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Mathematical modelling

See below for a selection of the latest books from Mathematical modelling category. Presented with a red border are the Mathematical modelling books that have been lovingly read and reviewed by the experts at Lovereading. With expert reading recommendations made by people with a passion for books and some unique features Lovereading will help you find great Mathematical modelling books and those from many more genres to read that will keep you inspired and entertained. And it's all free!

Stochastic Pdes And Modelling Of Multiscale Complex System

Stochastic Pdes And Modelling Of Multiscale Complex System

Author: Wei (Nanjing Univ, China) Wang Format: Hardback Release Date: 22/05/2019

This volume is devoted to original research results and survey articles reviewing recent developments in reduction for stochastic PDEs with multiscale as well as application to science and technology, and to present some future research direction. This volume includes a dozen chapters by leading experts in the area, with a broad audience in mind. It should be accessible to graduate students, junior researchers and other professionals who are interested in the subject. We also take this opportunity to celebrate the contributions of Professor Anthony J Roberts, an internationally leading figure on the occasion of his 60th years birthday in 2017.

Mathematical Modelling of the Human Cardiovascular System

Mathematical Modelling of the Human Cardiovascular System

Mathematical and numerical modelling of the human cardiovascular system has attracted remarkable research interest due to its intrinsic mathematical difficulty and the increasing impact of cardiovascular diseases worldwide. This book addresses the two principal components of the cardiovascular system: arterial circulation and heart function. It systematically describes all aspects of the problem, stating the basic physical principles, analysing the associated mathematical models that comprise PDE and ODE systems, reviewing sound and efficient numerical methods for their approximation, and simulating both benchmark problems and clinically inspired problems. Mathematical modelling itself imposes tremendous challenges, due to the amazing complexity of the cardiovascular system and the need for computational methods that are stable, reliable and efficient. The final part is devoted to control and inverse problems, including parameter estimation, uncertainty quantification and the development of reduced-order models that are important when solving problems with high complexity, which would otherwise be out of reach.

Computational Methods for Approximation of Large-Scale Dynamical Systems

Computational Methods for Approximation of Large-Scale Dynamical Systems

Author: Mohammad Monir Uddin Format: Hardback Release Date: 08/05/2019

These days, computer-based simulation is considered the quintessential approach to exploring new ideas in the different disciplines of science, engineering and technology (SET). To perform simulations, a physical system needs to be modeled using mathematics; these models are often represented by linear time-invariant (LTI) continuous-time (CT) systems. Oftentimes these systems are subject to additional algebraic constraints, leading to first- or second-order differential-algebraic equations (DAEs), otherwise known as descriptor systems. Such large-scale systems generally lead to massive memory requirements and enormous computational complexity, thus restricting frequent simulations, which are required by many applications. To resolve these complexities, the higher-dimensional system may be approximated by a substantially lower-dimensional one through model order reduction (MOR) techniques. Computational Methods for Approximation of Large-Scale Dynamical Systems discusses computational techniques for the MOR of large-scale sparse LTI CT systems. Although the book puts emphasis on the MOR of descriptor systems, it begins by showing and comparing the various MOR techniques for standard systems. The book also discusses the low-rank alternating direction implicit (LR-ADI) iteration and the issues related to solving the Lyapunov equation of large-scale sparse LTI systems to compute the low-rank Gramian factors, which are important components for implementing the Gramian-based MOR. Although this book is primarly aimed at post-graduate students and researchers of the various SET disciplines, the basic contents of this book can be supplemental to the advanced bachelor's-level students as well. It can also serve as an invaluable reference to researchers working in academics and industries alike. Features: Provides an up-to-date, step-by-step guide for its readers. Each chapter develops theories and provides necessary algorithms, worked examples, numerical experiments and related exercises. With the combination of this book and its supplementary materials, the reader gains a sound understanding of the topic. The MATLAB (R) codes for some selected algorithms are provided in the book. The solutions to the exercise problems, experiment data sets and a digital copy of the software are provided on the book's website; The numerical experiments use real-world data sets obtained from industries and research institutes.

