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Peace studies & conflict resolution

See below for a selection of the latest books from Peace studies & conflict resolution category. Presented with a red border are the Peace studies & conflict resolution books that have been lovingly read and reviewed by the experts at Lovereading. With expert reading recommendations made by people with a passion for books and some unique features Lovereading will help you find great Peace studies & conflict resolution books and those from many more genres to read that will keep you inspired and entertained. And it's all free!

The Future of the United States-Australia Alliance

The Future of the United States-Australia Alliance

Author: Andrew T. H. (University of New South Wales, Australia) Tan Format: Hardback Release Date: 20/01/2021

The United States-Australia alliance has been an important component of the US-led system of alliances that has underpinned regional security in the Indo-Pacific since 1945. However, recent geostrategic developments, in particular the rise of the People's Republic of China, have posed significant challenges to this US-led regional order. In turn, the growing strategic competition between these two great powers has generated challenges to the longstanding US-Australia alliance. Both the US and Australia are confronting a changing strategic environment, and, as a result, the alliance needs to respond to the challenges that they face. The US needs to understand the challenges and risks to this vital relationship, which is growing in importance, and take steps to manage it. On its part, Australia must clearly identify its core common interests with the US and start exploring what more it needs to do to attain its stated policy preferences. This book consists of chapters exploring US and Australian perspectives of the Indo-Pacific, the evolution of Australia-US strategic and defence cooperation, and the future of the relationship. Written by a joint US-Australia team, the volume is aimed at academics, analysts, students and the security and business communities.

Disaster Victim Identificaion

Disaster Victim Identificaion

Author: Keith (John Tonge Centre, Queensland, Australia) Loft Format: Hardback Release Date: 01/01/2021

Written in response to a recognized need for suitable and appropriate publication of DVI material, this book aids in improving preparedness for future mass disaster events and increases awareness through past history and experience. The book presents past mass fatality incidents in Australasia and South East Asia from the perspective of the investigative/legal and medical/scientific specialists who performed the victim identification in the jurisdiction in which each disaster occurred. It presents a selected, historical record of past mass fatality events and includes candid discussion of potential areas for improvement in preparedness and future deployment capabilities.

Deconstructing the Responsibility to Protect

Deconstructing the Responsibility to Protect

Author: Michael J. (Clark University, USA) Butler Format: Hardback Release Date: 01/01/2021

This book interrogates the concept of the Responsibility to Protect (R2P) as a normative construct and how the construction and promotion of this norm may have contributed to a stagnation in humanitarian action. This interrogation includes a particular focus on the impact of R2P on prevailing attitudes and discourses concerning humanitarian military intervention as well as the (under)provision of same. The study seeks to bridge the proverbial gap between theory and policy, specifically concerning our collective understanding of contemporary dynamics of humanitarian intervention and crisis. This objective is accomplished through the application and critical reformulation of the norm life cycle model and its three component stages (emergence, cascade, and internalization) relative to the presumed norm of R2P. The book advances the argument that R2P has only partially cascaded - stagnating rather than fully diffusing after reaching the 'tipping point', and in the process leaving the life cycle of the R2P norm in a state of dynamic equilibrium (e.g., a 'steady state'). Consequently, the chief implication of the dynamic of stagnation within international society which the book seeks to advance and support is the non-attainment of norm internalization. Through close examination of the genesis and evolution of R2P, the work contends that R2P actually poses a significant if not fundamental challenge to the animating logic of the norm life cycle model. Having reached the requisite tipping point through formal endorsement by the UN over a decade ago, R2P has failed to manifest itself in humanitarian intervention behavior. The key to understanding why resides in deficiencies of the norm life cycle model itself. By failing to provide a sufficient account of the dynamics of norm pre-emergence (whereby ideas are transformed into proto-norms) or to acknowledge the possibility norm stagnation (whereby a norm fails to diffuse and become internalized), the norm life-cycle model provides an underspecified mechanism for understanding how and why an idea may in fact cross the threshold of the 'tipping point'-attaining the status of a norm in international society in the process-but fail to penetrate and influence policy discourses and processes. The study seeks to bridge the proverbial gap between theory and policy, specifically concerning our collective understanding of contemporary dynamics of humanitarian intervention and crisis. This book will be of much interest to students of the Responsibility to Protect, human rights, conflict studies and international relations in general.

