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Particle & high-energy physics

See below for a selection of the latest books from Particle & high-energy physics category. Presented with a red border are the Particle & high-energy physics books that have been lovingly read and reviewed by the experts at Lovereading. With expert reading recommendations made by people with a passion for books and some unique features Lovereading will help you find great Particle & high-energy physics books and those from many more genres to read that will keep you inspired and entertained. And it's all free!

New Era For Cp Asymmetries: Axions And Rare Decays Of Hadrons And Leptons

New Era For Cp Asymmetries: Axions And Rare Decays Of Hadrons And Leptons

This book is dedicated to Lev Okun, who passed away in November 2015. He was a true pioneer in probing fundamental dynamics.The book has two objectives: First is to showcase Okun's impact for decades since 1963, when he published his remarkable book Weak Interaction of Elementary Particles. Second is to present the current progress of our community in the studies of our Universe consisting of 4.5% of known matter and 26.5% dark matter in the Standard Cosmological Model.This is suitable for readers who know quantum mechanics and quantum field theories in general.

Ultra-Fast Silicon Detectors

Ultra-Fast Silicon Detectors

Author: Marco Ferrero, Roberta Arcidiacono, Marco Mandurrino, Valentina Sola Format: Hardback Release Date: 08/07/2021

The book describes the development of innovative silicon sensors known as ultra-fast silicon detectors for use in the space-time tracking of charge particles. The first comprehensive collection of information on the topic, otherwise currently scattered in existing literature, this book presents a comprehensive introduction to the development of ultra-fast silicon detectors with the latest technology and applications from the field. It will be an ideal reference for graduate and postgraduates studying high energy and particle physics and engineering, in addition to researchers in the area. Key features Authored by a team of subject area specialists, whose research group first invented ultra-fast silicon detectors The first book on the topic to explain the details of the design of silicon sensors for 4-dimensional tracking Presents state-of-the-art results, and prospects for further performance evolutions The Open Access version of this book, available at www.taylorfrancis.com/e/9780367646295 , has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 4.0 license.

Physics Of Experiment Instrumentation Using Matlab Apps, The: With Companion Media Pack

Physics Of Experiment Instrumentation Using Matlab Apps, The: With Companion Media Pack

Author: Daniel (Fermi Nat'l Accelerator Lab, Usa) Green Format: Hardback Release Date: 29/05/2021

Some twenty years ago the author published a book entitled The Physics of Particle Detectors. Much has evolved since that time, not in the basic physics, but in the complexity, number and versatility of the detectors in common use in both experiments, beam-lines and accelerators. Those changes have been heavily influenced by the concurrent dramatic changes in the microelectronics industry. In parallel, the use of computer-aided teaching has also greatly improved. The present volume explores the physics needed to understand the full suite of front-end devices in use today. In particular the physics explanation is made concurrently with the specific device being discussed, thus making the coupling more immediate. That study is made more interactive by using newer educational tools now available such as dynamic Matlab Apps.

Gribov-90 Memorial: Field Theory, Symmetry, And Related Topics - Proceedings Of The Memorial Workshop Devoted To The 90th Birthday Of V N Gribov

Gribov-90 Memorial: Field Theory, Symmetry, And Related Topics - Proceedings Of The Memorial Workshop Devoted To The 90th Birthday Of V N Gribov

Author: Yuri L (Lpthe, Univ Paris 6, Paris, France) Dokshitzer Format: Hardback Release Date: 27/05/2021

Vladimir Naumovich Gribov is one of the creators of modern theoretical physics. The concepts and methods that Gribov has developed in the second half of the 20th century became cornerstones of the physics of high energy hadron interactions (relativistic theory of complex angular momenta, a notion of the vacuum pole - Pomeron, effective reggeon field theory), condensed matter physics (critical phenomena), neutrino oscillations, and nuclear physics.His unmatched insights into the nature of the quantum field theory helped to elucidate, in particular, the origin of classical solutions (instantons), quantum anomalies, specific problems in quantization of non-Abelian fields (Gribov anomalies, Gribov horizon), and the role of light quarks in the color confinement phenomenon.The Memorial Workshop devoted to Gribov's 90th birthday was cancelled due to the coronavirus pandemic in 2020; however, this did not deter the collection of many new studies in challenging theoretical physics problems across a broad variety of topics, and shared memories about their colleague, great teacher and friend. The contributions of this memorial volume affirms the everlasting impact of Gribov's scientific heritage upon the physics of the 21st century.

