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Neurosciences

See below for a selection of the latest books from Neurosciences category. Presented with a red border are the Neurosciences books that have been lovingly read and reviewed by the experts at Lovereading. With expert reading recommendations made by people with a passion for books and some unique features Lovereading will help you find great Neurosciences books and those from many more genres to read that will keep you inspired and entertained. And it's all free!

Psychology of Eating

Psychology of Eating

The Psychology of Eating is the essential multi-disciplinary introduction to the psychology of eating, looking at the biological, genetic, developmental, and social determinants of how humans find and assimilate food. Thoroughly revised and updated, the new edition brings multi-faceted expertise to the topic of normal and dysfunctional food intake, juxtaposing normal eating, eating in environments of food scarcity, and the phenomenon of abnormal eating prevalent in many modern-day developed societies. Eating disorders are not a focus, but also emerge from, this approach. Key features include: A new expanded section considering the roles of business and government in creating and potentially solving the issue of abnormal eating Learning objectives, talking points, and end-of-chapter glossaries Chapter-by-chapter self-assessment questions. With questions of food production, food choice, and environmental sustainability becoming more critical in an increasingly populated world, this is crucial reading for undergraduate courses in Psychology and other disciplines with a holistic and critical thinking approach to the psychology of food intake.

Processes of Visuospatial Attention and Working Memory

Processes of Visuospatial Attention and Working Memory

Author: Timothy Hodgson Format: Hardback Release Date: 28/11/2019

This volume covers a broad range of current research topics addressing the function of visuospatial attention and working memory. It discusses a variety of perspectives ranging from evolutionary and genetic underpinnings to neural substrates/computational processes and the connection between attention and working memory. Contributions address the topic at the molecular, system and evolutionary scales and will be of interest to a range of audiences from animal behaviour specialists, experimental psychologists to clinicians in the field of psychiatry and neurology.

Application of Biomedical Engineering in Neuroscience

Application of Biomedical Engineering in Neuroscience

Author: Sudip Paul Format: Hardback Release Date: 27/11/2019

This book focuses on interdisciplinary research in the field of biomedical engineering and neuroscience. Biomedical engineering is a vast field, ranging from bioengineering to brain-computer interfaces. The book explores the system-level function and dysfunction of the nervous system from scientific and engineering perspectives. The initial sections introduce readers to the physiology of the brain, and to the biomedical tools needed for diagnostics and effective therapies for various neurodegenerative and regenerative disorders. In turn, the book summarizes the biomedical interventions that are used to understand the neural mechanisms underlying empathy disorders, and reviews recent advances in biomedical engineering for rehabilitation in connection with neurodevelopmental disorders and brain injuries. Lastly, the book discusses innovations in machine learning and artificial intelligence for computer-aided disease diagnosis and treatment, as well as applications of nanotechnology in therapeutic neurology.

Psychology of Eating

Psychology of Eating

The Psychology of Eating is the essential multi-disciplinary introduction to the psychology of eating, looking at the biological, genetic, developmental, and social determinants of how humans find and assimilate food. Thoroughly revised and updated, the new edition brings multi-faceted expertise to the topic of normal and dysfunctional food intake, juxtaposing normal eating, eating in environments of food scarcity, and the phenomenon of abnormal eating prevalent in many modern-day developed societies. Eating disorders are not a focus, but also emerge from, this approach. Key features include: A new expanded section considering the roles of business and government in creating and potentially solving the issue of abnormal eating Learning objectives, talking points, and end-of-chapter glossaries Chapter-by-chapter self-assessment questions. With questions of food production, food choice, and environmental sustainability becoming more critical in an increasingly populated world, this is crucial reading for undergraduate courses in Psychology and other disciplines with a holistic and critical thinking approach to the psychology of food intake.

