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Intelligence & reasoning

See below for a selection of the latest books from Intelligence & reasoning category. Presented with a red border are the Intelligence & reasoning books that have been lovingly read and reviewed by the experts at Lovereading. With expert reading recommendations made by people with a passion for books and some unique features Lovereading will help you find great Intelligence & reasoning books and those from many more genres to read that will keep you inspired and entertained. And it's all free!

A Model to Forecast Future Paradigms Volume 1: Introduction to Knowledge Is Power in Four Dimensions

A Model to Forecast Future Paradigms Volume 1: Introduction to Knowledge Is Power in Four Dimensions

Author: Bahman Zohuri, Farhang Mossavar-Rahmani Format: Hardback Release Date: 02/01/2020

In this volume, A Model to Forecast Future Paradigms, Volume 1: Introduction to Knowledge Is Power in Four Dimensions, the authors' two-fold objective is to lay out a methodology and approach that allows the reader to learn how to utilize existing technology in the form of computer software and hardware for forecasting and decision-making and to discuss factors that affect upcoming events that, in turn, shape future paradigms. The book provides an understanding of these factors that will help decision-makers be better prepared to face future challenges and will assist them coping with unexpected circumstances. This volume is divided into two parts. Part one discusses a technological infrastructure so that new readers can gain a greater understanding based on the knowledge of tomorrow's computing functionality. The second part goes on to discuss the key indicators in the areas of population, culture, economics, climate change, and the impacts of technology in commerce and socially-which all need to be considered when forecasting a future paradigm.

Hypothetical Thinking Dual Processes in Reasoning and Judgement

Hypothetical Thinking Dual Processes in Reasoning and Judgement

Author: Jonathan St. B. T. Evans Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 17/12/2019

Hypothetical thought involves the imagination of possibilities and the exploration of their consequences by a process of mental simulation. In this Classic Edition, Jonathan St. B. T. Evans' presents his pioneering Hypothetical Thinking Theory; an integrated theoretical account of a wide range of psychological studies on hypothesis testing, reasoning, judgement and decision making. Hypothetical Thinking Theory is built on three key principles and implemented in a version of Evans' well-known heuristic-analytic theory of reasoning. The central claim of this book is that this theory can provide an integrated account of apparently diverse phenomena including confirmation bias in hypothesis testing, acceptance of fallacies in deductive reasoning, belief biases in reasoning and judgement, biases of statistical judgement and numerous characteristic findings in the study of decision making. Featuring a reflective and insightful new introduction to the book, this classic edition discusses contemporary theory on cognitive biases, human rationality and dual-process theories of higher cognition. It will be of great interest to researchers, post graduates as well as advanced undergraduate students.

Hypothetical Thinking Dual Processes in Reasoning and Judgement

Hypothetical Thinking Dual Processes in Reasoning and Judgement

Author: Jonathan St. B. T. Evans Format: Hardback Release Date: 17/12/2019

Hypothetical thought involves the imagination of possibilities and the exploration of their consequences by a process of mental simulation. In this Classic Edition, Jonathan St. B. T. Evans' presents his pioneering Hypothetical Thinking Theory; an integrated theoretical account of a wide range of psychological studies on hypothesis testing, reasoning, judgement and decision making. Hypothetical Thinking Theory is built on three key principles and implemented in a version of Evans' well-known heuristic-analytic theory of reasoning. The central claim of this book is that this theory can provide an integrated account of apparently diverse phenomena including confirmation bias in hypothesis testing, acceptance of fallacies in deductive reasoning, belief biases in reasoning and judgement, biases of statistical judgement and numerous characteristic findings in the study of decision making. Featuring a reflective and insightful new introduction to the book, this classic edition discusses contemporary theory on cognitive biases, human rationality and dual-process theories of higher cognition. It will be of great interest to researchers, post graduates as well as advanced undergraduate students.

Big Mind How Collective Intelligence Can Change Our World

Big Mind How Collective Intelligence Can Change Our World

Author: Geoff Mulgan Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 10/12/2019

How collective intelligence can transform business, government, and our everyday lives A new field of collective intelligence has emerged in recent years, prompted by digital technologies that make it possible to think at large scale. This bigger mind -human and machine capabilities working together-could potentially solve the great challenges of our time. Gathering insights from the latest work on data, web platforms, and artificial intelligence, Big Mind reveals how the power of collective intelligence could help organizations and societies to survive and thrive.

