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Intelligence & reasoning

See below for a selection of the latest books from Intelligence & reasoning category. Presented with a red border are the Intelligence & reasoning books that have been lovingly read and reviewed by the experts at Lovereading. With expert reading recommendations made by people with a passion for books and some unique features Lovereading will help you find great Intelligence & reasoning books and those from many more genres to read that will keep you inspired and entertained. And it's all free!

Black and White Thinking

Black and White Thinking

Author: Kevin Dutton Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 27/08/2020

It is human instinct to sort and categorize. According to Professor Kevin Dutton, a psychologist at the University of Oxford, we are hardwired to discriminate and frame everything in binary black and white. It's how our brains work. Migrant or refugee? Muslim or Christian? Them or us? Rather than reaching out to those who are different, we bond with those who are similar to ourselves. Rather than challenging our own thinking about the world, we endeavour only to confirm what we believe. The result is that the difference between polarized beliefs becomes ever greater. Dangerous possibilities arise. The Arab Spring. Brexit. Trump. Through persistent binary thinking our capacity for rational thought - seeing the grey, rather than merely black and white - begins to erode. Black and White Thinking is an alarm call. Amidst a rising tide of religious intolerance and political extremism, it argues that by understanding the evolutionary programming of our binary brains we can overcome it, make sense of the world and in future make much subtler - and far better - decisions.

Black and White Thinking

Black and White Thinking

Author: Kevin Dutton Format: Hardback Release Date: 27/08/2020

'Essential insights into the character of human choice and decision-making. You'll not think about thinking the same way afterwards.' Robert Cialdini, author of Influence and Pre-suasion _______________ It is human instinct to sort and categorize. We are hardwired to discriminate and frame everything in binary black and white. It's how our brains work. Migrant or refugee? Muslim or Christian? Them or us? Rather than reaching out to those who are different, we bond with those who are similar to ourselves. Rather than challenging our own thinking about the world, we endeavour only to confirm what we believe. The result is that the difference between polarized beliefs becomes ever greater. Dangerous possibilities arise. The Alt Right. ISIS. Brexit. Trump. Through persistent binary thinking our capacity for rational and nuanced thought - seeing the grey, rather than merely black and white - begins to erode. Black and White Thinking is an alarm call. Amidst a rising tide of religious intolerance and political extremism, it argues that by understanding the evolutionary programming of our binary brains we can overcome it, make sense of the world and in future make much subtler - and far better - decisions. _______________ 'Fascinating, important and entirely convincing.' Philip Pullman 'Kevin Dutton is a Special Forces style psychologist. Daring. Original. All-action. No nonsense.' Sir Ranulph Fiennes

Spies and Their Masters

Spies and Their Masters

Author: Matteo Faini Format: Hardback Release Date: 11/08/2020

This book delves into the secret histories of the CIA, the FBI and British and Italian intelligence to study how policymakers can control intelligence agencies and when these agencies will try to remove their own government. For every government they serve, intelligence agencies are both a threat and a necessity. They often provide vital information for national security, but the secrets they possess can also be used against their own masters. This book introduces subversion paradox theory to provide a social scientific explanation of the unequal power dynamic resulting from an often-fraught relationship between agencies and their 'masters'. The author also makes a case for the existence of 'deep state' conspiracies, including in highly developed democracies, and cautions those who denounce their existence that trying to control intelligence by politicizing it is likely to backfire. An important intervention in the field of intelligence studies, this book will be indispensable for intelligence professionals and policymakers in understanding and bridging the cultural divide between these two groups. It will also make for a fascinating and informative read to scholars and researchers of diplomacy, foreign policy, international relations, strategic and defence studies, security studies, political studies, policy making, and comparative politics.

