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Ethics & moral philosophy

See below for a selection of the latest books from Ethics & moral philosophy category. Presented with a red border are the Ethics & moral philosophy books that have been lovingly read and reviewed by the experts at Lovereading. With expert reading recommendations made by people with a passion for books and some unique features Lovereading will help you find great Ethics & moral philosophy books and those from many more genres to read that will keep you inspired and entertained. And it's all free!

Human Rights, Ownership, and the Individual

Human Rights, Ownership, and the Individual

Author: Rowan (University of Stirling) Cruft Format: Hardback Release Date: 12/09/2019

Is it defensible to use the concept of a right? Can we justify this concept's central place in modern moral and legal thinking, or does it unjustifiably side-line those who do not qualify as right-holders? Rowan Cruft brings together a new account of the concept of a right. Moving beyond the traditional 'interest theory' and 'will theory', he defends a distinctive role for the concept: it is appropriate to our thinking about fundamental moral duties springing from the good of the right-holder. This has important implications for the idea of 'natural' moral rights-that is, rights that exist independently of anyone's recognising that they do. Cruft argues that only rights that exist primarily for the sake of the right-holder can qualify as natural in this sense. In its relation to property, however, matters are far more complicated because much property is groundable only by common or collective goods beyond the right-holder's own good. For such property, Cruft argues that a non-rights property system-that resembles modern markets but is not conceived in terms of rights-would be preferable. The result of this study is a partial vindication of the rights concept that is more supportive of human rights than many of their critics (from left or right) might expect, and is surprisingly doubtful about property as an individual right.

Philosophy of Human Rights A Systematic Introduction

Philosophy of Human Rights A Systematic Introduction

Author: Anat Biletzki Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 12/09/2019

An introductory text to the philosophy of human rights, this book provides an innovative, systematic study of the concepts, ideas, and theories of human rights. It examines the principal philosophical issues that arise in specific areas of rights, such as women's rights, minority rights, or disability rights, and addresses the human rights aspects of world problems such as global poverty and humanitarian intervention. Along with the presentation of these established subjects, the book provides a vibrant critique of both the liberal fundamentals of human rights and the legal and political aspects of the concrete practice by individuals and organizations. Key Features: Presents a thorough philosophical introduction to human rights for anyone from any subject (e.g., international law, politics, public policy, philosophy) While grounded in philosophy, demonstrates a clear, organized understanding of real-world aspects of the field, with a deep analysis of vital, current issues Is attentive to critical stances on human rights and to stultifying privations in the field Offers a well organized overall structure, moving from historical treatment, to conceptual analysis, to a set of current issues, and finally to criticism.

Philosophy of Human Rights A Systematic Introduction

Philosophy of Human Rights A Systematic Introduction

Author: Anat Biletzki Format: Hardback Release Date: 12/09/2019

An introductory text to the philosophy of human rights, this book provides an innovative, systematic study of the concepts, ideas, and theories of human rights. It examines the principal philosophical issues that arise in specific areas of rights, such as women's rights, minority rights, or disability rights, and addresses the human rights aspects of world problems such as global poverty and humanitarian intervention. Along with the presentation of these established subjects, the book provides a vibrant critique of both the liberal fundamentals of human rights and the legal and political aspects of the concrete practice by individuals and organizations. Key Features: Presents a thorough philosophical introduction to human rights for anyone from any subject (e.g., international law, politics, public policy, philosophy) While grounded in philosophy, demonstrates a clear, organized understanding of real-world aspects of the field, with a deep analysis of vital, current issues Is attentive to critical stances on human rights and to stultifying privations in the field Offers a well organized overall structure, moving from historical treatment, to conceptual analysis, to a set of current issues, and finally to criticism.

