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See below for a selection of the latest books from Nuclear physics category. Presented with a red border are the Nuclear physics books that have been lovingly read and reviewed by the experts at Lovereading. With expert reading recommendations made by people with a passion for books and some unique features Lovereading will help you find great Nuclear physics books and those from many more genres to read that will keep you inspired and entertained. And it's all free!
One of the rapidly developing areas of modern experimental nuclear physics is non-accelerator experiments using low-background detectors. Such experiments, as a rule, are aimed at solving problems that are of fundamental importance for understanding the structure of the Universe, checking the Standard Model of elementary particles, and looking for new physics behind the observable world. The most interesting tasks include the search for dark matter in the form of new weakly interacting particles, the search for neutrinoless double beta decay, the determination of the magnetic moment of the neutrino, the study of neutrino oscillation and new types of interaction of elementary particles, such as coherent neutrino scattering off heavy nuclei.All these processes, occurring with extremely low cross sections, require the development of efficient large-mass detectors capable of detecting small energy releases down to individual ionization electrons. An effective method to do this is the emission method of detecting ionizing particles in two-phase media, which has been proposed at Moscow Engineering Physics Institute (MEPhI) 50 years ago. The origin of this technique can be traced to the research headed by Prof. Boris A Dolgoshein, whose study focus on the properties of condensed noble gases as a means to develop a tracking streamer chamber with a high-density working medium.This monograph, devoted exclusively to two-phase emission detectors, considers the technology's basic features while taking into account new developments introduced into experimental practice in the last ten years since the publication of its predecessor, Emission Detectors (Bolozdynya, 2010).
Fukushima Accident: 10 Years After evaluates the post-Fukushima accident situation with up-to-date information, emphasizing radionuclide impacts on the terrestrial and marine environments, and comparing them to the pre-Fukushima accident levels of radionuclides in the environment. This is based on scientific results, as well as knowledge gathered from literature to provide current information on the present status, summarize 10 years of data on the Fukushima accident, and describe the present situation in the local, regional, and global time and space scales. It provides data on radioactivity released into the atmosphere and the ocean, the distribution of radionuclides in the world atmosphere and oceans, and their impact on the total environment, including assessments of radiation doses in Japanese and world populations from consumption of terrestrial food and seafood. It goes on to describe future aspects of the radioactive contamination of these environments and the health implications. This book informs environmental scientists, academics, and researchers in environmental science and nuclear energy as well as postgraduate students in the field of environmental science, radioactivity, and nuclear energy, on the present situation of radioactive contamination of Japan and in the world.
Advances in Aerogel Composites for Environmental Remediation presents both contextual information about aerogels, from common to advanced aerogels, natural to synthetic, along with details about its application in environmental remediation. The book addresses common day-to-day environmental problems and solutions using natural and synthetic aerogel materials. It discusses fabrication of various aerogel composites and their design and applications towards different environmental remediation technologies and compares the properties and advantages of aerogels in contrast to traditional materials. Given the consistent increase in environmental pollution, the need to explore new materials and advances in remediation technology is becoming more urgent. This valuable resource brings researchers and practitioners in environmental remediation and environmental science and engineering to the forefront of remediation technologies with a thorough understanding of the benefits of and techniques used in relation to aerogel composites.
Physics of Nuclear Reactors presents a comprehensive analysis of nuclear reactor physics. Editors P. Mohanakrishnan, Om Pal Singh, and Kannan Umasankari and a team of expert contributors combine their knowledge to guide the reader through a toolkit of methods for solving transport equations, understanding the physics of reactor design principles, and developing reactor safety strategies. The inclusion of experimental and operational reactor physics makes this a unique reference for those working and researching nuclear power and the fuel cycle in existing power generation sites and experimental facilities. The book also includes radiation physics, shielding techniques and an analysis of shield design, neutron monitoring and core operations. Those involved in the development and operation of nuclear reactors and the fuel cycle will gain a thorough understanding of all elements of nuclear reactor physics, thus enabling them to apply the analysis and solution methods provided to their own work and research. This book looks to future reactors in development and analyzes their status and challenges before providing possible worked-through solutions. Cover image: Kaiga Atomic Power Station Units 1 - 4, Karnataka, India. In 2018, Unit 1 of the Kaiga Station surpassed the world record of continuous operation, at 962 days. Image courtesy of DAE, India.
This book includes to-the-point description of titles, related theories, labelled diagrams, tables, examples, etc. This book is beneficial for B.Tech. Physics, B.Sc. Physics and for M.Sc. Applied Physics students. It helps students to prepare for JAM, NET SET exams. This book has been divided into nine chapters. Topics like nuclear structure, nuclear reactions, radioactivity, elementary particles, accelerators, radiation detection, interaction of radiation, cosmic rays are covered in detail. The discussion on all the topics is simple and mathematical derivations are less complex. Data, graphs and figures are mentioned wherever required. It also includes the basic lab experiments required in the nuclear lab for both B.Sc. as well as M.Sc. students. Salient Features: Discussion on all the topics is simple and mathematical derivations are less complex. Data, graph and figures are mentioned wherever required. Short and long questions from various examinations of different universities. All concepts of nuclear physics are supported with relevant diagrams.
