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Epidemiology & medical statistics

See below for a selection of the latest books from Epidemiology & medical statistics category. Presented with a red border are the Epidemiology & medical statistics books that have been lovingly read and reviewed by the experts at Lovereading. With expert reading recommendations made by people with a passion for books and some unique features Lovereading will help you find great Epidemiology & medical statistics books and those from many more genres to read that will keep you inspired and entertained. And it's all free!

Causal Inference

Causal Inference

The application of causal inference methods is growing exponentially in fields that deal with observational data. Written by pioneers in the field, this practical book presents an authoritative yet accessible overview of the methods and applications of causal inference. With a wide range of detailed, worked examples using real epidemiologic data as well as software for replicating the analyses, the text provides a thorough introduction to the basics of the theory for non-time-varying treatments and the generalization to complex longitudinal data.

Economic Evaluation of Cancer Drugs Using Clinical Trial and Real-World Data

Economic Evaluation of Cancer Drugs Using Clinical Trial and Real-World Data

Cancer is a major healthcare burden across the world and impacts not only the people diagnosed with various cancers but also their families, carers, and healthcare systems. With advances in the diagnosis and treatment, more people are diagnosed early and receive treatments for a disease where few treatments options were previously available. As a result, the survival of patients with cancer has steadily improved and, in most cases, patients who are not cured may receive multiple lines of treatment, often with financial consequences for the patients, insurers and healthcare systems. Although many books exist that address economic evaluation, Economic Evaluation of Cancer Drugs using Clinical Trial and Real World Data is the first unified text that specifically addresses the economic evaluation of cancer drugs. The authors discuss how to perform cost-effectiveness analyses while emphasising the strategic importance of designing cost-effectiveness into cancer trials and building robust economic evaluation models that have a higher chance of reimbursement if truly cost-effective. They cover the use of real-world data using cancer registries and discuss how such data can support or complement clinical trials with limited follow up. Lessons learned from failed reimbursement attempts, factors predictive of successful reimbursement and the different payer requirements across major countries including US, Australia, Canada, UK, Germany, France and Italy are also discussed. The book includes many detailed practical examples, case studies and thought-provoking exercises for use in classroom and seminar discussions. Iftekhar Khan is a medical statistician and health economist and a lead statistician at Oxford Unviersity's Center for Statistics in Medicine. Professor Khan is also a Senior Research Fellow in Health Economics at University of Warwick and is a Senior Statistical Assessor within the Licensing Division of the UK Medicine and Health Regulation Agency. Ralph Crott is a former professor in Pharmacoeconomics at the University of Montreal in Quebec, Canada and former head of the EORTC Health Economics Unit and former senior health economist at the Belgian HTA organization. Zahid Bashir has over twelve years experience working in the pharmaceutical industry in medical affairs and oncology drug development where he is involved in the design and execution of oncology clinical trials and development of reimbursement dossiers for HTA submission.

Understanding Statistics and Experimental Design How to not lie with statistics

Understanding Statistics and Experimental Design How to not lie with statistics

Author: Michael Herzog, Gregory Francis, Aaron Clarke Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 20/06/2019

This open access textbook provides the background needed to correctly use, interpret and understand statistics and statistical data in diverse settings. Part I makes key concepts in statistics readily clear. Parts I and II give an overview of the most common tests (t-test, ANOVA, correlations) and work out their statistical principles. Part III provides insight into meta-statistics (statistics of statistics) and demonstrates why experiments often do not replicate. Finally, the textbook shows how complex statistics can be avoided by using clever experimental design. Both non-scientists and students in Biology, Biomedicine and Engineering will benefit from the book by learning the statistical basis of scientific claims and by discovering ways to evaluate the quality of scientific reports in academic journals and news outlets.

Mortality Among Hispanic and African-American Players After Desegregation in Major League Baseball

Mortality Among Hispanic and African-American Players After Desegregation in Major League Baseball

Author: Jeffrey S. Markowitz Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 13/06/2019

This compelling book examines mortality risk among former Hispanic and African-American players in Major League Baseball (MLB) during the 40-year period following desegregation in the League. Analyzing a variety of biological, cultural, social, and environmental factors, the author illustrates the potential health effects of racial disparities on these elite athletes and fills a significant gap in the mortality literature. Included in the coverage: The history and evolution of professional baseball in both the United States and Latin America Literature and statistical reviews of racial and ethnic inequalities in mortality in the US general population Overview and evaluation of methodologies used to statistically analyze mortality risk in this professional-athlete population Implications and applications of research findings related to Hispanic and African-American MLB-player mortality A unique perspective on a pressing public health issue, Mortality Among Hispanic and African-American Players After Desegregation in Major League Baseball is a salient read for public health professionals including epidemiologists, medical professionals, and social scientists, as well as athletes, historians, and those with broad interest in African American and Latino health.

