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Stochastics

See below for a selection of the latest books from Stochastics category. Presented with a red border are the Stochastics books that have been lovingly read and reviewed by the experts at Lovereading. With expert reading recommendations made by people with a passion for books and some unique features Lovereading will help you find great Stochastics books and those from many more genres to read that will keep you inspired and entertained. And it's all free!

Tropical Intraseasonal Variability and the Stochastic Skeleton Method

Tropical Intraseasonal Variability and the Stochastic Skeleton Method

Author: Andrew J. Majda, Samuel N. Stechmann, Shengqian Chen, H. Reed Ogrosky Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 04/10/2019

In this text, modern applied mathematics and physical insight are used to construct the simplest and first nonlinear dynamical model for the Madden-Julian oscillation (MJO), i.e. the stochastic skeleton model. This model captures the fundamental features of the MJO and offers a theoretical prediction of its structure, leading to new detailed methods to identify it in observational data. The text contributes to understanding and predicting intraseasonal variability, which remains a challenging task in contemporary climate, atmospheric, and oceanic science. In the tropics, the Madden-Julian oscillation (MJO) is the dominant component of intraseasonal variability. One of the strengths of this text is demonstrating how a blend of modern applied mathematical tools, including linear and nonlinear partial differential equations (PDEs), simple stochastic modeling, and numerical algorithms, have been used in conjunction with physical insight to create the model. These tools are also applied in developing several extensions of the model in order to capture additional features of the MJO, including its refined vertical structure and its interactions with the extratropics. This book is of interest to graduate students, postdocs, and senior researchers in pure and applied mathematics, physics, engineering, and climate, atmospheric, and oceanic science interested in turbulent dynamical systems as well as other complex systems.

Introduction to Malliavin Calculus

Introduction to Malliavin Calculus

This textbook offers a compact introductory course on Malliavin calculus, an active and powerful area of research. It covers recent applications, including density formulas, regularity of probability laws, central and non-central limit theorems for Gaussian functionals, convergence of densities and non-central limit theorems for the local time of Brownian motion. The book also includes a self-contained presentation of Brownian motion and stochastic calculus, as well as Levy processes and stochastic calculus for jump processes. Accessible to non-experts, the book can be used by graduate students and researchers to develop their mastery of the core techniques necessary for further study.

Stochastic Relations Foundations for Markov Transition Systems

Stochastic Relations Foundations for Markov Transition Systems

Author: Ernst-Erich Doberkat Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 05/09/2019

Collecting information previously scattered throughout the vast literature, including the author's own research, Stochastic Relations: Foundations for Markov Transition Systems develops the theory of stochastic relations as a basis for Markov transition systems. After an introduction to the basic mathematical tools from topology, measure theory, and categories, the book examines the central topics of congruences and morphisms, applies these to the monoidal structure, and defines bisimilarity and behavioral equivalence within this framework. The author views developments from the general theory of coalgebras in the context of the subprobability functor. These tools show that bisimilarity and behavioral and logical equivalence are the same for general modal logics and for continuous time stochastic logic with and without a fixed point operator. With numerous problems and several case studies, this book is an invaluable study of an important aspect of computer science theory.

Stochastic Processes and Related Topics Proceedings of the 12th Winter School, Siegmundsburg (Germany), February 27-March 4, 2000

Stochastic Processes and Related Topics Proceedings of the 12th Winter School, Siegmundsburg (Germany), February 27-March 4, 2000

Author: Rainer Buckdahn Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 05/09/2019

This volume comprises selected papers presented at the 12th Winter School on Stochastic Processes and their Applications, which was held in Siegmundsburg, Germany, in March 2000. The contents include Backward Stochastic Differential Equations; Semilinear PDE and SPDE; Arbitrage Theory; Credit Derivatives and Models for Correlated Defaults; Three Intertwined Brownian Topics: Exponential Functionals, Winding Numbers and Local Times. A unique opportunity to read ideas from all the top experts on the subject, Stochastic Processes and Related Topics is intended for postgraduates and researchers working in this area of mathematics and provides a useful source of reference.

Applied Stochastic Processes

Applied Stochastic Processes

Author: Ming Liao Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 05/09/2019

Applied Stochastic Processes presents a concise, graduate-level treatment of the subject, emphasizing applications and practical computation. It also establishes the complete mathematical theory in an accessible way. After reviewing basic probability, the text covers Poisson processes, renewal processes, discrete- and continuous-time Markov chains, and Brownian motion. It also offers an introduction to stochastic differential equations. While the main applications described are queues, the book also considers other examples, such as the mathematical model of a single stock market. With exercises in most sections, this book provides a clear, practical introduction for beginning graduate students. The material is presented in a straightforward manner using short, motivating examples. In addition, the author develops the mathematical theory with a strong emphasis on probability intuition.

Conceptual Econometrics Using R

Conceptual Econometrics Using R

Author: C.R. (The Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA, USA) Rao Format: Hardback Release Date: 22/08/2019

Conceptual Econometrics Using R, Volume 41 provides state-of-the-art information on important topics in econometrics, including quantitative game theory, multivariate GARCH, stochastic frontiers, fractional responses, specification testing and model selection, exogeneity testing, causal analysis and forecasting, GMM models, asset bubbles and crises, corporate investments, classification, forecasting, nonstandard problems, cointegration, productivity and financial market jumps and co-jumps, among others.

