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See below for a selection of the latest books from Nuclear physics category. Presented with a red border are the Nuclear physics books that have been lovingly read and reviewed by the experts at Lovereading. With expert reading recommendations made by people with a passion for books and some unique features Lovereading will help you find great Nuclear physics books and those from many more genres to read that will keep you inspired and entertained. And it's all free!
This international book is the result of the compilation of the most widely used computational methods and techniques for calculating shielding parameters, required for radiation-shielding investigations of the building materials. The theoretical, experimental, and simulation methods and their applications have been described in this book. The book has been divided into thirteen chapters, arranged in a systematic order. These chapters have been underwritten by experienced scientists and academicians worldwide, the gamma-ray shielding parameter calculations with the Monte Carlo simulation techniques viz. MCNP, GEANT4, FLUKA, and EGS5 codes have been illustrated. Introductions to various software such as XCOM, WinXCOM, FLUKA, Phy-X, BMIX, ASFIT, ANSI have been illustrated. A review of fundamental quantities for calculation of ambient dose, i.e., photon and neutron buildup factors, has been presented. A phantom based computation model has been included to indicate the applications of radiation dosimetry in medical diagnostics. The chapters on computed-tomography (CT) have been included to provide insight into the radiations' diagnostic applications. The shielding effectiveness of some materials such as ignimbrite rocks, amorphous metals, marbles, dosimetric materials, and novel shielding materials have been investigated. The concept of multi-layered buildup factor and their influence on shielding effectiveness have been described with a recently developed computer program, the RIMP-TOOLKIT. This book is the result of the authors' effort during the worldwide lockdown caused by the spread of COVID-19. This book will be helpful to students of postgraduate in physics and chemistry with specialization in radiological protection and dosimetry experiments.
This book includes to-the-point description of titles, related theories, labelled diagrams, tables, examples, etc. This book is beneficial for B.Tech. Physics, B.Sc. Physics and for M.Sc. Applied Physics students. It helps students to prepare for JAM, NET SET exams. This book has been divided into nine chapters. Topics like nuclear structure, nuclear reactions, radioactivity, elementary particles, accelerators, radiation detection, interaction of radiation, cosmic rays are covered in detail. The discussion on all the topics is simple and mathematical derivations are less complex. Data, graphs and figures are mentioned wherever required. It also includes the basic lab experiments required in the nuclear lab for both B.Sc. as well as M.Sc. students. Salient Features: Discussion on all the topics is simple and mathematical derivations are less complex. Data, graph and figures are mentioned wherever required. Short and long questions from various examinations of different universities. All concepts of nuclear physics are supported with relevant diagrams.
The present volume of Atomic and Plasma-Material Interaction Data for Fusion presents the results of a coordinated research project (CRP) on plasma-wall interaction with irradiated tungsten and tungsten alloys in fusion devices. The chemical element tungsten is widely foreseen as a plasma-facing material in a fusion reactor, where it is subject to an intense neutron radiation flux. This publication provides details of a 5-year project devoted to better understanding the properties of tungsten in this environment through experimental study and theoretical modelling. Of particular practical concern is the viability of the metal as a structural material after irradiation damage, and its increased propensity to absorb the tritium fuel used in a fusion reaction.
The present volume of Atomic and Plasma-Material Interaction Data for Fusion presents the results of a coordinated research project (CRP) on Atomic Data for Heavy Element Impurities in Fusion Reactors. In accordance with priorities in fusion energy research, data sets related to heavy element impurities are essential in plasma modelling. For example, such as data on the noble gases argon, krypton, and xenon, on the likely wall material tungsten, and on other possible impurities. Much of the work in this CRP focused on possible impurities such as chlorine, iron and silicon. The publication provides fundamental experimental and calculated data for radiative and collisional atomic processes as well as results of collisional-radiative (CR) models. The data are of interest for the interpretation of spectroscopic measurements on current and future fusion experiments, the modelling of tungsten in fusion plasma, and the design and optimization of fusion reactor experiments.
