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Scientific nomenclature & classification

See below for a selection of the latest books from Scientific nomenclature & classification category. Presented with a red border are the Scientific nomenclature & classification books that have been lovingly read and reviewed by the experts at Lovereading. With expert reading recommendations made by people with a passion for books and some unique features Lovereading will help you find great Scientific nomenclature & classification books and those from many more genres to read that will keep you inspired and entertained. And it's all free!

Natural Kinds and Classification in Scientific Practice

Natural Kinds and Classification in Scientific Practice

Author: Catherine (Missouri Western State University, USA) Kendig Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 30/07/2018

This edited volume of 13 new essays aims to turn past discussions of natural kinds on their head. Instead of presenting a metaphysical view of kinds based largely on an unempirical vantage point, it pursues questions of kindedness which take the use of kinds and activities of kinding in practice as significant in the articulation of them as kinds. The book brings philosophical study of current and historical episodes and case studies from various scientific disciplines to bear on natural kinds as traditionally conceived of within metaphysics. Focusing on these practices reveals the different knowledge-producing activities of kinding and processes involved in natural kind use, generation, and discovery. Specialists in their field, the esteemed group of contributors use diverse empirically responsive approaches to explore the nature of kindhood. This groundbreaking volume presents detailed case studies that exemplify kinding in use. Newly written for this volume, each chapter engages with the activities of kinding across a variety of disciplines. Chapter topics include the nature of kinds, kindhood, kinding, and kind-making in linguistics, chemical classification, neuroscience, gene and protein classification, colour theory in applied mathematics, homology in comparative biology, sex and gender identity theory, memory research, race, extended cognition, symbolic algebra, cartography, and geographic information science. The volume seeks to open up an as-yet unexplored area within the emerging field of philosophy of science in practice, and constitutes a valuable addition to the disciplines of philosophy and history of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics.

Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) (Russian language)

Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) (Russian language)

Author: United Nations: Economic Commission for Europe Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 30/04/2016

The Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) addresses classification and labelling of chemicals by types of hazards. It provides the basis for worldwide harmonization of rules and regulations on chemicals and aims at enhancing the protection of human health and the environment during their handling, transport and use by ensuring that the information about their physical, health and environmental hazards is available. The sixth revised edition includes, inter alia, a new hazard class for desensitized explosives and a new hazard category for pyrophoric gases; miscellaneous amendments intended to further clarify the criteria for some hazard classes (explosives, specific target organ toxicity following single exposure, aspiration hazard, and hazardous to the aquatic environment) and to complement the information to be included in section 9 of the Safety Data Sheet; revised and further rationalized precautionary statements; and an example of labelling of a small packaging in Annex 7.

Sistema Globalmente Armonizado de Clasificacion y Etiquetado de Productos Quemicos (SGA)

Sistema Globalmente Armonizado de Clasificacion y Etiquetado de Productos Quemicos (SGA)

Author: United Nations: Economic Commission for Europe Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 30/03/2016

El Sistema Globalmente Armonizado de clasificacion y etiquetado de productos que micos (SGA) trata de la clasificacion y etiquetado de productos que micos por tipos de peligro. Proporciona la base para la armonizacion a escala mundial de los requisitos y reglamentaciones aplicables a dichos productos y tiene como objetivo mejorar la proteccion de la salud humana y del medioambiente durante su manipulacion, transporte y utilizacion, garantizando la disponibilidad de la informacion sobre los peligros fsicos, para la salud y para el medioambiente que presentan. La presente sexta edicion revisada incluye entre otras disposiciones, una nueva clase de peligro para los explosivos desensibilizados y una nueva categora de peligro para los gases pirofricos; varias enmiendas destinadas a clarificar los criterios de clasificacion de ciertas clases (explosivos, toxicidad especfica derganos diana tras una exposicion nica, peligro por aspiracion y peligro para el medioambiente acutico) y la informacion que debe figurar en la seccion 9 de la ficha de datos de seguridad; consejos de prudencia revisados y racionalizados, y un ejemplo de etiquetado de pequeos embalajes en el anexo 7.

Natural Kinds and Classification in Scientific Practice

Natural Kinds and Classification in Scientific Practice

Author: Catherine (Missouri Western State University, USA) Kendig Format: Hardback Release Date: 03/12/2015

This edited volume of 13 new essays aims to turn past discussions of natural kinds on their head. Instead of presenting a metaphysical view of kinds based largely on an unempirical vantage point, it pursues questions of kindedness which take the use of kinds and activities of kinding in practice as significant in the articulation of them as kinds. The book brings philosophical study of current and historical episodes and case studies from various scientific disciplines to bear on natural kinds as traditionally conceived of within metaphysics. Focusing on these practices reveals the different knowledge-producing activities of kinding and processes involved in natural kind use, generation, and discovery. Specialists in their field, the esteemed group of contributors use diverse empirically responsive approaches to explore the nature of kindhood. This groundbreaking volume presents detailed case studies that exemplify kinding in use. Newly written for this volume, each chapter engages with the activities of kinding across a variety of disciplines. Chapter topics include the nature of kinds, kindhood, kinding, and kind-making in linguistics, chemical classification, neuroscience, gene and protein classification, colour theory in applied mathematics, homology in comparative biology, sex and gender identity theory, memory research, race, extended cognition, symbolic algebra, cartography, and geographic information science. The volume seeks to open up an as-yet unexplored area within the emerging field of philosophy of science in practice, and constitutes a valuable addition to the disciplines of philosophy and history of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics.

