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Medical physics

See below for a selection of the latest books from Medical physics category. Presented with a red border are the Medical physics books that have been lovingly read and reviewed by the experts at Lovereading. With expert reading recommendations made by people with a passion for books and some unique features Lovereading will help you find great Medical physics books and those from many more genres to read that will keep you inspired and entertained. And it's all free!

Introduction to Physics in Modern Medicine

Introduction to Physics in Modern Medicine

Author: Suzanne Amador (Haverford College, Pennsylvania, USA) Kane, Boris A. Gelman Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 03/03/2020

From x-rays to lasers to magnetic resonance imaging, developments in basic physics research have been transformed into medical technologies for imaging, surgery and therapy at an ever-accelerating pace. Physics has joined with genetics and molecular biology to define much of what is modern in modern medicine and allied health. Covering a wide range of applications, Introduction to Physics in Modern Medicine, Third Edition builds further on the bestselling second edition. Based on the courses taught by the authors, the book provides medical personnel and students with an exploration of the physics-related applications found in state-of-the-art medical centers. Requiring no previous acquaintance with physics, biology, or chemistry and keeping mathematics to a minimum, the application-dedicated chapters adhere to simple and self-contained qualitative explanations that make use of examples, illustrations, clinical applications, sample calculations, and exercises. With an enhanced emphasis on digital imaging and computers in medicine, the text gives readers a fundamental understanding of the practical application of each concept and the basic science behind it. This book provides medical students with an excellent introduction to how physics is applied in medicine, while also providing students in physics with an introduction to medical physics. Each chapter includes worked examples and a complete list of problems and questions. That so much of the technology discussed in this book was the stuff of dreams just a few years ago, makes this book as fascinating as it is practical, both for those in medicine as well as those in physics who might one day discover that the project they are working on is the basis for the next great medical application. Features: * Introduces state-of-the art and emerging medical technologies such as optical coherence tomography, x-ray phase contrast imaging, and ultrasound-mediated drug delivery * Covers hybrid scanners for cancer imaging and the interplay of molecular medicine with MRI, CT and PET in addition to intensity-modulated radiation therapy and new forms of cancer treatments such as proton and heavy-ion therapies * Offers an enhanced emphasis on digital imaging and dosimetry including recent innovations in the pixel-array x-ray detectors, ultrasound matrix transducers and direct-ion storage dosimeters

Introduction to Physics in Modern Medicine

Introduction to Physics in Modern Medicine

Author: Suzanne Amador (Haverford College, Pennsylvania, USA) Kane, Boris Gelman Format: Hardback Release Date: 03/03/2020

From x-rays to lasers to magnetic resonance imaging, developments in basic physics research have been transformed into medical technologies for imaging, surgery and therapy at an ever-accelerating pace. Physics has joined with genetics and molecular biology to define much of what is modern in modern medicine and allied health. Covering a wide range of applications, Introduction to Physics in Modern Medicine, Third Edition builds further on the bestselling second edition. Based on the courses taught by the authors, the book provides medical personnel and students with an exploration of the physics-related applications found in state-of-the-art medical centers. Requiring no previous acquaintance with physics, biology, or chemistry and keeping mathematics to a minimum, the application-dedicated chapters adhere to simple and self-contained qualitative explanations that make use of examples, illustrations, clinical applications, sample calculations, and exercises. With an enhanced emphasis on digital imaging and computers in medicine, the text gives readers a fundamental understanding of the practical application of each concept and the basic science behind it. This book provides medical students with an excellent introduction to how physics is applied in medicine, while also providing students in physics with an introduction to medical physics. Each chapter includes worked examples and a complete list of problems and questions. That so much of the technology discussed in this book was the stuff of dreams just a few years ago, makes this book as fascinating as it is practical, both for those in medicine as well as those in physics who might one day discover that the project they are working on is the basis for the next great medical application. Features: * Introduces state-of-the art and emerging medical technologies such as optical coherence tomography, x-ray phase contrast imaging, and ultrasound-mediated drug delivery * Covers hybrid scanners for cancer imaging and the interplay of molecular medicine with MRI, CT and PET in addition to intensity-modulated radiation therapy and new forms of cancer treatments such as proton and heavy-ion therapies * Offers an enhanced emphasis on digital imaging and dosimetry including recent innovations in the pixel-array x-ray detectors, ultrasound matrix transducers and direct-ion storage dosimeters

Understanding Radiation Biology From DNA Damage to Cancer and Radiation Risk

Understanding Radiation Biology From DNA Damage to Cancer and Radiation Risk

Author: Kenneth Chadwick Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 11/12/2019