Classics in Applied Mathematics Time Series: Data Analysis and Theory

Classics in Applied Mathematics Time Series: Data Analysis and Theory

Author: David R. (University of California, Berkeley) Brillinger Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 11/07/2019

Intended for students and researchers, this text employs basic techniques of univariate and multivariate statistics for the analysis of time series and signals. It provides a broad collection of theorems, placing the techniques on firm theoretical ground. The techniques, which are illustrated by data analyses, are discussed in both a heuristic and a formal manner, making the book useful for both the applied and the theoretical worker. An extensive set of original exercises is included. Time Series: Data Analysis and Theory takes the Fourier transform of a stretch of time series data as the basic quantity to work with and shows the power of that approach. It considers second- and higher-order parameters and estimates them equally, thereby handling non-Gaussian series and nonlinear systems directly. The included proofs, which are generally short, are based on cumulants.

Estimation of Stochastic Processes with Missing Observations

Estimation of Stochastic Processes with Missing Observations

Author: Format: Hardback Release Date: 10/07/2019

We propose results of the investigation of the problem of mean square optimal estimation of linear functionals constructed from unobserved values of stationary stochastic processes. Estimates are based on observations of the processes with additive stationary noise process. The aim of the book is to develop methods for finding the optimal estimates of the functionals in the case where some observations are missing. Formulas for computing values of the mean-square errors and the spectral characteristics of the optimal linear estimates of functionals are derived in the case of spectral certainty, where the spectral densities of the processes are exactly known. The minimax robust method of estimation is applied in the case of spectral uncertainty, where the spectral densities of the processes are not known exactly while some classes of admissible spectral densities are given. The formulas that determine the least favourable spectral densities and the minimax spectral characteristics of the optimal estimates of functionals are proposed for some special classes of admissible densities.

Stochastic Analysis on Manifolds

Stochastic Analysis on Manifolds

Author: Format: Hardback Release Date: 05/07/2019

Probability theory has become a convenient language and a useful tool in many areas of modern analysis. The main purpose of this book is to explore part of this connection concerning the relations between Brownian motion on a manifold and analytical aspects of differential geometry. A dominant theme of the book is the probabilistic interpretation of the curvature of a manifold.The book begins with a brief review of stochastic differential equations on Euclidean space. After presenting the basics of stochastic analysis on manifolds, the author introduces Brownian motion on a Riemannian manifold and studies the effect of curvature on its behavior. He then applies Brownian motion to geometric problems and vice versa, using many well-known examples, e.g., short-time behavior of the heat kernel on a manifold and probabilistic proofs of the Gauss-Bonnet-Chem theorem and the Atiyah-Singer index theorem for Dirac operators. The book concludes with an introduction to stochastic analysis on the path space over a Riemannian manifold.

A Course on Malliavin-Skorohod Calculus for Additive Processes with Applications to Finance

A Course on Malliavin-Skorohod Calculus for Additive Processes with Applications to Finance

The purpose of the book is to present the Malliavin-Skorohod calculus for additive processes, that is, processes with independent increments; in other words, Levy processes without the hypothesis of stationarity of increments. This will be the addition of Malliavin calculus for Gaussian processes and Malliavin calculus for Poisson random measures. The second is the application of the previous theory to finance, concretely, to stochastic volatility jump diffusion models, in order to solve problems related with pricing and hedging via Clark-Ocone formula, computation of sensitivities, obtaining useful price decompositions (Hull and White type formulas) and local risk minimizing strategies.

Applied Stochastic Control of Jump Diffusions

Applied Stochastic Control of Jump Diffusions

Author: Bernt Oksendal, Agnes Sulem Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 02/05/2019

Here is a rigorous introduction to the most important and useful solution methods of various types of stochastic control problems for jump diffusions and its applications. Discussion includes the dynamic programming method and the maximum principle method, and their relationship. The text emphasises real-world applications, primarily in finance. Results are illustrated by examples, with end-of-chapter exercises including complete solutions. The 2nd edition adds a chapter on optimal control of stochastic partial differential equations driven by Levy processes, and a new section on optimal stopping with delayed information. Basic knowledge of stochastic analysis, measure theory and partial differential equations is assumed.

Stochastic Disorder Problems

Stochastic Disorder Problems

Author: Albert N. Shiryaev, H. Vincent Poor Format: Hardback Release Date: 20/03/2019

This monograph focuses on those stochastic quickest detection tasks in disorder problems that arise in the dynamical analysis of statistical data. These include quickest detection of randomly appearing targets, of spontaneously arising effects, and of arbitrage (in financial mathematics). There is also currently great interest in quickest detection methods for randomly occurring intrusions in information systems and in the design of defense methods against cyber-attacks. The author shows that the majority of quickest detection problems can be reformulated as optimal stopping problems where the stopping time is the moment the occurrence of disorder is signaled. Thus, considerable attention is devoted to the general theory of optimal stopping rules, and to its concrete problem-solving methods. The exposition covers both the discrete time case, which is in principle relatively simple and allows step-by-step considerations, and the continuous-time case, which often requires more technical machinery such as martingales, supermartingales, and stochastic integrals. There is a focus on the well-developed apparatus of Brownian motion, which enables the exact solution of many problems. The last chapter presents applications to financial markets. Researchers and graduate students interested in probability, decision theory and statistical sequential analysis will find this book useful.