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Neurosciences

See below for a selection of the latest books from Neurosciences category. Presented with a red border are the Neurosciences books that have been lovingly read and reviewed by the experts at Lovereading. With expert reading recommendations made by people with a passion for books and some unique features Lovereading will help you find great Neurosciences books and those from many more genres to read that will keep you inspired and entertained. And it's all free!

Neurosecretion: Secretory Mechanisms

Neurosecretion: Secretory Mechanisms

Author: Jose Lemos Format: Hardback Release Date: 28/12/2019

How do electrical activity and calcium signals in neurons influence the secretion of peptide hormones? This volume presents the current state of knowledge regarding the electrical, calcium signaling and synaptic properties of neuroendocrine systems from both vertebrate and invertebrate systems. The contributions span in vivo and in vitro studies that address: state-dependent plasticity, relevance of firing patterns, membrane properties, calcium flux (including dynamic imaging and homeostasis), and molecular mechanisms of exocytosis, including from non-neuronal secretory cells. The chapters focus not only on research results but also on how experiments are conducted using state-of-the-art techniques, and how the resulting data are interpreted. While there are many books on the secretory properties of neurons, this is the first to focus on the distinctive secretory properties of neuroendocrine neurons. Accordingly, it offers an important text for undergraduate and graduate neuroscience students, and will also appeal to established scientists and postdoctoral fellows. This is the eighth volume in the Masterclass in Neuroendocrinology Series- now a co-publication between Springer-Nature and the INF (International NeuroendocrineFederation).

A Brain for Numbers The Biology of the Number Instinct

A Brain for Numbers The Biology of the Number Instinct

Author: Andreas (Professor of Animal Physiology, University of Tubingen) Nieder Format: Hardback Release Date: 17/12/2019

How our intuitive understanding of numbers is deeply rooted in our biology, traceable through both evolution and development. Humans' understanding of numbers is intuitive. Infants are able to estimate and calculate even before they learn the words for numbers. How have we come to possess this talent for numbers? In A Brain for Numbers, Andreas Nieder explains how our brains process numbers. He reports that numerical competency is deeply rooted in our biological ancestry; it can be traced through both the evolution of our species and the development of our individual minds. It is not, as it has been traditionally explained, based on our ability to use language. We owe our symbolic mathematical skills to the nonsymbolic numerical abilities that we inherited from our ancestors. The principles of mathematics, Nieder tells us, are reflections of the innate dispositions wired into the brain. Nieder explores how the workings of the brain give rise to numerical competence, tracing flair for numbers to dedicated number neurons in the brain. Drawing on a range of methods including brain imaging techniques, behavioral experiments, and twin studies, he outlines a new, integrated understanding of the talent for numbers. Along the way, he compares the numerical capabilities of humans and animals, and discusses the benefits animals reap from such a capability. He shows how the neurobiological roots of the brain's nonverbal quantification capacity are the evolutionary foundation of more elaborate numerical skills. He discusses how number signs and symbols are represented in the brain; calculation capability and the neuromythology of mathematical genius; the start-up tools for counting and developmental of dyscalculia (a number disorder analogous to the reading disorder dyslexia); and how the brain processes the abstract concept of zero.

How Language Began The Story of Humanity's Greatest Invention

How Language Began The Story of Humanity's Greatest Invention

Author: Daniel L. (Bentley University) Everett Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 17/12/2019

At the time of its publication, How Language Began received high acclaim for capturing the fascinating history of mankind's most incredible creation. Deemed a bombshell linguist and instant folk hero by Tom Wolfe (Harper's), Daniel L. Everett posits that the near- 7,000 languages that exist today are not only the product of one million years of evolution but also have allowed us to become Earth's apex predator. Tracing 60,000 generations, Everett debunks long- held theories across a spectrum of disciplines to affi rm the idea that we are not born with an instinct for language. Woven with anecdotes of his nearly forty years of fi eldwork amongst Amazonian hunter- gatherers, this is a completely enthralling (Spectator) exploration of our humanity and a landmark study of what makes us human. [An] ambitious text. . . . Everett's amiable tone, and especially his captivating anecdotes . . . , will help the neophyte along. - New York Times Book Review