The Essential Sternberg Essays on Intelligence, Psychology, and Education

The Essential Sternberg Essays on Intelligence, Psychology, and Education

Author: James C. Kaufman Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 27/10/2019

Sternberg's experiment has generated a significant amount of buzz in the college admissions world and has been the subject of recent newspaper articles in The Guardian (UK), The Boston Globe and Inside Higher Education . Dr. Robert J. Sternberg is one of the most vocal critics of the intelligence testing industry which defines intelligence rather narrowly (i.e., a high score on a paper and pencil intelligence test). For nearly 30 years, Dr. Robert J. Sternberg has been recognized as one of world's leading authorities on human intelligence and intelligence testing. This is a handy compendium of many of Sternberg's most important and influential articles from his thirty-year career.It will provide an introduction and overview of his theories on intelligence and education, and highlight some of his most important articles from a large and disparate output. Beyond it's inherent interest to psychologists, the book will be a useful summary for those people outside of academia who want an overview of Sternberg's views, including politicians, policy makers, teachers, and administrators.

Workbook for Reasoning Skills Exercises for Functional Reasoning and Reading Comprehension

Workbook for Reasoning Skills Exercises for Functional Reasoning and Reading Comprehension

Author: Susan Howell Brubaker Format: Loose-leaf Release Date: 27/10/2019

Workbook for Reasoning Skills: Exercises for Functional Reasoning and Reading Comprehension is packed with exercises that emphasize real-world situations, problem solving, reasoning, and comprehension. Interesting and up-to-date exercises test cognitive flexibility and tap critical and creative thinking. Written for adolescents and adults with mild to moderate impairments, the exercises are easily adaptable for many populations and uses. The second edition of Workbook for Reasoning Skills , which now has a new subtitle, features many changes and improvements that will please those who regularly use Susan Howell Brubaker's series of workbooks and source books. This new edition retains the familiar yellow cover of the original and comes in a convenient ring binder that allows for each workbook page to be used separately. Workbook pages feature improved layouts with larger, easier-to-read type and are printed with reinforcing plastic around the ring holes to prevent them from easily tearing. Approximately 200 new questions have been added and nearly 1,500 changes have been made to additional Items from the first edition. A new user's guide and suggested answer key are also provided along with completed examples for each exercise and tabbed dividers to help locate exercises quickly. The target areas of this book are: drawing conclusions, problem solving, following directions, visual/logical sequencing, humor, and numbers/symbols. Susan Howell Brubaker's workbooks and source books are designed for the adolescent and adult with aphasia or cognitive deficits. Together they form a comprehensive and diverse collection of language-based exercises. Used throughout the world, Brubaker's workbooks have become popular for their excellent content and easy-to-use format. To complement her workbooks, Brubaker's source books offer a wealth of materials for the clinician. Their unique screening device will help assess and pinpoint a clients' deficits. Brubaker brings not only more than thirty years of experience with the neurogenic population to her publications but also her creative mind, sense of humor, high standards, and understanding of the brain-injured client. Her expertise makes her books unmatched in quality, content, diversity, and value.

Thinking, Reasoning, and Decision Making in Autism

Thinking, Reasoning, and Decision Making in Autism

Author: Kinga Morsanyi Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 15/10/2019

Thinking, Reasoning, and Decision Making in Autism provides fresh insights into the cognitive processes that underlie some of the typical characteristics of autism. Autism has long been considered an enigma, and no single theory so far has been able to explain, or even fully describe, the key characteristics of the autistic mind. From the interdisciplinary perspective of new research in cognitive psychology, linguistics, philosophy, and neuroscience, this book explores thinking, reasoning, and decision making in autism. The new cognitive approaches challenge some of the existing assumptions of the nature of thought in autism, including presumed areas of impairments. Instead, this book focuses on the nuanced array of cognitive signatures that characterize the autistic mind, and in many cases it reveals the possibility of intact performance alongside instances of remarkably enhanced thinking. The book considers the implications of these characteristics, providing in-depth analyses of specific areas of cognitive functioning, and their everyday manifestations. Featuring contributions from world-leading researchers from the fields of cognitive science and autism research, this volume will be essential reading for advanced students and researchers, as well as those working with individuals with autism spectrum disorders.

Thinking, Reasoning, and Decision Making in Autism

Thinking, Reasoning, and Decision Making in Autism

Author: Kinga Morsanyi Format: Hardback Release Date: 15/10/2019

Thinking, Reasoning, and Decision Making in Autism provides fresh insights into the cognitive processes that underlie some of the typical characteristics of autism. Autism has long been considered an enigma, and no single theory so far has been able to explain, or even fully describe, the key characteristics of the autistic mind. From the interdisciplinary perspective of new research in cognitive psychology, linguistics, philosophy, and neuroscience, this book explores thinking, reasoning, and decision making in autism. The new cognitive approaches challenge some of the existing assumptions of the nature of thought in autism, including presumed areas of impairments. Instead, this book focuses on the nuanced array of cognitive signatures that characterize the autistic mind, and in many cases it reveals the possibility of intact performance alongside instances of remarkably enhanced thinking. The book considers the implications of these characteristics, providing in-depth analyses of specific areas of cognitive functioning, and their everyday manifestations. Featuring contributions from world-leading researchers from the fields of cognitive science and autism research, this volume will be essential reading for advanced students and researchers, as well as those working with individuals with autism spectrum disorders.

