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Mathematical logic

See below for a selection of the latest books from Mathematical logic category. Presented with a red border are the Mathematical logic books that have been lovingly read and reviewed by the experts at Lovereading. With expert reading recommendations made by people with a passion for books and some unique features Lovereading will help you find great Mathematical logic books and those from many more genres to read that will keep you inspired and entertained. And it's all free!

Secret History

Secret History

Author: Craig (York College of Pennsylvania, Physical Sciences Department, USA) Bauer Format: Hardback Release Date: 10/02/2021

The first edition of this award-winning book attracted a wide audience. This second edition is both a joy to read and a useful classroom tool. Unlike traditional textbooks, it requires no mathematical prerequisites and can be read around the mathematics presented. If used as a textbook, the mathematics can be prioritized, with a book both students and instructors will enjoy reading. Secret History: The Story of Cryptology, Second Edition incorporates new material concerning various eras in the long history of cryptology. Much has happened concerning the political aspects of cryptology since the first edition appeared. The still unfolding story is updated here. The first edition of this book contained chapters devoted to the cracking of German and Japanese systems during World War II. Now the other side of this cipher war is also told, that is, how the United States was able to come up with systems that were never broken. The text is in two parts. Part I presents classic cryptology from ancient times through World War II. Part II examines modern computer cryptology. With numerous real-world examples and extensive references, the author skillfully balances the history with mathematical details, providing readers with a sound foundation in this dynamic field. FEATURES Presents a chronological development of key concepts Includes the Vigenere cipher, the one-time pad, transposition ciphers, Jefferson's wheel cipher, Playfair cipher, ADFGX, matrix encryption, Enigma, Purple, and other classic methods Looks at the work of Claude Shannon, the origin of the National Security Agency, elliptic curve cryptography, the Data Encryption Standard, the Advanced Encryption Standard, public-key cryptography, and many other topics New chapters detail SIGABA and SIGSALY, successful systems used during World War II for text and speech, respectively Includes quantum cryptography and the impact of quantum computers

Threshold Logic

Threshold Logic

Author: Sze-Tsen Hu Format: Hardback Release Date: 05/02/2021

This title is part of UC Press's Voices Revived program, which commemorates University of California Press's mission to seek out and cultivate the brightest minds and give them voice, reach, and impact. Drawing on a backlist dating to 1893, Voices Revived makes high-quality, peer-reviewed scholarship accessible once again using print-on-demand technology. This title was originally published in 1965.

Threshold Logic

Threshold Logic

Author: Sze-Tsen Hu Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 05/02/2021

This title is part of UC Press's Voices Revived program, which commemorates University of California Press's mission to seek out and cultivate the brightest minds and give them voice, reach, and impact. Drawing on a backlist dating to 1893, Voices Revived makes high-quality, peer-reviewed scholarship accessible once again using print-on-demand technology. This title was originally published in 1965.

Mathematical Labyrinths. Pathfinding

Mathematical Labyrinths. Pathfinding

Author: Boris (-) Pritsker Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 15/01/2021

Mathematical Labyrinths. Pathfinding provides an overview of various non-standard problems and the approaches to their solutions. The essential idea is a framework laid upon the reader on how to solve nonconventional problems - particularly in the realm of mathematics and logic. It goes over the key steps in approaching a difficult problem, contemplating a plan for its solution, and discusses set of mental models to solve math problems.The book is not a routine set of problems. It is rather an entertaining and educational journey into the fascinating world of mathematical reasoning and logic. It is about finding the best path to a solution depending on the information given, asking and answering the right questions, analyzing and comparing alternative approaches to problem solving, searching for generalizations and inventing new problems. It also considers as an important pedagogical tool playing mathematical and logical games, deciphering mathematical sophisms, and interpreting mathematical paradoxes.It is suitable for mathematically talented and curious students in the age range 10-20. There are many 'Eureka'- type, out of the ordinary, fun problems that require bright idea and insight. These intriguing and thought-provoking brainteasers and logic puzzles should be enjoyable by the audience of almost any age group, from 6-year-old children to 80-year-old and older adults.

Mathematical Labyrinths. Pathfinding

Mathematical Labyrinths. Pathfinding

Author: Boris (-) Pritsker Format: Hardback Release Date: 15/01/2021

Mathematical Labyrinths. Pathfinding provides an overview of various non-standard problems and the approaches to their solutions. The essential idea is a framework laid upon the reader on how to solve nonconventional problems - particularly in the realm of mathematics and logic. It goes over the key steps in approaching a difficult problem, contemplating a plan for its solution, and discusses set of mental models to solve math problems.The book is not a routine set of problems. It is rather an entertaining and educational journey into the fascinating world of mathematical reasoning and logic. It is about finding the best path to a solution depending on the information given, asking and answering the right questions, analyzing and comparing alternative approaches to problem solving, searching for generalizations and inventing new problems. It also considers as an important pedagogical tool playing mathematical and logical games, deciphering mathematical sophisms, and interpreting mathematical paradoxes.It is suitable for mathematically talented and curious students in the age range 10-20. There are many 'Eureka'- type, out of the ordinary, fun problems that require bright idea and insight. These intriguing and thought-provoking brainteasers and logic puzzles should be enjoyable by the audience of almost any age group, from 6-year-old children to 80-year-old and older adults.

Automation of Logic

Automation of Logic

Presenting first-order and propositional methods as well as implementation issues, this book provides a state-of-the-art introduction to the automation of logic. It focuses on superposition calculus and related rewriting techniques. It also covers decision procedures for certain theories and includes real-world applications. Along with the relevant theory, each chapter contains implementation methods, historical background, suggestions for further reading, and software. Supplemental materials and resources are provided on the book's website and a solutions manual is available for qualifying instructors.