This Safety Requirements publication establishes requirements for all main areas of safety for research reactors, with particular emphasis on requirements for design and operation. It explains the safety objectives and concepts that form the basis for safety and safety assessment for all stages in the lifetime of a research reactor. Technical and administrative requirements for the safety of new research reactors are established in accordance with these objectives and concepts, and they are to be applied to the extent practicable for existing research reactors. The safety requirements established in this publication for the management of safety and regulatory supervision apply to site evaluation, design, manufacturing, construction, commissioning, operation (including utilization and modification), and planning for decommissioning of research reactors (including critical assemblies and subcritical assemblies). The publication is intended for use by regulatory bodies and other organizations with responsibilities in these areas and in safety analysis, verification and review, and the provision of technical support.
The present volume of Atomic and Plasma-Material Interaction Data for Fusion presents the results of a coordinated research project (CRP) on Atomic Data for Heavy Element Impurities in Fusion Reactors. In accordance with priorities in fusion energy research, data sets related to heavy element impurities are essential in plasma modelling. For example, such as data on the noble gases argon, krypton, and xenon, on the likely wall material tungsten, and on other possible impurities. Much of the work in this CRP focused on possible impurities such as chlorine, iron and silicon. The publication provides fundamental experimental and calculated data for radiative and collisional atomic processes as well as results of collisional-radiative (CR) models. The data are of interest for the interpretation of spectroscopic measurements on current and future fusion experiments, the modelling of tungsten in fusion plasma, and the design and optimization of fusion reactor experiments.
This monograph comprises three chapters, each concerning a different aspect of deuterium. Chapter One discusses in detail the factors governing whether deuteration strategies will give rise to a deuterium KIE (kinetic isotope effect), which has many beneficial effects including increased drug resistance to metabolism, which is particularly important in radiopharmaceutical sciences. Chapter Two describes the properties of Deuterium Oxide (D2O), an isotopic form of water which contains two atoms of deuterium and one atom of oxygen, specifically its characteristic shielding action against external stress agents. Chapter Three presents the T-c-state diagram of the Pd-D system and proposes the crystal structure of I(2)- and I(3)- phases.
Until the publication of the first edition of Introduction to Nuclear Reactions in 2004, an introductory reference on nuclear reactions had been unavailable. Now, fully updated throughout, this second edition continues to provide an authoritative overview of nuclear reactions. It discusses the main formalisms, ranging from basic laws to the final formulae used in academic research to calculate measurable quantities. Well known in their fields, the authors begin with a basic introduction to elements of scattering theory followed by a study of its applications to specific nuclear reactions. Early chapters give a framework of compound nucleus formation and its decay, fusion, fission, and direct reactions, that can be easily understood by the novice. These chapters also serve as prototypes for applications of the underlying physical ideas presented in previous chapters. The largest section of the book comprises the physical models that have been developed to account for the various aspects of nuclear reaction phenomena, including reactions in stellar environments, cosmic rays, and during the big bang. The final chapters survey applications of the eikonal wavefunction and of nuclear transport equations to nuclear reactions at high energies. By combining a thorough theoretical approach with applications to recent experimental data, Introduction to Nuclear Reactions helps you understand the results of experimental measurements rather than describe how they are made. A clear treatment of the topics and coherent organization make this information understandable to students and professionals with a solid foundation in physics as well as to those with a more general science and technology background. Features: Analyses in detail different models of the nucleus and discusses their interrelations. Fully updated throughout, with new sections and additional discussions on stellar evolution, big bang nucleosynthesis, neutron stars and relativistic heavy ion collisions. Discusses the latest developments in nuclear reaction theory and experiments and explores both direct reaction theories and heavy ion reactions, which are newly important to nuclear physics in reactions with rare nuclear isotopes.
Hybrid Nuclear Energy Systems: A Sustainable Solution for the 21st Century provides practical insights on the environmental impact of the hybrid systems discussed, as well as important technical, economic, licensing and safety considerations. This book acts as a guide for the implementation of hybrid energy systems and authoritatively compares the benefits and possible downfalls of each technology. This enables the reader to analyze their own setting or research and evaluate the most economical and effective solution. Energy engineering researchers and professional engineers will benefit from the practical and technical approach of this book. This book will also benefit regulators and economists who will gain a clear understanding of how a hybrid system is not only designed, but also how societies will benefit from a cleaner and more abundant energy source.
This book presents 140 problems with solutions in introductory nuclear and particle physics. Rather than being only partially provided or simply outlined, as is typically the case in textbooks on nuclear and particle physics, all solutions are explained in detail. Furthermore, different possible approaches are compared. Some of the problems concern the estimation of quantities in realistic experimental situations. In general, solving the problems does not require a substantial mathematics background, and the focus is instead on developing the reader's sense of physics in order to work out the problem in question. Consequently, sections on experimental methods and detection methods constitute a major part of the book. Given its format and content, it offers a valuable resource, not only for undergraduate classes but also for self-assessment in preparation for graduate school entrance and other examinations.