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Western philosophy, from c 1900 -

See below for a selection of the latest books from Western philosophy, from c 1900 - category. Presented with a red border are the Western philosophy, from c 1900 - books that have been lovingly read and reviewed by the experts at Lovereading. With expert reading recommendations made by people with a passion for books and some unique features Lovereading will help you find great Western philosophy, from c 1900 - books and those from many more genres to read that will keep you inspired and entertained. And it's all free!

The Doctrine of Humanity in the Theology of Reinhold Niebuhr

The Doctrine of Humanity in the Theology of Reinhold Niebuhr

Author: Kenneth Morris Hamilton Format: Hardback Release Date: 08/08/2020

Reinhold Niebuhr was a twentieth-century American theologian who was known for his commentary on public affairs. One of his most influential ideas was the relating of his Christian faith to realism rather than idealism in foreign affairs. His perspective influenced many liberals and is enjoying a resurgence today; most recently Barack Obama has acknowledged Niebuhr's importance to his own thinking. In this book, Kenneth Hamilton makes a claim that no other work on Niebuhr has madeathat Niebuhr's chief and abiding preoccupation throughout his long career was the nature of humankind. Hamilton engages in a close reading of Niebuhr's entire oeuvre through this lens. He argues that this preoccupation remained consistent throughout Niebuhr's writings, and that through his doctrine of humankind one gets a full sense of Niebuhr the theologian. Hamilton exposes not only the internal consistency of Niebuhr's project but also its aporia. Although Niebuhr's influence perhaps peaked in the mid-twentieth century, enthusiasm for his approach to religion and politics has never waned from the North American public theology, and this work remains relevant today. Although Hamilton wrote this thesis in the mid-1960s it is published here for the first time. Jane Barter Moulaison, in her editorial gloss and introduction, demonstrates the abiding significance of Hamilton's work to the study of Niebuhr by bringing it into conversation with subsequent writings on Niebuhr, particularly as he is re-appropriated by twenty-first-century American theology.

Simone Weil and the Politics of Self-Denial

Simone Weil and the Politics of Self-Denial

Author: Athanasios Moulakis Format: Hardback Release Date: 07/08/2020

Simone Weil and the Politics of Self-Denial delivers what no other book on Weil has--a comprehensive study of her political thought. In this examination of the development of her thought, Athanasios Moulakis offers a philosophical understanding of politics that reaches beyond current affairs and ideological advocacy. Simone Weil--philosopher, activist, mystic--unites a profound reflection on the human condition with a consistent and courageous existential and intellectual honesty manifest in the moving testimony of her life and her death. Moulakis examines Weil's political thought as an integral part of a lived philosophy, in which analysis and doctrine are inseparable from the articulation of an intensely personal, ultimately religious experience. Because it is impossible to distinguish Weil's life from her thought, her writings cannot be understood properly without linking them to her life and character. By situating Weil's political thought within the context of the intellectual climate of her time, Moulakis connects it also to her epistemology, her cosmology, and her personal experience. Simone Weil and the Politics of Self-Denial presents the unfolding of Weil's philosophical life against the backdrop of the political and social conditions of the last days of the Third French Republic, the Spanish Civil War, and the rise and clash of totalitarian ideologies. The ideological climate of the age--of which Weil herself was not quite free--was indeed the major obstacle in the struggle against which she fashioned her critical, intellectual, and moral tools. Weil has been categorized a number of ways: as a saint and a near convert to Roman Catholicism, as a social critic, or as an analytic philosopher. Moulakis examines all aspects of Weil's thought in the indissoluble unity in which she lived them. This thorough investigation pursues the particular intellectual affiliations and the social and political experiential stimuli of Weil's work while simultaneously teasing out the timeless themes that her own timely analysis was intended to reveal.

