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Ferdinand Magellan was born in Portugal in 1480. In 1517, he went to Spain to see the teenaged Spanish king, the future Holy Roman Emperor Charles V. He sought and gained his support for the first voyage around the world. In 1519, by then Spanish, Magellan set out from Spain in command of a fleet of five ships. His aim was to sail around the southern tip of South America, even though it was then not known if there was such a route. From there he aimed to make the first ever journey across the Pacific Ocean to the tremendously lucrative Spice Islands, before completing his journey around the world by returning to Spain. The ship's crew saw lands, seas, animals, plants, fruits and peoples never seen by Europeans before, including a camel without humps (possibly a llama, guanaco, vicuna, or alpaca), and a penguin, that they described as a black goose that had to be skinned instead of plucked. They were astonished by the appearance of a Patagonian Giant - a man of gigantic stature on the beach, who sang and danced, pouring sand upon his head in token of amity. Their epic voyage continued despite mutiny, starvation (which caused them to eat rats, hides and sawdust), scurvy, warfare, and treachery, that resulted in the considerable loss of lives and ships. Included are all of the first hand accounts of their dramatic voyage, recorded by Antonio Pigafetta, Francisco Albo, the unknown Portuguese , Gaspar Correa, the Genoese pilot , and by Maximilian Transylvanus.Of the five ships and more than 270 men that set out on that famous first voyage around the world, only one ship was to complete it, with only eighteen of those men aboard, but Magellan was not one of them. Magellan is part of a series of biographies, published by Viartis, concerning The Voyages of Discovery including : Vasco da Gama, Magellan, Pedro Cabral, Bartolomeu Dias, and Amerigo Vespucci. Between them they discovered and opened up much of the then unknown world. [Data provided by Nielsen]
|Publication date:||8th August 2008|
|Author:||Francis Guillemard, Antonio Pigafetta, Francisco Albo, Gaspar Correa|
|Categories:||Biography: historical, political & military, Geographical discovery & exploration,|
Antonio Pigafetta was an Italian navigator. He was one of the few people that completed the entire journey around the world. He kept a journal in which hearsay evidence is largely mixed with personal experience, but which gives by far the best and fullest account of the expedition. Francisco Albo, the contramaestre of the Trinidad, kept a log book of the voyage, largely consisting of nautical observations that provide data for the actual course sailed by the vessels of the fleet. The Portuguese historian, Gaspar Correa sailed with Vasco da Gama. Gaspar Correa gave descriptions of Magellan's voyage in his ...More About Francis Guillemard, Antonio Pigafetta, Francisco Albo, Gaspar Correa