Medical Care Fair and Equal ponders why the U.S. health results are so dismal compared to other leading countries, when it spends relatively so much more? The United States exceeds other industrialized nations in total health spending in 2001, 13.9%, Germany 10.7%, Canada 9.7%, France 9.5%, Sweden 8,5%, Japan (here for 2000) 7.6% , and United Kingdom 7.5%. The U.S. lags other industrialized nations in reducing infant mortality rates. In the year 2000 per 1,000 live births the U.S, had 6.9 deaths vs. Japan 3.2! The United States lags other industrialized nations in life expectancy at birth, the U.S 76.8 years vs. Japan 81.2 years. Large numbers of voters are looking for Universal Healthcare. Such desires are considered against the estimated cost of accumulating burdens that have soared from about $20 trillion to about $50 trillion. And the book considers enmeshed with Universal Healthcare: HMOs and PPOs; a single payer system; and also No-Fault Medical Compensation; and the 2008 election.