This Safety Requirements publication establishes requirements for all main areas of safety for research reactors, with particular emphasis on requirements for design and operation. It explains the safety objectives and concepts that form the basis for safety and safety assessment for all stages in the lifetime of a research reactor. Technical and administrative requirements for the safety of new research reactors are established in accordance with these objectives and concepts, and they are to be applied to the extent practicable for existing research reactors. The safety requirements established in this publication for the management of safety and regulatory supervision apply to site evaluation, design, manufacturing, construction, commissioning, operation (including utilization and modification), and planning for decommissioning of research reactors (including critical assemblies and subcritical assemblies). The publication is intended for use by regulatory bodies and other organizations with responsibilities in these areas and in safety analysis, verification and review, and the provision of technical support.
This is the conference proceedings for the 18th International Conference on Hadron Spectroscopy and Structure (HADRON2019), held in Guilin, China. It is among the most important conference series in the field of hadron spectroscopy and structure. Collecting more than 130 contributions from this conference, the book spans over the topics of meson and baryon spectroscopy, exotic hadrons, hadron production and interactions, analysis tools, QCD and hadron structure, hadrons in nuclear environment and hypernuclei. Summaries of the recent discoveries from Belle, BESIII, LHCb and other high-energy experiments, as well as recent theoretical developments in the above mentioned topics, are contained in this volume, rendering it as a valuable resource for researchers working on hadron spectroscopy and structure.
This book presents 140 problems with solutions in introductory nuclear and particle physics. Rather than being only partially provided or simply outlined, as is typically the case in textbooks on nuclear and particle physics, all solutions are explained in detail. Furthermore, different possible approaches are compared. Some of the problems concern the estimation of quantities in realistic experimental situations. In general, solving the problems does not require a substantial mathematics background, and the focus is instead on developing the reader's sense of physics in order to work out the problem in question. Consequently, sections on experimental methods and detection methods constitute a major part of the book. Given its format and content, it offers a valuable resource, not only for undergraduate classes but also for self-assessment in preparation for graduate school entrance and other examinations.
This book focuses on the study of the interfacial water using molecular dynamics simulation and experimental sum frequency generation spectroscopy. It proposes a new definition of the free O-H groups at water-air interface and presents research on the structure and dynamics of these groups. Furthermore, it discusses the exponential decay nature of the orientation distribution of the free O-H groups of interfacial water and ascribes the origin of the down pointing free O-H groups to the presence of capillary waves on the surface. It also describes how, based on this new definition, a maximum surface H-bond density of around 200 K at ice surface was found, as the maximum results from two competing effects. Lastly, the book discusses the absorption of water molecules at the water-TiO2 interface. Providing insights into the combination of molecular dynamics simulation and experimental sum frequency generation spectroscopy, it is a valuable resource for researchers in the field.
This book is written with a focus on new mathematical methods and physical modeling that lay the groundwork for an interpretation to various experimental results and phenomena in nuclear physics, quantum mechanics, and particle physics. Summarized in three parts, the main topics of the book are as follows.The first part importantly addresses scattering theory and nuclear reactions, with the usage of new potential representation method. This perturbation method offers the wave function as a product of the free particle solution and a function which depends on the interaction potential, allowing handy analytical expressions and integral equations for finding scattering matrices. It is highly applicable to the study of scattering and absorption of neutrons in atomic reactors, as well as the interactions between protons and nuclei by scattering processes in, for example, cyclotrons. The second part of the book concerns the perturbation method by variation of free constants and the semi-relativistic shell model of heavy nuclei in order to understand their stability. The last part is then furnished with the semi-relativistic model of mesons and relates to the binding energies of quarks in charm and bottom mesons.This book would be a valuable resource for students and researchers on new mathematical methods in the theoretical unravelling of experiments concerning nuclei and mesons, nuclear reactors, radioactive isotopes, particle accelerators, new materials in electronics and healthcare products, as well as other practical applications of nuclear physics and quantum mechanics.