Science Of Learning Mathematical Proofs, The: An Introductory Course

Science Of Learning Mathematical Proofs, The: An Introductory Course

Author: Elana (St Joseph's College, Usa) Reiser Format: Hardback Release Date: 27/12/2020

College students struggle with the switch from thinking of mathematics as a calculation based subject to a problem solving based subject. This book describes how the introduction to proofs course can be taught in a way that gently introduces students to this new way of thinking. This introduction utilizes recent research in neuroscience regarding how the brain learns best. Rather than jumping right into proofs, students are first taught how to change their mindset about learning, how to persevere through difficult problems, how to work successfully in a group, and how to reflect on their learning. With these tools in place, students then learn logic and problem solving as a further foundation.Next various proof techniques such as direct proofs, proof by contraposition, proof by contradiction, and mathematical induction are introduced. These proof techniques are introduced using the context of number theory. The last chapter uses Calculus as a way for students to apply the proof techniques they have learned.

Science Of Learning Mathematical Proofs, The: An Introductory Course

Science Of Learning Mathematical Proofs, The: An Introductory Course

Author: Elana (St Joseph's College, Usa) Reiser Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 27/12/2020

College students struggle with the switch from thinking of mathematics as a calculation based subject to a problem solving based subject. This book describes how the introduction to proofs course can be taught in a way that gently introduces students to this new way of thinking. This introduction utilizes recent research in neuroscience regarding how the brain learns best. Rather than jumping right into proofs, students are first taught how to change their mindset about learning, how to persevere through difficult problems, how to work successfully in a group, and how to reflect on their learning. With these tools in place, students then learn logic and problem solving as a further foundation.Next various proof techniques such as direct proofs, proof by contraposition, proof by contradiction, and mathematical induction are introduced. These proof techniques are introduced using the context of number theory. The last chapter uses Calculus as a way for students to apply the proof techniques they have learned.

Global Solution For Sudoku

Global Solution For Sudoku

Author: Zhong-qi (Chinese Academy Of Sciences, China) Ma Format: Hardback Release Date: 26/12/2020

The present book aims to provide systematic and reliable techniques, called the global solution, for Sudoku puzzles. Any proper Sudoku puzzle, which has one and only one solution of Sudoku, can be solved by anyone following the techniques provided in this book. Specific symbols are introduced to express the 6 basic rules of the Sudoku global solution, as the results, those Sudoku solving techniques are presented similar to the annotations in chess. Finnish mathematician Arto Inkala proposed 'the most difficult Sudoku puzzle' in 2007. Then, he designed another difficult Sudoku puzzle in 2012, named 'the thing Everest'. In the present book the solving process of those two difficult Sudoku puzzles are illustrated reliably by the specific symbols of the global solution step by step.

Global Solution For Sudoku

Global Solution For Sudoku

Author: Zhong-qi (Chinese Academy Of Sciences, China) Ma Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 26/12/2020

The present book aims to provide systematic and reliable techniques, called the global solution, for Sudoku puzzles. Any proper Sudoku puzzle, which has one and only one solution of Sudoku, can be solved by anyone following the techniques provided in this book. Specific symbols are introduced to express the 6 basic rules of the Sudoku global solution, as the results, those Sudoku solving techniques are presented similar to the annotations in chess. Finnish mathematician Arto Inkala proposed 'the most difficult Sudoku puzzle' in 2007. Then, he designed another difficult Sudoku puzzle in 2012, named 'the thing Everest'. In the present book the solving process of those two difficult Sudoku puzzles are illustrated reliably by the specific symbols of the global solution step by step.

Projective Measure Without Projective Baire

Projective Measure Without Projective Baire

Author: Sy David Friedman, David Schrittesser Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 30/11/2020

The authors prove that it is consistent (relative to a Mahlo cardinal) that all projective sets of reals are Lebesgue measurable, but there is a $\Delta^1_3$ set without the Baire property. The complexity of the set which provides a counterexample to the Baire property is optimal.

New Methods and Paradigms for Modeling Dynamic Processes Based on Cellular Automata

New Methods and Paradigms for Modeling Dynamic Processes Based on Cellular Automata

The accelerating development of computer technology and communications can replace many of the functions of human intellectual activity, as well as help them in making decisions in various situations of their lives. To implement intelligent functions for various purposes, numerous models, paradigms, architectures, and hardware and software are being developed. Because the world is constantly evolving, there is a need to constantly study various dynamic processes to determine possible negative situations that can lead to undesirable catastrophic phenomena and changes. Recently, more attention has been paid to the study of natural processes in nature. Scientific works are appearing that describe the behavior and development of living organisms and the processes of their interaction. Cellular automata are increasingly used to describe and model them. New Methods and Paradigms for Modeling Dynamic Processes Based on Cellular Automata is a collection of innovative research that describes the models and paradigms of building cellular automata that allows for the simulation of the dynamics of the interaction of living organisms from a different scientific point of view. For this, asynchronous cellular automata with a dynamically changing number of living cells are used. The chapters describe the theoretical concepts of constructing asynchronous cellular automata with active cells. Much attention is paid to the use of the proposed theoretical principles for solving modeling problems and solving specific applied problems of forming pseudorandom sequences and image processing based on modeling of the human visual channel. Featuring research on topics such as colony interaction, image processing and recognition, and influence mode, this book is ideally designed for engineers, programmers, software developers, researchers, academicians, and students.