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Two convictions underlie this book. The first is that religious communities in a secular, pluralist society with an ageing population share some important features and respond to the challenges in similar ways. The second is that aged people may share a spirituality, insights and wisdom regardless of which religious group (if any) formally claims their allegiance. For these reasons, there are important lessons to be learned by viewing ageing through the lens of religion, and vice versa. This book considers the relationship between ageing and religious belonging not just from the perspective of the individual and their carer(s), but from that of the religious community as a whole. Ground-breaking essays on key themes setting the global context of religion and aging in 21st century developed societies, are accompanied by shorter and more accessible chapters on practical topics arising from the relationship of religious communities to ageing in contemporary western settings.
Analysing the involvement of a small but not insignificant number of British Muslims in a series of conflicts since the early 1990s this book interrogates and develops understandings of Jihad, Islamic revivalism, Terrorism and the British government's policies towards both the Muslim majority world and the UK's Muslim population. Utilising data compiled from a meticulous empirical study of jihadist websites, their support organisations, social media, ethnic media and local, national, international press it details and examines British Muslim involvement in Jihadist struggles in more than fifteen countries including Afghanistan, Bosnia, Iraq, Israel, Pakistan, Somalia, Syria and Yemen as well as exploring the development of domestic political violence within the United Kingdom Formulating a detailed conceptualisation of British Jihadists' aims, objectives and practices the book presents original conceptual and theoretical critiques and broadens the current research. The author locates British Jihadism within a politico-religious framework emerging over the last three decades and positions himself between orthodox and critical research paradigms to move beyond simplistic debates seeking to blame events on British foreign policy or Islam per se. Instead the focus is on the desire of some British Muslims to assert, achieve and maintain 'status' and the refusal of others to recognise the development of international actors such as Al Qaeda and Islamic State or domestic trends involving young British Muslims willing to use violence.
This title was first published in 2002: Global Religious Movements in Regional Context offers a wide-ranging exploration of the adaptation and diversity of religious traditions in various geographical, cultural and ethnic contexts within the contemporary world. The book analyses the complexities of the relationships between religion and globalization, and general trends and counter-trends in secularization. It argues that religions that 'go global' cannot remain unchanged by their importation into new cultures, and explores the creative tension between indigenization and a sense of global identity. The chapters focus on Evangelical and Pentecostal Christianity in the UK, the USA, Latin America and Africa, as well as the worldwide spread of Islam and of the Japanese-derived Buddhist movement, the Soka Gakkai. The five textbooks and Reader that make up the Religion Today Open University/Ashgate series are: o From Sacred Text to Internet o Religion and Social Transformations o Perspectives on Civil Religion o Global Religious Movements in Regional Context o Belief Beyond Boundaries o Religion Today: A Reader
In this book, the author presents recent, somewhat unexpected, findings on the thriving cult of bone relic stupas and the ritual role of the materiality of the dead amongst contemporary Jains. Based on extensive fieldwork in India, clear evidence is offered for the ubiquity of bone relic stupas and relic veneration across the Jain sectarian spectrum, although classical Jain doctrine rejects the worship of material objects. The unique analysis applied in this book juxtaposes field-based ethnographic materials with textual analysis. Additionally, the author adds a broad comparative scope by systematically comparing Jain textual sources with the relevant sources from the Brahmanical and Buddhist traditions. This groundbreaking work will significantly reshape the field of Jain studies and its relationship with other South Asian religious traditions. It also offers is a major contribution to the history of religions.
This book explores central issues of religion in an age of globalization, questioning how religion speaks to us in contemporary society, and how representations of religion impact in popular culture. Focusing on Japanese popular culture, MacWilliams examines Japanese comic books in particular: Japanese manga or 'comic books' often explicitly deal with religion, and commercially published manga account for over 40% of total number of books and magazines published in Japan. The magic of manga lies in their potential 'to dramatise and exaggerate information and simplify a complex reality', and just like the religious iconography of an earlier age, modern manga offer a powerful visual theology of sacred reality for their audience. What 'imagined selves and worlds' do manga construct? What are some of the important visual theologies that they can convey? These are some of the questions explored in this book. Historians of religion have largely ignored popular culture as a medium of religious experience and expression; yet by neglecting popular genres, such as Japanese manga, they ignore one of the principal ways people day wrestle with contemporary moral and spiritual issues. This book redresses this neglected area, raising profound religious and moral issues that are immediately relevant for those exploring Japanese religion, media and cultural studies, and anyone trying to imagine the sacred today.
