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See below for a selection of the latest books from Mathematics category. Presented with a red border are the Mathematics books that have been lovingly read and reviewed by the experts at Lovereading. With expert reading recommendations made by people with a passion for books and some unique features Lovereading will help you find great Mathematics books and those from many more genres to read that will keep you inspired and entertained. And it's all free!
Throughout the history of mathematics, maximum and minimum problems have played an important role in the evolution of the field. Many beautiful and important problems have appeared in a variety of branches of mathematics and physics, as well as in other fields of sciences. The greatest scientists of the past - Euclid, Archimedes, Heron, the Bernoullis, Newton, and many others - took part in seeking solutions to these concrete problems. The solutions stimulated the development of the theory, and, as a result, techniques were elaborated that made possible the solution of a tremendous variety of problems by a single method. This book presents fifteen 'stories' designed to acquaint readers with the central concepts of the theory of maxima and minima, as well as with its illustrious history.This book is accessible to high school students and would likely be of interest to a wide variety of readers. In Part One, the author familiarizes readers with many concrete problems that lead to discussion of the work of some of the greatest mathematicians of all time. Part Two introduces a method for solving maximum and minimum problems that originated with Lagrange. While the content of this method has varied constantly, its basic conception has endured for over two centuries. The final story is addressed primarily to those who teach mathematics, for it impinges on the question of how and why to teach. Throughout the book, the author strives to show how the analysis of diverse facts gives rise to a general idea, how this idea is transformed, how it is enriched by new content, and how it remains the same in spite of these changes.
Presents a translation of the last of Caratheodory's celebrated text books, Funktiontheorie, Volume 1.
This classical book, written by a famous French mathematician in the early 1950s, presents an approach to algebraic geometry of curves treated as the theory of algebraic functions on the curve. Among other advantages of such an approach, it allowed the author to consider curves over an arbitrary ground field. Among topics discussed in the book are the theory of divisors on a curve, the Riemann-Roch theorem, $p$-adic completion, extensions of the fields of functions (covering theory) and of the fields of constants, and the theory of differentials on a curve. The last chapter, which is more analytic in flavor, treats the theory of Riemann surfaces. Prerequisites for reading are minimal and include only an advanced undergraduate algebra course.
This famous work is a textbook that emphasizes the conceptual and historical continuity of analytic function theory. The second volume broadens from a textbook to a textbook-treatise, covering the 'canonical' topics (including elliptic functions, entire and meromorphic functions, as well as conformal mapping, etc.) and other topics nearer the expanding frontier of analytic function theory. In the latter category are the chapters on majorization and on functions holomorphic in a half-plane.
This is the eleventh issue (Vol. 6, No. 1, July 2018) of the Notices of the International Congress of Chinese Mathematicians (or ICCM Notices, for short), the official periodical of the ICCM organization. Published semi-annually, the Notices bring news, research, and presentation of various perspectives, relevant to Chinese mathematics development and education. Readers of the Notices will find research papers on various topics by prominent experts from around the world, interesting and timely articles on current applications and trends, biographical and historical essays, profiles of important institutions of research and learning, and more.
This book provides a transition from the formula-full aspects of the beginning study of college level mathematics to the rich and creative world of more advanced topics. It is designed to assist the student in mastering the techniques of analysis and proof that are required to do mathematics. Along with the standard material such as linear algebra, construction of the real numbers via Cauchy sequences, metric spaces and complete metric spaces, there are three projects at the end of each chapter that form an integral part of the text. These projects include a detailed discussion of topics such as group theory, convergence of infinite series, decimal expansions of real numbers, point set topology and topological groups. They are carefully designed to guide the student through the subject matter. Together with numerous exercises included in the book, these projects may be used as part of the regular classroom presentation, as self-study projects for students, or for Inquiry Based Learning activities presented by the students.
In this volume boundary value problems are studied from two points of view; solvability, unique or otherwise, and the effect of various smoothness properties of the given functions on the smoothness of the solutions. There are seven chapters contained in this volume. Chapter One gives a statement of the new results and an historical sketch. Chapter two introduces the various function spaces typical of modern Russian-style functional analysis. Chapters three and four deal with linear equations. Chapter six concerns itself with quasilinear equations, and chapter seven with systems of equations. These last four chapters can be read independently of one another.
Minimal surfaces date back to Euler and Lagrange and the beginning of the calculus of variations. Many of the techniques developed have played key roles in geometry and partial differential equations. Examples include monotonicity and tangent cone analysis originating in the regularity theory for minimal surfaces, estimates for nonlinear equations based on the maximum principle arising in Bernstein's classical work, and even Lebesgue's definition of the integral that he developed in his thesis on the Plateau problem for minimal surfaces. This book starts with the classical theory of minimal surfaces and ends up with current research topics. Of the various ways of approaching minimal surfaces (from complex analysis, PDE, or geometric measure theory), the authors have chosen to focus on the PDE aspects of the theory. The book also contains some of the applications of minimal surfaces to other fields including low dimensional topology, general relativity, and materials science. The only prerequisites needed for this book are a basic knowledge of Riemannian geometry and some familiarity with the maximum principle.