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Medical research

See below for a selection of the latest books from Medical research category. Presented with a red border are the Medical research books that have been lovingly read and reviewed by the experts at Lovereading. With expert reading recommendations made by people with a passion for books and some unique features Lovereading will help you find great Medical research books and those from many more genres to read that will keep you inspired and entertained. And it's all free!

Aldehyde Dehydrogenases From Alcohol Metabolism to Human Health and Precision Medicine

Aldehyde Dehydrogenases From Alcohol Metabolism to Human Health and Precision Medicine

Author: Jun Ren Format: Hardback Release Date: 15/08/2019

This volume covers the science of ALDH enzymes in relation to chronic disease processes and the future therapeutic potentials of targeting ALDH in these processes. It thoroughly reviews the roles of ALDH family in alcohol metabolism, as well as recent findings of their emerging roles in a variety of human pathologies such as cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, obesity, stroke, cancer, liver diseases and kidney diseases. Delicate contribution of ALDH enzymes in the therapeutics against chronic diseases is also discussed. It demonstrates the unique value of targeting genetic polymorphism in ALDH enzymes in personalized medicine. The book will appeal to scientists, physicians, graduate and professional students in the fields of ALDH enzymes, alcohol metabolism, cardiometabolic and other chronic diseases. Pharmaceutical and other companies developing new tools for cardiometabolic and chronic diseases treatment will also find this a valuable resource.

Introduction to MATLAB (R) for Biologists

Introduction to MATLAB (R) for Biologists

Author: Cerian Ruth Webb, Mirela Domijan Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 14/08/2019

This textbook takes you from the very first time you open MATLAB (R) through to a position where you can comfortably integrate this computer language into your research or studies. The book will familiarise you with the MATLAB interface, show you how to use the programs built-in functions and carefully guide you towards creating your own functions and scripts so that you can use MATLAB as a sophisticated tool to support your own research. A central aim of this book is to provide you with the core knowledge and skills required to become a confident MATLAB user so that you can find and make use of the many specialist functions and toolboxes that have been developed to support a wide range of biological applications. Examples presented within the book are selected to be relevant to biological scientists and they illustrate some of the many ways the program can be incorporated into, and used to enhance, your own research and studies. The textbook is a must-have for students and researchers in the biological sciences. It will also appeal to readers of all backgrounds who are looking for an introduction to MATLAB which is suitable for those with little or no experience of programming.

Orphan Drugs From Regulatory Issues to Clinical Transition

Orphan Drugs From Regulatory Issues to Clinical Transition

Author: Mondher Toumi Format: Hardback Release Date: 06/08/2019

While drug discovery for common disorders is somewhat standard and based on the large potential markets, the small market for most orphan diseases means that effective therapies are uncommon. With next generation DNA sequencing, the pace of inherited novel rare disease gene identification has increased markedly. Drug discovery for rare diseases is somewhat hampered by a lack of collaboration between academia and industry separating the necessary resources from skills. This volume discusses important aspects of orphan drug development such as regulatory affairs, public industry partnership, bench to bedside using examples of rare diseases, challenges of clinical trials and future directions.

Recent Advances in Cannabinoid Physiology and Pathology

Recent Advances in Cannabinoid Physiology and Pathology

Author: Anna N. Bukiya Format: Hardback Release Date: 05/08/2019

The cannabinoid system plays a central role in a wide variety of physiological functions that touch upon cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, immune, and nervous systems. Cannabinoids also play a central role in developmental physiology, management of pain, and shaping of human behaviour. Recent movements towards legalization of marijuana use have bolstered scientific interest in the cannabinoid field and led to research efforts that would unveil multi-faceted effects and mechanisms of cannabinoid presence in different organs and at various stages of development. This book summarizes the recent advances in the field of cannabinoid research at multiple levels of resolution. It spans from systemic effects of cannabinoids on development, physiological function, and prevalent pathophysiological conditions to mechanisms that govern cannabinoid interaction with their relevant protein targets at atomic resolution. This book will be of interest to a specialized audience in the fields of biochemistry, pharmacology and developmental biology but alsoto a wider readership with interest in general physiology and cannabinoid signalling in biological systems.

