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Neurosciences

See below for a selection of the latest books from Neurosciences category. Presented with a red border are the Neurosciences books that have been lovingly read and reviewed by the experts at Lovereading. With expert reading recommendations made by people with a passion for books and some unique features Lovereading will help you find great Neurosciences books and those from many more genres to read that will keep you inspired and entertained. And it's all free!

Neurosecretion: Secretory Mechanisms

Neurosecretion: Secretory Mechanisms

Author: Jose R. Lemos Format: Hardback Release Date: 01/04/2020

How do electrical activity and calcium signals in neurons influence the secretion of peptide hormones? This volume presents the current state of knowledge regarding the electrical, calcium signaling and synaptic properties of neuroendocrine systems from both vertebrate and invertebrate systems. The contributions span in vivo and in vitro studies that address: state-dependent plasticity, relevance of firing patterns, membrane properties, calcium flux (including dynamic imaging and homeostasis), and molecular mechanisms of exocytosis, including from non-neuronal secretory cells. The chapters focus not only on research results but also on how experiments are conducted using state-of-the-art techniques, and how the resulting data are interpreted. While there are many books on the secretory properties of neurons, this is the first to focus on the distinctive secretory properties of neuroendocrine neurons. Accordingly, it offers an important text for undergraduate and graduate neuroscience students, and will also appeal to established scientists and postdoctoral fellows. This is the eighth volume in the Masterclass in Neuroendocrinology series* - now a co-publication between Springer Nature and the INF (International Neuroendocrine Federation). *Volumes 1-7 published by Wiley

Physiology of Neurons

Physiology of Neurons

Author: Anne (Ecole Normale Superieure, France) Feltz Format: Hardback Release Date: 30/03/2020

Thanks to tremendous technical advances in molecular biology and cellular imaging after those in electrophysiology, there is now a deep understanding of the physiology of nerve cells and their synaptic interconnections. The complexity of the brain emerges from the communication and interaction between billions of these elements. This book explores systematically and didactically the details of neuronal physiology, covering membrane biophysics, receptor physiology, sensory transduction and synaptic transmission with its selective pharmacology. Readers of the book will be fully equipped to understand the functions and possibilities of the key units of the brain's parallel computations.

Innate

Innate

Author: Kevin J. Mitchell Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 27/03/2020

A leading neuroscientist explains why your personal traits are more innate than you think What makes you the way you are-and what makes each of us different from everyone else? In Innate, leading neuroscientist and popular science blogger Kevin Mitchell traces human diversity and individual differences to their deepest level: in the wiring of our brains. Deftly guiding us through important new research, including his own groundbreaking work, he explains how variations in the way our brains develop before birth strongly influence our psychology and behavior throughout our lives, shaping our personality, intelligence, sexuality, and even the way we perceive the world. Compelling and original, Innate will change the way you think about why and how we are who we are.

Physiology of Neurons

Physiology of Neurons

Author: Anne (Ecole Normale Superieure, France) Feltz Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 27/03/2020

Thanks to tremendous technical advances in molecular biology and cellular imaging after those in electrophysiology, there is now a deep understanding of the physiology of nerve cells and their synaptic interconnections. The complexity of the brain emerges from the communication and interaction between billions of these elements. This book explores systematically and didactically the details of neuronal physiology, covering membrane biophysics, receptor physiology, sensory transduction and synaptic transmission with its selective pharmacology. Readers of the book will be fully equipped to understand the functions and possibilities of the key units of the brain's parallel computations.

Insulin Resistance as a Risk Factor in Visceral and Neurological Disorders

Insulin Resistance as a Risk Factor in Visceral and Neurological Disorders

Insulin Resistance as a Risk Factor in Visceral and Neurological Disorders provides an overview on the risk factors for insulin resistance in visceral and neurological disorders. The book focuses on molecular mechanisms and signal transduction processes associated with the links. The comprehensive information in this monograph will not only help in the early detection of insulin resistance related visceral and neurological disorders, but also promote the discovery of new drugs which may block or delay onset in elderly patients. Understanding these processes is important not only for patients, caregivers and health professionals, but also for health policymakers who must plan for national resources.

