shortage of diagnostic morphological characteristics of leaf grass, culm, and caryopses, the study of complementary characters, like the anatomical features, has favored the clarification of taxonomic relationships between species and their correct identification.
This book reports on the current global status of mungbean and its economic importance. Mungbean (Vigna radiata)-also called green gram-is an important food and cash crop in the rice-based farming systems of South and Southeast Asia, but is also grown in other parts of the world. Its short duration, low input requirement and high global demand make mungbean an ideal rotation crop for smallholder farmers. The book describes mungbean collections maintained by various organizations and their utilization, especially with regard to adapting mungbean to new environments. It provides an overview of the progress made in breeding for tolerance to biotic and abiotic stresses; nutritional quality enhancement including genomics approaches; and outlines future challenges for mungbean cultivation. In addition, genomic approaches to evaluating the evolutionary relationship between Vigna species and addressing questions concerning domestication, adaptation and genotype-phenotype relationships are also discussed
Horticultural Reviews presents state-of-the-art reviews on topics in horticultural science and technology covering both basic and applied research. Topics covered include the horticulture of fruits, vegetables, nut crops, and ornamentals. These review articles, written by world authorities, bridge the gap between the specialized researcher and the broader community of horticultural scientists and teachers.
Investigations into Calabar beans (the dried ripe seeds of Physostigma venenosum) and their alkaloidal components compose a classical scientific journey throughout some one-and-a-half centuries and not only represent a fascinating aspect of the history of medicine but which is, moreover, still ongoing at the forefront of chemical and medical discovery. Those in particular involving its major such component, l-physostigmine, have led to an understanding of some of the fundamental mechanisms occurring in physiology, pharmacology and biochemistry and, either actually or potentially (by providing a template and thereby acting as a lead compound ) have provided a useful treatment for a variety of neurological disorders associated with irregularities in cholinergic transmission in which augmentation of cholinergic activity has proved to be beneficial. Physostigma venenosum is distributed throughout equatorial West Africa and having a colourful history - by virtue of their former use as an ordeal poison in trials for witchcraft in the Efik society of Old Calabar - are its dried ripe seeds (Calabar beans). The major toxic compound isolated from these, l-physostigmine, which is also known as eserine and is the only alkaloid as yet also to be isolated from a microbial source (along with l-N(8)-norphysostigmine) and is the first alkaloid found to contain a 1,2,3,3a,8,8a-hexahydropyrrolo[2,3-b]indole ring system, and the first natural product found to contain a carbamyl group. It also became one of the first examples whereby the mechanism of action of a drug could be defined at the molecular level relatively simply, played a crucial role in the Nobel Prize - winning discovery of the mechanism of neurohumoral transmission, and has led to products for the treatment of a wide range of disorders associated with deficiencies in cholinergic transmission. Several other alkaloids have also been isolated from the Calabar bean. For some of these, structures have been established, syntheses effected and pharmacology investigated.
The existence and competition of trees and shrubs to sustain and put forth growth under varied environmental conditions is dependent on the interactions that occur between the plant metabolic processes and the prevailing environmental conditions. In order to understand the productivity of trees and shrubs, it is a prerequisite to know the experimental techniques of these vital processes. This volume, Experimental Ecophysiology and Biochemistry of Trees and Shrubs, provides a comprehensive presentation of this topic. The first part of this book deals with various aspects of experimental ecophysiology and recent research results of studies on plant pigment, epicuticular wax, leaf nutrients, carbon fixation, all supported by literature. The second part of the volume describes various laboratory techniques such as diffusion, imbibition, calorimetry, atomic absorption, mineral nutrition, nutrition analysis of forage, litterfall chemistry, nutrient cycle, etc. The third and fourth parts deal with the advances in the techniques in the development of ecophysiology. The book will serve as an important handbook and resource for students, faculty and teachers, technicians, and researchers and scientists involved in forest science dealing with ecophysiology and biochemistry of woody and crop plants.
In all living systems various polyglycans exist having essential functions that are closely linked to glycan structures. All structural features of glycans are mediated by kinetic properties of glycan synthesizing enzymes. Often, glycan-related enzymes non-covalently bind to the carbohydrate substrate(s) by regions different from the active site. Removal of these binding sites often strongly affect carbohydrate specifics of the enzyme. This book describes recent progress in polyglycan-related enzymology. It covers kinetic features of enzymes and reactions, metabolic paths, the reversible formation of glycan-related enzyme complexes, and procedures used for structural analyses of polyglycans.