Thyroid Hormone Nuclear Receptor Methods and Protocols

Thyroid Hormone Nuclear Receptor Methods and Protocols

Author: Michelina Plateroti Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 25/07/2019

This volume aims to detail the advances in the field of Thyroid hormones (THs), namely T3 and T4, and their nuclear receptor TRs from a conceptual and methodological point of view. Chapters guide readers through a general introduction, TR's engineered mice, human genetics of TRs, control of the hypothalamus-pituitary-thyroid (HPT) axis, the relevance of the local THs production and metabolism and pathological consequences of TH/TR alterations. Non-mammalian models are also presented and discussed. Written in the highly successful Methods in Molecular Biology series format, chapters include introductions to their respective topics, lists of the necessary materials and reagents, step-by-step, readily reproducible laboratory protocols, and tips on troubleshooting and avoiding known pitfalls. Authoritative and practical, Thyroid Hormone Nuclear Receptor: Methods and Protocols aims to ensure successful results in the further study of this vital field.

Geospatial Approaches to Energy Balance and Breast Cancer

Geospatial Approaches to Energy Balance and Breast Cancer

Author: David Berrigan Format: Hardback Release Date: 25/07/2019

Cancer occurs in specific places and spaces, each of which have identifiable geographic coordinates, characterized by unique natural, built and social characteristics, all of which contribute significantly to cancer across the spectrum from etiology through diagnosis, treatment and outcomes. In the first volume of this series, published in 2010, a single chapter was focused on these geographic influences. Since then, the field of geospatial studies of cancer prevention and control has exploded in approaches and applications. Accordingly, this volume focuses on what has now become a very specific research endeavor, Geospatial Factors Impacting Breast Cancer. The book provides important insights into this relatively new and rapidly developing field. It should be of value to all students of the Energy Balance & Cancer Series and a wide-ranging introduction to problems in cancer prevention and control for geographers, demographers and other researchers with a geospatial perspective. Moreover, it provides important information for all oncologists, endocrinologists, and behavioral modification professionals to better understand their patients in the context of their environment. It should also provide important considerations for physicians, scientists, public health professionals and disparity investigator planning clinical trials, community interventions and community planning.

Medical Science and Research

Medical Science and Research

Author: Mieczyslaw Pokorski Format: Hardback Release Date: 12/07/2019

This book shares the latest research and practice-oriented findings in medical sciences with a wide audience. It addresses a range of contemporary issues, often unresolved or contentious, across various medical fields, including advances in the management of hemorrhagic brain stroke. It also discusses metastatic renal cell carcinoma - a global scourge with an extremely poor long-term survival prognosis, the course and sequelae of renal cell carcinoma, as well as advances in targeted molecular therapy with sunitinib, a receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor. Further, it examines the molecular targeting of proliferative signaling of the epidermal growth factor receptor in the first-line treatment of patients with metastatic non-small-cell lung cancer. Other articles cover clearance of toxins in hemodialyzed patients; the search for diagnostic and therapeutic markers in the connective tissue disease scleroderma; obesity linked to inappropriate dietary habit; clinical problems related to the diagnosis of sensitization to fungi and its role in asthma; and reasons for the perilous trend of avoiding basic vaccinations in children. Lastly, the book explores the rapid developments in e-health technologies that increase access to health services, particularly for the elderly. The book is intended for clinical specialists, researchers, and all allied health professionals from various fields.

Digital Health Approach for Predictive, Preventive, Personalised and Participatory Medicine

Digital Health Approach for Predictive, Preventive, Personalised and Participatory Medicine

Author: Lotfi Chaari Format: Hardback Release Date: 11/07/2019

This collection, entitled Digital Health for Predictive, Preventive, Personalized and Participatory Medicine contains the proceedings of the first International conference on digital healthtechnologies (ICDHT 2018). Ten recent contributions in the fields of Artificial Intelligence (AI) and machine learning, Internet of Things (IoT) and data analysis, all applied to digital health. This collection enables researchers to learn about recent advances in the above mentioned fields. It brings a technological viewpoint of P4 medicine. Readers will discover how advanced Information Technology (IT) tools can be used for healthcare. For instance, the use of connected objects to monitor physiological parameters is discussed. Moreover, even if compressed sensing is nowadays a common acquisition technique, its use for IoT is presented in this collection through one of the pioneer works in the field. In addition, the use of AI for epileptic seizure detection is also discussed as being one of the major concerns of predictive medicine both in industrialized and low-income countries. This work is edited by Prof. Lotfi Chaari, professor at the University of Sfax, and previously at the University of Toulouse. This work comes after more than ten years of expertise in the biomedical signal and image processing field.