International Security

International Security

Author: Adrian (University of Gothenburg, Sweden) Hyde-Price Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 01/01/2021

This textbook introduces students to the study of contemporary international security. Key theories and concepts are presented in the introductory chapters, and applied to the case-studies and empirical examples in subsequent chapters. The book's strong empirical dimension allows it to illustrate contemporary international security problems and issues in a clear and accessible way. It also contains student-friendly pedagogical features such as text boxes, key points, further reading and student questions. The book will be essential reading for upper-level students of international or global security studies, and recommended reading for students of strategic studies, war and conflict studies, terrorism studies and IR in general.

International Intervention and Civil Wars

International Intervention and Civil Wars

Author: Ricardo (Peace Research Institute Oslo (PRIO), Norway) Real Pedrosa de Sousa Format: Hardback Release Date: 01/01/2021

This book examines the effects of external interventions on conflict escalation in civil wars, using data from African conflicts since the cold war. It investigates how the targets and types of external interventions affect the capabilities of the conflict parties, which lead to specific escalatory or de-escalatory effects on conflict intensity. A main contribution of this book is to test a theory of external interventions through mixed methods. It presents and uses a new dataset on external interventions with 42 conflicts that occurred in 30 countries in African between 1989 and 2010 and then tests the theory with four case studies and an econometric analysis. The work fills a gap in the literature by focusing on the effect of interventions on civil war intensity. There are only a few studies looking into the severity of conflict but their studies look at total conflict intensity and not escalatory or de-escalatory processes and do not focus on the specific effect of external interventions. Another contribution of this book is that it extends the operationalization of conflict to very low levels of conflict, to include civil war and low intensity levels starting the conflict period from the first battle death of these conflicts. This extension is relevant to better understand escalation on the onset and recurrence of conflict. The book is also the first to look holistically at external interventions, by considering military, economic and diplomatic interventions alongside UN and non-UN missions. This approach is closer to the realities of conflict where several types of interventions occur concurrently. This book will be of interest to student of civil wars and intra-state conflict, civil wars, peace studies, security studies and IR.

Rethinking Human Rights and Conflict Resolution

Rethinking Human Rights and Conflict Resolution

Author: Michelle (University of Copenhagen, Denmark) Parlevliet Format: Hardback Release Date: 01/01/2021

This book examines the interplay of human rights and conflict resolution in the practice of civil society organisations and independent state institutions, using four detailed case studies. It has long been recognised that human rights, justice, conflict and peace are closely linked. Yet the domains of human rights and conflict resolution have remained surprisingly separate in conceptual, institutional and practical terms for many years. Organisations and people working on these issues seldom consider whether and how their respective efforts interact, or the implications of operating in the same contexts. As a result, they may be oblivious of one another's initiatives - or perceive them as hampering their own. Human rights activists and conflict resolution practitioners have also been known to strongly disagree about the most suitable response or the ends to be pursued in a given context. Tensions especially arise when human rights abuses are widespread and pressure to act is high. This book counteracts this ongoing disconnect by examining how the human rights/conflict resolution relationship plays out in the practice of civil society organisations and independent state institutions in South Africa, Northern Ireland, Nepal and Zimbabwe. Based on 18 years of professional practical experience, a review of literature and key informant interviews, the book shows that the boundaries between the fields of human rights and conflict resolution are less distinct in practice than has been appreciated thus far. Its careful analysis of concrete experiences of specific organisations yields much insight into the ways in which human rights and conflict resolution perspectives and approaches can complement one another but also raise tough challenges that actors working in and across these domains must navigate. Examining how organisations and practitioners address such dilemmas, this study calls attention to the highly dynamic and contingent nature of the relationship between human rights and conflict resolution and holds considerable relevance for both scholars and practitioners. This book will be of much interest to students of peace and conflict studies, human rights, security studies and IR.