One of the most exciting developments in the study of religion during recent years is the application of cognitive theory. Many people are inspired by the thought that understanding human cognition can somehow help us to understand religion. Others are more sceptical. What can neurophysiology possibly tell us about social and cultural phenomena? How do we get from the neurone to the Qu'ran? This book will enlighten those who know little about cognitive theory, introducing them to the background and subject areas where cognitive approaches can be useful. Armin Geertz shows that cognitive approaches are broader and allow for many more possibilities than pioneers in the cognitive study of religion have touched upon in the past. Using a minimum of neuro-jargon and presenting clear explanations of terms where necessary, this book offers an informative guide to cognitive theory to develop plausible interpretations and explanations of religious thought and behaviour. Armin Geertz explains how cognitive theory offers a toolbox to help us to understand the texts, behaviours, and attitudes we are confronted with in the study of religion.
Routledge A Level Religious Studies: Year 2 is the essential textbook for the new 2016 OCR A Level Religious Studies Year 2 syllabus. Structured closely around the OCR specification this textbook covers philosophy, ethics and Christianity, in an engaging and student-friendly way. Each chapter includes: OCR specification checklist, to clearly illustrate which topics from the specification are covered in each chapter Explanations of key terminology Review questions, thought points and activities to test understanding Overview of key scholars and theories Chapter summaries and annotated further reading. With a section dedicated to preparing for assessment this book provides students with all the skills they need to succeed. This book comes complete with diagrams and tables, lively illustrations, a comprehensive glossary and full bibliography. The companion website hosts a wealth of further resources to enhance the learning experience.
This title was first published in 2002. Origen (185-254) is regarded as one of the figures chiefly responsible for the contamination of biblical theology with pagan philosophy in the early church. Edwards argues that Origen set out to construct a Christian philosophy, yet he did so with the intention of preserving theology from the infiltration of pagan thought.Examining the question of philosophical influence on Christian thought, Edwards argues that scholars have often leapt to unjustified conclusions based simply on common vocabulary or parallel development. This book advances new interpretations of the early Christian systems which are generally called Gnostic , and the Doctrine of the Trinity in Origen's Platonist teacher Clement of Alexandria. Edwards concludes that Origen's hermeneutics, eschatology, cosmology and Trinitarian theology are all related to his understanding of human nature, which is radically opposed to that of Platonism.
Like an ecosystem, cities develop, change, thrive, adapt, expand and contract through the interaction of myriad components. Religion is one of those living parts, shaping and being shaped by urban contexts. The Routledge Handbook of Religion and Cities is an outstanding interdisciplinary reference source to the key topics, problems and methodologies in this cutting-edge subject. Representing a wide diversity of cities and religions, the common analytical approach is ecological and spatial. It is the first collection of its kind and reflects the state-of-the-art in research focusing on the interaction of religions and their urban contexts. Comprised of 29 chapters by a team of international contributors, the Handbook is divided into three parts: Research Methodologies Religious Frameworks and Ideologies in Urban Contexts Contemporary Issues in Religion and Cities Within these sections emerging research and analysis of current dynamics of urban religions are examined, including: housing, economics and gentrification; sacred ritual and public space; immigration and the refugee crisis; political conflicts and social change; ethnic and religious diversity; urban policy and religion; racial justice; architecture and the built environment; religious art and symbology; religion and urban violence, technology and the smart cities; the challenge of climate change on global cities; and religious meaning-making of the city. The Routledge Handbook of Religion and Cities is essential reading for students and researchers in religious studies and urban studies. The Handbook will also be very useful for those in related fields, such as sociology, history, architecture, urban planning, theology, social work and cultural studies.