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See below for a selection of the latest books from 20th century history: c 1900 to c 2000 category. Presented with a red border are the 20th century history: c 1900 to c 2000 books that have been lovingly read and reviewed by the experts at Lovereading. With expert reading recommendations made by people with a passion for books and some unique features Lovereading will help you find great 20th century history: c 1900 to c 2000 books and those from many more genres to read that will keep you inspired and entertained. And it's all free!
Japan's U.S.-imposed postwar constitution renounced the use of offensive military force, but, as Sheila Smith shows, a nuclear North Korea and an increasingly assertive China have the Japanese rethinking that commitment, and their reliance on United States security. Japan has one of Asia's most technologically advanced militaries and yet struggles to use its hard power as an instrument of national policy. The horrors of World War II continue to haunt policymakers in Tokyo, while China and South Korea remain wary of any military ambitions Japan may entertain. Yet a fundamental shift in East Asian geopolitics has forced Japan to rethink the commitment to pacifism it made during the U.S. occupation. It has increasingly flexed its muscles-deploying troops under UN auspices, participating in coercive sanctions, augmenting surveillance capabilities, and raising defense budgets. Article Nine of Japan's constitution, drafted by U.S. authorities in 1946, claims that the Japanese people forever renounce the use of force as a means of settling international disputes. When Prime Minister Shinzo Abe broke this taboo by advocating revision of Article Nine, public outcry was surprisingly muted. The military, once feared as a security liability, now appears to be an indispensable asset, called upon with increasing frequency and given a seat at the policymaking table. In Japan Rearmed Sheila Smith argues that Japan is not only responding to increasing threats from North Korean missiles and Chinese maritime activities but also reevaluating its dependence on the United States. No longer convinced that they can rely on Americans to defend Japan, Tokyo's political leaders are now confronting the possibility that they may need to prepare the nation's military for war.
A reappraisal of the giant massacres perpetrated by the Ottoman Empire, and then the Turkish Republic, against their Christian minorities. Between 1894 and 1924, three waves of violence swept across Anatolia, targeting the region's Christian minorities, who had previously accounted for 20 percent of the population. By 1924, the Armenians, Assyrians, and Greeks had been reduced to 2 percent. Most historians have treated these waves as distinct, isolated events, and successive Turkish governments presented them as an unfortunate sequence of accidents. The Thirty-Year Genocide is the first account to show that the three were actually part of a single, continuing, and intentional effort to wipe out Anatolia's Christian population. The years in question, the most violent in the recent history of the region, began during the reign of the Ottoman sultan Abdulhamid II, continued under the Young Turks, and ended during the first years of the Turkish Republic founded by Ataturk. Yet despite the dramatic swing from the Islamizing autocracy of the sultan to the secularizing republicanism of the post-World War I period, the nation's annihilationist policies were remarkably constant, with continual recourse to premeditated mass killing, homicidal deportation, forced conversion, mass rape, and brutal abduction. And one thing more was a constant: the rallying cry of jihad. While not justified under the teachings of Islam, the killing of two million Christians was effected through the calculated exhortation of the Turks to create a pure Muslim nation. Revelatory and impeccably researched, Benny Morris and Dror Ze'evi's account is certain to transform how we see one of modern history's most horrific events.
Wir leben in einer Welt, die zutiefst geprAgt ist durch die rechtlichen, ideellen, Akonomischen und kulturellen Traditionen und Parameter der bA rgerlichen Gesellschaft . Diese trat seit dem 18. Jahrhundert sukzessive an die Stelle der feudal-stAndischen Ordnung der Vormoderne, und hat auch die ideologischen Herausforderungen von rechts und links A berdauert. Aber das Affentliche Bewusstsein A ber dieses grundlegende Fundament unserer politisch-sozialen Ordnung entspricht keineswegs seiner ungebrochenen Bedeutung. Der Band enthAlt den ersten vergleichenden RA ckblick auf die drei groAen BA rgertumsprojekte der 1980er Jahre, welche die historische Forschung seither nachhaltig beeinflusst haben. Diese waren auf das 19. Jahrhundert konzentriert, sie prAgen die BA rgertumsforschung bis heute. Erweitert hat sich die historische Forschung seither in Richtung kultureller Faktoren, dem entsprechen BeitrAge zur Vergesellschftung und LebensfA hrung. Zweitens prAsentiert der Band Studien zu den BrA chen, Transformationen und KontinuitAten bA rgerlicher Lebensweisen im 20. Jahrhundert, angesichts der Herausforderungen durch den Sozialstaat, die politischen Gegenutopien, die Pluralisierungszumutungen der Moderne. Den Band schlieAen vier BeitrAge zur Begrifflichkeit und Lebenswelt von Mittelklassen auAerhalb Europas a in der Erwartung, dass Wissen A ber europAische Traditionen bA rgerlicher Gesellschaft der Diskussion A ber global middle classes befruchten wird.