The Brain in Context

The Brain in Context

Author: Jonathan D. Moreno, Jay Schulkin Format: Hardback Release Date: 26/11/2019

The human brain is the most complex object in the known universe. The field of neuroscience has made remarkable strides in recent years in understanding aspects of the brain, yet we still struggle with seemingly fundamental questions about how the brain works. What lessons can we learn from neuroscience's successes and failures? What kinds of questions can neuroscience answer, and what will remain out of reach? In The Brain in Context, the bioethicist Jonathan D. Moreno and the neuroscientist Jay Schulkin provide an accessible and thought-provoking account of the evolution of neuroscience and the neuroscience of evolution. They emphasize that the brain is not an isolated organ-it extends into every part of the body and every aspect of human life. Understanding the brain requires studying the environmental, biological, chemical, genetic, and social factors that continue to shape it. Moreno and Schulkin describe today's transformative devices, theories, and methods, including technologies like fMRI and optogenetics as well as massive whole-brain activity maps and the attempt to create a digital simulation of the brain. They show how theorizing about the brain and experimenting with it often go hand in hand, and they raise cautions about unintended consequences of technological interventions. The Brain in Context is a stimulating and even-handed assessment of the scope and limits of what we know about how we think.

Neural Interface: Frontiers and Applications

Neural Interface: Frontiers and Applications

Author: Xiaoxiang Zheng Format: Hardback Release Date: 25/11/2019

This book focuses on the frontiers of neural interface technology, including hardware, software, neural decoding and encoding, control systems, and system integration. It also discusses applications for neuroprosthetics, neural diseases and neurorobotics, and the toolkits for basic neuroscience. A neural interface establishes a direct communication channel with the central or peripheral nervous system (CNS or PNS), and enables the nervous system to interact directly with the external devices. Recent advances in neuroscience and engineering are speeding up neural interface technology, paving the way for assisting, augmenting, repairing or restoring sensorimotor and other cognitive functions impaired due to neurological disease or trauma, and so improving the quality of life of those affected. Neural interfaces are now being explored in applications as diverse as rehabilitation, accessibility, gaming, education, recreation, robotics and human enhancement. Neural interfaces also represent a powerful tool to address fundamental questions in neuroscience. Recent decades have witnessed tremendous advances in the field, with a huge impact not only in the development of neuroprosthetics, but also in our basic understanding of brain function. Neural interface technology can be seen as a bridge across the traditional engineering and basic neuroscience. This book provides researchers, graduate and upper undergraduate students from a wide range of disciplines with a cutting-edge and comprehensive summary of neural interface engineering research.

Electroreception: Fundamental Insights from Comparative Approaches

Electroreception: Fundamental Insights from Comparative Approaches

Author: Bruce A. Carlson Format: Hardback Release Date: 22/11/2019

A fundamental goal of neuroscience is to understand how the nervous system extracts biologically relevant information from the natural environment and how it uses that information to guide and coordinate behavior necessary for reproduction and survival. The electrosensory systems of weakly electric teleost fishes and those of nonteleost fishes are attractive systems for addressing basic questions about neuronal information processing and its relationship to natural behavior. Comparative approaches in these fishes have led to the identification of fundamental mechanisms that have shaped the adaptive evolution of sensory systems across animal taxa. Understanding how sensory systems encode and integrate information about the natural world has far reaching implications for advancing our knowledge in the basic biomedical sciences and in understanding how the nervous system has evolved to control behavior. The primary goal of this book is to provide a comparative perspective on the topic of electroreception and review some of the fundamental insights gained from studies of electrosensory and electromotor systems. Although totally independent, this book follows from volume 21 in the Springer Handbook of Auditory Research series, Electroreception (Bullock, T. H., Hopkins, C. D., Popper, A. N., and Fay, R. R., 2005, Springer-Verlag, New York).

How Language Began

How Language Began

Author: Daniel L. (Bentley University) Everett Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 22/11/2019

At the time of its publication, How Language Began received high acclaim for capturing the fascinating history of mankind's most incredible creation. Deemed a bombshell linguist and instant folk hero by Tom Wolfe (Harper's), Daniel L. Everett posits that the near- 7,000 languages that exist today are not only the product of one million years of evolution but also have allowed us to become Earth's apex predator. Tracing 60,000 generations, Everett debunks long- held theories across a spectrum of disciplines to affi rm the idea that we are not born with an instinct for language. Woven with anecdotes of his nearly forty years of fi eldwork amongst Amazonian hunter- gatherers, this is a completely enthralling (Spectator) exploration of our humanity and a landmark study of what makes us human. [An] ambitious text. . . . Everett's amiable tone, and especially his captivating anecdotes . . . , will help the neophyte along. - New York Times Book Review

