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Quantum physics (quantum mechanics & quantum field theory)

See below for a selection of the latest books from Quantum physics (quantum mechanics & quantum field theory) category. Presented with a red border are the Quantum physics (quantum mechanics & quantum field theory) books that have been lovingly read and reviewed by the experts at Lovereading. With expert reading recommendations made by people with a passion for books and some unique features Lovereading will help you find great Quantum physics (quantum mechanics & quantum field theory) books and those from many more genres to read that will keep you inspired and entertained. And it's all free!

Quantum Optomechanics and Nanomechanics Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School: Volume 105, August 2015

Quantum Optomechanics and Nanomechanics Lecture Notes of the Les Houches Summer School: Volume 105, August 2015

The Les Houches Summer School in August 2015 covered the emerging fields of cavity optomechanics and quantum nanomechanics. Optomechanics is flourishing and its concepts and techniques are now applied to a wide range of topics. Modern quantum optomechanics was born in the late 1970s in the framework of gravitational wave interferometry, with an initial focus on the quantum limits of displacement measurements. Carlton Caves, Vladimir Braginsky, and others realized that the sensitivity of the anticipated large-scale gravitational-wave interferometers (GWI) was fundamentally limited by the quantum fluctuations of the measurement laser beam. After tremendous experimental progress, the sensitivity of the upcoming next generation of GWI will effectively be limited by quantum noise. In this way, quantum-optomechanical effects will directly affect the operation of what is arguably the world's most impressive precision experiment. However, optomechanics has also gained a life of its own with a focus on the quantum aspects of moving mirrors. Laser light can be used to cool mechanical resonators well below the temperature of its environment. After proof-of-principle demonstrations of this cooling in 2006, a number of systems were used as the field gradually merged with its condensed matter cousin (nanomechanical systems) to try to reach the mechanical quantum ground state, eventually demonstrated in 2010 by pure cryogenic techniques and just one year later by a combination of cryogenic and radiation-pressure cooling. The book covers all aspects - historical, theoretical, experimental - of the field, with its applications to quantum measurement, foundations of quantum mechanics and quantum information. It is an essential read for any new researcher in the field.

The Quantum Cookbook Mathematical Recipes for the Foundations for Quantum Mechanics

The Quantum Cookbook Mathematical Recipes for the Foundations for Quantum Mechanics

Author: Jim (Freelance science writer, Freelance science writer, Reading) Baggott Format: Hardback Release Date: 10/01/2020

Quantum mechanics is an extraordinarily successful scientific theory. But it is also completely mad. Although the theory quite obviously works, it leaves us chasing ghosts and phantoms; particles that are waves and waves that are particles; cats that are at once both alive and dead; lots of seemingly spooky goings-on; and a desperate desire to lie down quietly in a darkened room. The Quantum Cookbook explains why this is. It provides a unique bridge between popular exposition and formal textbook presentation, written for curious readers with some background in physics and sufficient mathematical capability. It aims not to teach readers how to do quantum mechanics but rather helps them to understand how to think about quantum mechanics. Each derivation is presented as a 'recipe' with listed ingredients, including standard results from the mathematician's toolkit, set out in a series of easy-to-follow steps. The recipes have been written sympathetically, for readers who - like the author - will often struggle to follow the logic of a derivation which misses out steps that are 'obvious', or which use techniques that readers are assumed to know.

The Quantum Cookbook Mathematical Recipes for the Foundations for Quantum Mechanics

The Quantum Cookbook Mathematical Recipes for the Foundations for Quantum Mechanics

Author: Jim (Freelance science writer, Freelance science writer, Reading) Baggott Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 10/01/2020

Quantum mechanics is an extraordinarily successful scientific theory. But it is also completely mad. Although the theory quite obviously works, it leaves us chasing ghosts and phantoms; particles that are waves and waves that are particles; cats that are at once both alive and dead; lots of seemingly spooky goings-on; and a desperate desire to lie down quietly in a darkened room. The Quantum Cookbook explains why this is. It provides a unique bridge between popular exposition and formal textbook presentation, written for curious readers with some background in physics and sufficient mathematical capability. It aims not to teach readers how to do quantum mechanics but rather helps them to understand how to think about quantum mechanics. Each derivation is presented as a 'recipe' with listed ingredients, including standard results from the mathematician's toolkit, set out in a series of easy-to-follow steps. The recipes have been written sympathetically, for readers who - like the author - will often struggle to follow the logic of a derivation which misses out steps that are 'obvious', or which use techniques that readers are assumed to know.

