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Foundlings Lesbian and Gay Historical Emotion before Stonewall by Christopher Nealon

Foundlings Lesbian and Gay Historical Emotion before Stonewall

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Foundlings Lesbian and Gay Historical Emotion before Stonewall by Christopher Nealon

What is it like to feel historical ? In Foundlings Christopher Nealon analyzes texts produced by American gay men and lesbians in the first half of the twentieth century-poems by Hart Crane, novels by Willa Cather, gay male physique magazines, and lesbian pulp fiction. Nealon brings these diverse works together by highlighting a coming-of-age narrative he calls foundling -a term for queer disaffiliation from and desire for family, nation, and history.The young runaways in Cather's novels, the way critics conflated Crane's homosexual body with his verse, the suggestive poses and utopian captions of muscle magazines, and Beebo Brinker, the aging butch heroine from Ann Bannon's pulp novels-all embody for Nealon the uncertain space between two models of lesbian and gay sexuality. The inversion model dominant in the first half of the century held that homosexuals are souls of one gender trapped in the body of another, while the more contemporary ethnic model refers to the existence of a distinct and collective culture among gay men and lesbians. Nealon's unique readings, however, reveal a constant movement between these two discursive poles, and not, as is widely theorized, a linear progress from one to the other. This startlingly original study will interest those working on gay and lesbian studies, American literature and culture, and twentieth-century history.


Foundlings provides a new paradigm for thinking historically and theoretically about the longing for history within gay and lesbian texts. This is not just a stunning addition to queer historiography but also a challenge to the historicist turn in literary and cultural criticism. -Bill Brown, author of The Material Unconscious: American Amusement, Stephen Crane, and the Economies of Play Foundlings is a first-rate, innovative, and unprecedented work that will take the literary world by storm. Christopher Nealon proves himself here to be the very best of a new generation of queer theorists. -Judith Butler

About the Author

Christopher Nealon is Associate Professor of English at the University of California, Berkeley.

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Book Info

Publication date

8th October 2001


Christopher Nealon

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Duke University Press


224 pages


Literary studies: from c 1900 -
Gay & Lesbian studies



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