Bayesian Analysis with R for Drug Development Concepts, Algorithms, and Case Studies

Bayesian Analysis with R for Drug Development Concepts, Algorithms, and Case Studies

Author: Harry Yang, Steven Novick Format: Hardback Release Date: 03/07/2019

Drug development is an iterative process. The recent publications of regulatory guidelines further entail a lifecycle approach. Blending data from disparate sources, the Bayesian approach provides a flexible framework for drug development. Despite its advantages, the uptake of Bayesian methodologies is lagging behind in the field of pharmaceutical development. Written specifically for pharmaceutical practitioners, Bayesian Analysis with R for Drug Development: Concepts, Algorithms, and Case Studies, describes a wide range of Bayesian applications to problems throughout pre-clinical, clinical, and Chemistry, Manufacturing, and Control (CMC) development. Authored by two seasoned statisticians in the pharmaceutical industry, the book provides detailed Bayesian solutions to a broad array of pharmaceutical problems. Features Provides a single source of information on Bayesian statistics for drug development Covers a wide spectrum of pre-clinical, clinical, and CMC topics Demonstrates proper Bayesian applications using real-life examples Includes easy-to-follow R code with Bayesian Markov Chain Monte Carlo performed in both JAGS and Stan Bayesian software platforms Offers sufficient background for each problem and detailed description of solutions suitable for practitioners with limited Bayesian knowledge Harry Yang, Ph.D., is Senior Director and Head of Statistical Sciences at AstraZeneca. He has 24 years of experience across all aspects of drug research and development and extensive global regulatory experiences. He has published 6 statistical books, 15 book chapters, and over 90 peer-reviewed papers on diverse scientific and statistical subjects, including 15 joint statistical works with Dr. Novick. He is a frequent invited speaker at national and international conferences. He also developed statistical courses and conducted training at the FDA and USP as well as Peking University. Steven Novick, Ph.D., is Director of Statistical Sciences at AstraZeneca. He has extensively contributed statistical methods to the biopharmaceutical literature. Novick is a skilled Bayesian computer programmer and is frequently invited to speak at conferences, having developed and taught courses in several areas, including drug-combination analysis and Bayesian methods in clinical areas. Novick served on IPAC-RS and has chaired several national statistical conferences.

Oxidative Stress and Antioxidant Defense Biomedical Value in Health and Diseases

Oxidative Stress and Antioxidant Defense Biomedical Value in Health and Diseases

Author: Sahab Uddin Format: Hardback Release Date: 02/07/2019

This book represents current findings on the impact of oxidative stress in the pathogenesis of diseases and underlying mechanisms of antioxidants influencing health and disease processes. The book is divided into seven sections that describe how antioxidants defend oxidative stress-mediated diseases as well as recent developments, future opportunities, and challenges. Sections 1 analyses the role of oxidative stress in aging and associated diseases as well as the use of antioxidants in health maintenance, preventing and repairing injuries caused by oxidative stress. Section 2 represents the status of various antioxidants in cigarette smoking and antioxidant defense against exercise-induced oxidative stress. Section 3 focuses on the effect of oxidative stress in the pathogenesis of neurodegeneration and the existing status of antioxidant therapy. Section 4 covers the impact of oxidative stress at different levels of chronic degenerative diseases, as well as treatment with antioxidants to revert and diminish the cellular injury. Section 5 offers the importance of antioxidants in abating the pathological processes involved in hypertension and stroke. Section 6 presents the complexity associated with oxidative stress and metabolic disorders as well as the potential of antioxidants used in amelioration of related pathologies. Section 7 discusses the antioxidant defense against oxidative stress-mediated erectile dysfunctions and the significance of antioxidants in pregnancy. The book represents the copious set of specific research updates and diaphanous understanding of oxidative stress-mediated cellular damages and role of antioxidants in disease processes from experienced and eminent academicians, researchers, and scientists from throughout the world. Suitable for professionals, academicians, students, researchers, scientists and industrialists around the world in the biomedical, health, and life science fields.

Clinical Research Practice and Prospects

Clinical Research Practice and Prospects

Author: T.K. Pal Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 30/06/2019

Sensory Integration Development, Disorders and Treatment

Sensory Integration Development, Disorders and Treatment

Author: Izabela, Ph.D Bienkowska Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 25/06/2019

This book attempts to address and answer questions about different types of disorders in particular developmental spheres in children with learning and behavioural problems. It suggests how a child with sensory integration disorders can be helped in therapy and via other means using methods supporting disturbed sensory integration and other methods supporting the child's development.