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See below for a selection of the latest books from Systems of law category. Presented with a red border are the Systems of law books that have been lovingly read and reviewed by the experts at Lovereading. With expert reading recommendations made by people with a passion for books and some unique features Lovereading will help you find great Systems of law books and those from many more genres to read that will keep you inspired and entertained. And it's all free!
In recent years, Western bureaucracies have continued to expand, but are citizens better served? In this volume, sixteen contributors analyze the problems of government organization, both in individual cases and in a broader comparative context. Contributors: Joel D. Aberbach; Peter Aucoin; Richard A. Chapman; Michael G. Hansen; Peter Hennessy; Brian W. Hogwood; Mohammad Mohabbat Kahn; Ulrich Kloeti; Charles H. Levine; Johan P. Olsen; Bert A. Rockman; Richard Rose; Norman C. Thomas; John Warhurst; and the editors.
This is the first comprehensive bibliography of the major readings in English, Spanish, and Portuguese relating to the legal systems of Latin America and to the political, economic, and social developments that helped to shape them. Snyder's bibliography is arranged according to a convenient and detailed outline of issues and subject areas. References appear under three principle categories: the influence of history and tradition; the interplay of politics, economics, ideology, and convention in the evolution of legal thought and legal systems; and the legal implications of Latin American responses to colonial dependency and to the challenges of development.
Iraq, holding oil reserves second only to those of Saudi Arabia in the Middle East, is locked in a war with Iran whose outcome will affect Western energy supplies and the prospects for stability in the Arabian Gulf. Yet Iraq even now remains little known to Western governments and publics. This study is intended to enlarge understanding of Iraqi behavior and of the concerns that motivate its leaders. Some may find it unconventional. Rather than selecting issues of importance to other countries, the author focuses on the forces that influence policy formulation in Iraq and evokes the perspective from which the Iraqi government itself views its problems and sets its priorities. Part 1 examines the country's evolution into modern Iraq, explaining why problems that have recurred throughout Iraqi history have bedeviled all recent Iraqi governments and created tension between Iraq the nation and Iraq the state. Part 2 discusses the Arab Ba'th Socialist party, which has dominated Iraqi political life since 1968. The author neither condemns nor praises this controversial party and its current leader, President Saddam Husain, but seeks to explain why they have adopted the positions and taken the actions that have characterized their rule. Part 3 analyzes the war between Iraq and Iran, its causes, and the decisions Iraq has made in light of its goals and its assumptions about Iran. The author finds that this is not simply a war over borders but a deeper conflict between Islamic conservatism and Arab nationalism. Looking beyond the war, the final chapter assesses Iraq's potential importance in the Middle East and to the world economy.
This book has two related aims: to investigate the frequently voiced claim that legal argument is nonformal in nature and, within the limits of such an investigation, to ascertain the most general proper ties of law as a rational system. Examination of a number of views of legal argument, selected from recent discussions in Germany, Belgium, and the English-speaking countries, will lead to the follow ing main conclusions. The nonformalistic conceptions of the logic of legal argument are ambiguous and unclear. Moreover, insofar as these conceptions are capable of clarification in the light of recent analytical methodology, they can be seen to be either mistaken or else compatible with the formalistic position. Because law is socially directive and coordinative, it is dependent upon theoretical psycho sociology and calls, in principle, for a deontic and inductive logic. The primary function of legal argument is to provide continuing reinterpretation and confirmation of legal rules, conceived as theo retical prescriptions. On the basis of this conception, the old juris prudential conflict between formalism and rule-scepticism appears substantially resolved. Aristotle, the founder of the theory of argument, conceived it as the science of establishing conclusions (bnO'l;~fl'YJ &no~e! u,,~), designed to guide people in rational argumentation. In time, how ever, logic forsook its practical function and developed as a highly abstract and disinterested study, today called formal logic ; and the theory of practical argument was either neglected or relegated to an appendix to rhetoric.
This book discusses the various judicial procedures available for remedying wrongs, whether against the state or the individual, in ancient Athens. It begins by identifying and describing the specific functions of the different judicial organs provided by the state to make and enforce judicial decisions. Among these are the magistrates, which are further classified into the archons, the Eleven, the Forty, the eisagogeis, and the nautodikai and the xenodikai. Other organs include the street and market officials, the apodektai, the accounting officers, the military officers, the extraordinary officers, and the demarchs. Cases were settled in homicide courts, the diskasteries, and the ekklesia and the boule. The state also allowed the use of private and public arbitrators, who were subject to certain rules laid down by the state and whose decisions were deemed legally binding. The book then traces the development of the concept of process at law in Athens during the classical period. This period saw the introduction of such concepts as the heliaia, special pleas, documentary evidences, and witness testimonies. Different types of suits and procedural remedies also were made available to Athenians who were wronged and seeking redress. In the final chapter, particular focus is given to the special court proceedings for public wrongs brought before a dikastery by a person seeking redress for an improper administrative act of a magistrate or a public body or seeking a final decision on a person's legal qualification to enter upon some particular status.
With nuclear proliferation essentially eliminating full-scale warfare, governments have increasingly turned to what Richard W. Cottam calls competitive interference. This type of policy invokes counter-insurgency, political, economic, and psychological manipulations, and often involves looking deeply into the internal affairs of a country, often secretly. Cottam describes and defines competitive interference, explores the United States' institutional adjustment to it, and provides a theoretical framework for projection and evaluation of foreign policy in this changing diplomatic arena. He uses case studies of international relationships involving the United States, India, China, Vietnam, Iran, and the former USSR and East Germany to evaluate his theoretical stance, and proposes long-term institutionalization of policy, rather than covert operations.