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See below for a selection of the latest books from Scientific equipment, experiments & techniques category. Presented with a red border are the Scientific equipment, experiments & techniques books that have been lovingly read and reviewed by the experts at Lovereading. With expert reading recommendations made by people with a passion for books and some unique features Lovereading will help you find great Scientific equipment, experiments & techniques books and those from many more genres to read that will keep you inspired and entertained. And it's all free!
The fundamental principles of the scientific method are essential for enhancing perspective, increasing productivity, and stimulating innovation. These principles include deductive and inductive logic, probability, parsimony and hypothesis testing, as well as science's presuppositions, limitations, ethics and bold claims of rationality and truth. The examples and case studies drawn upon in this book span the physical, biological and social sciences; include applications in agriculture, engineering and medicine; and also explore science's interrelationships with disciplines in the humanities such as philosophy and law. Informed by position papers on science from the American Association for the Advancement of Science, National Academy of Sciences and National Science Foundation, this book aligns with a distinctively mainstream vision of science. It is an ideal resource for anyone undertaking a systematic study of scientific method for the first time, from undergraduates to professionals in both the sciences and the humanities.
Aus einer Vielzahl von eingereichten Beitragen wurden von einer Jury 21 Projekte aus verschiedenen Bereichen der Jugendarbeit und der Schule fur dieses Buch ausgewahlt. Diese und Texte zum Thema Jugend und Jugendkulturen sind im Folgenden dargestellt. In diesem Buch wird versucht, aus einer Vielfalt von jugendkulturellen Projekten einige sehr interessante und spannende darzustellen, um die Erfahrungen und Beispiele an andere InteressentInnen in der Jugendarbeit oder in Schulen weiterzugeben, die es u. a. in ihrem beruflichen Alltag mit Jugendlichen zu tun haben. Dieses Buch ist ein Praxisbuch. Vielleicht finden unsere Leserinnen und Leser Anregungen sowie Denkanstoe fur ihre alltagliche berufliche Praxis und daruber hinaus. Die Projekte werden in all ihrer Buntheit, ihren Prozessen und Schwierigkeiten dargestellt. Das ist bewusst so und kann durchaus auch als eine praktische Anregung gesehen werden. Beim Lesen dieses Buches wird schnell klar, dass das Thema Jugend sich nicht in einfache Worte fassen lsst. Die dargestellten Projekte spiegeln auch die kreative Vielfalt von Jugend(sub)kulturen in Deutschland wider. Dazu wollen wir mit diesem Buch auch beitragen und ermutigen gerade auch bei dem Thema Jugend und Jugendkulturen noch genauer hinzuschauen, sich nicht nur auf Artikel in den Tageszeitungen oder sonstwo ber Jugendliche zu verlassen, sondern vielleicht auch mal selbst auf Entdeckungsreise zu gehen in der Welt der Jugend(sub)kulturen. So geht die "e;Entdeckungsreise"e; in diesem Buch ber Musik, HipHop, bis hin zu Visual Kei ber Streetstyle und zurck. Eine Reihe von Bildern und Photos vervollstndigen den Gesamteindruck und machen Lust auf mehr.
Animals are widely used in neuroscience research to explore biological mechanisms of nervous system function, to identify the genetic basis of disease states, and to provide models of human disorders and diseases for the development of new treatments. To ensure the humane care and use of animals, numerous laws, policies, and regulations are in place governing the use of animals in research, and certain animal regulations have implications specific to neuroscience research. To consider animal research regulations from a global perspective, the IOM Forum on Neuroscience and Nervous System Disorders, in collaboration with the National Research Council and the Institute for Laboratory Animal Research, held a workshop in Buckinghamshire, UK, July 26-27, 2011. The workshop brought together neuroscientists, legal scholars, administrators, and other key stakeholders to discuss current and emerging trends in animal regulations as they apply to the neurosciences. This document summarizes the workshop.