An Invitation to Model Theory

An Invitation to Model Theory

Author: Jonathan (University of East Anglia) Kirby Format: Hardback Release Date: 18/04/2019

Model theory begins with an audacious idea: to consider statements about mathematical structures as mathematical objects of study in their own right. While inherently important as a tool of mathematical logic, it also enjoys connections to and applications in diverse branches of mathematics, including algebra, number theory and analysis. Despite this, traditional introductions to model theory assume a graduate-level background of the reader. In this innovative textbook, Jonathan Kirby brings model theory to an undergraduate audience. The highlights of basic model theory are illustrated through examples from specific structures familiar from undergraduate mathematics, paying particular attention to definable sets throughout. With numerous exercises of varying difficulty, this is an accessible introduction to model theory and its place in mathematics.

An Invitation to Model Theory

An Invitation to Model Theory

Author: Jonathan (University of East Anglia) Kirby Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 18/04/2019

Model theory begins with an audacious idea: to consider statements about mathematical structures as mathematical objects of study in their own right. While inherently important as a tool of mathematical logic, it also enjoys connections to and applications in diverse branches of mathematics, including algebra, number theory and analysis. Despite this, traditional introductions to model theory assume a graduate-level background of the reader. In this innovative textbook, Jonathan Kirby brings model theory to an undergraduate audience. The highlights of basic model theory are illustrated through examples from specific structures familiar from undergraduate mathematics, paying particular attention to definable sets throughout. With numerous exercises of varying difficulty, this is an accessible introduction to model theory and its place in mathematics.

Mathematical Modelling of System Resilience

Mathematical Modelling of System Resilience

Almost all the systems in our world, including technical, social, economic, and environmental systems, are becoming interconnected and increasingly complex, and as such they are vulnerable to various risks. Due to this trend, resilience creation is becoming more important to system managers and decision makers, this to ensure sustained performance. In order to be able to ensure an acceptable sustained performance under such interconnectedness and complexity, resilience creation with a system approach is a requirement. Mathematical modeling based approaches are the most common approach for system resilience creation. Mathematical Modelling of System Resilience covers resilience creation for various system aspects including a functional system of the supply chain, overall supply chain systems; various methodologies for modeling system resilience; satellite-based approach for addressing climate related risks, repair-based approach for sustainable performance of an engineering system, and modeling measures of the reliability for a vertical take-off and landing system. Each of the chapters contributes state of the art research for the relevant resilience related topic covered in the chapter. Technical topics covered in the book include: 1. Supply chain risk, vulnerability and disruptions 2. System resilience for containing failures and disruptions 3. Resiliency considering frequency and intensities of disasters 4. Resilience performance index 5. Resiliency of electric Traction system 6. Degree of resilience 7. Satellite observation and hydrological risk 8. Latitude of Resilience 9. On-line repair for resilience 10. Reliability design for Vertical Takeoff and landing Prototype

Structural Equation Modeling with lavaan

Structural Equation Modeling with lavaan

Author: Kamel Gana, Guillaume Broc Format: Hardback Release Date: 05/04/2019

This book presents an introduction to structural equation modeling (SEM) and facilitates the access of students and researchers in various scientific fields to this powerful statistical tool. It offers a didactic initiation to SEM as well as to the open-source software, lavaan, and the rich and comprehensive technical features it offers. Structural Equation Modeling with lavaan thus helps the reader to gain autonomy in the use of SEM to test path models and dyadic models, perform confirmatory factor analyses and estimate more complex models such as general structural models with latent variables and latent growth models. SEM is approached both from the point of view of its process (i.e. the different stages of its use) and from the point of view of its product (i.e. the results it generates and their reading).