Effective Altruism Philosophical Issues

Effective Altruism Philosophical Issues

Author: Hilary (University of Oxford) Greaves Format: Hardback Release Date: 12/09/2019

The effective altruism movement consists of a growing global community of people who organise significant parts of their lives around the two key concepts, represented in its name. Altruism is the idea that if we use a significant portion of the resources in our possession-whether money, time, or talents-with a view to helping others then we can improve the world considerably. When we do put such resources to altruistic use, it is crucial to focus on how much good this or that intervention is reasonably expected to do per unit of resource expended (as a gage of effectiveness). Global poverty is a widely-used case study in introducing and motivating effective altruism, but if the ultimate aim is to do the most good one can with the resources expended then it is far from obvious that global poverty alleviation is highest priority cause area. In addition to ranking possible poverty-alleviation interventions against one another, we can also try to rank interventions aimed at very different types of outcome against one another. This includes, for example, efforts focused on animal welfare or future generations. The scale and organisation of the effective altruism movement encourage careful dialogue on questions that have perhaps long been there, throwing them into new and sharper relief, and giving rise to previously unnoticed questions. In the first volume of its kind, a group of internationally recognised philosophers, economists, and political theorists present refined and in-depth explorations of issues that arise once one takes seriously the twin ideas of altruistic commitment and effectiveness.

The Cosmopolitan Tradition A Noble but Flawed Ideal

The Cosmopolitan Tradition A Noble but Flawed Ideal

Author: Martha C. Nussbaum Format: Hardback Release Date: 10/09/2019

From one of our preeminent philosophers-winner of the Berggruen Prize-a work that engages critically with important examples of the cosmopolitan ideal from ancient Greece and Rome to the present. The cosmopolitan political tradition in Western thought begins with the Greek Cynic Diogenes, who, when asked where he came from, responded that he was a citizen of the world. Rather than declaring his lineage, city, social class, or gender, he defined himself as a human being, implicitly asserting the equal worth of all human beings. Nussbaum pursues this noble but flawed vision of world citizenship as it finds expression in figures of Greco-Roman antiquity, Hugo Grotius in the seventeenth century, Adam Smith during the eighteenth century, and various contemporary thinkers. She confronts its inherent tensions: the ideal suggests that moral personality is complete, and completely beautiful, without any external aids, while reality insists that basic material needs must be met if people are to realize fully their inherent dignity. Given the global prevalence of material want, the lesser social opportunities of people with physical and cognitive disabilities, the conflicting beliefs of a pluralistic society, and the challenge of mass migration and asylum seekers, what political principles should we endorse? Nussbaum brings her version of the Capabilities Approach to these problems, and she goes further: she takes on the challenge of recognizing the moral claims of nonhuman animals and the natural world. The insight that politics ought to treat human beings both as equal to each other and as having a worth beyond price is responsible for much that is fine in the modern Western political imagination. The Cosmopolitan Tradition extends Nussbaum's work, urging us to focus on the humanity we share rather than all that divides us.

Unpublished Fragments (Spring 1885-Spring 1886) Volume 16

Unpublished Fragments (Spring 1885-Spring 1886) Volume 16

Author: Friedrich Nietzsche Format: Hardback Release Date: 10/09/2019

This volume of The Complete Works provides the first English translation of all Nietzsche's unpublished notes from April 1885 to the summer of 1886, the period in which he wrote his breakthrough philosophical books Beyond Good and Evil and On the Genealogy of Morality. Keen to reinvent himself after Thus Spoke Zarathustra, the philosopher used these unpublished notes to chart his search for a new philosophical voice. The notebooks contain copious drafts of book titles; critical retrospection on his earlier projects; a critique of the feminine; prophetic commentary on Germany; and forays into metaphysics, epistemology, ethics, aesthetics, and language. They also reveal his deep concern for Europe and its future and a burgeoning presence of the Dionysian. We learn what Nietzsche was reading and from whom he borrowed, and we find a considerable portion of notes and fragments from the non-book Will to Power, though here they are unembellished and unmediated. Richly annotated and accompanied by a detailed translator's afterword, this landmark volume sheds light on the controversy surrounding the Nachlass of the 1880s.

Unpublished Fragments (Spring 1885-Spring 1886) Volume 16

Unpublished Fragments (Spring 1885-Spring 1886) Volume 16

Author: Friedrich Nietzsche Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 10/09/2019

This volume of The Complete Works provides the first English translation of all Nietzsche's unpublished notes from April 1885 to the summer of 1886, the period in which he wrote his breakthrough philosophical books Beyond Good and Evil and On the Genealogy of Morality. Keen to reinvent himself after Thus Spoke Zarathustra, the philosopher used these unpublished notes to chart his search for a new philosophical voice. The notebooks contain copious drafts of book titles; critical retrospection on his earlier projects; a critique of the feminine; prophetic commentary on Germany; and forays into metaphysics, epistemology, ethics, aesthetics, and language. They also reveal his deep concern for Europe and its future and a burgeoning presence of the Dionysian. We learn what Nietzsche was reading and from whom he borrowed, and we find a considerable portion of notes and fragments from the non-book Will to Power, though here they are unembellished and unmediated. Richly annotated and accompanied by a detailed translator's afterword, this landmark volume sheds light on the controversy surrounding the Nachlass of the 1880s.