Insights into Human Neurodegeneration: Lessons Learnt from Drosophila

Insights into Human Neurodegeneration: Lessons Learnt from Drosophila

Author: Mousumi Mutsuddi Format: Hardback Release Date: 10/12/2019

This book is aimed at generating an updated reservoir of scientific endeavors undertaken to unravel the complicated yet intriguing topic of neurodegeneration. Scientists from Europe, USA and India who are experts in the field of neurodegenerative diseases have contributed to this book. This book will help readers gain insight into the recent knowledge obtained from Drosophila model, in understanding the molecular mechanisms underlying neurodegenerative disorders and also unravel novel scopes for therapeutic interventions. Different methodologies available to create humanized fly models that faithfully reflects the pathogenicities associated with particular disorders have been described here. It also includes information on the exciting area of neural stem cells. A brief discussion on neurofibrillary tangles, precedes the elaborate description of lessons learnt from Drosophila about Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, Spinomuscular Atrophy, Huntington's diseases, RNA expansion disorders and Hereditary Spastic Paraplegia. We have concluded the book with the use of Drosophila for identifying pharmacological therapies for neurodegenerative disorders. The wide range of topics covered here will not only be relevant for beginners who are new to the concept of the extensive utility of Drosophila as a model to study human disorders; but will also be an important contribution to the scientific community, with an insight into the paradigm shift in our understanding of neurodegenerative disorders. Completed with informative tables and communicative illustrations this book will keep the readers glued and intrigued. We have comprehensively anthologized the lessons learnt on neurodegeneration from Drosophila and have thus provided an insight into the multidimensional aspects of pathogenicities of majority of the neurodegenerative disorders.

The Evolutionary Road to Human Memory

The Evolutionary Road to Human Memory

We tend to think about memory in terms of the human experience, neglecting the fact that we can trace a direct line of descent from the earliest vertebrates to modern humans. But the evolutionary history that we share with other vertebrates has left a mark on modern memory, complemented by unique forms of memory that emerged in humans. This book tells an intriguing story about how evolution shaped human memory. It explains how a series of now-extinct ancestral species adapted to life in their world, in their time and place. As they did, new brain areas appeared, each of which supported an innovative form of memory that helped them gain an advantage in life. Through inheritance and modification across millions of years, these evolutionary developments created several kinds of memory that influence the human mind today. Then, during human evolution, yet another new kind of memory emerged: about ourselves and others. This evolutionary innovation ignited human imagination; empowered us to remember and talk about a personal past; and enabled the sharing of knowledge about our world, our culture, and ourselves. Through these developments, our long journey along the evolutionary road to human memory made it possible for every individual, day upon day, to add new pages to the story of a life: the remarkably rich record of experiences and knowledge that make up a human mind. Written in an engaging and accessible style, The Evolutionary Road to Human Memory will be enjoyable reading for anyone interested in the human mind.

Imagination The Science of Your Mind's Greatest Power

Imagination The Science of Your Mind's Greatest Power

Author: Jim Davies Format: Hardback Release Date: 03/12/2019

Neuroimaging Sensing Biochemistry in the Brain

Neuroimaging Sensing Biochemistry in the Brain

Author: Patricia Broderick Format: Hardback Release Date: 30/11/2019

This imaging textbook covers in detail the beginning of neuromolecular imaging from in vivo electrochemistry. It discusses how neuromolecular imaging solved the persistent problem of electrocatalysis with empirical recording with the new imaging nanotechnology and circuits designed by the author. The BRODERICK PROBE (R) nanobiosensor is smaller than one strand of human hair, does not scar, and does not produce bacterial growth. These properties of the nanobiosensor have been validated by pathologists and immunologists from New York University clinical and preclinical departments. The book details this specialized sensor's success in clinical and research settings, the biomedical engineering involved in its manufacture, and original, tried, and trusted protocols for use by scientists and practitioners in multiple fields of brain application and sensor design.

Biological, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Advances in Alzheimer's Disease Non-Pharmacological Therapies for Alzheimer's Disease

Biological, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Advances in Alzheimer's Disease Non-Pharmacological Therapies for Alzheimer's Disease

Author: Ghulam Md Ashraf Format: Hardback Release Date: 29/11/2019

This book discusses the latest research into the highly prevalent neurodevelopmental disease most commonly associated with aging: Alzheimer's disease (AD). Even after years of research, Alzheimer's disease is still far from being cured. It presents a range of common symptoms in the form of behavioral and cognitive impairments. This book describes the symptoms and the biology behind them. The contents covers latest findings on the genetics involved and various factors and pathways influencing disease development. It also covers various non-pharmacological therapies like immunotherapy, use of natural products, and employing nanotechnology in both the detection and treatment of AD. This book also highlights the role of diet and nutrition in healthy aging. Given its scope, it offers a valuable asset for researchers and clinicians alike.