This book provides a qualitative and quantitative exploration of the action of radiation on living matter which leads to a complete and coherent interpretation of radiation biology. It takes readers from radiation-induced molecular damage in the nucleus of the cell and links this damage to cellular effects such as cell killing, chromosome aberrations and mutations before exploring organ damage, organism lethality and cancer induction. It also deals with radiological protection concepts and the difficulties of predicting the dose-effect relationship for low-dose and dose rate radiation risk. The book ends with separate chapters dealing with the effects of UV light exposure and risk classification of chemical mutagens, both of which are derived by logical extensions of the radiation model. This book will provide the basic foundations of radiation biology for undergraduate and graduate students in medical physics, biomedical engineering, radiological protection, medicine, radiology and radiography. Features Presents a comprehensive insight into radiation action on living matter Contains important implications for radiological protection and regulations Provides analytical methods for applications in radiotherapy

Understanding Radiation Biology From DNA Damage to Cancer and Radiation Risk

Understanding Radiation Biology From DNA Damage to Cancer and Radiation Risk

Author: Kenneth Chadwick Format: Hardback Release Date: 06/12/2019

This book provides a qualitative and quantitative exploration of the action of radiation on living matter which leads to a complete and coherent interpretation of radiation biology. It takes readers from radiation-induced molecular damage in the nucleus of the cell and links this damage to cellular effects such as cell killing, chromosome aberrations and mutations before exploring organ damage, organism lethality and cancer induction. It also deals with radiological protection concepts and the difficulties of predicting the dose-effect relationship for low-dose and dose rate radiation risk. The book ends with separate chapters dealing with the effects of UV light exposure and risk classification of chemical mutagens, both of which are derived by logical extensions of the radiation model. This book will provide the basic foundations of radiation biology for undergraduate and graduate students in medical physics, biomedical engineering, radiological protection, medicine, radiology and radiography. Features Presents a comprehensive insight into radiation action on living matter Contains important implications for radiological protection and regulations Provides analytical methods for applications in radiotherapy

Artificial Intelligence in Medical Imaging From Theory to Clinical Practice

Artificial Intelligence in Medical Imaging From Theory to Clinical Practice

Author: Lia Morra, Silvia Delsanto, Loredana Correale Format: Hardback Release Date: 02/12/2019

This book, written by authors with more than a decade of experience in the design and development of artificial intelligence (AI) systems in medical imaging, will guide readers in the understanding of one of the most exciting fields today. After an introductory description of classical machine learning techniques, the fundamentals of deep learning are explained in a simple yet comprehensive manner. The book then proceeds with a historical perspective of how medical AI developed in time, detailing which applications triumphed and which failed, from the era of computer aided detection systems on to the current cutting-edge applications in deep learning today, which are starting to exhibit on-par performance with clinical experts. In the last section, the book offers a view on the complexity of the validation of artificial intelligence applications for commercial use, describing the recently introduced concept of software as a medical device, as well as good practices and relevant considerations for training and testing machine learning systems for medical use. Open problematics on the validation for public use of systems which by nature continuously evolve through new data is also explored. The book will be of interest to graduate students in medical physics, biomedical engineering and computer science, in addition to researchers and medical professionals operating in the medical imaging domain, who wish to better understand these technologies and the future of the field. Features: An accessible yet detailed overview of the field Explores a hot and growing topic Provides an interdisciplinary perspective

Tissue Optics, Light Scattering Methods and Instruments for Medical Diagnosis

Tissue Optics, Light Scattering Methods and Instruments for Medical Diagnosis

Author: Valery V. Tuchin Format: Hardback Release Date: 11/11/2019

This third edition of the biomedical optics classic Tissue Optics covers the continued intensive growth in tissue optics-in particular, the field of tissue diagnostics and imaging-that has occurred since 2007. As in the first two editions, Part I describes fundamentals and basic research, and Part II presents instrumentation and medical applications. However, for the reader's convenience, this third edition has been reorganized into 14 chapters instead of 9. The chapters covering optical coherence tomography, digital holography and interferometry, controlling optical properties of tissues, nonlinear spectroscopy, and imaging have all been substantially updated. The book is intended for researchers, teachers, and graduate and undergraduate students specializing in the physics of living systems, biomedical optics and biophotonics, laser biophysics, and applications of lasers in biomedicine. It can also be used as a textbook for courses in medical physics, medical engineering, and medical biology.

A Century of Radiation and Medical Physics at New York's Memorial Hospital

A Century of Radiation and Medical Physics at New York's Memorial Hospital

Author: Judith Groch, John Laughlin, Jean St Germain, Clifton Ling Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 07/11/2019

Since the early 1910s, the staff of Memorial Hospital in New York has been deeply involved in the development and application of radiation to treat cancer. This book chronicles the activities and contributions of the hospital's medical physics staff from 1910-2010. Memorial Hospital's medical physics pioneers included the likes of Gioacchino Failla and Edith Quimby, while the modern eras were led by John Laughlin and Clifton Ling.

Medical Imaging Methods Recent Trends

Medical Imaging Methods Recent Trends

Author: Ashutosh Kumar Shukla Format: Hardback Release Date: 25/10/2019

This book provides insights into current radiology practices in diagnostic imaging, discussing specific features of individual imaging techniques, such as sensitivity, specificity and accuracy and signal-to-noise ratio. It includes chapters on various established imaging methods as well as emerging methods such as EPR imaging, and their applications in the diagnosis of skin cancer, brain tumors, oral diseases and kidney cysts. Adopting a bottom-up approach and presenting the recent trends in a simple manner with the help of examples, the book appeals to a wide audience, including academics, researchers, medical and nursing students, as well as healthcare professionals in the field of imaging and radiology.

