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Medical research

See below for a selection of the latest books from Medical research category. Presented with a red border are the Medical research books that have been lovingly read and reviewed by the experts at Lovereading. With expert reading recommendations made by people with a passion for books and some unique features Lovereading will help you find great Medical research books and those from many more genres to read that will keep you inspired and entertained. And it's all free!

Antimicrobial Potential of Essential Oils

Antimicrobial Potential of Essential Oils

Author: Bruno Oliveira de Veras Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 05/03/2020

Instead of relying on prescription medications with numerous dangerous side effects, what if you could opt for a safer, natural alternative to address your health concerns? Medicinal plants for therapeutic purposes have been used for many years. The antimicrobial activity of essential oils and their major constituents has been widely documented by several works, however, in a fragmented way. Based on this premise, this book is designed to provide an overview of current knowledge about the antimicrobial properties of essential oils and their mechanisms of action, either alone or in combination, as a possible tool for obtaining new antibiotics.

Machine Learning in Medicine - A Complete Overview

Machine Learning in Medicine - A Complete Overview

Author: Ton J. Cleophas, Aeilko H. Zwinderman Format: Hardback Release Date: 04/03/2020

Adequate health and health care is no longer possible without proper data supervision from modern machine learning methodologies like cluster models, neural networks, and other data mining methodologies. The current book is the first publication of a complete overview of machine learning methodologies for the medical and health sector, and it was written as a training companion, and as a must-read, not only for physicians and students, but also for any one involved in the process and progress of health and health care. In this second edition the authors have removed the textual errors from the first edition. Also, the improved tables from the first edition, have been replaced with the original tables from the software programs as applied. This is, because, unlike the former, the latter were without error, and readers were better familiar with them. The main purpose of the first edition was, to provide stepwise analyses of the novel methods from data examples, but background information and clinical relevance information may have been somewhat lacking. Therefore, each chapter now contains a section entitled Background Information . Machine learning may be more informative, and may provide better sensitivity of testing than traditional analytic methods may do. In the second edition a place has been given for the use of machine learning not only to the analysis of observational clinical data, but also to that of controlled clinical trials. Unlike the first edition, the second edition has drawings in full color providing a helpful extra dimension to the data analysis. Several machine learning methodologies not yet covered in the first edition, but increasingly important today, have been included in this updated edition, for example, negative binomial and Poisson regressions, sparse canonical analysis, Firth's bias adjusted logistic analysis, omics research, eigenvalues and eigenvectors.

Medical Case Reports

Medical Case Reports

Author: Em Yunir Format: Hardback Release Date: 03/03/2020

This book describes cases in medical and pediatrics field in which physicians may encounter in daily practice. Case reports in our book were conducted in a broad range of medical field (medical acupuncture, internal medicine, pediatrics, sports medicine, physical, and rehabilitation, infectious disease, dermatology, and venereology, pulmonology, psychiatry, emergency, and critical care). We combined common and unusual but unique cases in daily practice, which readers will find very interesting. Chapters are divided by nine specific fields including medical acupuncture, internal medicine, sports medicine, physical, and rehabilitation, infectious disease, dermatology and venereology, pulmonology, psychiatry, emergency and critical care, and pediatrics. Our cases are original and might have unexpected presentations of a new and emerging disease. This book will expand knowledge in the field of medicine that is written by our best practitioners and specialists. This valuable bundle of 61 case reports provides access to the case (history, physical examination, and diagnostic tests including laboratory, imaging, and histopathological examination), differential diagnosis, treatment, and educational messages for suggested case solutions. Approach to the cases is explained step-by-step with clear explanations of theory and practice. Essential key learning points and references are included in every case to aid the physician to understand better about the disease and to improve the patient outcomes.

Trends in Biomedical Research

Trends in Biomedical Research

Author: Mieczyslaw Pokorski Format: Hardback Release Date: 29/02/2020

This book addresses hot issues in the research and management of difficult-to-treat medical disorders that are commonly encountered, but for which the underlying mechanisms are often unknown. These include the adverse effects of hemodialysis and its biocompatibility in chronic kidney insufficiency, particularly related to malnutrition and inflammation, or the vulnerability of cancer patients to bacterial meningitis, the infection that remains underdiagnosed due to limited expression of symptoms. The book also covers other key topics, such as the psychological care of lung cancer patients; difficulties in the diagnosis of diffuse axonal injury in traumatic brain injury - a disorder with a poor prognosis and high mortality rate; and the virological aspects of seasonal influenza epidemic outbreaks - a perennial modern scourge. Further, it addresses recent developments in targeted drug delivery from titanium implants and a novel integrated thermal approach to rehabilitation of neurodegeneration-related disabilities. Featuring the latest interdisciplinary trends in biomedicine, this book connects research, theory and practice to help alleviate suffering caused by a variety of diseases. It is a resource for medical professionals, including academics, practitioners and all allied healthcare workers.

