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Toxicology (non-medical)

See below for a selection of the latest books from Toxicology (non-medical) category. Presented with a red border are the Toxicology (non-medical) books that have been lovingly read and reviewed by the experts at Lovereading. With expert reading recommendations made by people with a passion for books and some unique features Lovereading will help you find great Toxicology (non-medical) books and those from many more genres to read that will keep you inspired and entertained. And it's all free!

Animal Venoms Their Source, Composition, and Uses

Animal Venoms Their Source, Composition, and Uses

Author: Shiv Sanjeevi Format: Hardback Release Date: 30/12/2019

Animal Venoms Their Source, Composition, and Uses explains to the readers about the various sources of venom and informs them about the ways in which animal venom is extracted. The readers are also informed about the various uses of animal venom and the various application related to it. It provides the readers with the required insights on the several applications of venom and explain the importance of venom in treatment of some serious diseases and uses in medicines. This book also discusses about the background on animal toxins and venoms, some new aspects of venom, the latest finding in animal venom, discussion on snake venom, peptide therapy that is based on venom, the various trends in pharmacology and biochemistry, peptides obtained from scorpions and the anticancer effects of the jellyfish venom.

Target Organ Toxicity Volume 1

Target Organ Toxicity Volume 1

Author: Gerald M. Cohen Format: Hardback Release Date: 20/12/2019

First published in 1986: The purpose of these volumes is to provide a valuable reference for established investigators and postgraduate students in toxicology.

Fundamentals of Ecotoxicology The Science of Pollution, Fifth Edition

Fundamentals of Ecotoxicology The Science of Pollution, Fifth Edition

Author: Michael C. Newman Format: Hardback Release Date: 13/12/2019

This new edition is revised throughout and includes new and expanded information on natural resource damage assessment, the latest emerging contaminants and issues, and adds new international coverage, including case studies and rules and regulations. The text details key environmental contaminants, explores their fates in the biosphere, and discusses bioaccumulation and the effects of contaminants at increasing levels of ecological organization. Vignettes written by experts illustrate key themes or highlight especially pertinent examples. This edition offers an instructors' solution manual, PowerPoint slides, and supplemental images. Features: Adds all new discussions of natural resource damage assessment concepts and approaches Includes new vignettes written by leading guest authors Draws on materials from 2,500 cited sources, including 400+ new to this edition Adds numerous new entries to a useful glossary of 800+ terms Includes a new appendix discussing Brazilian environmental laws and regulations added to existing appendices outlining U.S., E.U., Chinese, Australian, and Indian environmental laws Fundamentals of Ecotoxicology: The Science of Pollution, Fifth Edition contains a broad overview of ecotoxicology and provides a basic understanding of the field. Designed as a textbook for use in introductory graduate or upper-level undergraduate courses in ecotoxicology, applied ecology, environmental pollution, and environmental science, it can also be used as a general reference for practicing environmental toxicologists.

Toxicokinetics and Risk Assessment

Toxicokinetics and Risk Assessment

Author: John C. Lipscomb Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 29/11/2019

Toxicokinetics in Risk Assessment discusses the noncancer risk assessment process and its reliance on uncertainty factors in order to facilitate the continued study and refinement of the scientific basis for health risk assessment. This text clearly demonstrates the application of physiologically-based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) modeling in human health risk assessment, as well as methods for data generation, extrapolation, and inclusion of laboratory results for chemical metabolism and computer-based predictions of biochemical constants to address estimates of variability between experimental animals and humans. This guide also includes recent examples of the use of toxicokinetic information to successfully replace default values for uncertainty factors with data-derived factors in risk assessments developed by the US Environmental Protection Agency.