Systeme General Harmonise de Classification et D'etiquetage des Produits Chimiques (SGH)

Systeme General Harmonise de Classification et D'etiquetage des Produits Chimiques (SGH)

Author: United Nations Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 30/06/2015

Le Systeme General Harmonise de Classification et D'etiquetage des Produits Chimiques (SGH) decrit la classification et l'etiquetage des produits chimiques par types de danger. Il fournit une base pour l'harmonisation a l'echelle mondiale des prescriptions et reglementations applicables aux produits chimiques et vise a ameliorer la protection de la sante humaine et de l'environnement au cours de la manipulation, du transport et de l'utilisation de ces produits en garantissant la disponibilite de l'information sur ses dangers physiques, pour la sante et pour l'environnement. La presente sixieme edition revisee inclut notamment une nouvelle classe de danger pour les matieres explosibles desensibilisees et une nouvelle categorie de danger pour les gaz pyrophoriques; divers amendements destines a clarifier d'avantage les criteres de classification pour certaines classes de danger (matieres et objets explosibles; toxicite pour certains organes cibles a la suite d'une exposition unique, danger par aspiration, et dangers pour le milieu aquatique) et les informations qui doivent etre fournies a la section 9 de la fiche de donnees de securite; des conseils de prudence revises et rationalises d'avantage; et un exemple d'etiquetage de petits emballages a l'annexe 7.

Natural Categories and Human Kinds Classification in the Natural and Social Sciences

Natural Categories and Human Kinds Classification in the Natural and Social Sciences

Author: Muhammad Ali (York University, Toronto) Khalidi Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 14/05/2015

The notion of 'natural kinds' has been central to contemporary discussions of metaphysics and philosophy of science. Although explicitly articulated by nineteenth-century philosophers like Mill, Whewell and Venn, it has a much older history dating back to Plato and Aristotle. In recent years, essentialism has been the dominant account of natural kinds among philosophers, but the essentialist view has encountered resistance, especially among naturalist metaphysicians and philosophers of science. Informed by detailed examination of classification in the natural and social sciences, this book argues against essentialism and for a naturalist account of natural kinds. By looking at case studies drawn from diverse scientific disciplines, from fluid mechanics to virology and polymer science to psychiatry, the author argues that natural kinds are nodes in causal networks. On the basis of this account, he maintains that there can be natural kinds in the social sciences as well as the natural sciences.

Atlas of Knowledge Anyone Can Map

Atlas of Knowledge Anyone Can Map

Author: Katy Borner Format: Hardback Release Date: 20/03/2015

The power of mapping: principles for visualizing knowledge, illustrated by many stunning large-scale, full-color maps. Maps of physical spaces locate us in the world and help us navigate unfamiliar routes. Maps of topical spaces help us visualize the extent and structure of our collective knowledge; they reveal bursts of activity, pathways of ideas, and borders that beg to be crossed. This book, from the author of Atlas of Science, describes the power of topical maps, providing readers with principles for visualizing knowledge and offering as examples forty large-scale and more than 100 small-scale full-color maps. Today, data literacy is becoming as important as language literacy. Well-designed visualizations can rescue us from a sea of data, helping us to make sense of information, connect ideas, and make better decisions in real time. In Atlas of Knowledge, leading visualization expert Katy Boerner makes the case for a systems science approach to science and technology studies and explains different types and levels of analysis. Drawing on fifteen years of teaching and tool development, she introduces a theoretical framework meant to guide readers through user and task analysis; data preparation, analysis, and visualization; visualization deployment; and the interpretation of science maps. To exemplify the framework, the Atlas features striking and enlightening new maps from the popular Places & Spaces: Mapping Science exhibit that range from Key Events in the Development of the Video Tape Recorder to Mobile Landscapes: Location Data from Cell Phones for Urban Analysis to Literary Empires: Mapping Temporal and Spatial Settings of Victorian Poetry to Seeing Standards: A Visualization of the Metadata Universe. She also discusses the possible effect of science maps on the practice of science.