Alopecia Risk Factors, Treatment and Impact on Quality of Life

Alopecia Risk Factors, Treatment and Impact on Quality of Life

Author: Pietro, MD, Ph.D. Gentile Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 20/02/2020

Centuries ago, predicting was an enterprise entrusted to magic and fortune tellers, while today it is the domain of knowledge to which researchers and scientists contribute daily, analyzing and interpreting pathologies, trying to decode the complexity of life, represented by unresolved problems. Regenerating damaged organs and tissues, an act that was also once called magic, is now entrusted to the same scientists and translational surgeons who, through the entrance of the laboratory in the operating room, have allowed us to move from replacement surgery (hair transplant) to regenerative surgery (hair re-growth) with cell therapies and tissue engineering. The passion for Regenerative Plastic Surgery and for the treatment of some pathologies addressed by it, such as Alopecia, has led, over the years, the author and publisher Prof. Pietro Gentile to better investigate, through rigorous scientific studies, the possible new autologous therapies in the treatment of alopecia. This book represents all the latest knowledge in the treatment and prevention of Alopecia, transmitted by all the experts who have decided to contribute to the realization of this work. The visionary idea of this text is therefore to provide the state of the art at the end of the year 2019 in the field of Alopecia.

Human Papillomaviruses (HPVs) Detection, Infection and Protection

Human Papillomaviruses (HPVs) Detection, Infection and Protection

Author: Yvette Franklin Format: Hardback Release Date: 18/02/2020

Virtually all cervical cancer cases are caused by human papilloma viruses (HPV), mainly HPV-16 and HPV-18. Furthermore, HPVs may cause other types of cancer, such as squamous anal cancers and vulvar cancer. In men, HPVs are associated with genital lesions, anal cancer, penile cancer, and head and neck cancers. As such, this compilation focuses on recent findings in HPV epidemiology, prevention, and updates regarding prophylatic HPV vaccines. Bioinformatics tool are important in the analysis of molecular and biological data, which could provide novel insights on the development of treatment and prevention methods for disease control. Through bioinformatics, it is possible to analyze and simulate HPV molecular data through the use of universal databases and analysis tools, in order to better understand the virus genetics and infection cycle. In conclusion, Human Papillomaviruses (HPVs): Detection, Infection and Protection appraises HPV vaccines for the prophylaxis of HPV infection in healthy individuals. Vaccines used for earlier varieties are Gardasil (Merck, Kenilworth, NJ, U.S.A.) and Cervarix (GlaxoSmithKline, Brentford, U.K.).

Translational Nanomedicine

Translational Nanomedicine

Author: Robert A. Meyers Format: Hardback Release Date: 12/02/2020

The largest high-level encyclopedia on molecular medicine is now publishing a topical volume on Nanomedicine. The long awaited volume gives a comprehensive overview on nanomaterials in drug delivery, imaging and as therapeutics.

Biophysics of Mitochondria

Biophysics of Mitochondria

Author: Nikolai Vekshin Format: Hardback Release Date: 01/02/2020

In this monograph, the author -Head researcher at the Institute of Cell Biophysics of Russian Academy of Sciences- discusses the results of his own long-term studies of mitochondria as well as alternative points of view and experiments of other important researchers in the field. The monograph contains the main aspects of mitochondrial research by a number of physical methods: fluorescence spectroscopy, UV-vis spectrophotometry, IR spectroscopy, light-scattering, optical microscopy, fluorescence microscopy, colorimetry, photobleaching, polarography, among others. The monograph is very useful for researchers and graduate students specializing in mitochondrial biophysics, biochemistry, molecular biology and cytology. The book was published in Russian in 2019 by Photon Publishers (Pushchino, Moscow region).

