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Cognition & cognitive psychology

See below for a selection of the latest books from Cognition & cognitive psychology category. Presented with a red border are the Cognition & cognitive psychology books that have been lovingly read and reviewed by the experts at Lovereading. With expert reading recommendations made by people with a passion for books and some unique features Lovereading will help you find great Cognition & cognitive psychology books and those from many more genres to read that will keep you inspired and entertained. And it's all free!

The Intelligence Trap Why Smart People Make Dumb Mistakes

The Intelligence Trap Why Smart People Make Dumb Mistakes

Author: David Robson Format: Hardback Release Date: 06/08/2019

Smart people are not only just as prone to making mistakes as everyone else, they may be even more susceptible to them. This is the intelligence trap, the subject of David Robson's fascinating and provocative book. The Intelligence Trap explores cutting-edge ideas in our understanding of intelligence and expertise, including strategic ignorance, meta-forgetfulness, and functional stupidity. Robson reveals the surprising ways that even the brightest minds and most talented organizations can go wrong-from some of Thomas Edison's worst ideas to failures at NASA, Nokia, and the FBI. And he offers practical advice to avoid mistakes based on the timeless lessons of Benjamin Franklin, Richard Feynman, and Daniel Kahneman.

Training for Change Transforming Systems to be Trauma-Informed, Culturally Responsive, and Neuroscientifically Focused

Training for Change Transforming Systems to be Trauma-Informed, Culturally Responsive, and Neuroscientifically Focused

Author: Alisha Moreland-Capuia Format: Hardback Release Date: 28/07/2019

This book offers an integrated training and coaching system to facilitate change in systems that serve youth (education, healthcare, and juvenile justice). The integrated training and coaching system combines brain development, cultural responsivity, and trauma-informed practices. The book provides a comprehensive overview of the neurobiology of fear, brain development, trauma, substance use, and mental health, structural bias and environmental factors that pose a threat to healthy brain development. The book employs practical applications/recommendations and case examples that help solidify understanding of key concepts. Each chapter begins with a set of objectives and interactive exercises that builds on the next, thoughtfully challenging the reader (and giving specific, practical ways for the reader) to apply the information presented with the goal of change . The text is written from the perspective of a trauma-informed addiction psychiatrist who has effectively facilitated systems change. Topics featured in this book include: Common threats to healthy brain development. The neurobiology of trauma. Applying trauma-informed practices and approaches. Cannabis and its impact on the brain. Labeling theory and implicit bias. Exploring the connection between fear and trauma. Rehabilitation versus habilitation. Managing stress through mindfulness. Training for Change will be of interest to graduate and advanced undergraduate students and researchers in the fields of cognitive psychology, criminology, public health, and child and adolescent development as well as parents, teachers, judges, attorneys, preventative medicine and pediatric providers.

Meaning-Making for Living The Emergence of the Presentational Self in Children's Everyday Dialogues

Meaning-Making for Living The Emergence of the Presentational Self in Children's Everyday Dialogues

Author: Koji Komatsu Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 28/07/2019

This Open Access Brief analyzes the dynamics in which children's selves emerge through their everyday activities of meaning construction, both in their relationships with family and within school education. It begins with a discussion of new psychological inquiries into children's selves and builds upon the innovative theoretical notion of the Presentational Self, developed by the author over the last decade. The book illustrates how the observation of children's meaning construction in their everyday lives becomes a starting point for theoretical and empirical inquiries into child development and gives a framework that promotes new inquiries in this area. The book describes the Presentational Self Theory as a sense of how the notion of the Self is being worked upon in everyday life encounters. Chapters feature in-depth analyses of exchanges between adults and children in the Japanese cultural context. Meaning-Making for Living will be of interest to researchers and graduate students in the fields of cognitive, social, developmental, educational, and cultural psychology.

