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See below for a selection of the latest books from Western philosophy, from c 1900 - category. Presented with a red border are the Western philosophy, from c 1900 - books that have been lovingly read and reviewed by the experts at Lovereading. With expert reading recommendations made by people with a passion for books and some unique features Lovereading will help you find great Western philosophy, from c 1900 - books and those from many more genres to read that will keep you inspired and entertained. And it's all free!
Thus Spoke Zarathustra is Nietzsche's most famous and most puzzling work, one in which he makes the greatest use of poetry to explore the questions posed by philosophy. But in order to understand the movement of this drama, we must first understand the character of its protagonist: we must ask, What Is Nietzsche's Zarathustra? Heinrich Meier attempts to penetrate the core of the drama, following as a guiding thread the question of whether Zarathustra is a philosopher or a prophet, or, if he is meant to be both, whether Zarathustra is able to unite philosopher and prophet in himself. Via a close reading that uncovers the book's hidden structure, Meier develops a highly stimulating and original interpretation of this much discussed but still ill-understood masterwork of German poetic prose. In the process, he carefully overturns long-established canons in the academic discourse of Nietzsche-interpretation. The result is a fresh and surprising grasp of Nietzsche's well-known teachings of the overman, the will to power, and the eternal return.
The first scholarly edition of critically edited, previously unpublished notes of Whitehead's philosophy lectures from 1925 to 1927 Reproduces more than 170 lectures delivered by Alfred North Whitehead during his 2nd and 3rd years at Harvard Provides a window into the development of Whitehead's thought in the lead up to the publication of his most significant work, Process and Reality Reproduces the drawings Whitehead created on the board in class providing new insights into his thinking - invaluable because his published works include no diagrams For the first time, Whitehead's readers will be able to see the development of his philosophy during the crucial period between the publication of Science and the Modern World and his delivery of the Gifford lectures that would become Process and Reality, as he tests his theories in a classroom setting. These student notes provide the long-missing window into critical developments in Whitehead's thinking during this time. They challenge longstanding speculations about when exactly Whitehead developed some of his most famous metaphysical concepts, and how those concepts are to be properly interpreted against the wider backdrop of his life and thought. Also included is a transcript of the only known lecture Whitehead delivered on the topic of ethics, two mid-year exams given to his students and nearly 2,000 footnotes that provide additional context for the lectures and alternative student accounts of key passages.
Theodor W. Adorno and Gerhard Scholem met in New York on the cusp of the 20th century's descent into the Holocaust, whose consequences and chaotic aftermath they would relentlessly submit to the analytic scrutiny borne of their prolific correspondence. Appearing in English for the first time, this complete collection of their letters lays bare a friendship and intellectual partnership upon which the scars of modernity are writ large. This volume is an extraordinary collaborative document not just because of the authors' astute appraisal of the turbulent political times in which they lived but also because they grapple with the tensions sparked off by the unprecedented converging of Jewish mysticism and contemporary philosophy. Both humble but in fact able commentators on the specialisms of the other, in the course of their epistolary relationship Adorno and Scholem repeatedly demonstrate the enrichment potential of cross-disciplinary discussion. But what makes this volume particularly rewarding is that it documents the tender unfolding of a deep and enduring friendship between two of the greatest German-Jewish thinkers of the 20th century. As their 30-year correspondence attests, the nexus of their friendship was twofold: on the one hand, their respective friendships with Walter Benjamin, and on the other, their at times fraught belonging to the German-Jewish community. This volume will be of great value to students and scholars of the Frankfurt School, Kabbalah and Jewish Studies and to anyone interested in 20th-century history and culture.
In his chapter entitled 'Anselm on Ethics' in the Cambridge Companion to Anselm, Jeffrey Brower comments that, 'Anselm's ethical views have received very little attention from contemporary scholars, and as a result there is no satisfactory systematic treatment of them available in the contemporary literature.' This book seeks to fill that lacuna. More specifically the purpose of this volume is to examine the extent to which Anselm of Canterbury possessed a consistent normative philosophy which coherently addressed the question of how the individual ought to act. By so doing it extends the contemporary commentary of Anselm's ethical philosophy beyond the abstract and meta-ethical and analyses the ways in which Anselm's letter collection can be used to show pragmatic approaches to ethical questions. In examining this field, this book contains two interdependent parts, one illustrative of the other. The first deals with Anselm's anthropology, theory of will, and ethical philosophy. The second examines the impact of his theology and ethical philosophy upon his societal and political beliefs. The contrast between formal theological writing and the more personal letter collections is intentional as a way of evaluating the manner in which Anselm's thought is consistent across a range of academic exercises and real world scenarios. In addition, this provides case studies of how a normative approach opens up new lines of research and furthers the field of Anselm studies, addressing several past issues of contention.