Nanomedicine A Soft Matter Perspective

Nanomedicine A Soft Matter Perspective

Author: Dipanjan Pan Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 23/10/2019

The unprecedented potential of nanotechnology for early detection, diagnosis, and personalized treatment of diseases has found application in every biomedical imaging modality. However, with the increasing concern about the ethical and toxicity issues associated with some nanoplatforms, biomedical researchers are in pursuit of safer, more precise, and effective ways to practice nanomedicine. Designed and written to be accessible to anyone, with or without previous knowledge of nanotechnology, Nanomedicine: A Soft Matter Perspective takes a balanced look at potential pitfalls and challenges faced by the field and how they can be translated into nonomedicine technologies. A multidisciplinary and fast-evolving research area, nanomedicine presents new clinically relevant promises grounded in the disciplines of molecular biology, genomics, chemistry, and nanotechnology. Nanoparticle-based theranostic approaches have emerged as an interdisciplinary area, which shows promise to understand the components, processes, dynamics, and therapies of a disease at a molecular level. This book discusses some of the unique opportunities presented by biomaterials at the nanoscale. The book provides a broad introduction to the areas of nanomedicinal application with an emphasis on imaging and therapeutics. It covers soft nanoscopic objects with prerequisite features for different imaging modalities with a potential for image-guided drug delivery. The book also offers a general introduction to the various drug delivery systems and their opportunities from chemistry, materials, biology, and nanomedical standpoints. The chapters provide a comprehensive introduction to the field and the subfield, with a deeper discussion on the individual modalities for molecular imaging and their present status of clinical translation.

Stereotactic Radiosurgery and Radiotherapy Physics and Techniques

Stereotactic Radiosurgery and Radiotherapy Physics and Techniques

Author: Paul Ravindran Format: Hardback Release Date: 05/08/2019

This book provides a complete reference on the physics and techniques of stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) and stereotactic radiotherapy (SRT). It also details procedures used in neurosurgery and radiation oncology. The book covers the technological advancements in stereotactic radiosurgery and radiation therapy, dosimetry requirements, treatment planning techniques, and quality assurance methods. Unlike other books, this book starts from the basics and explains each step in SRS, SRT, and SBRT. Each chapter contains a short summary emphasizing the chapter's salient features.

Radiomics and Radiogenomics Technical Basis and Clinical Applications

Radiomics and Radiogenomics Technical Basis and Clinical Applications

Author: Ruijiang (Stanford University, USA) Li Format: Hardback Release Date: 26/06/2019

Radiomics and Radiogenomics: Technical Basis and Clinical Applications provides a first summary of the overlapping fields of radiomics and radiogenomics, showcasing how they are being used to evaluate disease characteristics and correlate with treatment response and patient prognosis. It explains the fundamental principles, technical bases, and clinical applications with a focus on oncology. The book's expert authors present computational approaches for extracting imaging features that help to detect and characterize disease tissues for improving diagnosis, prognosis, and evaluation of therapy response. This book is intended for audiences including imaging scientists, medical physicists, as well as medical professionals and specialists such as diagnostic radiologists, radiation oncologists, and medical oncologists. Features Provides a first complete overview of the technical underpinnings and clinical applications of radiomics and radiogenomics Shows how they are improving diagnostic and prognostic decisions with greater efficacy Discusses the image informatics, quantitative imaging, feature extraction, predictive modeling, software tools, and other key areas Covers applications in oncology and beyond, covering all major disease sites in separate chapters Includes an introduction to basic principles and discussion of emerging research directions with a roadmap to clinical translation

Modelling Radiotherapy Side Effects Practical Applications for Planning Optimisation

Modelling Radiotherapy Side Effects Practical Applications for Planning Optimisation

Author: Tiziana Rancati, Claudio Fiorino Format: Hardback Release Date: 10/06/2019

The treatment of a patient with radiation therapy is planned to find the optimal way to treat a tumour while minimizing the dose received by the surrounding normal tissues. In order to better exploit the possibilities of this process, the availability of accurate and quantitative knowledge of the peculiar responses of the different tissues is of paramount importance. This book provides an invaluable tutorial for radiation oncologists, medical physicists, and dosimetrists involved in the planning optimization phase of treatment. It presents a practical, accessible, and comprehensive summary of the field's current research and knowledge regarding the response of normal tissues to radiation. This is the first comprehensive attempt to do so since the publication of the QUANTEC guidelines in 2010. Features: Addresses the lack of systemization in the field, providing educational materials on predictive models, including methods, tools, and the evaluation of uncertainties Collects the combined effects of features, other than dose, in predicting the risk of toxicity in radiation therapy Edited by two leading experts in the field