Models Of Cognitive Development

Models Of Cognitive Development

Author: Ken Richardson Format: Hardback Release Date: 23/07/2019

In spite of its obvious importance and popularity, the field of cognitive development remains highly fragmented, scientifically. Instead of theoretical convergence towards a generally accepted set of principles, there remains a vast diversity of models of what knowledge and reasoning are, and how they develop. Courses and books tend to deal with this perplexing situation by simply presenting students with either a specific, favoured line, or by offering selections from the theoretical salad. As a result, students have great difficulty in obtaining a cohesive picture of the area. They are frequently bewildered by the diversity of schools, frameworks and approaches, with seemingly little connection between them. More seriously, they are deprived of a critical grasp of the area, and thus forced into a habit of early selectivity, rote memory of specific models in isolation, and regurgitation at exams. This in turn deprives the area of cognitive development of important critical impetus for future improvement. Models of Cognitive Development is an attempt to overcome these problems. It does this by arguing that the vast diversity of theories or models can be organised into groups according to a much smaller set of underlying assumptions or preconceptions, which themselves can be historically interrelated. By understanding these, students may be helped to find their way more confidently around the area as a whole, to see the 'wood' as well as the theoretical forest, and thus find themselves in a position to react to individual models more positively and more critically. Such criticism may, in turn, assist theoretical progress and unity in the future. Models of Cognitive Development covers all the contemporary theoretical and research strands in the area, with numerous examples, in a clear and straightforward manner, and should be useful to all students, researchers, and comparative theoreticians in the area.

Models Of Cognitive Development

Models Of Cognitive Development

Author: Ken Richardson Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 23/07/2019

In spite of its obvious importance and popularity, the field of cognitive development remains highly fragmented, scientifically. Instead of theoretical convergence towards a generally accepted set of principles, there remains a vast diversity of models of what knowledge and reasoning are, and how they develop. Courses and books tend to deal with this perplexing situation by simply presenting students with either a specific, favoured line, or by offering selections from the theoretical salad. As a result, students have great difficulty in obtaining a cohesive picture of the area. They are frequently bewildered by the diversity of schools, frameworks and approaches, with seemingly little connection between them. More seriously, they are deprived of a critical grasp of the area, and thus forced into a habit of early selectivity, rote memory of specific models in isolation, and regurgitation at exams. This in turn deprives the area of cognitive development of important critical impetus for future improvement. Models of Cognitive Development is an attempt to overcome these problems. It does this by arguing that the vast diversity of theories or models can be organised into groups according to a much smaller set of underlying assumptions or preconceptions, which themselves can be historically interrelated. By understanding these, students may be helped to find their way more confidently around the area as a whole, to see the 'wood' as well as the theoretical forest, and thus find themselves in a position to react to individual models more positively and more critically. Such criticism may, in turn, assist theoretical progress and unity in the future. Models of Cognitive Development covers all the contemporary theoretical and research strands in the area, with numerous examples, in a clear and straightforward manner, and should be useful to all students, researchers, and comparative theoreticians in the area.

Cognitive Science Integrative Synchronization Mechanisms in Cognitive Neuroarchitectures of the Systemtheoretical Connectionism

Cognitive Science Integrative Synchronization Mechanisms in Cognitive Neuroarchitectures of the Systemtheoretical Connectionism

Author: Harald Maurer Format: Hardback Release Date: 22/07/2019

The study of mind and brain dynamics touches upon many fields such as Psychiatry, Neurology, Linguistics, Psychology, and Biology. Cognitive Science explores these numerous facets, as well as introduces the basics of artificial neural networks, connectionism, classical symbol theory, nonlinear dynamic systems and the principles of self-organization. This book also describes how elementary neuronal information is combined in perception and language, thus uncovering the mystery of brain processes and cognitive performances in humans.

Teaching Content and Language in the Multilingual Classroom International Research on Policy, Perspectives, Preparation and Practice

Teaching Content and Language in the Multilingual Classroom International Research on Policy, Perspectives, Preparation and Practice

Author: Svenja (University of Lueneburg, Germany) Hammer Format: Hardback Release Date: 22/07/2019

This book brings together research from six different countries across three continents where teacher educators and policy makers are addressing the under-preparation of content teachers to work effectively with multilingual learners. By highlighting this relatively young field of research at an international level, the book advances the research-based knowledge of the field and promotes international research relationships and partnerships to better support the education of multilingual learners and their teachers. The chapters represent high quality empirical qualitative, quantitative and mixed methods studies about pre-service and in-service teachers. Comprising four sections, each represents a critical aspect of the equitable teaching of multilingual learners. All the research was conducted in countries that belong to OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) and the PISA (Programme for International Student Assessment) enabling the reader to compare contexts and outcomes. This book will be of particular interest to academics, researchers and post-graduate students in the fields of language education, teacher education, and education for multilingual learners. It will be of great value to anyone concerned with equity and social justice for multilingual learners whose languages, cultural practices and resources are often overlooked and/or marginalized in the schools they attend.

