tudor queens series book price comparison
Search our site
Persons Unknown by Susie Steiner Read the opening extract of the brand new Susie Steiner book before its publication on 05/04/2018

Anna Amalia, Grand Duchess Patron of Goethe and Schiller by Frances A. Gerard

Anna Amalia, Grand Duchess Patron of Goethe and Schiller


Anna Amalia, Grand Duchess Patron of Goethe and Schiller by Frances A. Gerard

In 1756, Anna Amalia, the nineteen-year-old princess of the House of Brunswick was married to Constantine, the young duke of the minor duchy of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach. She bore Constantine two sons, but only three years after their marriage he died, leaving the young and inexperienced girl as regent. Anna Amalia battled against court intrigues and financial pressures, but succeeded in holding the estates together for her eldest son, Karl August. Through times of famine and distress she succeeded in building a centre of culture and of excellence, encouraging men of letters and learning to her tiny court. In 1775 Wolfgang Goethe joined the circle at Weimar, brought about through his friendship with the young Karl August, Anna's son, recently become the reigning duke. Goethe soon entered into the dowager duchess's literary circle and through their combined efforts, Weimar became a beacon of culture and one of the leading centres of the sentimentalist movement that became renowned throughout Europe as a literary and artistic grouping that emerged in response to the crisis of Enlightenment rationalism. In Weimar it took the form of Sturm und Drang, [storm and stress] which was intimately associated Goethe and Schiller. While a student at Strasbourg, Goethe had made the acquaintance of Johann Gottfried von Herder, another of Anna Amalia's Weimar coterie, famous for his novel Die Leiden des jungen Werthers (1774); [The Sorrows of Young Werther], which epitomized the spirit of the movement, and which made him world famous, inspiring a host of imitators. Through the crisis of wars Anna's circle held together - even through Napoleon's unwelcome entrance to Weimar in 1806. Anna finally bowed to the world in the following year, after reigning supreme as Germany's cultural ambassadress for a period of more than thirty years.

About the Author

Frances A. Gerard was the pen-name of Geraldine Fitzgerald. She wrote numerous works including: Some Celebrated Irish Beauties of the Last Century, 1895; Some Fair Hibernians, being a supplementary volume to Some Celebrated Irish Beauties of the Last Century ; Angelica Kauffmann: a biography, 1893; The Romance of King Ludwig II of Bavaria, 1901 and Wagner Bayreuth And The Festival Plays, 1901. These, in addition to Anna Amalia, which was published in 1902 and which appears to have been her last work. She also translated Black Diamonds by Hungarian novelist Mor Jokai, (1825-1904), which was published in English in 1896. New introduction by Alan Sutton.

More books by this author
Author 'Like for Like' recommendations

Loading other formats...

Book Info

Publication date

21st June 2012


Frances A. Gerard

More books by Frances A. Gerard
Author 'Like for Like'


Fonthill Media


320 pages


Biography: historical, political & military
European history
Individual composers & musicians, specific bands & groups



For me, to read is to learn, to reflect, to escape, to think, to contemplate and my time for space and calm.

Sally Ellsmore

I love the 'like for like' author recommendations, it's like an old friend whispering in your ear.

Emma Caddick

Lovereading recommends, honestly reviews and promotes books-what more can I say?!

Rachel Bridgeman

It has opened my eyes to different authors and genres. Just log on and try, you will be surprised and not want for reading material again.

Jocelyn Garvey

I love the honest opinions, recommendations for every genre and every reader, wish lists and Like for Like.

Amrita Dasgupta

It's a lively, independent website with reviews, recommendations and more - with a huge range of books available to buy in all formats.

Alison Layland

The books for review are always great reads, brilliantly written, and introduces me to a huge variety of, established and new, authors.

Lesley Hart

Lovereading - a community of people passionate about reading and sharing their views. An incomparable website for book lovers.

Helen Clark