Systeme General Harmonise de Classification et d'etiquetage des Produits Chimiques (SGH)

Systeme General Harmonise de Classification et d'etiquetage des Produits Chimiques (SGH)

Author: United Nations: Economic Commission for Europe, United Nations Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 30/08/2013

Le Systeme general harmonise de classification et d'etiquetage des produits chimiques (SGH) decrit la classification et l'etiquetage des produits chimiques par types de danger. Il fournit une base pour l'harmonisation a l'echelle mondiale des prescriptions et reglementations applicables aux produits chimiques et vise a ameliorer la protection de la sante humaine et de l'environnement au cours de la manipulation, du transport et de l'utilisation de ces produits en garantissant la disponibilite de l'information sur ses dangers physiques, pour la sante et pour l'environnement. La presente cinquieme edition revisee inclut notamment une nouvelle methode d'epreuve pour les matieres solides comburantes; divers amendements pour clarifier d'avantage les criteres de classification pour les classes de danger de corrosion/irritation cutanee, lesions oculaires graves/irritation oculaire et aerosols; des tableaux recapitulatifs pour la classification et l'etiquetage revises et simplifies; de nouveaux codes pour les pictogrammes, et des conseils de prudence revises et rationalises d'avantage.

Science Communication A Practical Guide for Scientists

Science Communication A Practical Guide for Scientists

Author: Laura Bowater, Kay Yeoman Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 30/11/2012

Science communication is a rapidly expanding area and meaningful engagement between scientists and the public requires effective communication. Designed to help the novice scientist get started with science communication, this unique guide begins with a short history of science communication before discussing the design and delivery of an effective engagement event. Along with numerous case studies written by highly regarded international contributors, the book discusses how to approach face-to-face science communication and engagement activities with the public while providing tips to avoid potential pitfalls. This book has been written for scientists at all stages of their career, including undergraduates and postgraduates wishing to engage with effective science communication for the first time, or looking to develop their science communication portfolio.

Science Communication A Practical Guide for Scientists

Science Communication A Practical Guide for Scientists

Author: Laura Bowater, Kay Yeoman Format: Hardback Release Date: 30/11/2012

Science communication is a rapidly expanding area and meaningful engagement between scientists and the public requires effective communication. Designed to help the novice scientist get started with science communication, this unique guide begins with a short history of science communication before discussing the design and delivery of an effective engagement event. Along with numerous case studies written by highly regarded international contributors, the book discusses how to approach face-to-face science communication and engagement activities with the public while providing tips to avoid potential pitfalls. This book has been written for scientists at all stages of their career, including undergraduates and postgraduates wishing to engage with effective science communication for the first time, or looking to develop their science communication portfolio.

Elements

Elements

Author: Theodore Gray Format: eBook Release Date: 03/04/2012

The Elements has become an international sensation, with over one million copies in-print worldwide.The highly-anticipated paperback edition of The Elements is finally available.An eye-opening, original collection of gorgeous, never-before-seen photographic representations of the 118 elements in the periodic table.The elements are what we, and everything around us, are made of. But how many elements has anyone actually seen in pure, uncombined form? The Elements provides this rare opportunity. Based on seven years of research and photography, the pictures in this book make up the most complete, and visually arresting, representation available to the naked eye of every atom in the universe. Organized in order of appearance on the periodic table, each element is represented by a spread that includes a stunning, full-page, full-color photograph that most closely represents it in its purest form. For example, at -183 C, oxygen turns from a colorless gas to a beautiful pale blue liquid.Also included are fascinating facts, figures, and stories of the elements as well as data on the properties of each, including atomic weight, density, melting and boiling point, valence, electronegativity, and the year and location in which it was discovered. Several additional photographs show each element in slightly altered forms or as used in various practical ways. The element's position on the periodic table is pinpointed on a mini rendering of the table and an illustrated scale of the element's boiling and/or melting points appears on each page along with a density scale that runs along the bottom.Packed with interesting information, this combination of solid science and stunning artistic photographs is the perfect gift book for every sentient creature in the universe.Includes a tear-out poster of Theodore Gray's iconic Photographic Periodic Table!

A Dictionary of Scientific Units Including dimensionless numbers and scales

A Dictionary of Scientific Units Including dimensionless numbers and scales

Author: H.G. Jerrard Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 06/10/2011

and by the Librarians and Staffs ofthe University and the Public Libraries at Southampton. Finally, we wish to thank Mrs H. G. Jerrard and Miss A. J. Tutte for typing the manuscript. Department of Physics H. G. JERRARD University of Southampton D. B. McNEILL 1963 Preface to the fifth edition Since the publication of the fourth edition in 1980 advances in technology have led to more precise values of the fundamental physical constants and a movement towards definitions of the fundamental units of mass, length and time based on atomic parameters. More precise definitions of some other units such as the candela have been approved by the international committees. These changes, together with the definitions of several new units have been included in this edition, the text of which has been revised and which now contains over 850 units and dimensionless numbers. The authors wish to thank all those who have helped in this latest compilation by suggestion and kindly criticism and Margaret Wainwright who has had the difficult and tedious task of typing, retyping and copying the fragmented parts that arise from a text revision. At the time of going to press we believe this book to provide the most complete and up-to-date information of its kind available.