The Geography of Thought How Asians and Westerners Think Differently - and Why

The Geography of Thought How Asians and Westerners Think Differently - and Why

Author: Richard E. Nisbett Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 11/07/2019

'The most influential thinker, in my life, has been the psychologist Richard Nisbett. He basically gave me my view of the world.' -Malcolm Gladwell One of the world's leading thinkers Daily Telegraph When Richard Nisbett showed an animated underwater scene to his American students, they zeroed in on a big fish swimming among smaller fish. Japanese subjects, on the other hand, made observations about the background environment...and the different seeings are a clue to profound underlying cognitive differences between Westerners and East Asians. As Professor Nisbett shows in The Geography of Thought people actually think - and even see - the world differently, because of differing ecologies, social structures, philosophies, and educational systems that date back to ancient Greece and China, and that have survived into the modern world. As a result, East Asian thought is holistic - drawn to the perceptual field as a whole, and to relations among objects and events within that field. By comparison to Western modes of reasoning, East Asian thought relies far less on categories, or on formal logic; it is fundamentally dialectic, seeking a middle way between opposing thoughts. By contrast, Westerners focus on salient objects or people, use attributes to assign them to categories, and apply rules of formal logic to understand their behaviour.

New Methods in Cognitive Psychology

New Methods in Cognitive Psychology

Author: Daniel H. (Georgia Tech, USA) Spieler Format: Hardback Release Date: 08/07/2019

New Methods in Cognitive Psychology

New Methods in Cognitive Psychology

Author: Daniel H. (Georgia Tech, USA) Spieler Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 08/07/2019

This volume provides an overview of cutting-edge methods currently being used in cognitive psychology. These theoretical insights and methodological innovations are not as widely represented within the cognitive psychological literature as more traditional methods, but they are likely to appear with increasing frequency in coming years. As such, it is not a typical research methods volume that covers familiar ground, but it is in some ways speculative and also instructive to psychologists unfamiliar with the new methods. This, however, fits nicely within the concept of the Frontiers in Cognitive Psychology series, which is to provide senior undergraduates, graduates and researchers with cutting-edge overviews of new and emerging topics, or the very latest in theory and research for the more established topics. The first section deals with statistical methods that are well suited to the analysis of data commonly encountered in various subareas of cognitive psychology. While the analysis of variance and traditional null hypothesis testing remains the lingua franca of statistical methods, recent developments in statistical methods provide us with models that are often better suited to the structure of many datasets. Hierarchical and multilevel modeling allows us to use statistical and process models that accurately reflect the ubiquitous multilevel structure in cognitive psychological data. Longitudinal models and structural equation modeling of individual differences provide us with unique insights into how latent constructs might be related by examining variation within an individual across measurement occasion or variation across individuals. This ability to reveal dependencies between cognitive processes neatly compliment the theoretical insights provided by traditional experimental designs in cognitive psychology. The ability to cumulate evidence within experiments, across experiments, and across publications depends on the ability to combine our current knowledge with the results from new experiments. Bayesian statistical methods provide a structure within which to do this. The second section addresses the emergence of new dependent variables and analysis for dealing with them. The availability of neuroscience data and its influence on cognitive theory accounts for a major change in the field of cognitive psychology and cognitive neuroscience over the past 20 years. While even an entire volume would be insufficient to capture the breadth of methods for the analysis of imaging data, there are a number of methods that hold particular promise for the development of process-oriented theories of cognitive processing. The first chapter reviews basic constraints imposed by anatomical structures and the surrogate measurement of brain activity via the hemodynamic response. Subsequent chapters deal with methods that provide specific insights into the relationship between brain structure, behavior, and cognitive processing.