The American Biographical Novel Synopsis
Before the 1970s, there were only a few acclaimed biographical novels. But starting in the 1980s, there was a veritable explosion of this genre of fiction, leading to the publication of spectacular biographical novels about figures as varied as Abraham Lincoln, Ludwig Wittgenstein, Friedrich Nietzsche, Emily Dickinson, Virginia Woolf, Henry James, and Marilyn Monroe, just to mention a notable few. This publication frenzy culminated in 1999 when two biographical novels (Michael Cunningham's The Hours and Russell Banks' Cloudsplitter) were nominated for the Pulitzer Prize, and Cunningham's novel won the award. In The American Biographical Novel, Michael Lackey charts the shifts in intellectual history that made the biographical novel acceptable to the literary establishment and popular with the general reading public. More specifically, Lackey clarifies the origin and evolution of this genre of fiction, specifies the kind of 'truth' it communicates, provides a framework for identifying how this genre uniquely engages the political, and demonstrates how it gives readers new access to history.
The American Biographical Novel Press Reviews
Well worth reading for its careful scholarship and its insights into both a literary genre and a select group of novels that are often overlooked. ... Lackey's analysis is especially illuminating in two areas: the extent to which biographical novels reveal the complexities of German fascism and of America's racial history. ... I attribute the soundness of these interpretations to Lackey's remarkable command of scholarship: not just of literary criticism, but of German intellectual history and the many cultural debates about race in America. More effectively than any recent scholar I can remember, Lackey shows how audiences were seduced by Hitler's Mein Kampf (a fact which always amazes anyone who has read the book in the aftermath of World War II). ... The American Biographical Novel deserves praise for its close, scholarly, and thoughtful readings of its key texts. * Modern Fiction Studies * The American Biographical Novel is a provocative and valuable book. It is written with a forcefulness and directness that stimulates thought. In its aim of making readers return to biographical fiction with new questions in mind, and with a new sense of the intrinsic interest of this body of writing, it succeeds without a doubt. * The Cambridge Quarterly * This is an important book on the rise of the biographical novel from Georg Lukacs's disparagement of the genre in the 1930s to its current prominence as a versatile form capable of depicting the past in the present and critiquing the political. Michael Lackey shows how it has flourished in recent decades in tandem with changing assumptions about history and narrative. Linking the genre's development with the cataclysms of twentieth-century history, he illustrates its significance as a way of reflecting upon subjects significant to us all. * Gavin Cologne-Brookes, Professor of American Literature, Bath Spa University, UK * This is a valuable contribution to the analysis of the shift from the historical novel to the biographical novel. It makes us see more clearly how postmodernism discovered the contamination of history and fiction. Literature here complements history, proffering a nuanced view of the diversity of the world we live in. * Michael Mack, Reader in English Studies, Durham University, UK * As a sub-genre of American literature, the biographical novel boasts a lengthy historical trajectory and also enjoys renewed interest because of writers such as Jay Parini, Thomas Pynchon, Charles Johnson, Russell Banks, Michael Cunningham, and Joyce Carol Oates-all of whom have chosen it for their ruminations on US culture. Lackey (Univ. of Minnesota, Morris) offers a compelling overview of the biographical novel, defining it as distinct from the historical novel and exploring its rich aesthetic and political promise. He traces the genre's history in terms of both literary production and critical considerations, then offers readings of several germinal texts to assert their dual focus on depicting the past and present simultaneously and on critiquing contemporary political issues. Lackey draws on such disparate examples as Zora Neale Hurston's Moses, Man of the Mountain (1939), Jay Parini's Benjamin's Crossing (1997), Bruce Duffy's The World as I Found It (1987), and David Ebershoff's The Danish Girl (2000) to articulate an ethical vision of the truth contract biographical fiction maintains and to support its democratic promise. Used in conjunction with Truthful Fictions: Conversations with American Biographical Novelists, which Lackey edited, the present volume provides a sound beginning for discussions of this important genre. Summing Up: Highly recommended. Upper-division undergraduates and above. * CHOICE * Mentioned. * The Chronicle of Higher Education *