Endocrine Disrupters in Wastewater and Sludge Treatment Processes

Endocrine Disrupters in Wastewater and Sludge Treatment Processes

Author: Jason W. Birkett Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 29/11/2019

Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals (EDCs) have been shown to produce changes in the endocrine system of organisms, leading to increases in cancers and abnormalities in reproductive structure and function. This book presents research on the endocrine-disrupting effects of sewage and industrial effluents, covering the sources, fate, and transport of EDCs, and sludge treatment and disposal options considered in regard to their implications for receiving environments. It also addresses the potential sources and analysis of these substances in waters, sediments, and sludges. In addition, the authors review current legislation and potential management strategies for endocrine disrupters in the environment.

Extrapolation Practice for Ecotoxicological Effect Characterization of Chemicals

Extrapolation Practice for Ecotoxicological Effect Characterization of Chemicals

Author: Keith R. Solomon Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 29/11/2019

A wide-ranging compilation of techniques, Extrapolation Practice for Ecotoxicological Effect Characterization of Chemicals describes methods of extrapolation in the framework of ecological risk assessment. The book, informally known as EXPECT, identifies data needs and situations where these extrapolations can be most usefully applied, making it a practical guide to the application of extrapolation procedures. It focuses on the extrapolation of chemical effects and covers the extrapolation of exposures in the context of interactions between toxicants and the matrix.

Endocrine Disruptors Effects on Male and Female Reproductive Systems, Second Edition

Endocrine Disruptors Effects on Male and Female Reproductive Systems, Second Edition

Author: Rajesh K. Naz Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 26/11/2019

There is great concern regarding the reproductive and health hazards of endocrine disruptors. Research indicates that men are experiencing declining fertility and an increased incidence of prostate cancer, while women are dealing with increased infertility, early menopause, and breast cancer. As new research reveals the previously unknown risks of these endocrine disruptors, it is imperative to update our knowledge of these controversial chemicals. Endocrine Disruptors: Effects on Male and Female Reproductive Systems, Second Edition examines the reproductive and health hazards of endocrine-disrupting environmental chemicals from epidemiology to etiology, concluding with future directions. Divided into two sections, the first part of the book describes the effects of environmental toxicants on the female reproductive system, with an emphasis on the effects and mechanisms of their action on sex differentiation during development, fertility, and breast cancer. The second part addresses the effects of endocrine disruption on the male reproductive system, focusing on male fertility and the development of benign prostate hyperplasia (BPH) and prostate cancer. Leading authorities contribute expert analyses and up-to-date information on a topic that has become a major concern among the scientific community and the general public. This second edition supplies the most current, critical knowledge on the real risks that endocrine disruptors pose to the population.

Innate Immunity From Louis Pasteur to Jules Hoffmann

Innate Immunity From Louis Pasteur to Jules Hoffmann

Innate immunity is a new branch of immunology, confirmed by three Nobel Prize winners in 2011. It is the first line of defense against pathogens and is in a way the preliminary step of adaptive immunity which occurs later, and only present in vertebrates. This book examines the way in which innate immunity was discovered in invertebrates. As a starting point, it looks at the work of Louis Pasteur on silkworm disease and the findings of Ilya Metchnikov, discoverer of phagocytosis. It also investigates Andre Paillot, who in 1920 demonstrated the existence of humoral immunity in insects, unrelated to the type of immunity that was initially thought to be present in all vertebrates. Finally, Innate Immunity shows how the group directed by Jules Hoffmann found strong similarities between the innate immunity response of insects and mammals. The discovery of a receptor protein in Drosophila, which is also found in humans, was what led to Jules Hoffmann being awarded the Nobel Prize in 2011.

Toxicology of Skin

Toxicology of Skin

Author: Howard I. Maibach Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 29/10/2019

Toxic injury to the skin in the general population, and particularly in western populations, is on the increase. This is partly due to the expanding number of natural and man-made chemicals present in our everyday environment. The need for a thorough understanding of the skin, and the mechanisms of toxicity therein, has never been more pressing. This benchmark volume provides the latest findings in skin toxicology in one definitive source, and it could not be more timely. Toxicology of the Skin is part of the highly acclaimed Target Organ Toxicology Series-a leading series of reviews written and edited by a panel of internationally renowned experts in their respective fields. Dermatologists and toxicology specialists will find this text indispensable.