This edited collection explores the philosophy of Clarence Irving Lewis through two major concepts that are integral to his conceptual pragmatism: the a priori and the given. The relation between these two elements of knowledge form the core of Lewis's masterpiece Mind and the World-Order. While Lewis's conceptual pragmatism is directed against any conception of the a priori as constraining the mind and experience, it also emphasizes the inalterability and the unavoidability of the given that remains the same through any interpretation of it by the mind. The essays in this volume probe Lewis's new account of the relation between the a priori and the given in dialogue with other notable figures in 20th-century philosophy, including Carnap, Friedman, Goodman, Putnam, Quine, Russell, Sellars, and Sheffer. C.I. Lewis's Conceptual Pragmatism represents a focused treatment of a long-neglected figure in 20th-century American philosophy.
An interdisciplinary encounter between new materialist and object-oriented studies and literary criticism Provides an overview of central postanthropocentric concerns and key concepts within New Materialism and object-oriented ontology Illustrates how the material turn and post-anthropocentric theory open new sides to the study of literature, including feminist, queer, postcolonial and anthropocene studies of literature Includes hands-on suggestions of how to approach the significance of non-human materialities in literary depictions of the world Through a rethinking of the relationship between the subject and object, the human and the nonhuman, this volume shows how literature and post-anthropocentric theory can illuminate each other in mutually productive ways. Focusing on how the study of literature is an underdeveloped field within 'the material turn', the introduction and each of the eleven chapters examine ways in which new materialist and object-oriented theory opens the study of literature in new ways just as they demonstrate the deep entanglements in literature of human and nonhuman realities. The collection includes an Afterword by Timothy Morton and hands-on analyses and close readings of individual works by such diverse writers as Hans Christian Andersen, Djuna Barnes, Sylvia Plath, Georges Perec, Ayi Kwei Armah, Jeanette Winterson and Paolo Bacigalupi.
Mari Ruti combines theoretical reflection, cultural critique, feminist politics, and personal experience to analyze the prevalence of bad feelings in contemporary everyday life. Proceeding from a playful engagement with Freud's idea of penis envy, Ruti's autotheoretical commentary fans out to a broader consideration of neoliberal pragmatism. She focuses on the emphasis on good performance, high productivity, constant self-improvement, and relentless cheerfulness that characterizes present-day Western society. Revealing the treacherousness of our fantasies of the good life, particularly the idea that our efforts will eventually be rewarded-that things will eventually get better-Ruti demystifies the false hope that often causes us to tolerate an unbearable present. Theoretically rigorous and lucidly written, Penis Envy and Other Bad Feelings is a trenchant critique of contemporary gender relations. Refuting the idea that we live in a postfeminist world where gender inequalities have been transcended, Ruti describes how neoliberal heteropatriarchy has transformed itself in subtle and stealthy, and therefore all the more insidious, ways. Mobilizing Michel Foucault's concept of biopolitics, Jacques Lacan's account of desire, and Lauren Berlant's notion of cruel optimism, she analyzes the rationalization of intimacy, the persistence of gender stereotypes, and the pornification of heterosexual culture. Ruti shines a spotlight on the depression, anxiety, frustration, and disenchantment that frequently lie beneath our society's sugarcoated mythologies of self-fulfillment, romantic satisfaction, and professional success, speaking to all who are concerned about the emotional costs of the pressure-cooker ethos of our age.
'Deleuze and Evolutionary Theory' gathers together contributions by many of the central theorists in Deleuze studies who have led the way in breaking down the boundaries between philosophical and biological research. They focus on the significance of Deleuze and Guattari's engagements with evolutionary theory across the full range of their work, from the interpretation of Darwin in 'Difference and Repetition', to the symbiotic alliances of wasp and orchid in 'A Thousand Plateaus'. In this way, they explore the anthropological, social and biopolitical significance of the convergences and divergences between philosophy and evolutionary science.
He might be best known for sex and violence, but Lode Lauwaert shows that the Marquis du Sade sits at a crossroads of surprisingly disparate branches of western culture: abstract art, Tom and Jerry, gnosticism, Kant's moral philosophy, romanticism, scholasticism, stoicism and more. To explore these links, Lauwaert reads six interpretations of Sade in French postwar philosophy - looking specifically at Pierre Klossowski, Maurice Blanchot, Georges Bataille, Jacques Lacan, Roland Barthes and Gilles Deleuze. Lauwaert shows how these interpretations of de Sade can be read as a lively introduction to a postmodern way of thinking that is often considered inaccessible, but which dominated the French intellectual scene after the Second World War.