The Neuroethology of Birdsong

The Neuroethology of Birdsong

Author: Jon T. Sakata Format: Hardback Release Date: 20/03/2020

Vocal signals are central for social communication across a wide range of vertebrate species; consequently, it is critical to understand the mechanisms underlying the learning, control, and evolution of vocal communication. Songbirds are at the forefront of research into such neural mechanisms. Indeed, songbirds provide a particularly important model system for this endeavor because of the many parallels between birdsong and human speech. Specifically, (1) songbirds are one of the few vertebrate species that, like humans, learn their vocal signals during development, (2) the processes of song learning and control in songbirds shares many parallels with the process of speech acquisition in humans, and (3) there exist deep homologies between the circuits for the learning, control, and processing of vocal signals across songbirds and humans. In addition, because of the diversity of songbirds and song learning strategies, songbirds offer a powerful model system to use the comparative method to reveal mechanisms underlying the evolution of song learning and production. Taken together, research on songbirds can not only reveal general principles underlying vertebrate vocal communication but can also provide insight into potential mechanisms underlying the learning, control, and processing of speech. This volume will cover a range of topics in birdsong spanning multiple level of analysis. Chapters will be authored by the world's leading experts on birdsong and will provide comprehensive reviews of the processes underlying song learning, of the neural circuits for song learning and control as well as for the extraction and processing of song information, of the selection pressures underlying song evolution, and of genetic and molecular mechanisms underlying the learning and evolution of song. The primary goals of this volume are to provide comprehensive, integrative, and comparative perspectives on birdsong and to underscore the importance of birdsong to biomedical research, evolutionary biology, and behavioral, systems, and computational neuroscience.The target audience of this volume will be graduate students, postdoctoral fellows, and established academics and neuroscientists who are interested in mechanisms of communication from an integrative and comparative perspective. The volume is intended to function as a high-profile and contemporary reference on current work related to the learning, control, processing, and evolution of birdsong. This volume will have broad appeal to comparative and sensory biologists, neurophysiologists, and behavioral, systems, and cognitive neuroscientists who attend meetings such as the Society for Neuroscience, the International Society for Neuroethology, and the Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology. Because of the relevance of birdsong research to understanding human speech, it is likely that the volume will also be of interest to speech researchers and clinicians researching communication, motor, and sensory processing disorders.

The Wave Theory of Difference and Similarity

The Wave Theory of Difference and Similarity

Author: Stephen W. Link Format: Hardback Release Date: 04/03/2020

Two experimental procedures prompted the empirical development of psychophysical models: those that measure response frequency, often referred to as response probability; and those that measure response time, sometimes referred to as reaction time. The history of psychophysics is filled with theories that predict one or the other of these two responses. Yet the persistent reappearance of empirical relationships between these two measures of performance makes clear the need for a theory that both predicts and relates these two measures. Most likely, both response measures are the result of a single process that generates empirical laws relating response time and response probability. It is this process - its theory, description, and application - that is the topic of The Wave Theory of Difference and Similarity. Originally published in 1992, the author of this book has set out to provide a theoretical foundation for formulating new theories that systematize earlier results and to stimulate new concepts and introduce new tools for exploring mental phenomena and improving mental measurement.

How the Brain Works

How the Brain Works

Author: DK Format: Hardback Release Date: 03/03/2020

Are men's and women's brains really different? Why are teenagers impulsive and rebellious? And will it soon be possible to link our brains together via the Cloud? Drawing on the latest neuroscience research, this visual guide makes the hidden workings of the human brain simple to understand. How the Brain Works begins with an introduction to the brain's anatomy, showing you how to tell your motor cortex from your mirror neurons. Moving on to function, it explains how the brain works constantly and unnoticed to regulate heartbeat and breathing, and how it collects information to produce the experiences of sight, sound, smell, taste, and touch. The chapters that follow cover memory and learning, consciousness and personality, and emotions and communication. There's also a guide to the brain's disorders, including physical problems, such as tumours and strokes, and psychological and functional disorders, ranging from autism to schizophrenia. Illustrated with bold graphics and step-by-step artworks, and peppered with bite-sized factoids and question-and-answer features, this is the perfect introduction to the fascinating world of the human brain.