Brain Glycogen Metabolism

Brain Glycogen Metabolism

Author: Mauro DiNuzzo Format: Hardback Release Date: 20/11/2019

This book aims to provide a state-of-the-art summary of what is currently known about brain glycogen metabolism, detailing the recent advances in our understanding of why glycogen is so critical for normal brain function. The role of glycogen in cellular neurophysiology remains largely unclear and its specific contribution to the energy demand of brain cells is still elusive.Glycogen is the sole cerebral glucose reserve and is emerging as a fundamental component of brain energy metabolism. Pharmacological or genetic manipulation of glycogen metabolism in the brain impairs memory formation and increases susceptibility to epileptic seizures and cortical spreading depression. Glycogen is also directly implicated in abnormal neuronal excitability and mental retardation that characterize brain disorders like Lafora disease and Pompe disease.

Pattern Analysis of the Human Connectome

Pattern Analysis of the Human Connectome

Author: Dewen Hu, Ling-Li Zeng Format: Hardback Release Date: 20/11/2019

This book presents recent advances in pattern analysis of the human connectome. The human connectome, measured by magnetic resonance imaging at the macroscale, provides a comprehensive description of how brain regions are connected. Based on machine learning methods, multiviarate pattern analysis can directly decode psychological or cognitive states from brain connectivity patterns. Although there are a number of works with chapters on conventional human connectome encoding (brain-mapping), there are few resources on human connectome decoding (brain-reading). Focusing mainly on advances made over the past decade in the field of manifold learning, sparse coding, multi-task learning, and deep learning of the human connectome and applications, this book helps students and researchers gain an overall picture of pattern analysis of the human connectome. It also offers valuable insights for clinicians involved in the clinical diagnosis and treatment evaluation of neuropsychiatric disorders.

Compendium Of In Vivo Monitoring In Real-time Molecular Neuroscience - Volume 3: Probing Brain Function, Disease And Injury With Enhanced Optical And Electrochemical Sensors

Compendium Of In Vivo Monitoring In Real-time Molecular Neuroscience - Volume 3: Probing Brain Function, Disease And Injury With Enhanced Optical And Electrochemical Sensors

Author: George S (Univ Of Kansas, Usa) Wilson Format: Hardback Release Date: 19/11/2019

This book is the third in a series entitled, Compendium of In-Vivo Monitoring in Real-time Molecular Neuroscience. Its purpose is to provide a cross-section of research addressing monitoring in the rodent, and in some cases, the human brain.Detailed understanding of the neurobiology of the brain is demanding and involves increasingly wider scope of talent ranging from physicists, neurobiologists, chemists, molecular biologists and bioengineers. Coming from varied backgrounds, they do not necessarily understand how to formulate functional issues in a mutually understandable way. This aim of this book is to provide information which can serve as a starting point for understanding such a complex topic.The authors provide 'tutorial' writing for specialists, as well as material understandable to a wide audience including neuroscientists, those interested in drug discovery, and those using such measurements for diagnosis purposes.

Neurotoxicity of Aluminum

Neurotoxicity of Aluminum

Author: Qiao Niu Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 15/11/2019

This book reviews the scientific literature and the authors' own research linking aluminum neurotoxicity with cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's disease (AD). It focuses on aluminum levels in the brain, region-specific and subcellular distribution, and its relation to neurofibrillary tangles and amyloid beta. Further, the book stresses the importance of aluminum's complex speciation chemistry in relation to biology, and details aluminum's mechanism in oxidative stress and cell death, especially in connection with apoptosis and necroptosis. The electrophysiological variation and synaptic plasticity induced by aluminum are covered, while the metal's debatable role in AD and the cross-talk between aluminum and genetic susceptibility are also discussed. In closing, the book reviews the neurotoxic effects of aluminum and its important role in the pathogenesis of AD. Given its depth of coverage, the book provides readers with a systematic summary of aluminum neurotoxicity.