Structural Learning (Volume 2) Issues and Approaches

Structural Learning (Volume 2) Issues and Approaches

Author: Joseph M. Scandura Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 08/10/2019

Originally published in 1976, this title is an edited volume and reflects the major approaches being taken in structural learning at the time. Chapter 1 deals with the basic question of whether competence (knowledge) should be characterized in terms of rules (automata), on the one hand, or associations on the other. The bulk of Chapter 2 is devoted to a series of earlier experiments on rule learning by the editor and his associates. The two contributions in Chapter 3 deal with graph theoretical models. Piagetian models constitute the subject of Chapter 4. Chapter 5 deals with attempts to stimulate human behaviour with a computer. Chapter 6 ranges over a wide variety of competence models, with particular reference to logic and mathematics. In Chapter 7 the editor proposes a new theory of structural learning, together with some empirical results.

Diagnostic Expertise in Organizational Environments

Diagnostic Expertise in Organizational Environments

Author: Mark W. Wiggins, Thomas Loveday Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 26/09/2019

Diagnostic Expertise in Organizational Environments provides a state-of-the-art foundation for a new paradigm in expertise research and practice. Skilled diagnosis is essential for accurate and efficient performance across a range of organizational contexts, including aviation, finance, rail, forensic investigation, firefighting, and medicine. However, it is also a complex process, subject to the abilities and experience of individual operators, the culture and practices of organizations, the relationships between operators, and the availability and usefulness of technology. As a consequence, diagnostic skills can be difficult to learn, maintain, and evaluate. This volume is a comprehensive approach that examines diagnostic expertise at the level of the individual practitioner, in the social context, and at the organizational level. The chapter authors comprise both academics and highly skilled practitioners so that there is a clear transition from understanding the problem of diagnostic skills to the implementation of solutions, either through redesign, training, and/or selection. It will appeal to those academics and practitioners interested and involved in this field and also prove useful to students of psychology, cognitive science education and/or computer interaction.

A Handbook of Process Tracing Methods 2nd Edition

A Handbook of Process Tracing Methods 2nd Edition

Author: Michael Schulte-Mecklenbeck Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 17/06/2019

A Handbook of Process Tracing Methods demonstrates how to better understand decision outcomes by studying decision processes, through the introduction of a number of exciting techniques. Decades of research have identified numerous idiosyncrasies in human decision behavior, but some of the most recent advances in the scientific study of decision making involve the development of sophisticated methods for understanding decision process-known as process tracing. In this volume, leading experts discuss the application of these methods and focus on the best practices for using some of the more popular techniques, discussing how to incorporate them into formal decision models. This edition has been expanded and thoroughly updated throughout, and now includes new chapters on mouse tracking, protocol analysis, neurocognitive methods, the measurement of valuation, as well as an overview of important software packages. The volume not only surveys cutting-edge research to illustrate the great variety in process tracing techniques, but also serves as a tutorial for how the novice researcher might implement these methods. A Handbook of Process Tracing Methods will be an essential read for all students and researchers of decision making.

A Handbook of Process Tracing Methods 2nd Edition

A Handbook of Process Tracing Methods 2nd Edition

Author: Michael Schulte-Mecklenbeck Format: Hardback Release Date: 17/06/2019

A Handbook of Process Tracing Methods demonstrates how to better understand decision outcomes by studying decision processes, through the introduction of a number of exciting techniques. Decades of research have identified numerous idiosyncrasies in human decision behavior, but some of the most recent advances in the scientific study of decision making involve the development of sophisticated methods for understanding decision process-known as process tracing. In this volume, leading experts discuss the application of these methods and focus on the best practices for using some of the more popular techniques, discussing how to incorporate them into formal decision models. This edition has been expanded and thoroughly updated throughout, and now includes new chapters on mouse tracking, protocol analysis, neurocognitive methods, the measurement of valuation, as well as an overview of important software packages. The volume not only surveys cutting-edge research to illustrate the great variety in process tracing techniques, but also serves as a tutorial for how the novice researcher might implement these methods. A Handbook of Process Tracing Methods will be an essential read for all students and researchers of decision making.