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From Sermon to Commentary Expounding the Bible in Talmudic Babylonia by Eliezer Segal

From Sermon to Commentary Expounding the Bible in Talmudic Babylonia


From Sermon to Commentary Expounding the Bible in Talmudic Babylonia by Eliezer Segal

The Bible has always been vital to Jewish religious life, and it has been expounded in diverse ways. Perhaps the most influential body of Jewish biblical interpretation is the Midrash that was produced by expositors during the first five centuries CE. Many such teachings are collected in the Babylonian Talmud, the monumental compendium of Jewish law and lore that was accepted as the definitive statement of Jewish oral tradition for subsequent generations. However, many of the Talmud's interpretations of biblical passages appear bizarre or pointless. From Sermon to Commentary: Expounding the Bible in Talmudic Babylonia tries to explain this phenomenon by carefully examining representative passages from a variety of methodological approaches, paying particular attention to comparisons with Midrash composed in the Land of Israel. Based on this investigation, Eliezer Segal argues that the Babylonian sages were utilizing discourses that had originated in Israel as rhetorical sermons in which biblical interpretation was being employed in an imaginative, literary manner, usually based on the interplay between two or more texts from different books of the Bible. Because they did not possess their own tradition of homiletic preaching, the Babylonian rabbis interpreted these comments without regard for their rhetorical conventions, as if they were exegetical commentaries, resulting in the distinctive, puzzling character of Babylonian Midrash.


Segal's book moves us from his own brief sermonic thought on the material to our more intense personal commentary. We try to solve with him or against him what he sees as the weakness of these Talmudic debates. This is a book that is a study guide and partner--not a book that lays it all out and settles issues. Segal's Introduction is scholarly and masterful, his Conclusion delightfully pensive and informed if not unabashed, editorial journalism. The work is vintage Segal.''--Herbert Basser, Queen's University Studies in Religion, Vol 35, no 3-4, 2006

About the Author

Eliezer Segal is a Professor of Religious Studies at the University of Calgary, where he has been teaching since 1986. In addition to his scholarly writing, he has published extensively for non-specialist audiences on diverse topics related to Jewish history and tradition. Through his website and newspaper columns, he has attracted a broad readership with his amusing style and novel perspectives.

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Book Info

Publication date

1st August 2005


Eliezer Segal

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Wilfrid Laurier University Press


176 pages


Judaism: sacred texts



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