This volume contains the proceedings of the Eighth Conference on Vacuum Microbalance Techniques held at Wakefield, Massachusetts on June 12 and 13, 1969. The tenth anniversary of the first confer ence will be registered as this volume passes through the typeset ting and proofreading stages. The eight volumes that have spawned from this continuing series of conferences now contain a total of 125 papers. Thus, these volumes serve as a major repository of the world's literature on vacuum microbalance techniques. The Ninth and Tenth Conferences will be held in West Germany in June 1970 and in Texas in 1971. Each of the eight meetings has served as a forum where new developments in this rapidly advancing field can be presented and discussed constructively within a conference atmosphere of cordial informality. The interaction of the participants at the conferences has led to the first treatise on ultra mlcrogravtmetry;' edited by S. P. Wolsky and E. J. Zdanuk, with most of the fourteen chapters written by steady contributors to the volumes on Vacuum Micro balance Techniques. The number of research investigations and published works in which a vacuum microbalance is utilized con tinues to expandr apldly. f This is a direct result of several types of automatic recording balances that are now available commercial ly. 3 The Eighth Conference was held to bring together again re search scientists and engineers who exploit the measurement of mass as a means of studying physical and chemical phenomena.
Vacuum apparatus is widely used in research and industrial establishments for providing and monitoring the working environments required for the operation of many kinds of scientific instruments and process plant. The vacuum conditions needed range from the relatively coarse vacuum requirements in applications covering diverse fields such as food packaging, dentistry (investment casting), vacuum forming, vacuum metallur gical processes, vacuum impregnation, molecular distillation, vacuum drying and freeze drying etc. to the other extreme involving the highest possible vacuum as in particle accelerators, space technology -both in simulation and outer space, and research studies of atomically clean surfaces and pure condensed metal films. Vacua commence with the rough vacuum region, i.e. from atmosphere to 100 Pa * passing 6 through medium vacuum of 100 Pa to 0*1 Pa and high vacuum of 0*1 Pa to 1 J.lPa (10- Pa) until ultra high vacuum is reached below 1 J.lPa to the limit of measurable pressure about 12 I pPa (10- Pa).
Filling an obvious gap in the scientific literature, this practice-oriented reference is the first to tie together the working knowledge of large screening centers in the pharmaceutical and biotechnological field. It spans the entire fi eld of this emerging discipline, from compound acquisition to collection optimization for specific purposes, to technology and quality control. In so doing, it applies two decades of expertise gathered by several large pharmaceutical companies to current and future challenges in high-throughput screening. With its treatment of libraries of small molecules as well as biobanks containing biomolecules, microorganisms and tissue samples, this reference is universally applicable for any molecular scientist involved in a large screening program.
This book deals with the underlying theory and practical aspects of pressure gauges that are at present in general use. Because of the ever-increasing demands to provide a wider range of sophisticated and reliable vacuum equipment a good understanding of these instruments is of vital importance to all workers in the research and industrial sectors. Of the gauges considered only the mechanical types are absolute, in the sense that they measure pressure directly as a force upon a liquid column or a solid surface. Under ideal conditions it is possible to calculate their sensitiv ities, which are the same for all gases and vapours. The recent developments in the viscous or molecular damping gauges indicate that these may also be considered absolute. Other gauges are indirect in that they involve the measurement of some secondary phenomenon which is pressure-dependent and therefore these gauges can only be used for measurement after calibration against an absolute standard. The radiometer or Knudsen type gauge has been excluded from the text since these are now only of historic interest. Also no mention is made of the integration techniques involving surface changes (such as work function) although these could have application under very special circumstances. The McLeod gauge is dealt with in some detail, for even though this gauge has few practical applications, it is the most sensitive absolute gauge available and has value as a reference standard.
Stirlingmotoren zahlen neben Dampfmaschinen zu den altesten Warmekraftmaschinen. Sie weisen in der theoretischen Berechnung einen hoheren Wirkungsgrad auf als Dampfmaschinen und auch Verbrennungsmotoren wie Benzin- oder Dieselmotoren. Obwohl das Grundprinzip des Stirlingmotors schon relativ alt ist, ist die Anwendung heutzutage sinnvoller denn je. Der Grund: Stirlingmotoren konnen mit unterschiedlichen Primarenergiequellen betrieben werden. Das reicht von Holz und Reisstroh uber Gas und Biogas bis hin zur Solarenergie. Und Stirlingmotoren lassen sich universell einsetzen: sowohl in der Haustechnik (Blockheizkraftwerk, Klimaanlagen) als auch fur die Antriebstechnik, z. B. im Auto, in Wasserfahrzeugen und fur Arbeitsmaschinen.