Reasons in Action A Reductionist Account of Intentional Action

Reasons in Action A Reductionist Account of Intentional Action

Ingmar Persson offers an original view of the processes of human action: deliberating on the basis of reasons for and against actions, making a decision about what to do, and from there implementing the decision in action in a way that makes the action intentional. Persson's analysis is mainly developed to suit physical actions, though how it needs to be modified to cover mental acts is also discussed. The interpretation of intentional action that is presented is reductionist in the sense that it does not appeal to any concepts that are distinctive of the domain of action theory, such as a unique type of agent-causation, or irreducible mental acts, like acts of will, volitions, decisions, or tryings. Nor does it appeal to any unanalyzed attitudes or states essentially related to intentional action, like intentions and desires to act. Instead, the intentionality of actions is construed as springing from desires conceived as physical states of agents which cause facts because of the way agents think of them. A sense of our having responsibility that is sufficient for our acting for reasons is also sketched out.

The Right Thing to Do Readings in Moral Philosophy

The Right Thing to Do Readings in Moral Philosophy

Author: James Rachels Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 01/09/2019

Now in its eighth edition, James Rachels' and Stuart Rachels' The Right Thing to Do: Readings in Moral Philosophy continues its legacy of providing students a diverse collection of thought-provoking essays from historical and contemporary perspectives. Introductory essays by James Rachels and foundational readings in moral theory provide a base from which students can engage with the updated selection of essays on pressing issues. New to the Eighth Edition: From gun rights to the opioid crisis to racial equality, these new essays bring questions of moral philosophy into the daily lives of today's students. 1. A Death at Penn State, by Caitlin Flanagan 2. The Opioid Crisis, As Lived in West Virginia, by Margaret Talbot 3. Is Doping Wrong?, by Peter Singer 4. The Case for Reparations, by Ta-Nehisi Coates 5. Why Guns Shouldn't Be Outlawed, by Michael Huemer 6. Is Taxation Theft?, by Michael Huemer 7. Letting Go: What Should Medicine Do When It Can't Save Your Life?, by Atul Gawande 8. The Meaning of Life, by Richard Taylor

Environmental Ethics: The Basics

Environmental Ethics: The Basics

Author: Ben Dixon, Mahesh Ananth Format: Hardback Release Date: 01/09/2019

Environmental Ethics: The Basics

Environmental Ethics: The Basics

Author: Ben Dixon, Mahesh Ananth Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 01/09/2019

Achieving Justice in the U.S. Healthcare System Mercy is Sustainable; the Insatiable Thirst for Profit is Not

Achieving Justice in the U.S. Healthcare System Mercy is Sustainable; the Insatiable Thirst for Profit is Not

Author: Arthur J. Dyck Format: Hardback Release Date: 01/09/2019

This book focuses on justice and its demands in the way of providing people with medical care. Building on recent insights on the nature of moral perceptions and motivations from the neurosciences, it makes a case for the traditional medical ethic and examines its financial feasibility. The book starts out by giving an account of the concept of justice and tracing it back to the practices and tenets of Hippocrates and his followers, while taking into account findings from the neurosciences. Next, it considers whether the claim that it is just to limit medical care for everyone to some basic minimum is justifiable. The book then addresses finances and expenditures of the US health care system and shows that the growth of expenditures and the percentage of the gross national product spent on health care make for an unsustainable trajectory. In light of the question what should be changed, the book suggests that overdiagnosis and medicalizing normal behavior lead to harmful, costly and unnecessary interventions and are the result of unethical behavior on the part of the pharmaceutical industry and extensive ethical failures of the FDA. The book ends with suggestions about what can be done to put the U.S. health care system on the path to sustainability, better medical care, and compliance with the demands of justice.