Quantum Weirdness

Quantum Weirdness

Quantum mechanics allows a remarkably accurate description of nature and powerful predictive capabilities. The analyses of quantum systems and their interpretation lead to many surprises, for example, the ability to detect the characteristics of an object without ever touching it in any way, via interaction-free measurement, or the teleportation of an atomic state over large distances. The results can become downright bizarre. Quantum mechanics is a subtle subject that usually involves complicated mathematics - calculus, partial differential equations, etc., for complete understanding. Most texts for general audiences avoid all mathematics. The result is that the reader misses almost all deep understanding of the subject, much of which can be probed with just high-school level algebra and trigonometry. Thus, readers with that level of mathematics can learn so much more about this fundamental science. The book starts with a discussion of the basic physics of waves (an appendix reviews some necessary classical physics concepts) and then introduces the fundamentals of quantum mechanics, including the wave function, superposition, entanglement, Bell's theorem, etc., and applications to Bose-Einstein condensation, quantum computing, and much more. The interpretation of the mathematics of quantum mechanics into a world view has been the subject of much controversy. The result is a variety of conflicting interpretations, from the famous Copenhagen view of Bohr to the multiple universes of Everett. We discuss these interpretations in the chapter What is a wave function? and include some very recent advances, for example, quantum Bayesianism, and measurements of the reality of the wave function.

Through Two Doors at Once The Elegant Experiment that Captures the Enigma of our Quantum Reality

Through Two Doors at Once The Elegant Experiment that Captures the Enigma of our Quantum Reality

Author: Anil Ananthaswamy Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 09/01/2020

The clearest, most accessible explanation yet of the amazing world of quantum mechanics. How can matter behave both like a particle and a wave? Does a particle exist before we look at it or does the very act of looking bring it into reality? Are there hidden elements to reality missing from the orthodox view of quantum physics? And is there a place where the quantum world ends and our perceivable world begins? Many of science's greatest minds have grappled with these questions embodied by the simple yet elusive double-slit experiment. Thomas Young devised it in the early 1800s to show that light behaves like a wave, and in doing so opposed Isaac Newton's theories. Nearly a century later, Albert Einstein showed that light comes in particles, and the experiment became key to a fierce debate with Niels Bohr over the nature of reality. Richard Feynman held that the double slit embodies the central mystery of the quantum world. Hypothesis after hypothesis, scientists have returned to this ingenious experiment to help them answer the deep questions about the fabric of our universe. With his extraordinary gift for making the complicated comprehensible, Anil Ananthaswamy travels around the world and through history, down to the smallest scales of physical reality we have yet fathomed for the answers. ***PRAISE FOR THROUGH TWO DOORS AT ONCE*** A Physics Book of the Year A Forbes Best Book of the Year A Kirkus Best Book of the Year A Smithsonian Favourite Book of the Year Publisher's Weekly Best Books of Autumn 'A fascinating read and a must for anyone who would like to find out the latest experimental advances made in this most fundamental of quantum experiments.' Physics World 'Ananthaswamy cleverly comes at quantum physics from a different direction... An excellent addition to the 'Quantum physics for the rest of us' shelf.' Brian Clegg, author of Are Numbers Real? and The Quantum Age 'A challenging and rewarding survey of how scientists are grappling with nature's deepest, strangest secrets.' Wall Street Journal 'A fascinating tour through the cutting-edge physics the experiment keeps on spawning.' Scientific American 'Ananthaswamy gives an absolutely mind-boggling tour of how quantum physicists try to explain this reality that one of the most powerful scientific models of our era.' Smithsonian 'Offers beginners the tools they need to seriously engage with the philosophical questions that likely drew them to quantum mechanics.' Science 'At a time when popular physics writing so valorizes theory, a quietly welcome strength of Ananthaswamy's book is how much human construction comes into focus here. This is not nature showing us, but us pressing nature for answers to our increasingly obsessional questions.' Washington Post 'Ananthaswamy's book is simply an outstanding exploration of the double slit experiment and what makes it so weird.' Forbes 'A thrilling survey of the most famous, enduring, and enigmatic experiment in the history of science.' Kirkus, starred review

The Theory of Everything Quantum and Relativity is everywhere - A Fermat Universe

The Theory of Everything Quantum and Relativity is everywhere - A Fermat Universe

Author: Norbert Schwarzer Format: Hardback Release Date: 06/01/2020

The book unifies quantum theory and the general theory of relativity. As an unsolved problem for about 100 years and influencing so many fields, this is probably of some importance to the scientific community. Examples like Higgs field, limit to classical Dirac and Klein-Gordon or Schroedinger cases, quantized Schwarzschild, Kerr, Kerr-Newman objects, and the photon are considered for illustration. An interesting explanation for the asymmetry of matter and antimatter in the early universe was found while quantizing the Schwarzschild metric.