Spies and Their Masters

Spies and Their Masters

Author: Matteo Faini Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 11/08/2020

This book delves into the secret histories of the CIA, the FBI and British and Italian intelligence to study how policymakers can control intelligence agencies and when these agencies will try to remove their own government. For every government they serve, intelligence agencies are both a threat and a necessity. They often provide vital information for national security, but the secrets they possess can also be used against their own masters. This book introduces subversion paradox theory to provide a social scientific explanation of the unequal power dynamic resulting from an often-fraught relationship between agencies and their 'masters'. The author also makes a case for the existence of 'deep state' conspiracies, including in highly developed democracies, and cautions those who denounce their existence that trying to control intelligence by politicizing it is likely to backfire. An important intervention in the field of intelligence studies, this book will be indispensable for intelligence professionals and policymakers in understanding and bridging the cultural divide between these two groups. It will also make for a fascinating and informative read to scholars and researchers of diplomacy, foreign policy, international relations, strategic and defence studies, security studies, political studies, policy making, and comparative politics.

Logic and Uncertainty in the Human Mind

Logic and Uncertainty in the Human Mind

Author: Shira (De Montfort University, UK) Elqayam Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 18/06/2020

David E. Over is a leading cognitive scientist and, with his firm grounding in philosophical logic, he also exerts a powerful influence on the psychology of reasoning. He is responsible for not only a large body of empirical work and accompanying theory, but for advancing a major shift in thinking about reasoning, commonly known as the 'new paradigm' in the psychology of human reasoning. Over's signature mix of philosophical logic and experimental psychology has inspired generations of researchers, psychologists, and philosophers alike over more than a quarter of a century. The chapters in this volume, written by a leading group of contributors including a number who helped shape the psychology of reasoning as we know it today, each take their starting point from the key themes of Over's ground-breaking work. The essays in this collection explore a wide range of central topics-such as rationality, bias, dual processes, and dual systems-as well as contemporary psychological and philosophical theories of conditionals. It concludes with an engaging new chapter, authored by David E. Over himself, which details and analyses the new paradigm psychology of reasoning. This book is therefore important reading for scholars, researchers, and advanced students in psychology, philosophy, and the cognitive sciences, including those who are not familiar with Over's thought already.

Logic and Uncertainty in the Human Mind

Logic and Uncertainty in the Human Mind

Author: Shira (De Montfort University, UK) Elqayam Format: Hardback Release Date: 18/06/2020

David E. Over is a leading cognitive scientist and, with his firm grounding in philosophical logic, he also exerts a powerful influence on the psychology of reasoning. He is responsible for not only a large body of empirical work and accompanying theory, but for advancing a major shift in thinking about reasoning, commonly known as the 'new paradigm' in the psychology of human reasoning. Over's signature mix of philosophical logic and experimental psychology has inspired generations of researchers, psychologists, and philosophers alike over more than a quarter of a century. The chapters in this volume, written by a leading group of contributors including a number who helped shape the psychology of reasoning as we know it today, each take their starting point from the key themes of Over's ground-breaking work. The essays in this collection explore a wide range of central topics-such as rationality, bias, dual processes, and dual systems-as well as contemporary psychological and philosophical theories of conditionals. It concludes with an engaging new chapter, authored by David E. Over himself, which details and analyses the new paradigm psychology of reasoning. This book is therefore important reading for scholars, researchers, and advanced students in psychology, philosophy, and the cognitive sciences, including those who are not familiar with Over's thought already.

The Essential Sternberg

The Essential Sternberg

Author: James C. Kaufman Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 08/06/2020

Sternberg's experiment has generated a significant amount of buzz in the college admissions world and has been the subject of recent newspaper articles in The Guardian (UK), The Boston Globe and Inside Higher Education . Dr. Robert J. Sternberg is one of the most vocal critics of the intelligence testing industry which defines intelligence rather narrowly (i.e., a high score on a paper and pencil intelligence test). For nearly 30 years, Dr. Robert J. Sternberg has been recognized as one of world's leading authorities on human intelligence and intelligence testing. This is a handy compendium of many of Sternberg's most important and influential articles from his thirty-year career.It will provide an introduction and overview of his theories on intelligence and education, and highlight some of his most important articles from a large and disparate output. Beyond it's inherent interest to psychologists, the book will be a useful summary for those people outside of academia who want an overview of Sternberg's views, including politicians, policy makers, teachers, and administrators.