Tracing Expression in Merleau-Ponty

Tracing Expression in Merleau-Ponty

Author: Veronique M. Foti Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 07/08/2020

The French philosopher Renaud Barbaras remarked that late in Maurice Merleau-Ponty's career, The phenomenology of perception fulfills itself as a philosophy of expression. In Tracing Expression in Merleau-Ponty: Aesthetics, Philosophy of Biology and Ontology, Veronique M. Foti addresses the guiding yet neglected theme of expression in Merleau-Ponty's thought. She traces Merleau-Ponty's ideas about how individuals express creative or artistic impulses through his three essays on aesthetics, his engagement with animality and the new biology in the second of his lecture courses on nature of 1957-58, and in his late ontology, articulated in 1964 in the fragmentary text of Le visible et l'invisible (The Visible and the Invisible). With the exception of a discussion of Merleau-Ponty's 1945 essay Cezanne's Doubt, Foti engages with Merleau-Ponty's late and final thought, with close attention to both his scientific and philosophical interlocutors, especially the continental rationalists. Expression shows itself, in Merleau-Ponty's thought, to be primordial, and this innate and fundamental nature of expression has implications for his understanding of artistic creation, science, and philosophy.

The Collected Works of John Dewey v. 14; 1939-1941, Essays, Reviews, and Miscellany

The Collected Works of John Dewey v. 14; 1939-1941, Essays, Reviews, and Miscellany

Author: John Dewey Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 07/08/2020

This volume republishes forty-four essays, reviews, and miscellaneous pieces from 1939, 1940, and 1941. In his Introduction, R. W. Sleeper characterizes the contents of this volume as vintage Dewey. Ranging widely over problems of theory and practice, they reveal him commencing his ninth decade at the peak of his intellectual powers. Nature in Experience, Dewey's reply to Morris R. Cohen and William Ernest Hocking, is a model of clarity and responsiveness, writes Sleeper, perhaps his clearest statement of why it is that metaphysics does not play the fundamental role for him that it had regularly played for his predecessors.

The Collected Works of John Dewey, Index

The Collected Works of John Dewey, Index

Author: Jo Ann Boydston Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 07/08/2020

This cumulative index to the thirty-seven volumes of The Collected Works of John Dewey, 1882-1953, is an invaluable guide to The Collected Works. The Collected Works Contents incorporates all the tables of contents of Dewey's individual volumes, providing a chronological, volume-by-volume overview of every item in The Early Works, The Middle Works, and The Later Works. The Title Index lists alphabetically by shortened titles and by key words all items in The Collected Works. Articles republished in the collections listed above are also grouped under the titles of those books. The Subject Index, which includes all information in the original volume indexes, expands that information by adding the authors of introductions to each volume, authors and titles of books Dewey reviewed or introduced, authors of appendix items, and relevant details from the source notes.

The Collected Works of John Dewey v. 2; 1902-1903, Journal Articles, Book Reviews, and Miscellany in the 1902-1903 Period, and Studies in Logical Theory and the Child and the Curriculum The Middle Wor

The Collected Works of John Dewey v. 2; 1902-1903, Journal Articles, Book Reviews, and Miscellany in the 1902-1903 Period, and Studies in Logical Theory and the Child and the Curriculum The Middle Wor

Author: John Dewey Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 07/08/2020

Volume 11 brings together all of Dewey's writings for 1918 and 1919. A Modern Language Association Committee on Scholarly Editions textual edition. Dewey's dominant theme in these pages is war and its after-math. In the Introduction, Oscar and Lilian Handlin discuss his philosophy within the historical context: The First World War slowly ground to its costly conclusion; and the immensely more difficult task of making peace got painfully under way. The armi-stice that some expected would permit a return to normalcy opened instead upon a period of turbulence that agitated fur-ther a society already unsettled by preparations for battle and by debilitating conflict overseas. After spending the first half of 1918-19 on sabbatical from Columbia at the University of California, Dewey traveled to Japan and China, where he lectured, toured, and assessed in his essays the relationship between the two nations. From Peking he reported the student revolt known as the May Fourth Move-ment. The forty items in this volume also include an analysis of Thomas Hobbe's philosophy; an affectionate commemorative tribute to Theodore Roosevelt, our Teddy; the syllabus for Dewey's lectures at the Imperial University in Tokyo, which were later revised and published as Reconstruction in Philosophy; an exchange with former disciple Randolph Bourne about F. Mat-thias Alexander's Man's Supreme Inheritance; and, central to Dew-ey's creed, Philosophy and Democracy. His involvement in a study of the Polish-American community in Philadelphia--resulting in an article, two memoranda, and a lengthy report--is discussed in detail in the Introduction and in the Note on the Confidential Report ofConditions among the Poles in the United States.