Quantum Mechanics Foundations and Applications

Quantum Mechanics Foundations and Applications

Author: Donald Gary (Auburn University, Alabama, USA) Swanson Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 20/12/2019

Progressing from the fundamentals of quantum mechanics (QM) to more complicated topics, Quantum Mechanics: Foundations and Applications provides advanced undergraduate and graduate students with a comprehensive examination of many applications that pertain to modern physics and engineering. Based on courses taught by the author, this textbook begins with an introductory chapter that reviews historical landmarks, discusses classical theory, and establishes a set of postulates. The next chapter demonstrates how to find the appropriate wave functions for a variety of physical systems in one dimension by solving the Schroedinger equation where for time-independent cases, the total energy is an eigenvalue. The following chapter extends this method to three dimensions, focusing on partial differential equations. In subsequent chapters, the author develops the appropriate operators, eigenvalues, and eigenfunctions for angular momentum as well as methods for examining time-dependent systems. The final chapters address special systems of interest, such as lasers, quarks, and hadrons. Appendices offer additional material, exploring matrices, functions, and physical constants. Relating theory with experiment, Quantum Mechanics: Foundations and Applications provides both basic and complex information for junior- and senior-level physics and engineering students.

From Classical Mechanics To Quantum Field Theory, A Tutorial

From Classical Mechanics To Quantum Field Theory, A Tutorial

This book collects an extended version of the lectures delivered by the authors at the Fall Workshop on Geometry and Physics in the years 2014, 2015, 2016.It aims at introducing advanced graduate and PhD students, as well as young researchers, to current research in mathematics and physics. In particular, it fills the gap between the more physical-oriented and the more mathematical-oriented literature on quantum theory. It introduces various approaches to methods of quantization, along with their impact on modern mathematical methods.

Using Mathematica for Quantum Mechanics A Student's Manual

Using Mathematica for Quantum Mechanics A Student's Manual

Author: Roman Schmied Format: Hardback Release Date: 25/11/2019

This book revisits many of the problems encountered in introductory quantum mechanics, focusing on computer implementations for finding and visualizing analytical and numerical solutions. It subsequently uses these implementations as building blocks to solve more complex problems, such as coherent laser-driven dynamics in the Rubidium hyperfine structure or the Rashba interaction of an electron moving in 2D. The simulations are highlighted using the programming language Mathematica. No prior knowledge of Mathematica is needed; alternatives, such as Matlab, Python, or Maple, can also be used.

Quantum Statistical Thermodynamics A Glossary of Mathematical and Physical Concepts

Quantum Statistical Thermodynamics A Glossary of Mathematical and Physical Concepts

Author: Keh-Ning Huang Format: Hardback Release Date: 18/11/2019

This extensive reference text summarizes the concepts and mathematical methods that are required to provide a firm foundation for advanced studies in quantum thermal physics, which underlies all current mesoscopic sciences. The book introduces the mathematical language and fundamental physical concepts on which the entire subject of quantum statistical mechanics has been developed. Starting from the essential mathematical concepts, definitions, theorems, and formulas for the understanding and application of quantum statistical mechanics and physical sciences in general, the author provides pedagogical annotations to introduce new insights not to be found in traditional mathematics handbooks. Each chapter is completed with a set of further reading references which contain more complete treatment of the subjects described. This comprehensive volume will serve as a text throughout advanced studies in quantum statistical physics and beyond, and as a reference for researchers in all fields of physics.

A Student's Guide to the Schroedinger Equation

A Student's Guide to the Schroedinger Equation

Author: Daniel A. (Wittenberg University, Ohio) Fleisch Format: Hardback Release Date: 31/10/2019

Quantum mechanics is a hugely important topic in science and engineering, but many students struggle to understand the abstract mathematical techniques used to solve the Schroedinger equation and to analyse the resulting wave functions. Retaining the popular approach used in Fleisch's other student's guides, this friendly resource uses plain language to provide detailed explanations of the fundamental concepts and mathematical techniques underlying the Schroedinger equation in quantum mechanics. It addresses the problems students find most troublesome in a clear and intuitive way, and each chapter includes several homework problems with fully worked solutions. A companion app from Edukado hosts additional resources, including an extensive glossary, quick quizzes, interactive graphs and a series of videos in which the author explains the most important concepts from each section of the book. The supporting app enables students to test their learning and develop a deeper understanding of the topic.

Quantum Mechanics Problems and Solutions

Quantum Mechanics Problems and Solutions

Author: Kong Wan Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 31/10/2019

This is a companion volume to the textbook Quantum Mechanics: A Fundamental Approach by the author. The manual starts with simple mathematical and physical terms before moving on to more complex concepts, which are developed gradually but in detail. It contains more than 240 exercises and problems listed at the end of the chapters in Quantum Mechanics and presents full solutions to all these exercises and problems, which are designed to help the reader master the material in the primary text. This mastery will contribute greatly to understanding the concepts and formalism of quantum mechanics, including probability theory for discrete and continuous variables, three-dimensional real vectors, symmetric and selfadjoint vectors, operators in a Hilbert space, operations on vectors, N-dimensional complex vector spaces, direct sums and tensor products of Hilbert spaces and operators, canonical quantisation, time evolution, pure and mixed states, many-particle systems, harmonic and isotropic oscillators, angular momenta, and particles in a static magnetic field, among others.