Essentials of Clinical Informatics

Essentials of Clinical Informatics

Essentials of Clinical Informatics provides a concise and user-friendly overview on important topics such as technical infrastructure, team members and their roles, informatics methods, policies and laws, implementation, and operations. With increased interest in training and expertise in order to participate in all aspects of medical technology from basic function of electronic health record to data analytics and quality improvement to population health, this work serves as a foundational guide to better understand and analyze medical data. The book is separated into six parts: Part 1, < Areas of Focus> , is an introduction to the healthcare system and healthcare information systems; Part 2, < The Framework> , discusses the theoretical and procedural infrastructure of informatics, including data, knowledge, people, policies, procedures, and regulations; Part 3, < The Foundation> , covers the fundamentals of clinical informatics in detail, including data representation, computer science, logic and programming, decision-making and decision support, analytics, user experience, and project management; Part 4, < Application of Informatics in Healthcare> , looks at the roles of informatics in the spectrum of healthcare environments from home to hospital to population health; Part 5, < Future Trends', presents a view of future trends and methods to stay current; and Part 6, < Appendix> , has reference data, glossary, case discussions, citations, recommendations for further reading, and self-assessment questions which may be of interest to professionals who are preparing for certification examinations.

Urban Health

Urban Health

An essential collection that advances our understanding of how cities influence our health More than half the world's population lives in cities - a figure that will grow to two-thirds by 2030. As global populations rapidly consolidate around urban centers, the scientific understanding of what this means for human health faces a new and greater urgency. Urban Health connects urban exposures - the experiences, choices, and behaviors shaped by living in a city - to their impact on population health. By using the ubiquitous aspects of the urban experience as a lens to study these exposures across borders and demographics, it offers a new, scalable framework for understanding health and disease. Its applications to public health, epidemiology, and social science are virtually unlimited. Enriched with case studies that consider the state of health in cities all over the world, this book does more than capture the state of a nascent field; it holds a critical mirror to itself, considering the next decade and arming a new generation with the tools for research and practice.

Urban Health

Urban Health

Author: Sandro (Robert A. Knox Professor and Dean, Boston University School of Public Health) Galea Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 13/05/2019

An essential collection that advances our understanding of how cities influence our health More than half the world's population lives in cities - a figure that will grow to two-thirds by 2030. As global populations rapidly consolidate around urban centers, the scientific understanding of what this means for human health faces a new and greater urgency. Urban Health connects urban exposures - the experiences, choices, and behaviors shaped by living in a city - to their impact on population health. By using the ubiquitous aspects of the urban experience as a lens to study these exposures across borders and demographics, it offers a new, scalable framework for understanding health and disease. Its applications to public health, epidemiology, and social science are virtually unlimited. Enriched with case studies that consider the state of health in cities all over the world, this book does more than capture the state of a nascent field; it holds a critical mirror to itself, considering the next decade and arming a new generation with the tools for research and practice.

Practical Guides to Biostatistics and Epidemiology Applied Mixed Model Analysis: A Practical Guide

Practical Guides to Biostatistics and Epidemiology Applied Mixed Model Analysis: A Practical Guide

Author: Jos W. R. (Universiteit van Amsterdam) Twisk Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 30/04/2019

This practical book is designed for applied researchers who want to use mixed models with their data. It discusses the basic principles of mixed model analysis, including two-level and three-level structures, and covers continuous outcome variables, dichotomous outcome variables, and categorical and survival outcome variables. Emphasizing interpretation of results, the book develops the most important applications of mixed models, such as the study of group differences, longitudinal data analysis, multivariate mixed model analysis, IPD meta-analysis, and mixed model predictions. All examples are analyzed with STATA, and an extensive overview and comparison of alternative software packages is provided. All datasets used in the book are available for download, so readers can re-analyze the examples to gain a strong understanding of the methods. Although most examples are taken from epidemiological and clinical studies, this book is also highly recommended for researchers working in other fields.

Ambient Temperature and Health in China

Ambient Temperature and Health in China

Author: Hualiang Lin Format: Hardback Release Date: 30/04/2019

This book focuses on the Chinese health impact induced by ambient temperature variation, especially the epidemiology-based exposure-response relationship with the mortality and morbidity from respiratory, cardiovascular diseases, and mental health among Chinese population.A great number of epidemiological studies have reported that ambient temperature is closely associated with a wide range of health outcomes, such as mortality, cardiovascular and respiratory events, adverse birth outcome, and some infectious diseases, such as dengue fever, malaria. Although a number of epidemiological studies in western countries have evaluated the adverse health effects of ambient temperature, the exposure-response relationship from these countries cannot simply be applied to the Chinese population due to the large differences in temperature profile, exposure pattern, as well as the population vulnerability. This book will provide up-to-date estimates of the magnitude of adverse health effects of ambient temperature in the Chinese population. We hope to provide readers with a comprehensive and organized body of information in the area of Ambient Temperature and health.