The Student's Guide to Cognitive Neuroscience

The Student's Guide to Cognitive Neuroscience

Author: Jamie (University of Sussex, UK) Ward Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 27/11/2019

Reflecting recent changes in the way cognition and the brain are studied, this thoroughly updated fourth edition of this bestselling textbook provides a comprehensive and student-friendly guide to cognitive neuroscience. Jamie Ward provides an easy-to-follow introduction to neural structure and function, as well as all the key methods and procedures of cognitive neuroscience, with a view to helping students understand how they can be used to shed light on the neural basis of cognition. The book presents a comprehensive overview of the latest theories and findings in all the key topics in cognitive neuroscience, including vision, hearing, attention, memory, speech and language, numeracy, executive function, social and emotional behavior and developmental neuroscience. Throughout, case studies, newspaper reports, everyday examples and student-friendly pedagogy are used to help students understand the more challenging ideas that underpin the subject. New to this edition: Increased focus on the impact of genetics on cognition New coverage of the cutting-edge field of connectomics Coverage of the latest research tools including tES and fNIRS and new methodologies such as multi-voxel pattern analysis in fMRI research Additional content is also included on network versus modular approaches, brain mechanisms of hand-eye coordination, neurobiological models of speech perception and production, and recent models of anterior cingulate function. Written in an engaging style by a leading researcher in the field and presented in full-color including numerous illustrative materials, this book will be invaluable as a core text for undergraduate modules in cognitive neuroscience. It can also be used as a key text on courses in cognition, cognitive neuropsychology, biopsychology or brain and behavior. Those embarking on research will find it an invaluable starting point and reference. This textbook is supported by an extensive companion website for students and instructors, including lectures by leading researchers, links to key studies and interviews, interactive multiple-choice questions, and flash cards of key terms.

The Student's Guide to Cognitive Neuroscience

The Student's Guide to Cognitive Neuroscience

Author: Jamie (University of Sussex, UK) Ward Format: Hardback Release Date: 27/11/2019

Reflecting recent changes in the way cognition and the brain are studied, this thoroughly updated fourth edition of this bestselling textbook provides a comprehensive and student-friendly guide to cognitive neuroscience. Jamie Ward provides an easy-to-follow introduction to neural structure and function, as well as all the key methods and procedures of cognitive neuroscience, with a view to helping students understand how they can be used to shed light on the neural basis of cognition. The book presents a comprehensive overview of the latest theories and findings in all the key topics in cognitive neuroscience, including vision, hearing, attention, memory, speech and language, numeracy, executive function, social and emotional behavior and developmental neuroscience. Throughout, case studies, newspaper reports, everyday examples and student-friendly pedagogy are used to help students understand the more challenging ideas that underpin the subject. New to this edition: Increased focus on the impact of genetics on cognition New coverage of the cutting-edge field of connectomics Coverage of the latest research tools including tES and fNIRS and new methodologies such as multi-voxel pattern analysis in fMRI research Additional content is also included on network versus modular approaches, brain mechanisms of hand-eye coordination, neurobiological models of speech perception and production, and recent models of anterior cingulate function. Written in an engaging style by a leading researcher in the field and presented in full-color including numerous illustrative materials, this book will be invaluable as a core text for undergraduate modules in cognitive neuroscience. It can also be used as a key text on courses in cognition, cognitive neuropsychology, biopsychology or brain and behavior. Those embarking on research will find it an invaluable starting point and reference. This textbook is supported by an extensive companion website for students and instructors, including lectures by leading researchers, links to key studies and interviews, interactive multiple-choice questions, and flash cards of key terms.

Psychology of Eating Fromn Biology to Culture to Policy

Psychology of Eating Fromn Biology to Culture to Policy

Author: Emily (Flagler College, Florida, USA) Splane, Neil (University of Florida, USA) Rowland Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 22/11/2019

The Psychology of Eating is the essential multi-disciplinary introduction to the psychology of eating, looking at the biological, genetic, developmental and social determinants of how humans find and assimilate food. Thoroughly revised and updated, the new edition brings multi-faceted expertise to the topic of normal and dysfunctional food intake, juxtaposing `normal' eating, eating in environments of food scarcity, and the phenomenon of `abnormal' eating prevalent in many modern-day developed societies. Eating disorders are not a focus, but also emerge from, this approach. Key features include: A new expanded section considering the roles of business and government in creating and potentially solving the issue of `abnormal' eating Learning objectives, talking points and end-of-chapter glossaries Chapter-by-chapter self-assessment questions. With questions of food production, food choice, and environmental sustainability becoming more critical in an increasingly populated world, this is crucial reading for undergraduate courses in Psychology and other disciplines with a holistic and critical thinking approach to the psychology of food intake.