Maynard Adams

Maynard Adams

Author: Glenn Blackburn Format: Hardback Release Date: 07/08/2020

Maynard Adams (1919-2003) was a profound philosopher and civic humanist at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill. A major intellectual figure of the second half of the twentieth century, Adams developed a comprehensive philosophy of civilization that applies to all humanity but has a distinctly Southern dimension. The essence of his philosophy is that value and meaning are dimensions of reality and we can gain knowledge about those dimensions. Adams contended that philosophers should get out of their ivory towers and engage in 'cultural criticism', thereby helping to improve and invigorate the ideas and values by which people guide their lives. He argues persuasively that modern civilization is 'naturalistic', in that modern people increasingly believe that the only reality is that revealed by sensory experience. As a result, modern civilization is economically and militarily impressive, but because of fundamental philosophical errors it has lost touch with value reality and meaning reality and therefore has no intellectual/spiritual foundation. Adams' humanistic philosophy is based on a philosophy of the person as a rational, moral being, and he demonstrates how humans can gain knowledge of value reality and meaning reality. He thus provides a positive alternative to the naturalistic world view that is undermining modern civilization. Adams was also a civil humanist who helped inspire and found several philosophical and educational organizations that continue to influence thousands of people. A notable example is the Program in the Humanities and Human Values at the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill.

For Badiou

For Badiou

Author: Frank Ruda, Slavoj Zizek Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 07/08/2020

For Badiou serves both as an introduction to the influential French philosopher Alain Badiou's thought and as an in-depth examination of his work. Ruda begins with a thorough and clear outline of the sometimes difficult main tenets of Badiou's philosophy. He then traces the philosophers throughout Western thought who have influenced Badiou's project-especially Plato, Descartes, Hegel, and Marx-and on whose work Badiou has developed his provocative philosophy. Ruda draws from Badiou's oeuvre a series of directives with regard to renewing philosophy for the twenty-first century. For Badiou continues the interrogations of its subject and raises new materialistic and dialectical questions for the next generation of engaged philosophers.

The Collected Works of John Dewey v. 1; 1899-1901, Journal Articles, Book Reviews, and Miscellany Published in the 1899-1901 Period, and the School and Society, and the Educational Situation The Middl

The Collected Works of John Dewey v. 1; 1899-1901, Journal Articles, Book Reviews, and Miscellany Published in the 1899-1901 Period, and the School and Society, and the Educational Situation The Middl

Author: John Dewey Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 07/08/2020

Volume 11 brings together all of Dewey's writings for 1918 and 1919. A Modern Language Association Committee on Scholarly Editions textual edition. Dewey's dominant theme in these pages is war and its after-math. In the Introduction, Oscar and Lilian Handlin discuss his philosophy within the historical context: The First World War slowly ground to its costly conclusion; and the immensely more difficult task of making peace got painfully under way. The armi-stice that some expected would permit a return to normalcy opened instead upon a period of turbulence that agitated fur-ther a society already unsettled by preparations for battle and by debilitating conflict overseas. After spending the first half of 1918-19 on sabbatical from Columbia at the University of California, Dewey traveled to Japan and China, where he lectured, toured, and assessed in his essays the relationship between the two nations. From Peking he reported the student revolt known as the May Fourth Move-ment. The forty items in this volume also include an analysis of Thomas Hobbe's philosophy; an affectionate commemorative tribute to Theodore Roosevelt, our Teddy; the syllabus for Dewey's lectures at the Imperial University in Tokyo, which were later revised and published as Reconstruction in Philosophy; an exchange with former disciple Randolph Bourne about F. Mat-thias Alexander's Man's Supreme Inheritance; and, central to Dew-ey's creed, Philosophy and Democracy. His involvement in a study of the Polish-American community in Philadelphia--resulting in an article, two memoranda, and a lengthy report--is discussed in detail in the Introduction and in the Note on the Confidential Report ofConditions among the Poles in the United States.