Workbook for Reasoning Skills

Workbook for Reasoning Skills

Author: Susan Howell Brubaker Format: Loose-leaf Release Date: 08/06/2020

Workbook for Reasoning Skills: Exercises for Functional Reasoning and Reading Comprehension is packed with exercises that emphasize real-world situations, problem solving, reasoning, and comprehension. Interesting and up-to-date exercises test cognitive flexibility and tap critical and creative thinking. Written for adolescents and adults with mild to moderate impairments, the exercises are easily adaptable for many populations and uses. The second edition of Workbook for Reasoning Skills , which now has a new subtitle, features many changes and improvements that will please those who regularly use Susan Howell Brubaker's series of workbooks and source books. This new edition retains the familiar yellow cover of the original and comes in a convenient ring binder that allows for each workbook page to be used separately. Workbook pages feature improved layouts with larger, easier-to-read type and are printed with reinforcing plastic around the ring holes to prevent them from easily tearing. Approximately 200 new questions have been added and nearly 1,500 changes have been made to additional Items from the first edition. A new user's guide and suggested answer key are also provided along with completed examples for each exercise and tabbed dividers to help locate exercises quickly. The target areas of this book are: drawing conclusions, problem solving, following directions, visual/logical sequencing, humor, and numbers/symbols. Susan Howell Brubaker's workbooks and source books are designed for the adolescent and adult with aphasia or cognitive deficits. Together they form a comprehensive and diverse collection of language-based exercises. Used throughout the world, Brubaker's workbooks have become popular for their excellent content and easy-to-use format. To complement her workbooks, Brubaker's source books offer a wealth of materials for the clinician. Their unique screening device will help assess and pinpoint a clients' deficits. Brubaker brings not only more than thirty years of experience with the neurogenic population to her publications but also her creative mind, sense of humor, high standards, and understanding of the brain-injured client. Her expertise makes her books unmatched in quality, content, diversity, and value.

The Stupidity of Intelligence

The Stupidity of Intelligence

Author: Elias M. Awad Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 30/05/2020

Basic Principles of Sound Reasoning

Basic Principles of Sound Reasoning

Author: Cynthia Bolton Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 01/05/2020

Giving the Devil his Due

Giving the Devil his Due

Author: Michael (Chapman University, California) Shermer Format: Hardback Release Date: 09/04/2020

Who is the 'Devil'? And what is he due? The Devil is anyone who disagrees with you. And what he is due is the right to speak his mind. He must have this for your own safety's sake because his freedom is inextricably tied to your own. If he can be censored, why shouldn't you be censored? If we put barriers up to silence 'unpleasant' ideas, what's to stop the silencing of any discussion? This book is a full-throated defense of free speech and open inquiry in politics, science, and culture by the New York Times bestselling author and skeptic Michael Shermer. The new collection of essays and articles takes the Devil by the horns by tackling five key themes: free thought and free speech, politics and society, scientific humanism, religion, and the ideas of controversial intellectuals. For our own sake, we must give the Devil his due.

Intelligence: A Very Short Introduction

Intelligence: A Very Short Introduction

Author: Ian J. (Professor of Differential Psychology, University of Edinburgh) Deary Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 19/03/2020

Some people are cleverer than others. This everyday observation is the subject of an academic field that is often portrayed as confused and controversial, when in fact, the field of intelligence holds some of psychology's best-replicated findings. This Very Short Introduction describes what psychologists have discovered about how and why people differ in their thinking powers. Drawing on large scale data Ian Deary considers how many types of intelligence there are, and how intelligence changes with age. Along the way he tackles some of the most burning questions surrounding intelligence, such as whether larger brains are cleverer, and how genes and environments contribute to people's intelligence differences. He also considers the new field of cognitive epidemiology, which draws links between intelligence and better health, less illness, and longer life, and asks whether intelligence is increasing. In this new edition Deary also addresses the controversial question of whether men and women differ in intelligence. Throughout he provides a clear description of the data we can use to answer these questions and more. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.