Superstring Theory

Superstring Theory

Author: Kefeng Liu Format: Hardback Release Date: 13/05/2021

This work presents lectures from the important String Theory International Conference held in 2002 in Hangzhou, China. These include talks given by several mathematicians of particular prominence in the field, among them Stephen Hawking and Edward Witten. Interest in string theory is driven largely by the hope that it will evolve to be the ultimate 'Theory of Everything'. Work on string theory has led to advances in many branches of mathematics. This rapidly developing subject is one of the mainstream topics of mathematics in the 21st century. The current volume presents lectures from the important String Theory International Conference held in 2002 in Hangzhou, China. These include talks given by several mathematicians of particular prominence in the field, among them Stephen Hawking and Edward Witten.

Physics Of Experiment Instrumentation Using Matlab Apps, The: With Companion Media Pack

Physics Of Experiment Instrumentation Using Matlab Apps, The: With Companion Media Pack

Author: Daniel (Fermi Nat'l Accelerator Lab, Usa) Green Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 12/05/2021

Some twenty years ago the author published a book entitled The Physics of Particle Detectors. Much has evolved since that time, not in the basic physics, but in the complexity, number and versatility of the detectors in common use in both experiments, beam-lines and accelerators. Those changes have been heavily influenced by the concurrent dramatic changes in the microelectronics industry. In parallel, the use of computer-aided teaching has also greatly improved. The present volume explores the physics needed to understand the full suite of front-end devices in use today. In particular the physics explanation is made concurrently with the specific device being discussed, thus making the coupling more immediate. That study is made more interactive by using newer educational tools now available such as dynamic Matlab Apps.

Indirect Searches for New Physics

Indirect Searches for New Physics

Author: Alexey A. Petrov Format: Hardback Release Date: 04/05/2021

This is the first book to discuss the search for new physics in charged leptons, neutrons, and quarks in one coherent volume. The area of indirect searches for new physics is highly topical; though no new physics particles have yet been observed directly at the Large Hadron Collider at CERN, the methods described in this book will provide researchers with the necessary tools to keep searching for new physics. It describes the lines of research that attempt to identify quantum effects of new physics particles in low-energy experiments, in addition to detailing the mathematical basis and theoretical and phenomenological methods involved in the searches, whilst making a clear distinction between model-dependent and model-independent methods employed to make predictions. This book will be a valuable guide for graduate students and early-career researchers in particle and high energy physics who wish to learn about the techniques used in modern predictions of new physics effects at low energies, whilst also serving as a reference for researchers at other levels. Key features: * Takes an accessible, pedagogical approach suitable for graduate students and those seeking an overview of this new and fast-growing field * Illustrates common theoretical trends seen in different subfields of particle physics * Valuable both for researchers in the phenomenology of elementary particles and for experimentalists

Hermes Experiment, The: A Personal Story

Hermes Experiment, The: A Personal Story

This book describes the story of how a collaboration of several hundred physicists from Europe and North America formed in 1988 to design, construct, install, commission and operate, for the years 1995-2007 the technically innovative HERMES experiment at the DESY laboratory in Hamburg, Germany to study the spin structure of the fundamental structure of matter. The authors begin by introducing the fascinating world of subatomic physics and relate their personal story of how the HERMES experiment came about. Guided by the exciting idea to use a new type of target internal to an electron storage ring, the HERMES collaboration was born to realize this innovative experimental approach at the new HERA accelerator at DESY. The book describes the technical design of HERMES; the successful effort to secure the necessary funds to construct the experiment in different countries; the fabrication of the different components by the different HERMES institutes; and the story of the installation and commissioning of HERMES in the East Hall of HERA in the hot summer of 1995. Until 2007, when the operation of HERA ceased, the collider ran typically about 9 months per year continuously, during which HERMES data taking shifts were manned to ensure that data of the highest quality were acquired. The book describes the HERMES scientific results, their considerable impact, how HERMES shaped an entire generation of young people into scientific leaders, and ends with a description of the twenty-first century picture of the proton that has subsequently been developed.The authors played a leading role within the HERMES collaboration. They describe, using non-technical language, the various phases of the thirteen years of running, the social life in such an international collaboration, and their personal reminiscences over several decades.

