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Road to Manzikert: Byzantine and Islamic Warfare 527-1071 by Brian Todd Carey, Joshua B. Allfree, John Cairns

Road to Manzikert: Byzantine and Islamic Warfare 527-1071

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Road to Manzikert: Byzantine and Islamic Warfare 527-1071 by Brian Todd Carey, Joshua B. Allfree, John Cairns

In August 1071, the Byzantine Emperor Romanus IV Diogenese led out a powerful army in an attempt to roll back Seljuk Turkish incursions into the Anatolian heartland of the Empire.Outmanoeuvred by the Turkish sultan, Alp Arslan, Romanus was forced to give battle with only half his troops near Manzikert. By the end of that fateful day much of the Byzantine army was dead, the rest scattered in flight and the Emperor himself a captive. As a result, the Anatolian heart was torn out of the empire and it was critically weakened, while Turkish power expanded rapidly, eventually leading to Byzantine appeals for help from Western Europe, thus prompting the First Crusade.This book grounds these events firmly in the context of the centuries of conflict between the Byzantine Empire and the Islamic World (Arab and Seljuk Turkish) that preceded the fateful engagement at Manzikert, with special emphasis on the origins, course and outcome of this pivotal battle.The composition, weapons and tactics of the very different opposing armies are analysed. The final chapter is dedicated to assessing the impact of Manzikert on the Byzantine Empire's strategic position in Anatolia and to the battle's role as a causus belli for the Crusades. Dozens of maps and battle diagrams support the clear text, making this an invaluable study of a crucial period of military history.


Carey's book is not limited to discussing direct action between the Byzantines and the Muslims; it also considers Byzantine wars on other fronts. This is important for understanding how Byzantine warfare changed in the stated period. Chapters are well-supported with relevant maps...In addition 20 black and white illustrations and a chronology support the text.

-Medieval Warfare

Manzikert is of course one of the decisive battles in medieval history. The defeat of the Byzantine Empire, including the capture of the Emperor, by the Seljuk Turks resulted in the loss of Anatolia to the Empire. While there was something of a recovery, the Byzantine Empire lost key revenue, manpower and horse breeding areas to the Turks. This book is about much more than the battle. The authors take us through 500 years of conflict from Justinian through the rise of Islam to the coming of the Turks. Usefully, not just a focus on the Byzantine Empire but good chapters on Islamic warfare as well. The narrative is well written, but the strength of the book is in the maps and diagrams of the key battles. This really brings the text alive.

-Balkan Military History

Military history publishing house Pen & Sword has recently published a new historical analysis of the Battle of Manzikert by medieval expert Brian Todd Carey. It firmly grounds the battle in the context of the history of the five centuries that led up to that fateful day in 1071. Entitled Road to Manzikert, Carey explains not only what happened in a small Anatolian town in the modern-day province of Mu , but also why it was inevitable and what its consequences were. The narrative of this history is unusual because, focusing on the military aspects, it is told in a neutral fashion. Professor Carey neither seeks to portray the forces of Islam as jihadists with an agenda to take over the world, nor does he extol them as martyrs. In our modern world protagonists on each side of the war on terror tell the story of early Islamic battles and the later crusades in a manner that either aims to invoke Muslim phobia or that can be used to inspire and recruit for al-Qaeda. Carey treads the clear middle ground between these two ideologies, giving the military and tactical facts, well supported by superb maps and charts drawn by Joshua Allfree and John Cairns. Carey tells a gripping story of desertion, defection and betrayal amongst the Byzantine troops and of the fleet and ferocious Seljuk steppe warriors that were the greatest light cavalry troops of their age. The Alparslan he describes is neither the blood-drinking demon as styled by Byzantine historians from nearby Edessa (modern Urfa) nor a saintly Joan-of-Arc style hero, but a real military man with real military concerns. His account is thoughtful, measured and believable. The illustrations and maps make his academic research accessible, and the useful tables of chronology of events and leaders on both sides and glossaries of military and historical terms are excellent summaries of the facts make for a clear and concise overview of why Mu really can claim to be 'the gateway to Anatolia.

-Marion James Today's Zaman

About the Author

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Book Info

Publication date

1st February 2012


Brian Todd Carey, Joshua B. Allfree, John Cairns

More books by Brian Todd Carey, Joshua B. Allfree, John Cairns
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Pen & Sword Books Ltd


224 pages



Early history: c 500 to c 1450/1500



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