The Mathematics of Urban Morphology

The Mathematics of Urban Morphology

Author: Michael Batty Format: Hardback Release Date: 02/04/2019

This edited volume provides an essential resource for urban morphology, the study of urban forms and structures, offering a much-needed mathematical perspective. Experts on a variety of mathematical modeling techniques provide new insights into specific aspects of the field, such as street networks, sustainability, and urban growth. The chapters collected here make a clear case for the importance of tools and methods to understand, model, and simulate the formation and evolution of cities. The chapters cover a wide variety of topics in urban morphology, and are conveniently organized by their mathematical principles. The first part covers fractals and focuses on how self-similar structures sort themselves out through competition. This is followed by a section on cellular automata, and includes chapters exploring how they generate fractal forms. Networks are the focus of the third part, which includes street networks and other forms as well. Chapters that examine complexity and its relation to urban structures are in part four.The fifth part introduces a variety of other quantitative models that can be used to study urban morphology. In the book's final section, a series of multidisciplinary commentaries offers readers new ways of looking at the relationship between mathematics and urban forms. Being the first book on this topic, Mathematics of Urban Morphology will be an invaluable resource for applied mathematicians and anyone studying urban morphology. Additionally, anyone who is interested in cities from the angle of economics, sociology, architecture, or geography will also find it useful. This book provides a useful perspective on the state of the art with respect to urban morphology in general and mathematics as tools and frames to disentangle the ideas that pervade arguments about form and function in particular. There is much to absorb in the pages that follow and there are many pointers to ways in which these ideas can be linked to related theories of cities, urban design and urban policy analysis as well as new movements such as the role of computation in cities and the idea of the smart city. Much food for thought. Read on, digest, enjoy. From the foreword by Michael Batty

Research in Data Science

Research in Data Science

Author: Ellen Gasparovic Format: Hardback Release Date: 02/04/2019

This edited volume on data science features a variety of research ranging from theoretical to applied and computational topics. Aiming to establish the important connection between mathematics and data science, this book addresses cutting edge problems in predictive modeling, multi-scale representation and feature selection, statistical and topological learning, and related areas. Contributions study topics such as the hubness phenomenon in high-dimensional spaces, the use of a heuristic framework for testing the multi-manifold hypothesis for high-dimensional data, the investigation of interdisciplinary approaches to multi-dimensional obstructive sleep apnea patient data, and the inference of a dyadic measure and its simplicial geometry from binary feature data. Based on the first Women in Data Science and Mathematics (WiSDM) Research Collaboration Workshop that took place in 2017 at the Institute for Compuational and Experimental Research in Mathematics (ICERM) in Providence, Rhode Island, this volume features submissions from several of the working groups as well as contributions from the wider community. The volume is suitable for researchers in data science in industry and academia.

Nonlocal Modeling, Analysis, and Computation

Nonlocal Modeling, Analysis, and Computation

Author: Qiang Du Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 30/03/2019

Studies of complexity, singularity, and anomaly using nonlocal continuum models are steadily gaining popularity. This monograph provides an introduction to basic analytical, computational, and modeling issues and to some of the latest developments in these areas. Nonlocal Modeling, Analysis, and Computation includes motivational examples of nonlocal models, basic building blocks of nonlocal vector calculus, elements of theory for well-posedness and nonlocal spaces, connections to and coupling with local models, convergence and compatibility of numerical approximations, and various applications, such as nonlocal dynamics of anomalous diffusion and nonlocal peridynamic models of elasticity and fracture mechanics. A particular focus is on nonlocal systems with a finite range of interaction to illustrate their connection to traditional local systems represented by partial differential equations and fractional PDEs. These models are designed to represent nonlocal interactions explicitly and to remain valid for complex systems involving possible singular solutions and they have the potential to be alternatives to as well as bridges to existing local continuum and discrete models. The author discusses ongoing studies of nonlocal models to encourage the discovery of new mathematical theory for nonlocal continuum models and offer new perspectives on existing discrete models and local continuum models and the connections between them.

Arbres Pour l'Algorithmique

Arbres Pour l'Algorithmique

Author: Brigitte Chauvin, Julien Clement, Daniele Gardy Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 29/03/2019

Agriculture as a Metaphor for Creativity in All Human Endeavors

Agriculture as a Metaphor for Creativity in All Human Endeavors

Author: Robert S. Anderssen Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 28/03/2019

This book is a collection of papers presented at the 'Forum Math-for-Industry 2016 ' (FMfl2016), held at Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia, on November 21-23, 2016. The theme for this unique and important event was Agriculture as a Metaphor for Creativity in All Human Endeavors , and it brought together leading international mathematicians and active researchers from universities and industry to discuss current challenging topics and to promote interactive collaborations between mathematics and industry. The success of agricultural practice relies fundamentally on its interconnections with and dependence on biology and the environment. Both play essential roles, including the biological adaption to cope with environmental challenges of biotic and abiotic stress and global warming. The book highlights the development of mathematics within this framework that successful agricultural practice depends upon and exploits.