make the most of Lovereading
Search our site
Are You Sleeping by Kathleen Barber Read the opening extract of the brand new Kathleen Barber book before its publication on 27/12/2017

The American Biographical Novel by Professor Michael Lackey


The American Biographical Novel by Professor Michael Lackey

Before the 1970s, there were only a few acclaimed biographical novels. But starting in the 1980s, there was a veritable explosion of this genre of fiction, leading to the publication of spectacular biographical novels about figures as varied as Abraham Lincoln, Ludwig Wittgenstein, Friedrich Nietzsche, Emily Dickinson, Virginia Woolf, Henry James, and Marilyn Monroe, just to mention a notable few. This publication frenzy culminated in 1999 when two biographical novels (Michael Cunningham's The Hours and Russell Banks' Cloudsplitter) were nominated for the Pulitzer Prize, and Cunningham's novel won the award. In The American Biographical Novel, Michael Lackey charts the shifts in intellectual history that made the biographical novel acceptable to the literary establishment and popular with the general reading public. More specifically, Lackey clarifies the origin and evolution of this genre of fiction, specifies the kind of 'truth' it communicates, provides a framework for identifying how this genre uniquely engages the political, and demonstrates how it gives readers new access to history.


The American Biographical Novel is a provocative and valuable book. It is written with a forcefulness and directness that stimulates thought. In its aim of making readers return to biographical fiction with new questions in mind, and with a new sense of the intrinsic interest of this body of writing, it succeeds without a doubt. * The Cambridge Quarterly * This is an important book on the rise of the biographical novel from Georg Lukacs's disparagement of the genre in the 1930s to its current prominence as a versatile form capable of depicting the past in the present and critiquing the political. Michael Lackey shows how it has flourished in recent decades in tandem with changing assumptions about history and narrative. Linking the genre's development with the cataclysms of twentieth-century history, he illustrates its significance as a way of reflecting upon subjects significant to us all. * Gavin Cologne-Brookes, Professor of American Literature, Bath Spa University, UK * This is a valuable contribution to the analysis of the shift from the historical novel to the biographical novel. It makes us see more clearly how postmodernism discovered the contamination of history and fiction. Literature here complements history, proffering a nuanced view of the diversity of the world we live in. * Michael Mack, Reader in English Studies, Durham University, UK * As a sub-genre of American literature, the biographical novel boasts a lengthy historical trajectory and also enjoys renewed interest because of writers such as Jay Parini, Thomas Pynchon, Charles Johnson, Russell Banks, Michael Cunningham, and Joyce Carol Oates-all of whom have chosen it for their ruminations on US culture. Lackey (Univ. of Minnesota, Morris) offers a compelling overview of the biographical novel, defining it as distinct from the historical novel and exploring its rich aesthetic and political promise. He traces the genre's history in terms of both literary production and critical considerations, then offers readings of several germinal texts to assert their dual focus on depicting the past and present simultaneously and on critiquing contemporary political issues. Lackey draws on such disparate examples as Zora Neale Hurston's Moses, Man of the Mountain (1939), Jay Parini's Benjamin's Crossing (1997), Bruce Duffy's The World as I Found It (1987), and David Ebershoff's The Danish Girl (2000) to articulate an ethical vision of the truth contract biographical fiction maintains and to support its democratic promise. Used in conjunction with Truthful Fictions: Conversations with American Biographical Novelists, which Lackey edited, the present volume provides a sound beginning for discussions of this important genre. Summing Up: Highly recommended. Upper-division undergraduates and above. * CHOICE * Mentioned. * The Chronicle of Higher Education *

About the Author

Michael Lackey is Distinguished McKnight University Professor of English at the University of Minnesota, USA. He is the author of The Modernist God State: A Literary Study of the Nazis' Christian Reich (2012) and African American Atheists and Political Liberation: A Study of the Socio-Cultural Dynamics of Faith, which won the Choice Award for Outstanding Academic Title in 2008, and editor of The Haverford Discussions: A Black Integrationist Manifesto for Racial Justice (2013) and Truthful Fictions: Conversations with American Biographical Novelists (2014).

More books by this author
Author 'Like for Like' recommendations

Loading other formats...

Book Info

Publication date

1st December 2016


Professor Michael Lackey

More books by Professor Michael Lackey
Author 'Like for Like'


Bloomsbury Academic USA an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing Plc


288 pages


Literary studies: fiction, novelists & prose writers
Literary studies: from c 1900 -



What can I say, the clue is in the title Lovereading - and awesome books.

Sarah Davis

Lovereading takes the guesswork out of finding your next read with "if you like you'll love" and extracts to help with your decision.

Sarah Bruch

Lovereading tells me about new books before they hit the shelves, lets me find other authors I may like and has great prize draws!

Sheila Dale

A great place to go to find your next literary escape, and where you don't have to judge a book by its cover!

Suzanne Beney

It's the first site that I visit when deciding on the next set of books to buy. A particular treat is being able to download an extract.

Tessa Olson

I love the 'like for like' author recommendations, it's like an old friend whispering in your ear.

Emma Caddick

Lovereading does a stella job in promoting both new and established authors.

Iris Clements

Hooked on books? Give Lovereading a go - for the chance to discover brilliant books, and to see why our members love it so.

Claire Hill