Foundations of Clinical Research Applications to Evidence-Based Practice

Foundations of Clinical Research Applications to Evidence-Based Practice

Author: Leslie G. Portney Format: Hardback Release Date: 30/01/2020

Become a successful evidence-based practitioner How do you evaluate the evidence? Is the information accurate, relevant and meaningful for clinical decision making? Did the design fit the research questions and was the analysis and interpretation of data appropriate? Here are all the materials you need to take your first steps as evidence-based practitioners...how to use the design, data and analysis of research as the foundation for effective clinical decision making. You'll find support every step of the way as you progress from the foundations of clinical research and concepts of measurement through the processes of designing studies and analyzing data to writing their own research proposal. Updated examples to provide students with a relevant context for understanding designs and analyses Conceptual description of analytic procedures used in evidence-based practice as well as tables to demonstrate simple calculations Algorithm for choosing a statistical procedure based on a study's design Diagrams that aim to assist in a student's understanding of experimental and observational design variations Guidelines for critical appraisal of various types of studies Strong emphasis on evidence-based practice, including a focus on sensitivity/specificity and likelihood ratios, number needed to treat, measuring clinically meaningful change Instructor resources: Ebook

Thoracic Lymphadenopathy

Thoracic Lymphadenopathy

Author: Vikas Pathak Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 17/01/2020

Thoracic lymphadenopathy consists of mediastinal and/or hilar lymphadenopathy. Thoracic lymph nodes are anatomically one of the most complex groups of the lymphatic network in the body and describing them could be nerve wracking if there is no proper understanding of the locations, its systemic divisions and its significance in diseased states. Thoracic lymphadenopathy is one of the most common radiological findings seen on the CT scan of thorax. The incidence of these findings have particularly increased in the era of lung cancer screening with low dose CT scan of the chest. The differential diagnosis for mediastinal and hilar lymphadenopathy is broad and spans from being reactive to benign disease to lung cancer or metastatic cancer. In this book, we have tried to simplify the lymph node stations based on the latest IASLC guidelines, done a very comprehensive review about mediastinal and hilar lymphadenopathy in different disease states and provided the pathway to diagnosis. This book also gives a detailed account of noninvasive testing including CT chest and PET CTs. This book also discusses in detail the advanced endoscopic and non-endoscopic procedures like EBUS-TBNA, EUS and Mediastinoscopy that we have at our disposal for the diagnosis of thoracic lymphadenopathy. The indications, contraindications, sensitivity and specificity of each procedure is discussed in detail.

Cullin-RING Ligases and Protein Neddylation Biology and Therapeutics

Cullin-RING Ligases and Protein Neddylation Biology and Therapeutics

Author: Yi Sun Format: Hardback Release Date: 03/01/2020

This book summarizes all the important aspects of CRLs (Cullin-RING E3 Ubiquitin Ligases), while providing details of mechanistic specifics that go beyond protein ubiquitination and neddylation. Ubiquitin ligases, including the CRLs, which are activated by neddylation, play an important role in diverse biological processes and are involved in various human diseases, particularly cancer. The book covers various topics, such as CRL structure, biology, genetics, its regulation by neddylation, its pivotal role in human disease, and its potential in drug discovery and targeted therapies. The book appeals to biochemists and biologists working in other fields, and, given the importance of CRLs in all aspects of cell biology and the great promise of targeting these complexes for therapy, is a valuable resource anyone interested in modern biology or medicine.

Autophagy: Biology and Diseases Basic Science

Autophagy: Biology and Diseases Basic Science

Author: Zheng-Hong Qin Format: Hardback Release Date: 02/01/2020

This book series consists of 3 volumes covering the basic science (Volume 1), clinical science (Volume 2) and the technology and methodology (Volume 3) of autophagy. Volume 1 focuses on the biology of autophagy, including the signaling pathways, regulating processes and biological functions. Autophagy is a fundamental physiological process in eukaryotic cells. It not only regulates normal cellular homeostasis, and organ development and function, but also plays an important role in the pathogenesis of a wide range of human diseases. Thanks to the rapid development of molecular biology and omic technologies, research on autophagy has boomed in recent decades, and more and more cellular and animal models and state-of the-art technologies are being used to shed light on the complexity of signaling networks involved in the autophagic process. Further, its involvement in biological functions and the pathogenesis of various diseases has attracted increased attention around the globe. Presenting cutting-edge knowledge, this book series is a useful reference resource for researchers and clinicians who are working on or interested in autophagy.