Practical Guides to Biostatistics and Epidemiology Applied Mixed Model Analysis: A Practical Guide

Practical Guides to Biostatistics and Epidemiology Applied Mixed Model Analysis: A Practical Guide

Author: Jos W. R. (Universiteit van Amsterdam) Twisk Format: Hardback Release Date: 30/04/2019

This practical book is designed for applied researchers who want to use mixed models with their data. It discusses the basic principles of mixed model analysis, including two-level and three-level structures, and covers continuous outcome variables, dichotomous outcome variables, and categorical and survival outcome variables. Emphasizing interpretation of results, the book develops the most important applications of mixed models, such as the study of group differences, longitudinal data analysis, multivariate mixed model analysis, IPD meta-analysis, and mixed model predictions. All examples are analyzed with STATA, and an extensive overview and comparison of alternative software packages is provided. All datasets used in the book are available for download, so readers can re-analyze the examples to gain a strong understanding of the methods. Although most examples are taken from epidemiological and clinical studies, this book is also highly recommended for researchers working in other fields.

Disease Control Priorities (Volume 4) Mental, Neurological, and Substance Use Disorders

Disease Control Priorities (Volume 4) Mental, Neurological, and Substance Use Disorders

Author: Vikram Pakel Format: Hardback Release Date: 26/04/2019

At the turn of the millennium, the world experienced a dramatic increase in funding for global health programs. Competing demands for these resources meant that policymakers needed access to valid, evidence-based information on the costs and consequences of a broad range of health interventions. By providing systematic and comparable information about purchasing health in LMICs, Disease Control Priorities in Developing Countries, Second Edition greatly informed and enriched these conversations and & we hope - improved resource allocations. Nearly ten years later, increased attention to chronic diseases and the importance of health systems in providing access to quality care is once again reshaping the global health landscape. Low- and middle-income countries are continuing to set priorities for funding and deploying specific interventions, but with a greater appreciation for the contribution of program and economic evaluation to informed decision-making. The need to make decisions across an increasingly complex set of policy and intervention choices, attuned to specific health system capabilities, makes a third iteration of Disease Control Priorities all the more critical. Similar to the first and second editions of Disease Control Priorities (DCP1 and DCP2), the aim of the third edition (DCP3) is to influence program design and resource allocation at global and country levels by providing an up-to-date comprehensive review of the effectiveness of priority health interventions. It presents systematic and comparable economic evaluations of selected interventions, delivery platforms, and policies based on newly developed economic methods. DCP3 further expands on the scope of intervention assessments found in DCP1 and DCP2 by presenting findings in nine individual volumes. It is clear that optimal global health programming requires a comprehensive evidence-base to help determine what works, what does not, how much it will cost. DCP3 will allow users to set global and national priorities for health in an informed manner.

Epidemiology Of Chronic Disease: Global Perspectives

Epidemiology Of Chronic Disease: Global Perspectives

Author: Randall E. Harris Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 26/04/2019

Epidemiology of Chronic Disease: Global Perspectives is the most current and authoritative resource on the epidemiology, etiology, pathogenesis, risk factors and preventive factors of over 50 major chronic diseases and conditions. This comprehensive text provides readers with an excellent basis for examining current hypotheses regarding chronic disease epidemiology. Organized into five sections, the text begins with an introductory chapter which examines the new public health environment in which chronic diseases have replaced acute infectious conditions concurrent with improved health care and increasing longevity in many populations of the world. Subsequent sections cover cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases, major forms of cancer, diseases of the respiratory tract, metabolic and digestive diseases, musculoskeletal diseases, neurodegenerative diseases, and finally, three infectious diseases that often manifest as chronic conditions. Special sections in each chapter focus on controversial topics that can serve as a launching point for classroom discussion of molecular mechanisms of disease pathogenesis and the relevant epidemiologic issues pertaining to the prevention and control of chronic diseases. Key Features: - Special sections in each chapter focus on controversial topics that can serve as a launching point for classroom discussion of molecular mechanisms of disease pathogenesis and the relevant epidemiologic issues pertaining to the prevention and control of chronic diseases. - Four new chapters on the epidemiology of congestive heart failure, peripheral artery disease and aortic dissection, venous thromboembolism and pulmonary embolism, and sudden cardiac death. - Discussion of new findings, such as the association of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) with suicide and the emerging crisis of antibiotic resistance in tuberculosis and other chronic infections. - Updated epidemiologic findings and references throughout. - Robust instructor's materials, including an online instructor's manual with recommended questions and answers for each chapter, slides in PowerPoint format, and a test bank.