Neuroanatomy of the Mouse

Neuroanatomy of the Mouse

Author: Hannsjoerg Schroeder, Natasha Moser, Stefan Huggenberger Format: Hardback Release Date: 29/02/2020

This textbook describes the basic neuroanatomy of the laboratory mouse. The reader will be guided through the anatomy of the mouse nervous system with the help of abundant microphotographs and schemata. Learning objectives and summaries of key facts at the beginning of each chapter provide the reader with an overview on the most important information. As transgenic mice are one of the most widely used paradigms when it comes to modeling human diseases, a basic understanding of the neuroanatomy of the mouse is of considerable value for all students and researchers in the neurosciences and pharmacy, but also in human and veterinary medicine. Accordingly, the authors have included, whenever possible, comparisons of the murine and the human nervous system. The book is intended as a guide for all those who are about to embark on the structural, histochemical and functional phenotyping of the mouse's central nervous system. It can serve as a practical handbook for students and early researchers, and as a reference book for neuroscience lectures and laboratories.

fMRI

fMRI

Author: Peter A. (Chief, National Institute of Mental Health) Bandettini Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 25/02/2020

An accessible introduction to the history, fundamental concepts, challenges, and controversies of the fMRI by one of the pioneers in the field. The discovery of functional MRI (fMRI) methodology in 1991 was a breakthrough in neuroscience research. This non-invasive, relatively high-speed, and high sensitivity method of mapping human brain activity enabled observation of subtle localized changes in blood flow associated with brain activity. Thousands of scientists around the world have not only embraced fMRI as a new and powerful method that complemented their ongoing studies but have also gone on to redirect their research around this revolutionary technique. This volume in the MIT Press Essential Knowledge series offers an accessible introduction to the history, fundamental concepts, challenges, and controversies of fMRI, written by one of the pioneers in the field. Peter Bandettini covers the essentials of fMRI, providing insight and perspective from his nearly three decades of research. He describes other brain imaging and assessment methods; the sources of fMRI contrasts; the basic methodology, from hardware to pulse sequences; brain activation experiment design strategies; and data and image processing. A unique, standalone chapter addresses major controversies in the field, outlining twenty-six challenges that have helped shape fMRI research. Finally, Bandettini lays out the four essential pillars of fMRI: technology, methodology, interpretation, and applications. The book can serve as a guide for the curious nonexpert and a reference for both veteran and novice fMRI scientists.

Functional and Clinical Neuroanatomy

Functional and Clinical Neuroanatomy

Functional and Clinical Neuroanatomy: A Guide for Health Care Professionals is a comprehensive, yet easy-to read, introduction to neuroanatomy that covers the structures and functions of the central, peripheral and autonomic nervous systems. The book also focuses on the clinical presentation of disease processes involving specific structures. It is the first review of clinical neuroanatomy that is written specifically for nurses, physician assistants, nurse practitioners, medical students and medical assistants who work in the field of neurology. It will also be an invaluable resource for graduate and postgraduate students in neuroscience. With 22 chapters, including two that provide complete neurological examinations and diagnostic evaluations, this book is an ideal resource for health care professionals across a wide variety of disciplines.

Horizons in Neuroscience Research.

Horizons in Neuroscience Research.

Author: Andres Costa Format: Hardback Release Date: 20/02/2020

Physiotherapy and rehabilitation applications in neurological diseases are important for the treatment of the disease. The basic principle of physiotherapy and rehabilitation is to determine the needs of the patient. As such, the authors discuss the evaluation of the motor functions of neurological diseases for upper and lower extremities separately, as well as sensorial functions and cognitive functions. Next, a literature review draws attention to studies in which sex was a controlled variable, and presents data regarding sexual dimorphism in a range of aspects developed after brain injury. It is possible to document the accomplishments of different cell death mechanisms and varying degrees of inflammatory response depending on the sex, as well as the distinct susceptibilities of the sexes in terms of mechanisms of cell damage. Additionally, summary of techniques and indications related to cerebrovascular bypass surgery for aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage cases is provided, maintaining that cerebral revascularization procedures should be further developed by neurosurgeons as they remain the only option of treatment for a significant number of patients. The authors review their extensive experience with indocyanine green video-angiography and FLOW 800 analysis software during the surgical removal of central nervous system tumors; in particular, they identified 5 possible applications of indocyanine green video-angiography and FLOW 800 in this field. Data is presented showing the reciprocity between the brain angiotensin II system and amphetamine exposure in the development and expression of behavioral, neurochemical and glial alterations. Particularly, this collection explores how the neuroadaptative responses and neuroinflammation evoked by the psychostimulant and depending on AT1 receptors that might resemble some features linked to different brain disorders. Lastly, a brief overview of the investigational history in research work on receptor/G-protein coupling is presented. Subsequently, the most recent experimental results in the re-establishment of [35S]GTPyS binding/immunoprecipitation assay are described.