An Introduction to Toxicogenomics

An Introduction to Toxicogenomics

Author: Michael E. (Biomarker Laboratory, Collegeville, PA, USA) Burczynski Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 24/10/2019

Since the advent of cDNA microarrays, oligonucleotide array technology, and gene chip analysis, genomics has revolutionized the entire field of biomedical research. A byproduct of this revolution, toxicogenomics is a fast-rising star within toxicological analysis. Gathering together leading authors and scientists at the forefront of the field, An Introduction to Toxicogenomics provides a comprehensive overview of this new discipline. With a focus on toxicology, it introduces the basic principles of microarray/oligonucleotide array-based genomic analysis and explains how it fits into the field of biomedical research. These discussions provide an overview to the actual mechanics of the analyses themselves and offer insights on handling and quality control. Then the book features an important section on the basics of data analysis and clustering methods such as genetic algorithms. Finally, it covers the application of expression profiling in the field of toxicology and addresses the two fundamental types of analysis in detail, with sections dedicated to both mechanistic and predictive studies. Although toxicogenomics promises fast, efficient techniques and information-rich data, much of its potential remains untapped. An Introduction to Toxicogenomics consolidates the concepts underlying the field to provide a solid foundation from which to begin your research endeavors.

Toxicology of the Kidney

Toxicology of the Kidney

Author: Joan B. Tarloff Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 23/10/2019

The kidney plays a vital role in certain endocrine functions. Abnormalities caused by toxic chemicals or other interventions can have profound effects on these functions and consequently, on total functions. Toxicology of the Kidney, Third Edition is updated to reflect the latest research in this field and focuses on the correlation between anatomy, biochemistry, and physiology of the kidney. The text explains how these factors are related to concepts of clinical nephrotoxicity and renal failure in humans, and how animal models can be used to understand the mechanisms of human renal disease. In addition to updating many of the key elements of previous editions, such as in vitro models for studying renal function and toxicity and classic nephrotoxicants, it also incorporates cutting edge information on newly emerging areas of renal research. These include mechanisms of cell injury, signaling pathways, biomarkers of renal disease and the interface between basic renal science and clinical outcomes. This book includes current reviews of unpublished and recently published information which allows it to serve as a concise compendium of many key topics that will continue to play a central role in our understanding and treatment of nephrotoxicity for decades to come.

Toxicology of Glutathione Transferases

Toxicology of Glutathione Transferases

Author: Yogesh C. Awasthi Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 23/10/2019

Since the discovery of Glutathione S-Transferase (GST) or Glutathione transferase, studies have probed important questions about its pharmacological and physiological significance. Toxicology of Glutathione Transferases is the only text that details the methods used in GST research. With chapters written by experts who have been involved in all areas of GST research and have actively contributed to the progress of this field, the book describes the role of GSTs in toxicology, focusing on their pharmacologic and physiologic roles and their relevance to biological toxicology. The book provides current information on gene families, structure and regulation of gene expression, reaction mechanisms and substrates, three-dimensional structures of GSTs, design of proteins with GST activity, and various approaches to developing inhibitors that overcome drug resistance. It also covers the physiological significance and the mechanisms of activation of microsomal GSTs. These topics, along with the role of GSTs in detoxification of chemical carcinogens and possible implications of GST polymorphism in human health and disease, make the volume useful to researchers in the field of pharmacology and toxicology. Chapters cover the possible and exciting role of GSTs in defense mechanisms against chronic oxidative stress-linked disorders such as atherosclerosis and the newly emerging area of GST-mediated modulation of stress-signaling through its catalytic as well as binding activities. They explore an intriguing hypothesis that strongly suggests an important role of the factors that modulate the GSH-electrophile conjugate (GS-E) homeostasis in the regulation of cellular processes. Chapters on known and potential endogenous electrophilic substrates and a major role of GSTs in suppressing stress-induced lipid peroxidation reinforce this newly emerging role of GSTs. These are just a few of the features that make the book helpful to clinicians involved in basic as well as tr