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From December 1985 through March 1986 the text of this book formed the basis of an in-hours course taught by the author at Harry Diamond Laborato ries. Considerable assistance in revising and organizing the first draft was given by John Bruno. The original draft of these notes was based on a collection of lectures delivered at the Universidade Federal de Pernambuco, Recife, Brazil, between 2 November 1981 and 2 December 1981. The visit to Recife was a response to an invi tation of Professor Gilberto F. de Sa of the Physics Department. In the preparation of these notes I made many requests of my coworkers for earlier resul ts and recollections of our early work. Among those consul ted were Donald Wortman, Nick Karayianis, and Richard Leavitt. Further, a number of .suggestions from my Brazilian colleagues helped make the lectures more clear. Particular among these were Professor Oscar Malta and Professor Alfredo A. da Gama both of whom I wish to thank for their help. Encouragement and assistance with funding for much of this work came from Leon Esterowitz of the Naval Research Laboratory and Rudolph Buser and Albert Pinto of the center for Night Vision and Electro-Optics.
Conjugated polymers suoh as polyaoetylene (CH)x polyphenylene (C6H4)x' poly thiophene (C4H2S)x' etc. , which are insulators in their pristine state, can be brought to the metallic state after doping with ohemioal speoies whioh oan be either eleotron donors or I aoceptors. . This doping prooess involves a oharge transfer between the dopant moleoule and the polymer ohain whioh are then supposed to be spatially olose to each other. It follows that the meohanism of doping must be oonsidered as an aotual interoalation process, which will greatly affeot the struotural oharacteristios of the starting material, as well as its morphology, as has been observed during the 2 intercalation of graphite and layered compounds . In parallel with these modifioations, the band struoture of the system changes yielding a new set of eleotronio properties. It is evident therefore that the struotural and eleotronio properties are intimately related, and must be studied simultaneously in the same system to give reliable information. A great number of studies have been devoted to the structural and electronic properties of conjugated polymers after a chemical or 2 electrochemical doping process . Most of these concern the properties of the system for a given dopant concentration. With this approach a universal pioture of the polymer/dopant system is very diffioult to obtain, as a comparison between different experiments is very hazardous. On the other hand, only a small number of measurements have been performed during the continuous electroohemioal doping of various polymers.
More and more possible applications of organometallic compounds in organic synthesis have been uncovered and a growing number of scientists are attracted to this area of research. This book presents an state-of-the-art account of the successful application of main- and transition metal mediated syntheses. It will stimulate new ideas and initiate further research in all areas of this fascinating chemistry.
Dieses Lehrbuch wendet sich an Studenten der Physik, der Naturwissenschaften oder der Elektrotechnik ab 3. Semester. Die Atomphysik und die dazugehorige Quantenphysik bilden die Grundlage fur viele moderne Gebiete der Physik, der Chemie, Biologie wie auch der Elektrotechnik. Es fuhrt sorgfaltig und leicht verstandlich in die Ergebnisse und Methoden der empirischen Atomphysik ein. Gleichzeitig wird dem Leser das Rustzeug der Quantentheorie vermittelt, wobei die Wechselwirkung zwischen Experiment und Theorie besonders herausgearbeitet wird. Die Autoren haben die neuesten Resultate mit berucksichtigt und behandeln insbesondere auch die fur Grundlagenforschung und Anwendung gleichermassen wichtige Laserphysik und nichtlineare Spektroskopie. Verbesserungen und Erganzungen in der vorliegenden 3. Auflage beziehen sich u.a. auf die Behandlung der relativistischen Klein-Gordon und Dirac-Gleichungen, eine theoretische Ableitung der Lamb-Verschiebung, neue Entwicklungen in der Spektroskopie innerer Schalen, neue Anwendungen der NMR-Spektroskopie, z.B. Tomographie. Ausserdem enthalt diese Auflage eine grosse Anzahl von Ubungsaufgaben einschliesslich der Losungen zur Vertiefung und zum Selbststudium.
The Seventh International Symposium on the Photochemistry and Photo- physics of Coordination Compounds was held in the charming Schlo~ Elmau lying in a hidden valley of the Bavarian Alps above Garmisch- Partenkirchen, Federal Republic of Germany, from March 29 to April 2, 1987. About ninety participants from seventeen countries including about thirty non-European scientists as far away as Japan and Australia came together for this symposium. Forty-five oral and twenty-five poster contributions were presented. These presentations and the opportunity for many formal and informal discussions stimulated an intense scienti- fic interaction between the participants. This meeting followed previous symposia held in Muhlheim 1974 (Koerner von Gustorf), Ferrara 1976 (Carassiti, Scandola), Koln 1978 (Wasgestian), Montreal 1980 (Serpone), Paris 1982 (Gianotti) and London 1984 (Harriman). The main fields covered by this 7th Symposium were photo-redox processes, organometallic photochemistry, and properties of metal centered excited states. Furthermore, special complexes such as 2+ [Ru(bpy)3] and related compounds as well as Cr(III)-complexes were discussed extensively. Moreover, a series of potential applications such as solar energy conversion and storage (e.g. water splitting) and photoresist technology were important subjects of this meeting. Thus, it was shown again that the rapidly expanding field of excited-state chemistry and physics of coordination compounds has become an important part of inorganic chemistry.
THE COLEMAN SYMPOSIUM This collection of papers is dedicated to Albert John Coleman for his enthusiastic devotion to teaching and research and his many scientific accomplishments. John was born in Toronto on May 20, 1918 and 21 years later graduated from the University of Toronto in mathematics. Along the way he teamed up with Irving Kaplansky and Nathan Mendelson to win the first William Lowell Putnam Mathematical Competition in 1938. He earned his M.A. at Princeton in 1942 and then his Ph.D. at Toronto in 1943 in relativistic quantum mechanics under the direction of Leopold Infeld. During this period he was secretary of the Student Christian Movement in Toronto. Later, in 1945, he became traveling secretary of the World's Student Christian Federation in Geneva and in this capacity visited some 100 universities in 20 countries in the next four years. He spent the 50's as a member of the faculty at the University of Toronto and for 20 years, starting in 1960, he served as Dupuis Professor of Mathematics and Head of the Department at Queen's University. Since 1983 he has been Professor Emeritus at Queen's.