Energetic Particles in Tokamak Plasmas

Energetic Particles in Tokamak Plasmas

Author: Sergei (Culham Centre for Fusion Energy) Sharapov Format: Hardback Release Date: 02/04/2021

The study of energetic particles in magnetic fusion plasmas is key to the development of next-generation burning plasma fusion experiments, such as the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) and the Demonstration Power Station (DEMO). This book provides a comprehensive introduction and analysis of the experimental data on how fast ions behave in fusion-grade plasmas, featuring the latest ground-breaking results from world-leading machines such as the Joint European Torus (JET) and the Mega Ampere Spherical Tokamak (MAST). It also details Alfvenic instabilities, driven by energetic ions, which can cause enhanced transport of energetic ions. MHD spectroscopy of plasma via observed Alfvenic waves called Alfven spectroscopy is introduced and several applications are presented. This book will be of interest to graduate students, researchers, and academics studying fusion plasma physics. Features: Provides a comprehensive overview of the field in one cohesive text, with the main physics phenomena explained qualitatively first. Authored by an authority in the field, who draws on his extensive experience of working with energetic particles in tokamak plasmas. Is suitable for extrapolating energetic particle phenomena in fusion to other plasma types, such as solar and space plasmas.

Semiconductor Radiation Detectors

Semiconductor Radiation Detectors

Author: Alan Owens Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 31/03/2021

Choice Recommended Title, July 2020 Bringing together material scattered across many disciplines, Semiconductor Radiation Detectors provides readers with a consolidated source of information on the properties of a wide range of semiconductors; their growth, characterization and the fabrication of radiation sensors with emphasis on the X- and gamma-ray regimes. It explores the promise and limitations of both the traditional and new generation of semiconductors and discusses where the future in semiconductor development and radiation detection may lie. The purpose of this book is two-fold; firstly to serve as a text book for those new to the field of semiconductors and radiation detection and measurement, and secondly as a reference book for established researchers working in related disciplines within physics and engineering. Features: The only comprehensive book covering this topic Fully up-to-date with new developments in the field Provides a wide-ranging source of further reference material

Hands-On Accelerator Physics Using MATLAB (R)

Hands-On Accelerator Physics Using MATLAB (R)

Author: Volker Ziemann Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 31/03/2021

Awarded one of BookAuthority's best new Particle Physics books in 2019! Hands-On Accelerator Physics Using MATLAB (R) provides an introduction into the design and operational issues of a wide range of particle accelerators, from ion-implanters to the Large Hadron Collider at CERN. Many aspects from the design of beam optical systems and magnets, to the subsystems for acceleration, beam diagnostics, and vacuum are covered. Beam dynamics topics ranging from the beam-beam interaction to free-electron lasers are discussed. Theoretical concepts and the design of key components are explained with the help of MATLAB (R) code. Practical topics, such as beam size measurements, magnet construction and measurements, and radio-frequency measurements are explored in student labs without requiring access to an accelerator. This unique approach provides a look at what goes on 'under the hood' inside modern accelerators and presents readers with the tools to perform their independent investigations on the computer or in student labs. This book will be of interest to graduate students, postgraduate researchers studying accelerator physics, as well as engineers entering the field. Features: Provides insights into both synchrotron light sources and colliders Discusses technical subsystems, including magnets, radio-frequency engineering, instrumentation and diagnostics, correction of imperfections, control, and cryogenics Accompanied by MATLAB (R) code, including a 3D-modeler to visualize the accelerators, and additional appendices which are available on the CRC Press website

Radiation Sensors with 3D Electrodes

Radiation Sensors with 3D Electrodes

Author: Cinzia Da Via, Gian-Franco Dalla Betta, Sherwood Parker Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 31/03/2021

Written by the leading names in this field, this book introduces the technical properties, design and fabrication details, measurement results, and applications of three-dimensional silicon radiation sensors. Such devices are currently used in the ATLAS experiment at the European Centre for Particle Physics (CERN) for particle tracking in high energy physics. These sensors are the radiation hardest devices ever fabricated and have applications in ground-breaking research in neutron detection, medical dosimetry and space technologies and more. Chapters explore the essential features of silicon particle detectors, interactions of radiation with matter, radiation damage effects, and micro-fabrication, in addition to a providing historical overview of the field. This book will be a key reference for students and researchers working with sensor technologies. Features: The first book dedicated to this unique and growing subject area, which is also widely applicable in high-energy physics, medical physics, space science and beyond Authored by Sherwood Parker, the inventor of the concept of 3D detectors; Cinzia Da Via, who has brought 3DSi technology to application; and Gian-Franco Dalla Betta, a leading figure in the design and fabrication technology of these devices Explains to non-experts the essential features of silicon particle detectors, interactions of radiation with matter, radiation damage effects, and micro-fabrication