The Trouble With Truth

The Trouble With Truth

Author: Kieran (Queens University, UK) McEvoy, Cheryl (Queen's University Belfast) Lawther Format: Paperback / softback Release Date: 01/01/2021

Unlike many other peace accords, the Good Friday Agreement signed in 1998 did not include a formal mechanism for 'dealing with the past' in Northern Ireland. Despite that omission, the politics of truth recovery and its assumed links to reconciliation have been a constant theme in the transition from conflict in the jurisdiction. This book critically explores that relationship. It draws extensively from the international context and the author's experience over several years of grassroots work exploring 'dealing with the past' style initiatives. It charts the myriad of styles of truth recovery which have been part of the Northern Ireland transition including the Bloody Sunday Tribunal, public inquiries into controversial deaths, the work of the Office of the Police Ombudsman, litigation strategies and various 'bottom up' community based efforts at truth recovery. It also reflects upon the recommendations of the British government appointed Consultative Group on the Past and the contested debate as to how and whether its recommendations should be implemented. The book argues that the Northern Ireland experience speaks to important issues more generally in transitional justice concerning the sequencing, ownership and forms of truth recovery deployed, the agentic capacity of grass-roots activism, the politicization of victimhood, the construction and deployment of transitional knowledge, the importance of political will and leadership in transitions and the problematic relationship between truth recovery and reconciliation.

International Security

International Security

Author: Adrian (University of Gothenburg, Sweden) Hyde-Price Format: Hardback Release Date: 01/01/2021

This textbook introduces students to the study of contemporary international security. Key theories and concepts are presented in the introductory chapters, and applied to the case-studies and empirical examples in subsequent chapters. The book's strong empirical dimension allows it to illustrate contemporary international security problems and issues in a clear and accessible way. It also contains student-friendly pedagogical features such as text boxes, key points, further reading and student questions. The book will be essential reading for upper-level students of international or global security studies, and recommended reading for students of strategic studies, war and conflict studies, terrorism studies and IR in general.

Police-Building and the Responsibility to Protect

Police-Building and the Responsibility to Protect

This book examines how the UN and states provide assistance for the police services of developing states to help them meet their human rights obligations to their citizens, under the responsibility to protect (R2P) provisions. It examines police-capacity building ( police-building ) by international donors in Timor-Leste, Solomon Islands and Papua New Guinea (PNG). All three states have been described as fragile states and states of concern , and all have witnessed significant social tensions and violence in the past decades. The authors argue that globally police-building forms part of an attempt to make states safe so that they can adhere to norms of human rights with the framework of a developing democratic polity, allow the flow of capital for investment and profit taking, and be responsible members of the international community. Oceania as a region thus illuminates numerous issues in post-conflict state-building found in other parts of the world. The case studies explore international assistance in policing provided to the Global South and link these with police-building operations elsewhere in the world - particularly Africa (Democratic Republic of Congo since around 2000), the Caribbean (Haiti since 1999) and Europe (Kosovo since 1999) - so as to develop a typology of police-building. The aim is to contribute to the debate concerning the appropriateness of the aid given, and to determine if a relationship exists between R2P and police-building. The Oceania region allows the authors to explore and analyse the relationship between police-building and R2P at different levels of international relations. Specifically, the book examines the range of activities adopted by the UN and other police organisations to evaluate if there is any correlation between police-building and entrenching a culture of respect for human rights within society. These case studies operate: at the multilateral level, where we explore the UN in Timor-Leste; at the regional level, as regional organisations are prominent in peace operations, we examine the Pacific Islands Forum's Regional Assistance Mission to Solomon Islands (RAMSI); at the bilateral level, as North-South bilateral ties are common across the world, we survey Australian policing aid (supplemented by that of New Zealand) to these states. The authors argue that a culture of human rights in the two of the three states (Timor-Leste and Solomon Islands) is being fostered, but that police-building does little if anything to spread knowledge of R2P. Rather, an improvement in the level of knowledge and respect for human rights is due to the activism of local and international NGOs who link through transnational civil society to advocate for improvements in police treatment of citizens, publicise police abuses and pressure politicians to take action. This book will be of much interest to students of the R2P, development studies, security-sector reform, statebuilding, peace and conflict studies, Asia-Pacific Politics and IR in general.