Zizek's Ontology

Zizek's Ontology

Author: Adrian Johnston Format: Hardback Release Date: 07/08/2020

Slavoj Zizek is one of the most interesting and important philosophers working today, known chiefly for his theoretical explorations of popular culture and contemporary politics. This book focuses on the generally neglected and often overshadowed philosophical core of Zizek's work - an essential component in any true appreciation of this unique thinker's accomplishment.His central concern, Zizek has proclaimed, is to use psychoanalysis (especially the teachings of Jacques Lacan) to redeploy the insights of late-modern German philosophy, in particular, the thought of Kant, Schelling, and Hegel. By taking this avowal seriously, Adrian Johnston finally clarifies the philosophical project underlying Zizek's efforts. His book charts the interlinked ontology and theory of subjectivity constructed by Zizek at the intersection of German idealism and Lacanian theory. Johnston also uses Zizek's combination of philosophy and psychoanalysis to address two perennial philosophical problems: the relationship of mind and body, and the nature of human freedom.By bringing together the past two centuries of European philosophy, psychoanalytic metapsychology, and cutting-edge work in the natural sciences, Johnston develops a transcendental materialist theory of subjectivity - in short, an account of how more-than-material forms of subjectivity can emerge from a corporeal being. His work shows how an engagement with Zizek's philosophy can produce compelling answers to today's most vexing and urgent questions as inherited from the history of ideas.

Foucault's Askesis

Foucault's Askesis

Author: Edward F. McGushin Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 07/08/2020

In his renowned courses at the College de France from 1982 to 1984, Michel Foucault devoted his lectures to meticulous readings and interpretations of the works of Plato, Epictetus, Seneca, and Marcus Aurelius, among others. In this his aim was not, Edward F. McGushin contends, to develop a new knowledge of the history of philosophy; rather, it was to let himself be transformed by the very activity of thinking. Thus, this work shows us Foucault in the last phase of his life in the act of becoming a philosopher. Here we see how his encounter with ancient philosophy allowed him to experience the practice of philosophy as, to paraphrase Nietzsche, a way of becoming who one is: the work of self-formation that the Greeks called askesis. Through a detailed study of Foucault's last courses, McGushin demonstrates that this new way of practicing philosophical askesis evokes Foucault's ethical resistance to modern relations of power and knowledge. In order to understand Foucault's later project, then, it is necessary to see it within the context of his earlier work. If his earlier projects represented an attempt to bring to light the relations of power and knowledge that narrowed and limited freedom, then this last project represents his effort to take back that freedom by redefining it in terms of care of the self. Foucault always stressed that modern power functions by producing individual subjects. This book shows how his excavation of ancient philosophical practices gave him the tools to counter this function-with a practice of self-formation, an askesis.

Kierkegaard as Phenomenologist

Kierkegaard as Phenomenologist

Author: Jeffrey Hanson Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 07/08/2020

Kierkegaard has undoubtedly been an influence on phenomenological thinking, but he has rarely if ever been read as a phenomenologist himself. Recent developments in phenomenology have expanded our conception of the discipline itself and the varieties of experience it can address. Is it possible that Kierkegaard, a canonical figure by any measure, can be reappraised in light of these developments? Or more radically, is it possible that the frontiers of phenomenological investigation were already broached by Kierkegaard even before phenomenology was formally defined by Husserl? In Kierkegaard as Phenomenologist: An Experiment, Jeffrey Hanson embarks on a project to locate Kierkegaard within the current phenomenological discussion. This work is an experiment inasmuch as the plausibility of the undertaking itself will be determined only by the outcome. Some of the contributors clearly regard it as possible to read Kierkegaard as a phenomenologist. Others plainly do not and will contest the very hypothesis that forms the basis of this experiment. As with any experiment, the larger discussion will determine its success, but Kierkegaard as Phenomenologist lays the groundwork for two exciting possibilities: first, that Kierkegaard scholarship will be renewed, and second, that the meaning of phenomenology itself will be reconsidered.