Peace and Conflict Studies

Peace and Conflict Studies

Author: Andria K. (Georgetown University, USA) Wisler, Michael Loadenthal Format: Hardback Release Date: 01/01/2021

This introductory textbook surveys the evolutions of the histories, concepts, actors, actions, and pedagogies of the growing transdisciplinary field of Peace and Conflict Studies. The book provides an inclusive historical overview of the field and a thorough conceptual framework of peace, conflict, violence, and related terminology. It offers readers an introduction to the current issues dominating this growing academic field, as well as to the movements and structures that contribute to or hinder the creation of a more just and peaceful world. New, in-depth case studies will enable readers to understand the lived realities of peace action. From using this textbook, students will: develop a thorough understanding of the economic, socio-cultural, and political dimensions of peace and justice across the spectrum from micro- (neighborhood) to macro- (global) levels; become familiar with the array of inter/trans-national and local actors in the pursuit or destruction of peace and justice; and identify, compare, and critique the assumptions, benefits, and limitations of individuals' and societies' approaches to peace, including their own. Throughout, Peace Studies is understood as practical and do-able, with many applications from classrooms, to militaries, to transnational corporations. The book mainstreams issues often analyzed separately from traditional Peace Studies tracks, such as gender, religion, international development, climate change, and terrorism. This book will be essential reading for students of peace and conflict studies, conflict resolution and peace and justice courses, and recommended for students of war and conflict studies and IR/ Security Studies.

The Politics of Transitional Justice and Peacebuilding

The Politics of Transitional Justice and Peacebuilding

Author: Valerie (University of East London, UK) Arnould Format: Hardback Release Date: 01/01/2021

This book assesses why some states chose to engage with transitional justice, drawing on the case of the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). The DRC has suffered one of the most protracted and deadliest conflicts in Africa in the post-Cold War period. Since the outbreak of the first Congolese war, the country has been caught in a vortex of violence, repeated breakdowns of peace agreements, and mass human rights abuses. Human rights groups have lamented the slow progress in ending impunity and providing accountability for war crimes and crimes against humanity committed by all sides to the conflict. Yet at the same time, as far back as 1999, demands to set up transitional justice measures in the country have been made. What marks out the DRC case is thus not so much the absence of justice but the seemingly paradoxical fact that measures to strengthen justice and promote impunity have been pursued simultaneously. This book sheds light on this paradox by investigating the drivers of transitional justice policies in the country. Scholarship on transitional justice postulates that domestic actors are highly unlikely to effectively commit to transitional justice in the absence of international or civil society pressure, particularly in contexts of negotiated or pacted transitions. In the case of the DRC, this book argues that the preferences of domestic elites (comprising both government and rebel representatives) were central in shaping transitional justice processes. These preferences were primarily conditioned by the broader social and political goals the actors pursued in the context of the armed conflict and subsequent peace process, as well as by their understandings of the drivers of the conflict. By complementing approaches focused on structural and international factors with an analyses of elite preferences, this book puts forward an analytical lens which aims to encourage a more critical and complex understanding of why states pursue transitional justice. Politics ultimately frames transitional justice debates in a way that can both work as an impediment and a driver for the establishment of such mechanisms. This book will be of much interest to students of transitional justice, peacebuilding, African politics, law and IR in general.

Children, Securitization, War and Peace

Children, Securitization, War and Peace

Author: Kathrin (University of Durham, UK) Horschelmann Format: Hardback Release Date: 01/01/2021

It is not just in 'failed states' and dictatorships that children become a key target for military recruitment and the politics of national security. The 'securitisation' in western societies today relies equally strongly on the multi-faceted enrolment of children in national and international security politics, and on the figuring of childhood as a phase for the formation of future citizen-soldiers. This book explores the implications of western security politics for children's rights and their citizenship. It focuses on the interplay between a wide range of state-strategies that seek to enrol children in security politics as future citizen soldiers. The book explores the diversity of ways in which children themselves engage with cultures of war and the politics of security and the realities of security in their everyday lives, through participation in militaristic cultures and movements, active participation in anti-war campaigns, pacifist and human rights organisations. This book makes explicit the connections between the recruitment of children to security politics in the USA and Europe to the plight of children in other parts of the world. It draws on, consolidates and develops new perspectives on the governing of childhood and will be of interest to students of childhood studies, conflict studies, international relations, politics, geography, and sociology.